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Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Class 9 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 9 - Test: Democratic Rights- 2

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Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 1

Kosovo was the part of which country?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 1
Answer:
Introduction:
Kosovo is a disputed territory located in the Balkan Peninsula of Europe. It has a complex history and has been part of different countries throughout time.
Part of Yugoslavia:
- Kosovo was a part of Yugoslavia, a country in Southeast Europe that existed from 1918 to 2003.
- Yugoslavia was initially formed after World War I and included various regions, including Kosovo.
- During the existence of Yugoslavia, Kosovo was an autonomous province within the country.
Separation from Yugoslavia:
- In the 1990s, Yugoslavia began to disintegrate due to political and ethnic tensions.
- Kosovo sought greater autonomy and eventually declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
- This declaration of independence was not recognized by the Yugoslav government.
Conflict with Serbia:
- Following Kosovo's declaration of independence, conflicts arose between ethnic Albanians (the majority in Kosovo) and the Serbian government.
- Serbia refused to recognize Kosovo's independence, considering it as part of its territory.
- The conflict escalated into a full-scale war in 1998, resulting in a NATO intervention in 1999.
Kosovo's current status:
- After the war, Kosovo came under the administration of the United Nations.
- In 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia.
- As of now, Kosovo is recognized as an independent state by a significant number of countries, but Serbia and some others still do not recognize its independence.
Conclusion:
Kosovo was part of Yugoslavia before declaring independence and is currently a disputed territory, with some countries recognizing it as an independent state and others not.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 2

What procedures have to be followed regarding the detention of any person by the police? Observe the correct options.
(i) The detained person will have to foe informed of the reasons for such arrest or detention.
(ii) No person can be deprived of his life or personal liberty.
(iii) A detained person shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest.
(iv) The detained person has the right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for his defense.

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 2

To ensure the proper detention of any person by the police, the following procedures must be followed:
Informing the detained person:
- The detained person must be informed of the reasons for their arrest or detention. This is a fundamental right to prevent arbitrary detention.
Protection of life and personal liberty:
- No person can be deprived of their life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law. This protects individuals from unlawful detention or harm.
Production before a magistrate:
- A detained person must be produced before the nearest magistrate within 24 hours of their arrest. This ensures that the person's detention is reviewed by a judicial authority to prevent abuse of power.
Right to consult a lawyer:
- The detained person has the right to consult a lawyer or engage a lawyer for their defense. This allows them to receive legal advice and representation during the detention process.
Therefore, the correct options regarding the detention of any person by the police are (i), (iii), and (iv):
Answer: A
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 3

In how many states in India, there are Human Rights Commission.

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 3

 

Commission (SHRC) has been set up in 26 States so far

Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 4

What was the name of a narrow-minded Serb nationalist, who won the election?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 4
Answer:
The name of the narrow-minded Serb nationalist who won the election was Milosevic.
Explanation:
- Milosevic was a prominent political figure in Serbia during the late 20th century.
- He rose to power and became the President of Serbia in 1989.
- Milosevic was known for his nationalist and authoritarian policies, which fueled tensions and conflicts in the Balkans.
- He played a significant role in the breakup of Yugoslavia and the subsequent Yugoslav Wars.
- Milosevic's leadership was characterized by a narrow-minded focus on Serb nationalism, often at the expense of other ethnic groups.
- His policies led to widespread human rights abuses, including ethnic cleansing and genocide.
- Milosevic's rule came to an end in 2000 when he was overthrown following mass protests and international pressure.
- He was later arrested and brought before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, where he faced charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide.
- Milosevic died in 2006 before a verdict could be reached in his trial.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 5

What are the qualities of a right?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 5
Qualities of a Right:
- Reasonable Claims: Rights are reasonable claims that individuals have, which are recognized and acknowledged by society. These claims are based on values and principles such as equality, justice, and human dignity.
- Sanctioned by Law: Rights are not just arbitrary claims, but they are also legally recognized and protected. They are backed by laws and regulations that provide individuals with the legal means to exercise and protect their rights.
- Recognition by Society: Rights are not solely determined by the state government, but they are also recognized and respected by society as a whole. They reflect the shared values and norms of a community or nation.
- Claimable in Court: While individuals can seek legal recourse through the court system to enforce their rights, it is not the only avenue available to claim one's rights. There may be other mechanisms, such as administrative procedures, mediation, or advocacy, through which individuals can assert their rights.
In conclusion, rights are reasonable claims of individuals that are recognized by society and sanctioned by law. They are not solely dependent on state recognition and can be claimed through various means, including the court system.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 6

Which of the follow ing freedoms has not been granted under Right to Freedom.

