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Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test English Grammar Advanced - Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2

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Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 1

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

They are building a house next door to our school.

A house _____by them next door to our school.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 1

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to identify the subject, verb, and object in the active sentence and rearrange them in the passive form.
Active sentence: They are building a house next door to our school.
Passive sentence: A house is being built by them next door to our school.
Explanation:
In the active sentence, the subject is "they," the verb is "are building," and the object is "a house."
To convert it into the passive voice, we need to follow these steps:
1. Move the object (a house) to the beginning of the sentence.
- A house
2. Change the verb form from active to passive by using the appropriate form of the verb "be" followed by the past participle of the main verb (build).
- is being built
3. Add the preposition "by" before the subject (them) to indicate who is performing the action.
- by them
4. Include the rest of the original sentence.
- next door to our school.
Combining all the elements, we get the passive sentence: A house is being built by them next door to our school. Therefore, option A ("is being built") is the correct answer.
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 2

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

I remember my sister taking me to the museum.

I remember _____ to the museum by my sister.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 2

To change the given sentence into the passive voice, we need to make the object of the active sentence ("my sister") the subject of the passive sentence, and the subject of the active sentence ("I") the object of the passive sentence. Additionally, we need to use the past participle form of the verb "take."
Here is the breakdown of the solution:
Step 1: Identify the subject and object of the active sentence.
- Subject: I
- Object: my sister taking me to the museum
Step 2: Rearrange the sentence to make the object the subject and vice versa.
- Subject: my sister
- Object: me
Step 3: Use the past participle form of the verb "take."
- Past participle of "take": taken
Step 4: Use the correct form of the auxiliary verb "be."
- Past tense of "be": was
Step 5: Combine all the elements to form the passive sentence.
- Passive sentence: I remember being taken to the museum by my sister.
Therefore, the correct answer is option A: being taken.
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 3

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

Why do you waste time?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 3

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to rearrange the sentence structure and change the subject and object.
The active sentence is: "Why do you waste time?"
In passive voice, the sentence can be written as:
Option A: Why is time wasted by you?
Explanation:
- The subject "you" becomes the object in the passive sentence.
- The verb "do waste" changes to "is wasted" in the passive voice.
- The object "time" becomes the subject in the passive voice.
Option A is the correct answer as it follows the rules of passive voice transformation.
Key Points:
- Active voice: You waste time.
- Passive voice: Time is wasted by you.
- Correct answer: Option A - Why is time wasted by you?
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 4

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

Mona was writing a letter to her father.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 4

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to focus on the following points:
1. Identify the subject, verb, and object in the active sentence.
- Subject: Mona
- Verb: was writing
- Object: a letter to her father
2. Make the object of the active sentence the subject of the passive sentence.
- A letter
3. Change the verb to its passive form. The passive form of "was writing" is "was being written".
4. Add the past participle of the verb "write" (written) after the verb "was being written".
5. Include the preposition "by" before the subject of the active sentence.
Now, let's analyze the given options:
A: A letter was written to her father by Mona.
- This option correctly changes the sentence to passive voice, but the verb form is incorrect. It should be "was being written" instead of "was written".
B: A letter has been written to her father by Mona.
- This option changes the tense of the sentence to present perfect passive voice, which is not required as the original sentence is in the past tense. Therefore, this option is incorrect.
C: A letter was being written by Mona to her father.
- This option correctly changes the sentence to passive voice, using the correct verb form "was being written". It also maintains the original tense of the sentence. Hence, this is the correct answer.
D: A letter was written by Mona to her father.
- This option changes the sentence to passive voice using the correct verb form "was written", but it changes the order of the prepositional phrase. The correct order should be "to her father by Mona". Therefore, this option is incorrect.
Answer: Option C
- A letter was being written by Mona to her father.
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 5

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

He teaches us Grammar.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 5

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to rearrange the sentence structure and make the object of the active sentence the subject of the passive sentence. Here's the breakdown of the options and the correct answer:
Option A:

We are being taught Grammar by him.


