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Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Grade 10 MCQ


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18 Questions MCQ Test Economics for Grade 10 - Assertion & Reason Test: Development

Assertion & Reason Test: Development for Grade 10 2024 is part of Economics for Grade 10 preparation. The Assertion & Reason Test: Development questions and answers have been prepared according to the Grade 10 exam syllabus.The Assertion & Reason Test: Development MCQs are made for Grade 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Assertion & Reason Test: Development below.
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Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 1

Match the following items given in column A with those in column B:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 1

(i) Literacy Rate: In urban population, the literacy rate is 79.9 % at the national level. Many States/Uts have achieved literacy rate higher than the national average. These are Kerala, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, Goa, and Delhi, which have achieved literacy rate in the range of 88 % to 96 %.

(ii) Per Capita Income: Per capita income (PCI) or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population.

(iii) Net Attendance Ratio: The net attendance ratio is defined as the proportion of the number of individuals in the official age category going to any educational base in a particular class-gathering to the total number of individuals in the same age group.

(iv) Life Expectancy Ratio: The term “life expectancy” refers to the number of years a person can expect to live. By definition, life expectancy is based on an estimate of the average age that members of a particular population group will be when they die.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 2

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct option:

' However, for comparison between countries, total income is not such a useful measure. Since, countries have different populations, comparing total income will not tell us what an average person is likely to earn. Are people in one country better off than others in a different country ? Hence, we compare the average income which is the total income of the country divided by its total population. The average income is also called per capita income.'

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 2

Per capita income is a measure of the amount of money earned per person in a nation or geographic region. Per capita income can be used to determine the average per-person income for an area and to evaluate the standard of living and quality of life of the population.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 3

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

For calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI) :

(i) Convert the height recorded in centimeters into meters.

(ii) Take the weight of each individual in kilograms (kg).

(iii) Take the height by drawing up a scale on the wall and measure accurately with the head straight.

(iv) Divide the weight in kg by the square of the height.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 3
For calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI) Correct Sequence are

(ii) Take the weight of each individual in kilograms (kg).

(iii) Take the height by drawing up a scale on the wall and measure accurately with the head straight.

(i) Convert the height recorded in centimeters into meters.

(iv) Divide the weight in kg by the square of the height.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 4

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Alluvial soil is ideal for growth of paddy, wheat, cereal and pulse crops.

Reason : Alluvial soil is well-known for is capacity to hold moisture.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 4
Alluvial soil contains adequate proportion of potash, phosphoric acid and lime which are ideal for the growth of sugarcane, paddy, wheat and other cereal and pulse crops. Not water-retention but this property makes it ideal for the growth of wheat, paddy, cereal and pulse crops.
Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 5

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct option:

'The idea of development or progress has always been with us. We have aspirations or desires about what we would like to do and how we would like to live. Similarly, we have ideas about what a country should be like. What are the essential things that we require ? Can life be better for all ? How should people live together ? Can there be more equality ? Development involves thinking about these questions and about the ways in which we can work towards achieving these goals.'

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 5
Development is a process that creates growth, progress, positive change or the addition of physical, economic, environmental, social and demographic components.

An example of development is the changing of a caterpillar to a butterfly. An example of development is emerging details about a local robbery. An example of development is a community of condos intended for seniors.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 6

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :
Assertion (A): Money in your pocket cannot buy all the goods and services
that you need to live well.
Reason (R): The development goals that people have are not only about less
income.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 6

Like we can buy books from money but not knowledge, for getting knowledge we have to read the books and we cannot buy good health from money and we also cannot buy pollution free environment, happiness etc. from money.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 7

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 7

The Incorrect option is (b): It is true that if women are engaged in paid work, their dignity in the household and society decreases.

Correct answer is: It is true that if women are engaged in paid work, their dignity in the household and society increases.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 8

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Soil is the most important renewable natural resource.