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 6
Right to Freedom:
- The Right to Freedom is one of the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. It includes various freedoms that ensure the citizens' liberty and autonomy. However, not all freedoms are absolute, and there are reasonable restrictions imposed on them for the greater good of society.
Freedoms granted under Right to Freedom:
A: Freedom of speech and expression
- This freedom allows individuals to express their thoughts, opinions, and ideas freely without fear of censorship or punishment.
B: Assembly in a peaceful manner
- This freedom grants individuals the right to peacefully assemble and protest, promoting democratic participation and public discourse.
C: Form associations and unions
- Citizens have the right to form associations, unions, or organizations to pursue common interests or goals.
Freedom not granted under Right to Freedom:
D: Form association to revolt
- The right to freedom does not grant individuals the freedom to form associations or unions with the intention of engaging in acts of revolt or armed rebellion against the state.
It is important to note that while the Constitution guarantees these freedoms, they are not absolute and can be restricted under certain circumstances such as public order, morality, and national security. The government has the authority to impose reasonable restrictions on these freedoms to maintain law and order and protect the rights and interests of others.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 7

Why Milosevic government was hostile to the Kosovo Albanians?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 7
Why was the Milosevic government hostile to the Kosovo Albanians?
There were several reasons why the Milosevic government exhibited hostility towards the Kosovo Albanians:
1. Desire for Serbian dominance: The Milosevic government aimed to assert Serbian dominance over Kosovo, which had a significant Albanian population. They sought to maintain control over the region and prevent any potential threat to Serbian authority.
2. Historical tensions: Kosovo holds great historical and cultural significance to both Serbs and Albanians. The Milosevic government, driven by nationalist sentiments, aimed to suppress the influence and aspirations of the Kosovo Albanians in order to preserve Serbian identity and control.
3. Ethnic and religious differences: The Milosevic government exploited existing ethnic and religious differences between Serbs and Albanians to fuel hostility and justify their oppressive actions. They propagated the idea of Serbian superiority and portrayed the Kosovo Albanians as a threat to the Serbian nation.
4. Political power struggle: The Milosevic government viewed the Kosovo Albanians' demands for greater autonomy and independence as a challenge to their authority. They feared that granting concessions to the Kosovo Albanians would weaken the Serbian government's control over the region.
5. Response to separatist movements: The Milosevic government responded harshly to the emergence of separatist movements among the Kosovo Albanians, such as the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA). They perceived these movements as a threat to Serbian territorial integrity and took military action to suppress them.
Overall, the Milosevic government's hostility towards the Kosovo Albanians can be attributed to their desire for Serbian dominance, historical tensions, ethnic and religious differences, political power struggle, and response to separatist movements.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 8

Which statements are very much relevant to the Human Rights Commission? Identify and mark them. 
(i) It is an Independent Commission set up by law in 1993.
(ii) It is appointed by the President and includes retired Judges.
(ii) NHRC includes all the rights granted to the citizens by the Constitution of the country.
(iv) NHRC is accountable to the court for its activity.

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 8
Relevant Statements about the Human Rights Commission:
- (i) It is an Independent Commission set up by law in 1993.
- (ii) It is appointed by the President and includes retired Judges.
- (iii) NHRC includes all the rights granted to the citizens by the Constitution of the country.
These statements are all very much relevant to the Human Rights Commission.
- (iv) NHRC is accountable to the court for its activity.
This statement is also relevant as it highlights the accountability of the NHRC.
Therefore, the correct answer is D: only (i), (ii), and (iii).
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 9

Which of the following restrictions on Right to Freedom is not mentioned below in the Constitution

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 9
Restrictions on Right to Freedom not mentioned in the Constitution:

  1. To instigate violence: The Constitution of India places restrictions on the right to freedom of speech and expression when it comes to inciting violence or creating a public disturbance.

