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Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test History for Class 10 - Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World for Class 10 2024 is part of History for Class 10 preparation. The Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World below.
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Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 1

Match the following items given in Column A with those in Column B:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 1

(i) Corn Laws: The laws allowing the British Government to restrict the import of corn is known as the Corn Laws.

(ii) Rinderpest: An epidemic in the 1890s wiped out 80-90 percent of all cattle in sub-Saharan Africa.

(iii) Small-pox: Smallpox came to North America in the 1600s. Symptoms included high fever, chills, severe back pain, and rashes.

(iv) Car Plant: The Packard Motor Plant on Grand Boulevard was one of the first large auto plants in the world. It has been abandoned since 1999. The Doverspike plant was a former Cadillac auto parts stamping factory on the east side of Detroit. It has been abandoned since 2014.

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 2

Match the following items given in Column A with those in Column B:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 2

(i) Indian: Cowrie shells were among the devices used for divination by the Kaniyar Panicker astrologers of Kerala, India.

(ii) Chinese: Chinese pottery, also called Chinese ceramics, objects made of clay and hardened by heat: earthenware, stoneware, and porcelain, particularly those made in China.

(iii) Italian: In Italy, spaghetti is generally cooked al dente (Italian for "to the tooth"), fully cooked but still firm to the bite. It may also be cooked to a softer consistency.

(iv) Arab Traders: Interestingly, it was the Arabs that brought pasta to Italy, called 'Itriyya', first to Sicily in Italy. Because of its Middle Eastern origins, pasta used to have Middle Eastern flavours such as raisins and cinnamon.

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 3

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

(i) The Second World War

(ii) The Great Depression

(iii) The Chinese Revolution

(iv) The IMF and the World Bank commenced financial operations

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 3
The correct sequence is

(ii) The Great Depression: The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

(i) The Second World War: World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945.

(iv) The IMF and the World Bank commenced financial operations: The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank were both created at an international conference convened in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States in July 1944.

(iii) The Chinese Revolution: The Chinese Communist Revolution, known in mainland China as the War of Liberation, was the conflict, led by the Chinese Communist Party and Chairman Mao Zedong, that resulted in the proclamation of the People's Republic of China, on 1 October 1949.

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 4

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

(i) Indentured Labour was abolished.

(ii) Rinderpest (Cattle Plague) had a terrifying impact on the livelihoods of the African people and the local economy.

(iii) The First World War was fought.

(iv) Potato Famine in Ireland

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 4
The correct sequence is

(iv) Potato Famine in Ireland: The Great Famine, also known as the Great Hunger, the Famine or the Irish Potato Famine, was a period of mass starvation and disease in Ireland from 1845 to 1852.

(ii) Rinderpest (Cattle Plague) had a terrifying impact on the livelihoods of the African people and the local economy: In Africa, in the 1890s, a fast-spreading disease of cattle plague or rinderpest had a terrifying impact on people's livelihoods and the local economy.

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 5

Analyze the information given below, considering one the following correct options:

Consider the jute producers of Bengal. They grew raw jute that was processed in factories for export in the form of gunny bags. But as gunny exports collapsed, the price of raw jute crashed more than 60 per cent. Peasants who borrowed in the hope of better times or to increase output in the hope of higher incomes faced ever lower prices, and fell deeper and deeper into debt. Thus the Bengal jute growers' lament: Grow more jute, brothers, with the hope of greater cash. Costs and debts of jute will make your hopes get dashed. When you have spent all your money and got the crop off the ground, ... traders, sitting at home, will pay only Rs 5 a maund.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 5
During the period 1929–1937, exports and imports fell drastically crippling seaborne international trade. The railways and the agricultural sector were the most affected. The international financial crisis combined with detrimental policies adopted by the Government of India resulted in soaring prices of commodities.
Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 6

Analyze the information given below, considering one the following correct options:

The Silk Routes are a good example of vibrant pre-modern trade and cultural links between distant parts of the world. The name ‘Silk Routes’ points to the importance of West-bound Chinese silk cargoes along this route. Historians have identified several silk routes, over land and by sea, knitting together vast regions of Asia, and linking Asia with Europe and northern Africa. They are known to have existed since before the Christian Era and thrived almost till the fifteenth century. But Chinese pottery also travelled the Same route, as did textiles and spices from India and Southeast Asia. In return, precious metals – gold and silver – flowed from Europe to Asia. raTde and cultural exchange always went hand in hand. Early Christian missionaries almost certainly travelled this route to Asia, as did early Muslim preachers a few centuries later. Much before all this, Buddhism emerged from eastern India and spread in several directions through intersecting points on the silk routes.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 6

(i) The most well known silk route connected China to Europe. West bound Chinese silk cargoes travelled on this route. Chinese pottery also travelled through this route.