Reason : Soil supports different types of living organisms on earth.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 8
Soil is a living system. Soil helps to grow plants, supports natural vegetation and economic activities like agriculture Its universal usage proves that it is the most important renewable natural resource.
Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 9

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Resource planning is an easy process in India.

Reason : Resource planning involves planning structure, identification and inventory of resource across the regions.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 9

Resource planning is a not an easy but a very complex process as it involves surveying, mapping, quantitative and qualitative estimation and measurement of the resources.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 10

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 10
The Incorrect option is (b): And those with per capita income of US$ 755 or less are called low income countries.

Correct answer is: And those with per capita income of US$ 955 or less are called low-income countries.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 11

Assertion and Reason Type Questions:

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option :

Assertion (A) : Different people have different development goals.

Reason (R): People want freedom, equality, security and respect.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 11

Different people have different development goals:

  • Development involves many questions for better life and the ways in which one can work to achieve goals.

  • Since every individual is different from the other, the notion of development also varies.

  • The difference in social and economic positions of the people generally results in different goals of development.

 

For example:

  • Development goals of landless rural labour: he may seek to earn more wages

  • Development goals of farmers who depend on rain for growing crops: he may expect more rain to grow crops well for his livelihood

  • Development goals of children pursing for higher education in abroad: Children may work hard to score good marks and to go abroad for higher education.

 

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 12

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : The availability of resources is not the only necessary condition for the development of any region.

Reason : Not only availability of resources but also corresponding change in technology is necessary for development of any region.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 12
Mere availability of resources in the absence of corresponding changes in technology and institutions may hinder development. Thus, both resources and advanced technologies contribute in development of a region.
Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 13

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Terrace cultivation does not restrict erosion.

Reason : Running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. This helps to cultivate crops.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 13
Terraces, out on slopes in forms of steps breaks up the force of the wind, thus preventing erosion. T gullies render cultivation in those lands impossible.
Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 14

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : The denudation of the soil cover and subsequent washing down is soil erosion.
Reason : Processes of soil formation and erosion goes simultaneously and creates a balance between the two.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 14

The denudation of the soil cover and subsequent washing down is described as soil erosion. Erosion through wind, water, and the glacier is the natural cause. Overgrazing, deforestation, faulty agricultural practices, construction, and mining are some of the man-made causes that highly contribute to soil erosion.
Soil development and erosion occur simultaneously, and there is normally a balance between the two, but this balance is disturbed due to natural and human causes. There are various types of soil erosion like a sheet, gully, slope, rill, splash, and a few others. Soil erosion can be prevented by afforestation, terrace farming (for hilly regions), contour ploughing, strip cropping, and shelterbelts. Thus, Both (A)and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A) because the simultaneous occurrence of soil formation and erosion is not the cause of soil erosion.

Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 15

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Resources are free gifts of nature.

Reason : Resources like soil, air, water are easily available in nature.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 15
Resources are not free gifts of nature but are present tjue to interaction of human beings with nature, technology and institutions. They are a function of human activities. They transform material available in our environment into resources.
Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 16

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Arid soil is unsuitable for cultivation.

Reason : Arid soil is generally sandy in texture and saline in nature. It restricts the filtration of water.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 16
Due to dry climate and high temperature, evaporation is faster and the soil lacks humus and moisture that is why it becomes unfit for cultivation.
Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 17

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Land is a natural resource of utmost importance.

Reason : Land can be used for various purposes.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 17
Land is a natural resource of utmost importance as it supports human life and wild life, economic activities like agriculture, mining, transport and communication system.
Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 18

DIRECTION : In the following questions, a statement of assertion is followed by a statement of reason. Mark the correct choice as :

Assertion : Controlling on mining activities doesn’t control land degradation.

Reason : In states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, deforestation has occurred due to overgrazing, not minings

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Development - Question 18
Activities of mining controls land degradation because mining sites are abandoned offer excavation work, this results in over - burdening. Mining activities in the mentioned states has contribution to deforestation.
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