  2. To invite people to rebel against the government: The Constitution also restricts the right to freedom of speech and expression when it comes to inviting people to rebel against the government or promoting activities that may threaten the sovereignty and integrity of the nation.

  3. To defame others: Defamation is also limited under the right to freedom of speech and expression. Individuals cannot use this right to defame or harm the reputation of others.

  4. To praise others: The Constitution does not explicitly mention any restriction on praising others. The right to freedom of speech and expression generally allows individuals to express their opinions and thoughts, including praising others.


Therefore, the correct answer is D: To praise others. The Constitution does not impose any restrictions on praising others as part of the right to freedom of speech and expression.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 10

What situations were forced the Albanians to stop the massacre?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 10
Explanation:
The situation that forced the Albanians to stop the massacre during the Kosovo War can be attributed to several factors. These factors are explained below:
1. Intervention by several countries:
- Various countries, including NATO member states, intervened to stop the massacre and prevent further bloodshed.
- The NATO-led intervention aimed to protect the Albanian population in Kosovo from the Serbian forces.
- This intervention involved airstrikes against Serbian military targets and infrastructure.
2. Pressure from the international community:
- The international community, including the United Nations, condemned the violence and called for an immediate end to the massacre.
- Diplomatic efforts were made to negotiate a ceasefire and find a peaceful resolution to the conflict.
3. Humanitarian crisis:
- The escalating violence and mass killings in Kosovo led to a humanitarian crisis, with thousands of Albanians being displaced and seeking refuge.
- The dire situation and the suffering of innocent civilians put additional pressure on the international community to take action and stop the massacre.
4. War crimes and atrocities:
- The reports of war crimes and atrocities committed by Serbian forces, including ethnic cleansing and systematic killings, further intensified the international outcry.
- These reports created a sense of urgency to intervene and protect the Albanian population from further harm.
5. Shift in international opinion:
- The perception of the conflict changed globally, with increasing recognition of the need to stop the massacre and prevent further loss of life.
- This shift in international opinion influenced the decision to intervene and put an end to the violence.
In conclusion, the combination of intervention by several countries, pressure from the international community, the humanitarian crisis, reports of war crimes, and the shift in international opinion forced the Albanians and the international community to take action and stop the massacre during the Kosovo War.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 11

Cultural and Educational Rights are safeguarded mainly for

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 11
Cultural and Educational Rights are safeguarded mainly for minorities.

Explanation:

1. Cultural and Educational Rights are a set of provisions that aim to protect and promote the cultural and educational interests of individuals and communities.

2. These rights are enshrined in various international conventions and national constitutions.

3. The main purpose of safeguarding these rights is to ensure equal opportunities and access to education and cultural activities for all individuals, regardless of their background or identity.

4. Minorities, who are often marginalized and discriminated against, are the primary beneficiaries of these rights as they face unique challenges in preserving and promoting their cultural heritage and accessing quality education.

5. Safeguarding cultural and educational rights for minorities helps promote diversity, inclusivity, and social harmony within a society.

6. By protecting these rights, societies can ensure that every individual has the freedom to express their cultural identity and has access to educational opportunities that enable them to develop their full potential.

7. Recognizing and safeguarding these rights also contributes to the overall development and progress of a nation, as it allows diverse perspectives and knowledge systems to thrive.