- This option correctly changes the subject "He" to "We" in the passive voice, but the word order is incorrect. The correct passive voice structure would be "Grammar is being taught to us by him." Therefore, option A is incorrect.
Option B:

Grammar is being taught us by him.


- This option has the incorrect word order. The correct passive voice structure would be "Grammar is being taught to us by him." Therefore, option B is incorrect.
Option C:

Grammar is taught to us by him.


- This option correctly changes the subject "He" to "We" in the passive voice, but the word order is incorrect. The correct passive voice structure would be "Grammar is taught to us by him." Therefore, option C is incorrect.
Option D:

We are taught Grammar by him.


- This option correctly changes the subject "He" to "We" in the passive voice, and the word order is correct. The correct passive voice structure is "We are taught Grammar by him." Therefore, option D is correct.
Therefore, the correct answer is option D:

We are taught Grammar by him.

Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 6

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

Who is creating this mess?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 6

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to follow these steps:
Step 1: Identify the subject and object of the active sentence.
The subject is "Who" and the object is "this mess".
Step 2: Move the object to the subject position in the passive sentence.
"This mess" becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
Step 3: Use the appropriate form of the verb "to be" followed by the past participle of the main verb.
In this case, the verb "create" changes to "being created" in the passive voice.
Step 4: Add the preposition "by" before the new subject to indicate the doer of the action.
The new subject is "this mess" and the doer of the action is "who", so we say "by whom".
Step 5: Rearrange the sentence to make it grammatically correct.
The correct passive sentence is: "By whom is this mess being created?"
Answer:
The correct option is (D) "By whom is this mess being created?"
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 7

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

The clown was being laughed at by them.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 7

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to rearrange the sentence structure and make the object of the active sentence the subject of the passive sentence. Here's the detailed solution:
Active Voice: The clown was being laughed at by them.
Passive Voice: They were laughing at the clown.
Explanation:
- The active sentence has the subject "the clown" and the object "them."
- To convert it into passive voice, we need to make "the clown" the subject of the sentence and "them" the object.
- The correct option is A: They were laughing at the clown, which correctly changes the sentence into the passive voice.
Key Points:
- To change a sentence from active to passive voice, rearrange the sentence structure and make the object the subject of the passive sentence.
- The passive sentence should start with the subject performing the action.
- Option A: They were laughing at the clown correctly changes the sentence into passive voice.
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 8

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

I saw him leaving the house.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 8

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to make the object of the active sentence the subject of the passive sentence and use the appropriate form of the verb "to be" with the past participle of the main verb.
The correct passive form of the sentence "I saw him leaving the house" is:
D: He was seen leaving the house by me.
Here's a detailed explanation of why option D is the correct answer:
1. Identify the subject, verb, and object:
- Subject: I
- Verb: saw
- Object: him leaving the house
2. Make the object the subject of the passive sentence:
- Him leaving the house becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
3. Use the appropriate form of the verb "to be" with the past participle of the main verb:
- The verb "to be" in the past tense is "was."
- The past participle of the main verb "see" is "seen."
4. Place the preposition "by" before the agent (the person performing the action):
- The agent is "me" in this case.
5. Construct the passive sentence:
- He was seen leaving the house by me.
Thus, the correct passive form of the given sentence is option D: He was seen leaving the house by me.
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 9

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

You must look into this matter.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 9

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to identify the subject, verb, and object in the sentence. In this case, the subject is "you," the verb is "must look into," and the object is "this matter."
The passive voice is formed by using the auxiliary verb "to be" in the appropriate tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. The subject of the active voice sentence becomes the object of the passive voice sentence, and the object of the active voice sentence becomes the subject of the passive voice sentence.
Let's analyze the options provided and determine the correct passive voice transformation:
A: This matter has been looked into by you.
- This option uses the present perfect tense, which is not appropriate for the given sentence. The correct tense to use in this case is the simple present tense.
B: This matter may be looked into by you.
- This option uses the modal verb "may" to indicate possibility. However, the original sentence does not imply possibility but rather a requirement or obligation.
C: This matter should be looked into by you.
- This option uses the modal verb "should" to indicate an obligation or recommendation, which accurately reflects the meaning of the original sentence. This is the correct passive voice transformation.
D: This matter into looked by you.
- This option is grammatically incorrect and does not form a proper passive voice sentence.
Therefore, the correct passive voice transformation of the given sentence is option C: "This matter should be looked into by you."
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 10

