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Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Geography for Class 10 - Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development for Class 10 2024 is part of Geography for Class 10 preparation. The Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development below.
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Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 1

Direction: In the Following Questions, A Statement of Assertion Is Followed by A Statement of Reason. Mark The Correct Choice As:

Assertion : Alluvial soil is ideal for growth of paddy, wheat, cereal and pulse crops.

Reason : Alluvial soil is well-known for its capacity to hold moisture.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 1

Assertion : Alluvial soil is ideal for growth of paddy, wheat, cereal and pulse crops. This statement is True. As, Alluvial soil contains adequate proportion of potash, phosphoric acid and lime which are ideal for the growth of sugarcane, paddy, wheat and other cereal and pulse crops.

Reason : Alluvial soil is well-known for its capacity to hold moisture. This statement is False. As,  Black soil is known for its capacity to hold moisture, not alluvial soil. 

Hence A is True and R is False.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 2

Direction: In the Following Questions, A Statement of Assertion Is Followed by A Statement of Reason. Mark The Correct Choice As:

Assertion : Resources are free gifts of nature.

Reason : Resources like soil, air, water are easily available in nature.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 2
Both assertion and reason are false. Resources are not free gifts of nature but are present tjue to interaction of human beings with nature, technology and institutions. They are a function of human activities. They transform material available in our environment into resources.
Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 3

Direction: In the Following Questions, A Statement of Assertion Is Followed by A Statement of Reason. Mark The Correct Choice As:

Assertion : Resource planning is an easy process in India.

Reason : Resource planning involves planning structure, identification and inventory of resources across the regions.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 3

Both assertion and reason are false. Resource planning is a not an easy but a very complex process as it involves surveying, mapping, quantitative and qualitative estimation and measurement of the resources.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 4

Direction: In the Following Questions, A Statement of Assertion Is Followed by A Statement of Reason. Mark The Correct Choice As:
ASSERTION (A): Biotic Resources are obtained from biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora and fauna.

REASON (R): Abiotic Resources are those things which are composed of nonliving things ,for example, rocks, air and metals

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 4

 Correct option is B. If both assertion (A) and reason (R) are true but reason (R) is not the correct explanation of assertion (A).

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 5

Direction: In the Following Questions, A Statement of Assertion Is Followed by A Statement of Reason. Mark The Correct Choice As:

Assertion : Controlling on mining activities doesn’t control land degradation.

Reason : In states like Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, deforestation has occurred due to overgrazing, not minings

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 5

Assertion is not true : activities of mining controls land degradation because mining sites are abandoned offer excavation work, this results in over - burdening. Mining activities in the mentioned states has contribution to deforestation. ... T gullies render cultivation in those lands impossible.

Reason is true : 

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 6

Direction: In the Following Questions, A Statement of Assertion Is Followed by A Statement of Reason. Mark The Correct Choice As:

Assertion : Terrace cultivation does not restrict erosion.

Reason : Running water cuts through the clayey soils and makes deep channels as gullies. This helps to cultivate crops.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 6
Both assertion and reason are false. Terraces, out on slopes in forms of steps, break up the force of the wind, thus preventing erosion. T gullies render cultivation in those lands impossible.
Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 7

In the question given below there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : Resources are vital for human survival as well as for maintaining the quality of life.

Reason (R) : It was believed that resources are free gifts of nature.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 7
They are not free gifts of nature as:

(i) Resources are a function of human activities,

(ii) Human beings themselves are essential components of resources.

(iii) They transform material available in our environment into resources and use them.

For example river is a natural resource but river become a resource when its water is used for irrigation or power production.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 8

In the question given below there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : India has varied relief features, landforms, climatic realms and vegetation types.

Reason (R) : These have been deposited by three important Himalayan river systems–the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 8

The northern plains are formed by the alluvial deposits brought by the rivers – the Indus, the Ganga, and the Brahmaputra. These plains extend approximately 3,200 km from the east to the west.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 9

Match the following items given in column A with those in column B.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 9
(i) Black soil: Black soils are derivatives of trap lava and are spread mostly across interior Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh on the Deccan lava plateau and the Malwa Plateau, where there is both moderate rainfall and underlying basaltic rock.

(ii) Alluvial Soil: This type of soil is widespread in the Northern Plains of India. Alluvial soils are rich in humus as they are deposited by three important river of Himalayas, Indus river, Ganges and Brahmaputra River.

(iii) Arid Soil: Arid soils range from red to brown in colour. They are generally sandy in texture and saline in nature. In some areas the salt content is very high and common salt is obtained by evaporating the water. Due to the dry climate, high temperature, evaporation is faster and the soil lacks humus and moisture. After proper irrigation these soils become cultivable as has been in the case of western Rajasthan.

(iv) Forest Soil: The soils found in the Himalayas are diverse in character depending upon altitude, vegetation cover, slope, structure and stage. The major soil groups in the Himalayas are brown hill soil, sub-mountain soils, mountain meadow soil and red loamy soils, apart from other less significant types.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 10

Match the following items given in column A with those in column B.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 10
(i) Red and Yellow Soil: Yellow and red soils are also found in parts of Odisha and Chattisgarh and in the southern parts of the middle Ganga plain. The soil develops a reddish colour due to a wide diffusion of iron in crystalline and metamorphic rocks. It looks yellow when it occurs in a hydrated form.

(ii) Laterite Soil: The laterite soils are commonly found in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh and the hilly areas of Odisha and Assam.

(iii) Alluvial Soil: Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat. In the Peninsular region, they are found in deltas of the east coast and in the river valleys. The alluvial soils vary in nature from sandy loam to clay. They are generally rich in potash but poor in phosphorous.

(iv) Black Soil: Black soils are derivatives of trap lava and are spread mostly across interior Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh on the Deccan lava plateau and the Malwa Plateau, where there is both moderate rainfall and underlying basaltic rock.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 11

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:

(i) It is formed by the deposition of alluvium brought down by the east flowing peninsular rivers.

(ii) It is highly fertile.

(iii) It consists of various proportions of sand, silt and clay.

(iv) It is rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime but deficient in organic matter.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 11
These all are main features of alluvial soil like

(i) It is formed by the deposition of alluvium brought down by the east flowing peninsular rivers.

(ii) It is highly fertile.

(iii) It consists of various proportions of sand, silt and clay.

(iv) It is rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime but deficient in organic matter.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 12

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:

(i) Contour ploughing

(ii) Terrace farming

(iii) Strip cropping

(iv) Afforestation

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 12
These are steps of measures for soil conservation like

(i) Contour ploughing

(ii) Terrace farming

(iii) Strip cropping

(iv) Afforestation

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 13

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 13
The Incorrect option is (c) : It has sufficiency in water, infrastructure and some vital minerals.

Correct answer is : It has deficiency in water, infrastructure and vital minerals.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 14

Find the incorrect option related to alluvial soil:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 14

It is highly infertile.
Alluvial soil is known for its high fertility, making it one of the most productive types of soil for agriculture. It is formed by the deposition of alluvium brought down by rivers, which includes rich sediments such as silt, clay, sand, and minerals. Alluvial soil is often rich in nutrients like potash, phosphoric acid, and lime, which are beneficial for plant growth.

Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 15

Direction: In the Following Questions, A Statement of Assertion Is Followed by A Statement of Reason. Mark The Correct Choice As:

Assertion : Soil is the most important renewable natural resource.

Reason : Soil supports different types of living organisms on earth.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Resources & Development - Question 15
Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion. Soil is a living system. Soil helps to grow plants, supports natural vegetation and economic activities like agriculture. Its universal usage proves that it is the most important renewable natural resource.
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