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Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3

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Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 1

Urban areas have become particularly_____________for women.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 1

Family laws of all religions discriminate against women.
There are reports of various kinds of harassment, exploitation and violence against women. Urban areas have become particularly unsafe for women.
In India, the proportion of women in legislature has been very low. For example, the percentage of elected women members in Lok Sabha has never reached even 10 per cent of its total strength. Their share in the state assemblies is less than 5 per cent. In this respect, India is among the bottom group of nations in the world.

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 2

Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that :
A. One religion is superior to that of others.
B. People belonging to different religions can happily live together as equal citizens.
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others.

Which of the statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 2
Meaning of Communal Politics:
Communal politics refers to the political ideology and practice that is based on promoting the interests of a particular religious or ethnic group. It often involves the belief that one religious community is superior to others and can lead to the exclusion or marginalization of minority groups.
Analysis of the given statements:
Let's analyze each statement to determine their correctness:
A. One religion is superior to that of others:
This statement reflects the belief of communal politics that one religion is superior to others. It promotes a hierarchical and discriminatory view of religious communities.
B. People belonging to different religions can happily live together as equal citizens:
This statement contradicts the belief of communal politics. It emphasizes the importance of religious harmony and coexistence, where individuals from different religions can live together as equal citizens.
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community:
This statement aligns with the belief of communal politics. It asserts that followers of a particular religion form a distinct community, often leading to the segregation and division of society along religious lines.
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others:
This statement goes against the principles of communal politics. It emphasizes the importance of a secular state that does not favor or promote the dominance of any particular religious group over others.
Correct statements:
Based on the analysis, the correct statements are:
- A. One religion is superior to that of others.
- C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
Therefore, the correct answer is option C: A and C.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 3

Select the laws enacted by the Parliament for the welfare of women.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 3
Laws enacted by the Parliament for the welfare of women:
- Special Marriage Act of 1955: This law allows for the marriage of individuals from different religions or nationalities and provides provisions for the registration of such marriages. It ensures the welfare of women by giving them the freedom to marry a person of their choice and protects their rights in inter-religious or inter-caste marriages.
- Dowry Prohibition Act of 1961: This act prohibits the giving or taking of dowry in marriages. It aims to prevent the exploitation of women and protect them from dowry-related harassment or violence. The act makes dowry a punishable offense and provides for strict penalties for those involved in dowry transactions.
- Equal Remuneration Act of 1976: This legislation ensures equal pay for equal work for both men and women. It prohibits discrimination in remuneration based on gender and promotes gender equality in the workplace. The act seeks to bridge the gender pay gap and provides a mechanism for women to claim equal remuneration for their work.
Therefore, all of the above-mentioned laws (A, B, and C) have been enacted by the Parliament for the welfare of women.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 4

Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 4

Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community. The followers of a particular religion must belong to one community. Their fundamental interests are the same. same social community

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 5

Which of the following is not a feature of communalism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 5

Communalism is a situation when a particular community tries to promote its own interest at the cost of other communities. Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community.

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 6

Women in India are discriminated in;

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 6
Women in India face discrimination in various aspects of their lives, including political, social, and economic spheres. This discrimination is deeply ingrained in the society and has a significant impact on women's opportunities and empowerment.
Political Life:
- Women in India are underrepresented in political leadership roles.
- They face many barriers and biases when it comes to participating in politics and decision-making processes.
- Women are often discouraged from entering politics due to societal expectations and cultural norms.
Social Life:
- Women in India face social discrimination in various forms, such as gender-based violence, harassment, and inequality.
- They are often subjected to harmful cultural practices like child marriage, dowry system, and female infanticide.
- Gender-based violence, including domestic violence and sexual assault, is prevalent and often goes unreported or unpunished.
Economic Life:
- Women in India experience significant economic disparities compared to men.
- They have limited access to education, job opportunities, and equal pay.
- Women are often confined to low-paying and informal sectors of the economy.
- Gender discrimination in the workplace, including sexual harassment and unequal promotion opportunities, further hinders women's economic empowerment.
All of the above:
- Women in India face discrimination in all aspects of their lives, including political, social, and economic spheres.
- These forms of discrimination are interconnected and reinforce each other, creating a cycle of inequality and marginalization.
- Addressing these issues requires a comprehensive and multi-faceted approach, including legal reforms, gender sensitization, and empowering women through education and economic opportunities.
In conclusion, women in India face discrimination in political, social, and economic spheres, which significantly impacts their opportunities and empowerment. Efforts must be made at all levels to address these issues and promote gender equality in the country.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 7