(ii) Historians have identified several silk routes over land and sea knitting together vast regions of Asia, linking Asia with North Africa.

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 7

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the Statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : The Silk Routes are a good example of pre-modern trade and cultural links between distant parts of the world.

Reason (R) : The name 'Silk Routes' points to the importance of West-bound Chinese silk cargoes along this route.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 7
The cultural links exhibits following values:-

(i) The silk routes are a good example of vibrant pre-modern trade and cultural links between distant parts of the world.

(ii) Buddhist Monk went from to central Asia to China with merchant caravans, preaching the new religion.

(iii) Buddhist Monuments were discovered in numerous city along the silk route.

(iv) The silk route was the route for the new wave of Christianity.

(v) The silk route was not only the source of goods but also for exchange of technologies (production of silk, paper, gun powder and Guns).

(vi) The art of silk weaving and sericulture which was monopolised by China spread in central Asia, Iran and other country by this routes.

(vii) Chinese pottery also travelled the same route, as did textiles and spices from India and Southeast Asia. In return, precious metals – gold and silver -flowed from Europe to Asia.

(viii) Music Transition– Music of Turkey and central Asia, India, Samarkand were merge with Chinese musical transition.

(ix) Choreographic Culture- Actors from Turkey and Iran made significant contribution to the choreographic culture of China.

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 8

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the Statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : The First World War was a war like no other before.

Reason (R) : The First World War was mainly fought in Europe.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 8

Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

Assertion (A) is true. The First World War, also known as World War I, was a global war that lasted from 1914 to 1918, and involved most of the world's major powers. It was characterized by new technology such as tanks, chemical weapons, and aircraft, as well as the mobilization of millions of soldiers and civilians.

Reason (R) is also true. The First World War was mainly fought in Europe, but it also included conflicts in Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. It involved several major powers, such as the British Empire, the French Third Republic, the Russian Empire, the United States, Italy, and Japan. The war had a profound impact on the world, leading to the collapse of empires and the reshaping of borders.

Therefore the reason (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

 

Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 9

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 9
In Africa, in the 1890s, a fast-spreading disease of cattle plague or rinderpest had a terrifying impact on peoples livelihoods and the local economy. This is a good example of the widespread European imperial impact on colonised societies. It shows how in this era of conquest even a disease affecting cattle reshaped the lives and fortunes of thousands of people and their relations with the rest of the world.
Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 10

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 10
Agriculture creates both jobs and economic growth. Communities also hold agricultural-based events, such as crop and livestock judging competitions and 4-H exhibits at their county fair. Many communities benefit from having Famers Markets where smaller farmers can interact directly with consumers.
Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 11

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : There was a collapse of the system of fixed exchange rates and the introduction of a system of floating exchange rates.

Reason : From the 1960s, the rising costs of its overseas involvements weakened the US’s finances and competitive strength. It could not command confidence as the world’s principal currency.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 11
The reason explains why the system of fixed exchange rates collapsed, and is true.
Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 12

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : The railways, steamships, the telegraph were important inventions which transformed the nineteenth-century world.

Reason : Colonisation stimulated new investments and improvements in transport.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 12
Technological advances were often the result of larger, social, political and economic factors, like colonization. Thus reason is the correct explanation of the assertion.
Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 13

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : Over the nineteenth century, British manufacturers flooded the Indian market.

Reason : The value of Indian exports to Britain was much higher than the value of British imports to India.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 13
The value of British exports to India was much higher than the value of British imports from India. Therefore, Assertion is true but reason is false.
Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 14

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : When the supply of wheat was disrupted during the First World War, wheat production in Canada, America and Australia expanded dramatically.

Reason : Before the First World War, Asia was a major supplier of wheat in the world market.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 14
Before the First World War, eastern Europe was a major supplier of wheat in the world market. Thus the reason is false.
Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 15

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : During the Great Depression, agricultural regions and communities were worst affected.

Reason : The fall in agricultural prices was greater and more prolonged than that in the prices of industrial goods.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: The Making of a Global World - Question 15
This was because the fall in agricultural prices was greater and more prolonged than that in the prices of industrial goods.
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