Test: Poverty as a Challenge- Case Based Type Questions


8 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 9 | Test: Poverty as a Challenge- Case Based Type Questions


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Attempt Test: Poverty as a Challenge- Case Based Type Questions | 8 questions in 16 minutes | Mock test for Class 9 preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Social Studies (SST) Class 9 for Class 9 Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. States like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa had above all India poverty levels. Bihar and Orissa continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios. There has been a substantial reduction in global poverty. Poverty declined substantially in China and Southeast Asian countries as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. There were a number of causes for the widespread poverty in India. One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. Removal of poverty has been one of the major objectives of Indian developmental strategy. In these circumstances, there is a clear need for targeted anti-poverty programmes. Although there are so many schemes which are formulated to affect poverty directly or indirectly. These anti-poverty programmes are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana, Rural Employment Generation Programme, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana, etc.

Q. What was ruined by the policies of the colonial government?

Solution: The various causes of poverty in India are— Colonial Economic Policies

(a) One historical reason for poverty in India is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration.

(b) The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged developments of industries and textiles.

(c) The low rate of growth persisted until the 1980s. This resulted in less job opportunities and a low growth rate of incomes.

QUESTION: 2

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. States like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa had above all India poverty levels. Bihar and Orissa continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios. There has been a substantial reduction in global poverty. Poverty declined substantially in China and Southeast Asian countries as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. There were a number of causes for the widespread poverty in India. One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. Removal of poverty has been one of the major objectives of Indian developmental strategy. In these circumstances, there is a clear need for targeted anti-poverty programmes. Although there are so many schemes which are formulated to affect poverty directly or indirectly. These anti-poverty programmes are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana, Rural Employment Generation Programme, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana, etc.

Q. In which year Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) was launched?

Solution: SGSY was started on 1st April, 1999 after restructuring erstwhile IRDP ,TRYSEM, SITRA GKY and MWS. The basic objective is to bring assisted poor families above the poverty line by providing income generating assets through a mix of bank credit and subsidy.
QUESTION: 3

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. States like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa had above all India poverty levels. Bihar and Orissa continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios. There has been a substantial reduction in global poverty. Poverty declined substantially in China and Southeast Asian countries as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. There were a number of causes for the widespread poverty in India. One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. Removal of poverty has been one of the major objectives of Indian developmental strategy. In these circumstances, there is a clear need for targeted anti-poverty programmes. Although there are so many schemes which are formulated to affect poverty directly or indirectly. These anti-poverty programmes are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana, Rural Employment Generation Programme, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana, etc.

Q. The aim of which of the following programme is to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns:

Solution: Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana (PMRY): It is a scheme started in 1993. The aim of the programme is to create self-employment opportunities for educated unemployed youth in rural areas and small towns. They are helped in setting up small businesses and industries.
QUESTION: 4

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

Poverty in India also has another aspect or dimension. The proportion of poor people is not the same in every state. States like Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa had above all India poverty levels. Bihar and Orissa continue to be the two poorest states with poverty ratios. There has been a substantial reduction in global poverty. Poverty declined substantially in China and Southeast Asian countries as a result of rapid economic growth and massive investments in human resource development. There were a number of causes for the widespread poverty in India. One historical reason is the low level of economic development under the British colonial administration. The policies of the colonial government ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. Removal of poverty has been one of the major objectives of Indian developmental strategy. In these circumstances, there is a clear need for targeted anti-poverty programmes. Although there are so many schemes which are formulated to affect poverty directly or indirectly. These anti-poverty programmes are Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Prime Minister Rozgar Yozana, Rural Employment Generation Programme, Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana, etc.

Q. Which of the following states have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates:

Solution: States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates.
QUESTION: 5

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

In our daily life, we come across many people who we think are poor. They could be landless labourers in villages or people living in overcrowded jhuggis in cities. They could be daily wage workers at construction sites or child workers in dhabas. They could also be beggars with children in tatters. We see poverty all around us. In fact, every fourth person in India is poor. This means, roughly 270 million (or 27 crore) people in India lived in poverty in 2011-12. This also means that India has the largest single concentration of the poor in the world. Since poverty has many facets, social scientists look at it through a variety of indicators. Usually the indicators used relate to the levels of income and consumption. A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill basic needs. What is necessary to satisfy basic needs is different at different times and in different countries. Therefore, the poverty line may vary with time and place. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. The proportion of people below the poverty line is also not the same for all social groups and economic categories in India. In poor families all suffer, but some suffer more than others. Women, elderly people and female infants are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. Therefore women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are the poorest of the poor.