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

The Romans expected to conquer Carthage.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 10

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to focus on the subject and the object of the sentence.
In the given sentence, "The Romans" is the subject and "Carthage" is the object.
Steps to convert the sentence into passive voice:
1. Start the sentence with the object ("Carthage").
2. Use the verb "to be" in the appropriate form according to the tense of the active sentence.
3. Change the verb in the active sentence to its past participle form.
4. If necessary, include the subject of the active sentence using the preposition "by".
Let's analyze the options:
A: Carthage was expected to be conquered by the Romans.
- This option correctly follows the steps to convert the sentence into passive voice. It starts with the object "Carthage", uses the verb "to be" in the past tense ("was"), changes the verb "expected" to its past participle form ("conquered"), and includes the subject of the active sentence ("the Romans") using the preposition "by". This is the correct answer.
B: The Romans were expected to conquer Carthage.
- This option keeps the sentence in the active voice and does not follow the steps to convert it into passive voice. It does not start with the object and does not use the verb "to be" in the appropriate form. This is not the correct answer.
C: It was expected by the Romans that they would conquer Carthage.
- This option changes the sentence into a different structure and does not maintain the same meaning as the original sentence. It introduces a new subject ("It") and changes the word order. This is not the correct answer.
D: The Romans expected to have conquered Carthage.
- This option also keeps the sentence in the active voice and does not follow the steps to convert it into passive voice. It does not start with the object and does not use the verb "to be" in the appropriate form. This is not the correct answer.
Conclusion:
The correct answer is option A: Carthage was expected to be conquered by the Romans. This option correctly converts the sentence from active voice to passive voice by following the necessary steps.
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 11

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

Who teaches you English?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 11

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to identify the subject, verb, and object in the active sentence and rearrange them accordingly.
Active voice sentence: Who teaches you English?
Passive voice options:
A: By whom were you taught English?
B: By whom are you taught English?
C: English is taught by whom?
D: By whom will you be taught English?
Let's analyze each option and determine which one is correct:
Option A: By whom were you taught English?
In this option, the subject "you" has been changed to the object "you" and the verb "teaches" has been changed to "taught". However, the sentence is in the past tense, which is not appropriate for the given active sentence.
Option B: By whom are you taught English?
In this option, the subject "you" has been changed to the object "you" and the verb "teaches" has been changed to "are taught". The sentence is in the present tense, which is appropriate for the given active sentence. Therefore, option B is the correct answer.
Option C: English is taught by whom?
In this option, the subject "Who" has been changed to "English" and the verb "teaches" has been changed to "is taught". However, the word order is not correct, as the subject should come before the verb in a passive sentence.
Option D: By whom will you be taught English?
In this option, the subject "you" has been changed to the object "you" and the verb "teaches" has been changed to "will be taught". The sentence is in the future tense, which is not appropriate for the given active sentence.
Therefore, the correct answer is option B: By whom are you taught English?
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 12

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

We hope that we shall win the match.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 12

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to make the object of the active sentence the subject of the passive sentence and use the appropriate form of the verb "to be" along with the past participle of the main verb.
The given sentence is: "We hope that we shall win the match."
Active Voice: We hope (subject) that we shall win (verb) the match (object).
To convert it to passive voice, we can follow these steps:
1. Identify the subject, verb, and object in the active sentence:
- Subject: We
- Verb: hope
- Object: the match
2. Make the object of the active sentence the subject of the passive sentence:
- The match (subject) is hoped (verb).
3. Use the appropriate form of the verb "to be" along with the past participle of the main verb:
- The match is hoped to be won.
Passive Voice: The match is hoped to be won.
Therefore, option C: "It is hoped that the match will be won by us" is the correct passive voice form of the given sentence.
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 13