8. Therefore, it is crucial to prioritize the protection of cultural and educational rights for minorities to foster a more inclusive and equitable society.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 12

In case of arrest of a person which of the following procedures is not to be followed?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 12
Explanation:
The correct answer is D: To get bail within an hour of arrest.
In the case of an arrest, certain procedures and rights are to be followed to ensure the fair treatment of the individual. These procedures are outlined in various legal systems and may vary depending on the jurisdiction. However, there are certain fundamental rights that are commonly recognized. Let's examine the given options:
A: To be informed of the reasons for such arrest and detention:
- This is a fundamental right of every individual who is arrested. They have the right to be informed of the reasons for their arrest and detention. This helps ensure transparency and accountability.
B: To produce before the nearest magistrate within a period of 24 hours of arrest:
- This is another important right that ensures that an arrested person is presented before a judicial authority within a reasonable time frame. This helps prevent arbitrary detention and allows for a prompt review of the arrest.
C: To consult a lawyer or engaged a lawyer for his defence:
- This is also a crucial right that allows an arrested person to seek legal advice and representation. It ensures that they have access to legal expertise and are able to exercise their right to a fair trial.
D: To get bail within an hour of arrest:
- This option is incorrect. While bail is a possibility for many arrested individuals, it is not an automatic right to be granted within a specific timeframe. The granting of bail depends on various factors such as the nature of the offense, the likelihood of the person fleeing, and the potential danger they may pose to society.
In conclusion, all options A, B, and C are procedures and rights that should be followed in case of an arrest. Option D, to get bail within an hour of arrest, is not a universally recognized procedure and may vary depending on the circumstances and legal system.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 13

What was the result of the intervention by the other countries?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 13
Intervention by Other Countries in the Milosevic Regime:

  • NATO Intervention: Other countries, particularly NATO, intervened in the conflict in the Balkans to stop the violence and atrocities committed by the Milosevic regime.

  • Outcome: The intervention led to Milosevic losing power and eventually being tried by the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

  • ICTY Trial: Milosevic faced charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide for his role in the conflicts in the Balkans.

  • Verdict: Milosevic was found guilty on several counts and was facing a lengthy prison sentence before he passed away during the trial.

Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 14

Civil Rights are given to the individual by the state.

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 14
Civil Rights are given to the individual by the state.
Explanation:
- Civil rights are the basic rights and freedoms that are guaranteed to individuals by the government or state.
- These rights are inherent to every individual and are not given by the state, but rather recognized and protected by the state.
- Civil rights are typically outlined in a country's constitution or legal framework, and they serve to protect individuals from discrimination, ensure equal treatment, and preserve fundamental liberties.
- The state's role is to uphold and enforce these rights, rather than granting or bestowing them to individuals.
- Civil rights include the right to life, liberty, and security of person, freedom of speech, religion, and assembly, the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, and many others.
- These rights are considered fundamental to a democratic society and are essential for the promotion of equality, justice, and human dignity.
- The state has a responsibility to protect and promote civil rights, ensuring that all individuals are able to exercise their rights without discrimination or infringement.
- Civil rights can be enforced through legal mechanisms, such as courts and laws, and individuals can seek redress if their rights are violated.
Therefore, it is False to say that civil rights are given to the individual by the state. Civil rights are inherent and recognized by the state to protect and preserve the rights and freedoms of individuals.
Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 15

Which of the following rights is a new right granted to the citizens of South Africa?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democratic Rights- 2 - Question 15
Answer:
The new right granted to the citizens of South Africa is the Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being. Here is a detailed explanation:
Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being:
- This right ensures that every citizen of South Africa has the right to live in a clean and healthy environment.
- It guarantees protection against environmental pollution and degradation that may harm their well-being or health.
- Citizens have the right to enjoy and benefit from the country's natural resources without any harm to themselves or future generations.
- This right emphasizes the importance of sustainable development and the responsibility of the government and society to protect and preserve the environment for the benefit of all.
Other rights mentioned in the options:
- Right to Equality: This right ensures that all individuals are equal before the law and prohibits discrimination based on race, religion, gender, etc. This right has been in existence for a long time and is not a new right in South Africa.
- Right to Freedom: This right includes various freedoms such as freedom of speech, expression, religion, etc. It is also not a new right in South Africa.
- Right against Exploitation: This right protects individuals from being exploited or subjected to forced labor, trafficking, or any form of slavery. It is not a new right in South Africa.
Therefore, the correct answer is Right to an environment that is not harmful to their health or well-being (Option D).
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