Q. In economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are:

Solution: (i) Social groups which are most vulnerable to poverty are scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households.

(ii) Among the economic groups, the most vulnerable groups are the rural agricultural labour households and the urban casual labour households.

QUESTION: 6

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

In our daily life, we come across many people who we think are poor. They could be landless labourers in villages or people living in overcrowded jhuggis in cities. They could be daily wage workers at construction sites or child workers in dhabas. They could also be beggars with children in tatters. We see poverty all around us. In fact, every fourth person in India is poor. This means, roughly 270 million (or 27 crore) people in India lived in poverty in 2011-12. This also means that India has the largest single concentration of the poor in the world. Since poverty has many facets, social scientists look at it through a variety of indicators. Usually the indicators used relate to the levels of income and consumption. A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill basic needs. What is necessary to satisfy basic needs is different at different times and in different countries. Therefore, the poverty line may vary with time and place. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. The proportion of people below the poverty line is also not the same for all social groups and economic categories in India. In poor families all suffer, but some suffer more than others. Women, elderly people and female infants are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. Therefore women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are the poorest of the poor.

Q. What does poverty mean?

Solution: Poverty is the state of not having enough material possessions or income for a person's basic needs. Poverty may include social, economic, and political elements. Absolute poverty measures compare income against the amount needed to meet basic personal needs, such as food, clothing, and shelter.
QUESTION: 7

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

In our daily life, we come across many people who we think are poor. They could be landless labourers in villages or people living in overcrowded jhuggis in cities. They could be daily wage workers at construction sites or child workers in dhabas. They could also be beggars with children in tatters. We see poverty all around us. In fact, every fourth person in India is poor. This means, roughly 270 million (or 27 crore) people in India lived in poverty in 2011-12. This also means that India has the largest single concentration of the poor in the world. Since poverty has many facets, social scientists look at it through a variety of indicators. Usually the indicators used relate to the levels of income and consumption. A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill basic needs. What is necessary to satisfy basic needs is different at different times and in different countries. Therefore, the poverty line may vary with time and place. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. The proportion of people below the poverty line is also not the same for all social groups and economic categories in India. In poor families all suffer, but some suffer more than others. Women, elderly people and female infants are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. Therefore women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are the poorest of the poor.

Q. Who among the following in poor families suffer more than others?

Solution: Apart from the social groups, there is also inequality of incomes within a family. In poor families, all suffer, but some suffer more than others. Women, elderly people and female infants are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. Therefore, women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are the poorest of the poor.
QUESTION: 8

Read the text given below and answer the following questions:

In our daily life, we come across many people who we think are poor. They could be landless labourers in villages or people living in overcrowded jhuggis in cities. They could be daily wage workers at construction sites or child workers in dhabas. They could also be beggars with children in tatters. We see poverty all around us. In fact, every fourth person in India is poor. This means, roughly 270 million (or 27 crore) people in India lived in poverty in 2011-12. This also means that India has the largest single concentration of the poor in the world. Since poverty has many facets, social scientists look at it through a variety of indicators. Usually the indicators used relate to the levels of income and consumption. A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill basic needs. What is necessary to satisfy basic needs is different at different times and in different countries. Therefore, the poverty line may vary with time and place. Each country uses an imaginary line that is considered appropriate for its existing level of development and its accepted minimum social norms. The proportion of people below the poverty line is also not the same for all social groups and economic categories in India. In poor families all suffer, but some suffer more than others. Women, elderly people and female infants are systematically denied equal access to resources available to the family. Therefore women, children (especially the girl child) and old people are the poorest of the poor.

Q. Poverty is looked at through other social indicators like:

Solution: Poverty is looked through social indicators like:
  • Illiteracy level

  • Lack of general resistance due to malnutrition

  • Lack of access to health care

  • Lack of opportunities

  • Lack of access to safe drinking water

  • Lack of access to safe sanitation facilities.

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