Direction (Q. Nos. 1-8) This section contains 8 multiple choice questions. Each question has four
choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONLY ONE option is correct.
Q. The equilibrium which is not affected by volume change at constant temperature is
As the number of moles of reactants and products is the same. Hence, they both will occupy equal volume at the same temperature.
Therefore, the reaction A i.e., H2 (g) +I2 (g) ⇌ 2HI (g) is not affected by change in pressure and volume.
In each of the following equilibria, pressure is made four times after equilibrium is set up. In which case yield of the product(s) is maximum?
The binding of oxygen by haemoglobin (Hb) forming (HbO2), is partially regulated by the concentration of H3O + and dissolved CO2 in blood.
Release of O2 is favoured when there is
During exercise muscle need energy hence consume more oxygen and produce more CO2 and lactic acid gets accumulated as well. According to bohr's effect oxygen binding affinity is inversely proportional to CO2 concentration and acidity. Thus favours the dissociation or release of O2.
Aerated water contains CO2 dissolved in water
CO2(g) + H2O(l) H2CO3(aq)
Variation of solubility (s) with pressure (p) is shown by
Pressure increase solubility also increase in accordance with the Henry's law and option B is the closest to this. Hence B is correct.
Variation of log Kp with temperature. 1/T is given by for the equilibrium.
NH4HS (s) NH3(g) + H2S
Q. The equilibrium is displaced in forward side on
The correct answer is Option A.
When ammonia is added after equilibrium is established, the partial pressure of ammonia will increase.When the temperature of an endothermic reaction is increased, the equilibrium will shift in the forward direction so that the heat is absorbed which will nullify the effect of increased temperature. Hence, the partial pressure of ammonia will increase.When the volume of the flask is increased, the pressure will decrease.
In the following equilibrium AB A+ + B-
AB is 10% dissociated, when [AB] = 1M
Q. What is per cent dissociation if 1 M AB is dissociated in the presence of 1 M A+?
The correct answer is option C
AB = 1M
AB = A+ + B-
⇒1 - 0.1
K should remain same
AB ⇌ A+ + B-
When hydrochloric acid is added to cobalt (II) nitrate solution at room temperature, the following reaction takes place
Q. The solution is blue at room temperature. However, it turns pink when cooled in a freezing mixture. Based upon this information, which of the following expression is correct for the forward reaction?
According to the given information, the solution turns pink when cooled in freezing mixture. So, the equilibrium has shifted in backward direction. So we can say that the reaction is endothermic and ∆H for the reaction is greater than zero. This is because, endothermic reactions have ∆H > 0 and they proceed in reverse direction.
Consider the following equilibrium in a closed container
At a fixed temperature, the volume of a reaction container is halved. For this change, which of the following statements holds true regarding the equilibrium constant (Kp) and degree of dissociation (α) ?
We know that Kp depends only on Temperature. As the temp. remains constant , Kp also remains constant.
α depends on the concentration of the reactant
So as the volume of the reaction container is halved, α also changes
So option d is correct.
Direction (Q. Nos. 9-18) This section contains 10 multiple choice questions. Each question has four
choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONE or MORE THANT ONE is correct.
The thermal dissociation of equilibrium of CaCO3(s) is studied under different conditions
CaCO3 (s) CaO(s) + CO2 (g)
For this equilibrium, the correct statement (s) is/are
[JEE Advanced 2013]
Heat of reaction is dependent on temperature (Kirchhoff's equation) in heterogeneous system; equilibrium constant is independent on the molar concentration of solid species. Heat of reaction is not affected by catalyst. It lowers activation energy.
For the reaction,
Equilibrium amount of CO2(g) can be increased by
The correct answers are option A & D
As the reaction is exothermic decreasing the temperature will move it in forward direction in order to maintain equilibrium . increasing the amount of CO would increase the reactant concentration so in order to balance it out the reaction moves forward . hence the amount of CO2 increases. so options A and D , both are correct.
Consider the following equilibrium,
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g)
If N2(g) is added to the above mixture in equilibrium,
[IIT JEE 2006]
Partial pressure of each component in the mixture increases on increasing concentration. Also,according to Le Chatelier's principle the reaction would shift such that kp does not change.
H2O (l) H2O(s) ; ΔH = -q
Application of pressure on this equilibrium
The correct answers are Options B and D.
As we know that reaction is exothermic it means heat is released in the reaction so, if we apply pressure then reaction will proceed in backward direction but if there is gas phase equilibrium the reaction will shift in that direction in which less number of moles are present. If pressure increases then the ice will melt and ice gets more energy at low temp. To melt ,so it’s melting point decreases.
AgCI(s)is sparingly soluble salt,
AgCl (s) Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq)
When ammonia is added, solubility of AgCl increases due to formation of complex salt which decreases the concentration of radicals in the product side and tus drives the reaction in forward direction.
When we add KCl common ion effect is applied in presence of common ion solubility decreases and reaction goes in backward direction.
Combustion of CO(g)can be increased in the following reaction by
2CO(g) +O2(g) 2CO2(g)
For option a; with decrease in volume or with increase in pressure, reaction shifts towards less no. of moles. So, here combustion of CO will increase.
For option b; adding argon at constant volume doesn’t make any effect on equilibrium. Also, if we add argon at constant pressure, the reaction will shift towards more no. of moles and so the combustion of CO will decrease.
For option c; adding O2 will shift the reaction in forward direction (according to Le Chatelier principle), so combustion of CO will increase.
For option d; with decrease in pressure or increases in volume, reaction shifts towards more no. of moles and so combustion of CO will decrease.
increase in pressure on the following equilibrium
The correct answers are Options A and D.
As in this equilibrium, liquid converts into gas so increase in the pressure will favour reverse reaction; so formation of more H2O(l). Also, as we increase pressure boiling point of water increases.
Which of the following on the addition will cause deep red colour to disappear?
The correct answers are option A,B,C
Because of silver salt ie . silver nitrate with powerful germicidal activity
Ag+ + SCN− → AgSCN↓
Hg2+ + SCN− → Hg(SCN)2↓
4Fe3+ + 3(COO)2−2 → 2Fe2(COO)3↓
Sulphuric acid is manufactured by the following reaction
2SO2(g) +O2 (g) 2SO3(g) +Q
Reaction proceeds in the forward side if
For the reaction,
2SO2 (g) + O2 (g)2SO3 (g) + 188.3 KJ
the number of moles of SO3 formed is increased if
i.e p increased
no.of moles reactant more
We know that the relationship between Kc and Kp is Kp = Kc (RT)Δn
What would be the value of Δn for the reaction NH4Cl (s) ⇔ NH3 (g) + HCl (g)