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

Rain disrupted the last day’s play between India and Sri Lanka.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 13

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to rearrange the sentence structure and make the object of the active sentence the subject of the passive sentence.
The given sentence is: "Rain disrupted the last day's play between India and Sri Lanka."
The options provided are:
A: The last day's play of India and Sri Lanka was disrupted by rain.
B: India and Sri Lanka's play of the last day was disrupted by rain.
C: The last day's play between India and Sri Lanka was disrupted by rain.
D: The last day's play between India and Sri Lanka were disrupted by rain.
The correct answer is option C: The last day's play between India and Sri Lanka was disrupted by rain.
Explanation:
In the passive voice, the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence, and the verb is changed to its passive form.
Breaking it down:
- The subject of the active sentence is "rain".
- The verb is "disrupted".
- The object of the active sentence is "the last day's play between India and Sri Lanka".
In the passive voice:
- The subject of the passive sentence is "the last day's play between India and Sri Lanka".
- The verb is "was disrupted".
- The preposition "by" is used to indicate the doer of the action, which is "rain".
So, the correct passive voice sentence is "The last day's play between India and Sri Lanka was disrupted by rain."
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 14

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

My uncle promised me a present.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 14

To change the given sentence from active voice to passive voice, we need to focus on the following points:
1. Identify the subject (the person/thing performing the action) and the object (the person/thing receiving the action) in the active sentence.
2. Move the object to the subject position in the passive sentence.
3. Use the appropriate form of the verb "be" in the passive voice.
4. Use the past participle form of the main verb in the passive voice.
5. Add the preposition "by" to indicate the doer of the action (optional).
Active Voice Sentence: My uncle promised me a present.
Passive Voice Options:
A: A present was promised by my uncle to me.
B: I was promised a present by my uncle.
C: I had been promised a present by my uncle.
D: I was promised by my uncle a present.
Explanation:
In this case, option B is the correct passive voice transformation of the given active voice sentence.
- In the active sentence, "my uncle" is the subject, and "me" is the object.
- To transform it into the passive voice, we need to move "me" (the object) to the subject position and use the appropriate form of the verb "be" (was) followed by the past participle form of the main verb "promise" (promised).
- The preposition "by" is used to indicate the doer of the action, which is "my uncle."
Therefore, the correct passive voice transformation is: "I was promised a present by my uncle."
Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 15

Sentences are given in the active voice. Change them into passive voice by selecting the correct options.

The residents celebrated Independence Day.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active-Passive Voice - 2 - Question 15

To change the given active sentence into the passive voice, we need to rearrange the sentence structure and use the appropriate verb form.
The active sentence is:
"The residents celebrated Independence Day."
Now, let's analyze the options provided and determine the correct passive voice conversion:
Option A: The Independence Day is celebrated by the residents.
- This option uses the present simple passive voice, but the original sentence is in the past tense. So, this option is incorrect.
Option B: The Independence Day was celebrated by the residents.
- This option correctly uses the past simple passive voice, indicating that the celebration of Independence Day happened in the past and the residents were the ones who celebrated it. Therefore, this is the correct passive voice conversion.
Option C: The Independence Day has been celebrated by the residents.
- This option uses the present perfect passive voice, but the original sentence is in the past tense. So, this option is incorrect.
Option D: Celebration of Independence Day was done by the residents.
- This option changes the sentence structure and uses the verb "done" instead of "celebrated." While it is grammatically correct, it does not maintain the same meaning as the original sentence. Therefore, this option is incorrect.
Answer: The correct passive voice conversion of the given active sentence is Option B: The Independence Day was celebrated by the residents.
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