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Test: Development - 1 - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: Development - 1

Test: Development - 1 for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Test: Development - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Test: Development - 1 MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Development - 1 below.
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Test: Development - 1 - Question 1

Which statement best describes the sustainability of development?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 1
Sustainable development is defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This concept emphasizes the importance of balancing economic, social, and environmental considerations to ensure that development is sustainable and does not jeopardize the well-being of future generations.
Test: Development - 1 - Question 2

Why is it important to calculate the average income, or per capita income, when comparing countries' development levels?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 2
Calculating the average income, or per capita income, is essential when comparing countries' development levels because it allows us to understand what an average person earns in different countries. This metric provides a more accurate representation of the economic well-being of the population compared to just comparing total income figures.
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Test: Development - 1 - Question 3

What significant difference in child welfare is highlighted by the comparison of infant mortality rates between Kerala and Haryana?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 3
The comparison of infant mortality rates between Kerala and Haryana reveals that Kerala has lower infant mortality rates compared to Haryana. This indicates that Kerala likely has better child welfare services, healthcare infrastructure, and overall well-being for infants compared to Haryana.
Test: Development - 1 - Question 4

Which state emerges as the most developed when comparing per capita income ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 4

Haryana is highlighted as the most developed state when comparing per capita income among the states. This indicates that Haryana has a higher average income per person compared to states like Kerala and Bihar, showcasing a certain level of economic prosperity and development in the region.

Test: Development - 1 - Question 5

Apart from monetary rewards, what other factors are crucial when individuals consider job opportunities ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 5

When contemplating job opportunities, factors beyond monetary rewards are essential, including family amenities, work environment, learning prospects, and job security. These aspects contribute significantly to job satisfaction and overall well-being in the workplace.

Test: Development - 1 - Question 6

What aspect greatly influences individuals' quality of life ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 6

Non-material factors such as friendship, dignity, security, and freedom significantly contribute to one's quality of life, surpassing the sole importance of material possessions or wealth. These elements play a crucial role in enhancing well-being and overall satisfaction in life.

Test: Development - 1 - Question 7
What criterion is often used to classify countries as developed or underdeveloped when comparing them?
Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 7
When comparing countries, income levels are often used as a crucial criterion to classify them as developed or underdeveloped. Higher income levels are typically associated with more developed nations because increased income enables access to essential resources and amenities.
Test: Development - 1 - Question 8

People have different ________ of development.

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 8

People have different notions of development based on their individual perspectives, goals, and desires.

Test: Development - 1 - Question 9

Assertion (A): People have conflicting developmental goals.

Reason (R): Different persons can have different developmental goals, and what may be development for one may not be development for the other.

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 9
  • The assertion that people have conflicting developmental goals is true based on the fact that different individuals can indeed have different aspirations and desires.
  • However, the reason provided, stating that what may be development for one may not be development for the other, does not directly explain the assertion.
  • While it highlights the diversity in developmental goals, it does not specifically address the notion of conflicting goals.
Test: Development - 1 - Question 10
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 10
  • Option A: Landless rural labourers - Assured a high family income through higher support prices for their crops and through hardworking and cheap labourers; they should be able to settle their children abroad. - Incorrect: This is incorrect because landless rural labourers typically seek more days of work and better wages, along with access to quality education for their children and no social discrimination.
  • Option B: Prosperous farmers from Punjab - More days of work and better wages; local school is able to provide quality education for their children; there is no social discrimination and they too can become leaders in the village. - Incorrect: This is incorrect because prosperous farmers from Punjab generally look for assured high family income through better support prices for their crops and cheap labor, along with aspirations to settle their children abroad.
  • Option C: A rural woman from a land-owning family - She gets as much freedom as her brother and is able to decide what she wants to do in life. She is able to pursue her studies abroad. - Correct: This is correct because it accurately reflects the aspirations of a rural woman from a land-owning family, who seeks as much freedom as her brother and wants to pursue her studies abroad.
  • Option D: Farmers who depend only on rain for growing crops - Assured a high family income through higher support prices for their crops and through hardworking and cheap labourers; they should be able to settle their children abroad. - Incorrect: This is incorrect because farmers who depend only on rain for growing crops usually seek assured water supply and support for irrigation, not necessarily higher support prices for their crops or cheap labor.
Test: Development - 1 - Question 11
Developmental Goals:
Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 11
  • Statements (i), (ii), and (iv) are all valid developmental goals for different individuals as per their aspirations and needs.
  • Statement (i) focuses on economic improvement through more work and better wages.
  • Statement (ii) emphasizes non-material aspects like respect and equal treatment in society, which are crucial for personal dignity and social well-being.
  • Statement (iv) highlights the aspiration for educational advancement and better opportunities through studying abroad.
  • Statement (iii), while also a developmental goal, is specific to prosperous farmers seeking higher support prices for their crops, and is not included in the broader context of diverse developmental aspirations covered by (i), (ii), and (iv).
  • Thus, the correct answer is Option C because it accurately encompasses the varied developmental goals described.
Test: Development - 1 - Question 12

What is a key criterion often used to compare the development status of countries?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 12
  • Comparing countries' development status commonly involves evaluating their average income, as it is considered a significant indicator of overall development and well-being. This criterion, known as per capita income, helps assess the economic prosperity and living standards of a country's residents.
Test: Development - 1 - Question 13

What factor besides per capita income is crucial in assessing the development of different states?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 13

The literacy rate is a vital factor in evaluating the development of states as it reflects the educational attainment and human capital, which are essential for overall progress and societal well-being.

Test: Development - 1 - Question 14

What is a key indicator often used alongside income to measure development?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 14

Life expectancy is a crucial indicator used in conjunction with income to assess development levels. It reflects the overall health and well-being of a population, indicating the quality of life and access to healthcare services.

Test: Development - 1 - Question 15
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: Development - 1 - Question 15
  • Option A: Kerala - High Infant Mortality Rate - This is incorrect. Kerala is known for its low Infant Mortality Rate due to adequate provision of basic health and educational facilities.
  • Option B: Bihar - Low Literacy Rate for Females - This is correct. The passage mentions that about half of the children aged 14-15 in Bihar are not attending school beyond Class 8, indicating a low literacy rate, especially among females.
  • Option C: Tamil Nadu - Low Usage of Ration Shops - This is incorrect. The passage states that in Tamil Nadu, 90% of the people living in rural areas used a ration shop, which indicates high usage of ration shops.
  • Option D: West Bengal - High Percentage of Rural Children Attending School - This is incorrect. The passage notes that only 35% of rural people in West Bengal used a ration shop, but it does not specifically mention high percentage attendance of rural children in school.
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