Fabric is made of
The small units used in making synthetic fibres are:
A polymer is a substance or material consisting of very large molecules, or macromolecules, composed of many repeating subunits. Due to their broad spectrum of properties, both synthetic and natural polymers play essential and ubiquitous roles in everyday life.
The strongest fibre is called:
The first man-made fibre is
The first fully synthetic fibre, nylon, is a man-made fibre. Back in 1931, it was made purely from coal, water, and air. It did not use raw materials from animals and plants.
The plastics which do not remould again on heating are called:
The plastics which cannot be remoulded again on heating are called thermosetting plastics. The most common examples of thermosets are Bakelite and Melamine.
The polyester is made up of
Polyester is a synthetic polymer made of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) or its dimethyl ester dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) and monoethylene glycol (MEG). With 18% market share of all plastic materials produced, it ranges third after polyethylene (33.5%) and polypropylene (19.5%).
The nylon is prepared first in
Nylon is another man-made fibre. In 1931, it was made without using any natural raw material (from plant or animal). It was prepared from coal, water and air. It was the first fully synthetic fibre. Nylon fibre was strong, elastic and light. It was lustrous and easy to wash. So, it became very popular for making clothes. We use many articles made from nylon, such as socks, ropes, tents, toothbrushes, car seat belts, sleeping bags, curtains etc.
The fibre made up by the chemical treatment of wood pulp is
A synthetic fibre which works like wool.
The raw materials used in making nylon
Polyester is a natural fibre.
Cotton is the polymer of cellulose.
Cotton, like rayon and wood pulp fibers, is made of cellulose. Cellulose is a macromolecule made up of anhydroglucose unit connected by 1, 4 oxygen bridges with the polymer repeating unit being anhydro-beta-cellulose.
We should use more and more polythene bags.
It takes 1000 years for polythene bags to degrade. Polythene bags don't Biodegrade, they photo - degrade, breaking down into smaller and smaller toxic bits contaminating soil and waterways. It pollutes our environment.
So, we should not use polythene bags.
Silk is the most expensive natural fibre.
We get natural fibres from plants and animals.
Acrylic is a synthetic fibre which works like wool.
Nylon was made first in 1931.
Rayon was prepared by coal, water and air.
Cotton and jute are the two common synthetic fibres.
"Cotton and jute” are the two common natural fibres not synthetic fibres.
PVC is a thermosetting plastic.