It is believed that the main responsibility of a girl is to

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 7
Responsibilities of a Girl:


There is a common misconception that a girl's main responsibility is limited to taking care of the house, looking after children, and cooking. However, it is essential to understand that these responsibilities should not be solely attributed to girls. Responsibilities vary from person to person and should not be determined by gender. It is important to promote gender equality and break stereotypes that limit individuals based on their gender. Girls, like boys, should have the freedom to pursue their interests, dreams, and aspirations. They should have the opportunity to explore various roles and responsibilities in society. Encouraging equal participation, support, and respect for all genders will lead to a more inclusive and progressive society. It is crucial to empower girls and provide them with education, opportunities, and choices, enabling them to make their own decisions and contribute to society in diverse ways.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 8

In which of these places, the seats are reserved for women in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 8
Seats reserved for women in India:
In India, there are certain places where seats are reserved specifically for women. These include:
Panchayats:
- In Panchayats, which are local self-governance bodies at the village level, seats are reserved for women. This reservation is aimed at promoting women's participation in decision-making processes at the grassroots level.
It is important to note that reservation for women in Panchayats is not only a policy but also a constitutional provision. The 73rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution mandates that at least one-third of the total seats in Panchayats should be reserved for women.
This reservation has helped in empowering women and giving them a platform to voice their opinions and contribute to the development of their communities.
Lok Sabha:
- In the Lok Sabha, which is the lower house of the Indian Parliament, there is no specific reservation for women. However, there have been discussions and demands for reservation of seats for women in the Lok Sabha to ensure better representation.
State Assemblies:
- Similar to the Lok Sabha, there is no specific reservation for women in the State Assemblies, which are the legislative bodies at the state level. However, some states have introduced reservations for women in their State Assemblies through state-specific legislation.
Government jobs:
- While there are no seat reservations for women in government jobs, the government of India has implemented various policies to promote gender equality and provide equal opportunities for women in employment. These include reservation in certain categories and relaxation in eligibility criteria for women.
In conclusion, the seats reserved for women in India are primarily in Panchayats, where at least one-third of the seats are reserved for women. Other places such as the Lok Sabha, State Assemblies, and government jobs do not have specific seat reservations for women, but efforts are being made to promote gender equality and representation.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 9

______ region has the highest representation of women in their national parliaments.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 9

Option is D. Nordic countries

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 10

Women also do outside work like

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 10
Women's Work Outside the Home
Women have long been involved in various types of work outside the home. Here are some examples:
Fetching Water:
- Women often take on the responsibility of fetching water for their households. This can involve traveling long distances to a water source, carrying heavy containers, and ensuring an adequate water supply for their families.
Collecting Fuel:
- Women are also frequently responsible for collecting fuel, such as firewood or biomass, for cooking and heating purposes. This can involve gathering materials from nearby forests or fields, and often requires physical labor.
Working in Fields:
- Many women engage in agricultural work and contribute to their family's livelihoods by working in fields. This can include activities such as planting, harvesting, weeding, and tending to crops and livestock.
All of the Above:
- Women participate in all of the mentioned activities and more. Their roles extend beyond traditional domestic tasks, and they actively contribute to their communities and economies through their work outside the home.
It is important to recognize and appreciate the diverse and significant contributions that women make in various spheres of work. By acknowledging and valuing their efforts, we can work towards creating a more inclusive and equitable society.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 11

Which of the following statements about India as a secular state is incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 11
Incorrect Statement about India as a Secular State:

  • Statement A: Allows freedom to practice any religion

  • Statement B: There is no official religion

  • Statement C: Prohibits discrimination on religious grounds

  • Statement D: It reserves seats for religious minorities


Detailed Explanation:
The correct answer is Statement D: It reserves seats for religious minorities. This statement is incorrect because India, as a secular state, does not reserve seats specifically for religious minorities. However, it does have reservation policies in place for socially and educationally disadvantaged groups, which can include religious minorities. These reservations are based on criteria such as caste, tribe, or economic backwardness, rather than religious affiliation.
India's secularism is enshrined in its Constitution and is reflected in various provisions and practices. Here are the correct statements about India as a secular state:

  • Statement A: India allows freedom to practice any religion. Citizens are free to follow, profess, and propagate any religion of their choice.

  • Statement B: There is no official religion in India. The country does not favor or promote any particular religion.

  • Statement C: India prohibits discrimination on religious grounds. The Constitution guarantees equality before the law and prohibits discrimination based on religion.


