Belgium shifted from a unitary form of government to
Regional government had existed in Belgium even earlier and had their role and powers but this was withdrawn by the central government. This was changed in 1993 when the regional governments were given constitutional power that were no longer dependent on the central government. Thus, it shifted from a unitary to federal form of government.
Assertion: India is a federal country.
Reason: In India power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units.
The System of Panchayati Raj involves
In India, the Panchayati Raj now functions as a system of governance in which gram panchayats are the basic units of local administration.
The system has three levels:
1) Gram Panchayat (village level),
2) Mandal Parishad or Block Samiti or Panchayat Samiti (block level), and
3) Zila Parishad (district level).
In federalism, power is divided between various constituent units and
Assertion: India is a ‘holding together’ federation.
Reason: All the states have equal powers and are as strong as union government.
In case of a clash between the laws made by the centre and a state on a subject in the concurrent list:
In India ,central government tends to be more powerful as compared to state government(i.e.holding together federation) Therefore, in case of clash on making laws on topics of concurrent list union government prevails as being more powerful.
In the federal system, the central government cannot order the
The central government can pass on orders to the provincial or the local government. But in a federal system, the central government cannot order the state government to do something. State government has powers of its own for which it is not answerable to the central government.
Assertion: Banking in India is included in the union list.
Reason: Only the union government makes laws related to banking.
Subjects of national importance like defence, foreign affairs, atomic energy, banking, post and telegraph are included in the Union List.
Only the central government can pass laws on the subjects mentioned in the Union List because we need a uniform policy on important or national issues throughout the country.
Match the following:
1. Union territory is an area which is run by the central government directly.
2. Local Self is a decision making body for the entire village.
3. Coalition is an alliance of more than two parties.
4. Zila parishad is the representative government at district levels.
Which of the following country is an example of "coming together federation"?