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Test: Finite Slopes - Civil Engineering (CE) MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Foundation Engineering - Test: Finite Slopes

Test: Finite Slopes for Civil Engineering (CE) 2024 is part of Foundation Engineering preparation. The Test: Finite Slopes questions and answers have been prepared according to the Civil Engineering (CE) exam syllabus.The Test: Finite Slopes MCQs are made for Civil Engineering (CE) 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Finite Slopes below.
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Test: Finite Slopes - Question 1

A basic type of failure at a finite slope may occur due to ___________

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 1

The two basic types of failure of a finite slope may occur: (i) slope failure (ii) base failure.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 2

Base failure of a finite slope occurs when the soil _______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 2

Stability analysis of Finite Slope:
(i) If the slope is of finite extend bounded by top and bottom surfaces, then it is termed as finite slope.
(ii) Failure of finite slope takes places due to rotation and failure plane is either circular or spiral.
(iii) Finite slope may have any of the following mode of shear failure.

  • Slope failure
  • Base failure

Slope failure:

  • Face Failure: Failure surface passes through slope above the toe. This type of failure takes places in case of steep slope, soil mass near the toe is rigid or stringer in comparison to soil mass above the toe.
  • Toe Failure: It is the most common mode of failure of finite slope in which failure surface passes through the toe. This failure also occur in steel slope when soil mass is homogenous above and below the toe.

Base Failure: 

  • Failure surface passes below the toe.
  • This type of failure takes place when soil mass below the toe is soft and weak in comparison to soil mass above the toe.

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Test: Finite Slopes - Question 3

If the failure occurs along a surface of sliding that intersect the slope at its toe, the slide is known as ______

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 3

If the failure occurs along a sliding that intersects the slopes at or above its toe, the slide is known as slope failure.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 4

The ratio of total depth to depth H is called _________

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 4

The ratio of the total depth (H + D) to depth H is called the depth factor Df.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 5

Planar surface commonly occur in _______

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 5

Planar failure surface may commonly occur in a soil deposit or embankment with a specific plane of weakness.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 6

According to Bennet, non-circular slip surface may arise in ___________

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 6

According to Bennet (1951), non-circular or composite slip surface may arise in homogeneous dam have foundation of infinite depth, rigid boundary planes of maximum and presence of stronger or weaker layer.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 7

In stability computation, the curve representing the real surface of sliding is usually replaced by ______

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 7

Failure of finite slopes occurs along a curved surface. In stability computation, the curve is represented by an arc of a circle or logarithmic scale.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 8

The types of slip surface or failure surfaces are _____

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 8

The types of failure surface are: i) Planar failure surface ii) circular failure surface iii) Non-circular failure surface.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 9

The depth factor Df for toe failure is _____

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 9

For toe failure, Df = 1; for base failure, Df > 1.

Test: Finite Slopes - Question 10

The stability of a finite slope can be investigated by which of the following method?

Detailed Solution for Test: Finite Slopes - Question 10

The stability of a finite slope can be investigated by the following methods:
(i) Culmann’s method of planar failure surface
(ii) The Swedish circle method
(iii) Friction circle method
(iv) Bishop’s method.

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