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Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Class 10 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development below.
Solutions of Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development questions in English are available as part of our Social Studies (SST) Class 10 for Class 10 & Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development solutions in Hindi for Social Studies (SST) Class 10 course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for Class 10 Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development | 20 questions in 20 minutes | Mock test for Class 10 preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Social Studies (SST) Class 10 for Class 10 Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
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Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 1

Which of the weathering agents is almost peculiar to the Indian Himalayas?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 1
A glacier erodes through a process called 'plucking' in which it lifts pieces of rock and transports them. These pieces of rock and the moving ice together act like sandpaper on the surface of the rock over which they flow. In the Himalayan region, the glacier is the major weathering agent.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 2

Utilizing land for a variety of purposes is known as______.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 2
Humans use the land for lots of different things. Utilizing land for a variety of purposes is known as land use. The land is used for various purposes. It is used for residence, agriculture, transport, industries, recreation, etc.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 3

Which one of the following soils found in India is the most useful for agriculture?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 3
Alluvial soils are by far the largest and the most important soil group of India. Covering about 15 lakh sq km or about 45.6 per cent of the total land area of the country, these soils contribute the largest share of our agricultural wealth and support the bulk of India's population.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 4

Soil erosion is caused by______.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 4
Soil erosion is caused by water, mining, and air.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 5

Which is the most fertile soil among the following?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 5
This is the most widely spread and important type of soil. In fact, the entire Northern Plains are made of alluvial soil. The alluvial soil consists of various proportions of sand, silt and clay. Alluvial soils as a whole are very fertile. Mostly these soils contain an adequate proportion of potash, phosphoric acid and lime.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 6

One-tenth of the total salt produced in India comes from

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 6
The Sambhar Salt Lake, India's largest inland Salt Lake, is located 96 km southwest of the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan. One-tenth of total salt production in India comes from Sambhar lake.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 7

In a society, human beings are

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 7
The process of transformation of things available in our environment involves an interdependent relationship between nature, technology and institutions. Human beings interact with nature through technology and create institutions to accelerate their economic development.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 8

Calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, potash and lime are rich in

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 8
The black soils are made up of extremely fine i.e. clayey material. They are well-known for their capacity to hold moisture. In addition, they are rich in soil nutrients, such as calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash and lime.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 9

Which of the following countries is known as the 'Land of the Midnight Sun'?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 9
Norway experiences a natural phenomenon known as the midnight sun. The country acquired the name as the Land of Midnight because in the summer months, some parts of the country experience sunshine throughout the day.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 10

A strip of land connecting the island with the mainland is called

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 10

A tombolo is a sandy isthmus. A tombolo, from the Italian tombolo, meaning 'pillow' or 'cushion', and sometimes translated as ayre, is a deposition landform in which an island is attached to the mainland by a narrow piece of land such as a spit or bar. Once attached, the island is then known as a tied island.

 

 

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 11

Arches, stacks and caves are formed by erosional features of ______.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 11

Caves, arches, stacks, and stumps are erosional features that are commonly found on a headland. Cracks are widened in the headland through the erosional processes of hydraulic action and abrasion. As the waves continue to grind away at the crack, it begins to open up to form a cave.

 

 

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 12

Resources that are found everywhere are called________.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 12
Resources that are found everywhere, like the air we breathe, are ubiquitous.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 13

Natural resources are the resources?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 13
Natural resources are the resources that exist without action of humankind, this includes all valued characteristics such as magnetic, gravitational, electrical properties and forces etc.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 14

In India black soil is found in the

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 14
This type of soil is typical of the Deccan trap (Basalt) region spread over northwest Deccan plateau and is made up of lava flows.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 15

Organic matter which is useful to plants is usually found most abundantly in

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 15
Topsoil is the upper, outermost layer of soil, usually the top 5-10 inches (13-25 cm). It has the highest concentration of organic matter and microorganisms and is where most of the Earth's biological soil activity occurs.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 16

In which of the following states is the black soil found?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 16
Black soil is mainly found in Gujarat and Maharashtra states of India. This soil is considered good for the cotton crop and so is known as ‘black cotton soil’ or ‘regur soil’.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 17

Which of the following is not a measure to reduce soil erosion?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 17
Gullies make it easy for the soil to get eroded by running water which result in a bad land topography known as ravines. Chambal river basin in Madhya Pradesh is famous for such ravines or bad lands.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 18

Under which of the following types of resources can tidal energy be put?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 18
Replenishable resources are also known as renewable resources. Solar energy, wind energy, water, thermal and tidal energy are the examples of replenishable resources.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 19

The Rio Convention endorsed the Global Forest Principles and adopted which of the following for achieving Sustainable Development in the 21st century?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 19
Agenda 21 aims at achieving global sustainable development. It is an agenda to combat environmental damage, poverty, disease through global cooperation on common interests, mutual needs and shared responsibilities.

Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 20

Which of the following books includes ‘Gandhian Philosophy’ on conservation of resources?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (2 Marks): Resources & Development - Question 20
In 1974, Gandhian philosophy was presented by Schumacher in his book ‘Small is Beautiful.’

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