In summary, while India does not reserve seats specifically for religious minorities, it upholds the principles of freedom of religion, absence of an official religion, and non-discrimination on religious grounds as a secular state.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 12

In local self-government institutions, atleast one third of all positions are reserved for: 

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 12
Explanation:
In local self-government institutions, one-third of all positions are reserved for women. This reservation is aimed at promoting gender equality and ensuring women's participation in decision-making processes at the grassroots level. It is a way to address historical disadvantages faced by women and to empower them to take an active role in local governance.
The reservation of seats for women in local self-government institutions is mandated by legal provisions in many countries. This is done to promote gender balance and encourage women's leadership in the political sphere. It recognizes the importance of women's perspectives and experiences in shaping policies and initiatives that affect their communities.
Some key points to note regarding the reservation of seats for women in local self-government institutions are:
1. Reservation percentage: At least one-third of all positions are reserved for women. This means that out of the total seats available, a minimum of 33.33% should be allocated to women candidates.
2. Legal provisions: The reservation of seats for women is typically mandated by laws or constitutional provisions. These laws ensure that the reservation is implemented effectively and that women have equal opportunities to participate in local governance.
3. Representation and empowerment: Reserving seats for women promotes their representation and empowerment in decision-making processes. It provides a platform for women to voice their concerns, contribute to policy discussions, and influence local development agendas.
4. Impact on gender equality: The reservation of seats for women helps address gender disparities in political representation. It challenges traditional gender roles and stereotypes, and creates opportunities for women to actively engage in public affairs.
5. Challenges and implementation: While the reservation of seats for women is a positive step towards gender equality, challenges may arise in its implementation. These challenges can include social and cultural barriers, lack of awareness and support, and resistance from traditional power structures.
In conclusion, reserving one-third of all positions for women in local self-government institutions is a significant measure to promote gender equality and empower women in decision-making processes. It recognizes the importance of women's participation in governance and aims to create more inclusive and representative local governance systems.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 13

A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men is called___________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 13
Answer:
A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men is called a Feminist.
Explanation:
- Feminism is a social and political movement that advocates for equal rights, opportunities, and representation for women.
- Feminists believe in challenging and dismantling gender-based discrimination, stereotypes, and inequality.
- They strive for gender equality in various domains, including politics, education, employment, and reproductive rights.
- Feminists advocate for the empowerment of women and aim to create a society where women have the same rights and opportunities as men.
- Feminism is not about promoting women's superiority over men but about achieving gender equality for the betterment of society as a whole.
- Feminists also recognize and address intersecting forms of discrimination, such as those based on race, class, sexuality, and disability.
- It is important to note that being a feminist does not mean hating men or disregarding their rights, but rather advocating for equality between genders.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 14

The concept of patriarchy refers to:

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 14
The concept of patriarchy refers to:
Definition: Patriarchy is a social system in which men hold primary power and dominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege, and control of property.
Key Points:
- Patriarchy is a hierarchical system that values and prioritizes men over women.
- It is deeply ingrained in many societies and has existed for centuries.
- Patriarchy affects various aspects of life, including politics, economics, education, and family dynamics.
- It perpetuates gender inequalities and reinforces gender stereotypes.
- Patriarchy is not about valuing men more as individuals, but rather about the power and privileges that are systematically granted to men as a group.
- It is important to note that patriarchy does not mean that all men are oppressive or that all women are oppressed. It is a system that affects both men and women in different ways.
- Patriarchy is not synonymous with masculinity or being male. It is a social structure that can be upheld by both men and women.
- Challenging patriarchy involves recognizing and addressing the unequal distribution of power, advocating for gender equality, and promoting inclusive and diverse perspectives.
Conclusion: Patriarchy refers to a social system that values men more and grants them primary power and privilege. It is a system that perpetuates gender inequalities and affects various aspects of life. Challenging patriarchy involves advocating for gender equality and promoting inclusivity.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 15

Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 3 - Question 15
Incorrect statement:
- B:

gives official status to one religion


Explanation:
The Indian Constitution does not give official status to any particular religion. It promotes secularism and provides equal rights and freedom to all individuals, irrespective of their religion. The incorrect statement is that the Constitution gives official status to one religion.
Correct statements about India's Constitution:
- A:

prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion


- C:

provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion


- D:

ensures the equality of citizens within different religious communities


These statements correctly highlight important features of India's Constitution that promote religious freedom, equal rights, and non-discrimination based on religion.
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