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Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Class 9 MCQ


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Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 1

Who led the Whites in the civil war?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 1
Divided leadership. While the Bolsheviks had Lenin as their leader, no one person was in charge of the White forces. The Whites had several leaders - Yudenich, Kolchak, Daniken and Wrangel.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 2

In which year was Napoleon defeated?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 2
The Battle of Waterloo, which took place in Belgium on June 18, 1815, marked the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte, who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. The Battle of Waterloo was fought during the Hundred Days of Napoleon's restoration, 3 miles south of Waterloo village, between Napoleon's 72,000 troops and the combined forces of the Duke of Wellington's allied army of 68,000 and about 45,000 Prussians, the main power of Gebhard Leberecht von Blucher's command.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 3

Which country declared war on Russia at the inception of World War One?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 3
On July 26, 1914, Russian Emperor Nicolas II issued a manifesto announcing that in response to the Austria-Hungarian declaration of war against the Russian Empire, Russia would enter into battle against Austria-Hungary.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 4

Jadidists were ______ within the Russian empire.

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 4

Jadidists were Muslim reformers within the Russian empire who wanted modernized Islam to lead their societies. They supported the liberals of Russia who campaigned against the autocracy of the Tsar and demanded a constitution during the 1905 revolution.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 5

In which year was Russia affected by a severe famine?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 5
The Great Famine that ravaged Russia in 1921 and early 1922 was one of the worst human disasters of the 20th century. Triggered by natural causes but magnified by human policies and actions, this famine left millions of Russians malnourished, starving and at risk from epidemics sweeping the country.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 6

Which of these BEST describes the reason for the Russian Revolution of1905?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 6
In December 1904, the liberals called for political reforms and a constitution. The Czar issued a manifesto which promised many demands; however, crucial needs weren't included. Many workers went to the Winter Palace to sign a petition upon many sympathy strikes, but the troops fired, causing about 1000 deaths. This was called Bloody Sunday, and it was the start of the Russia Revolution.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 7

The nuclear tests were banned between____________ to

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 7
In 1963, three (UK, US, Soviet Union) of the then four nuclear states and many non-nuclear states signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty, pledging to refrain from testing nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, underwater, or in outer space.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 8

The Bolsheviks brought in a policy known as__________ Communism.

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 8
During this period the Bolsheviks attempted to administrate Russia's economy purely by decree, a policy of the War Communism. Farmers and factory workers were ordered to produce, and food and goods were seized and issued by law.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 9

Which of the following reforms were introduced by Gorbachev in the USSR?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 9
In March 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev became the General Secretary of the CPSU. Under him, a new group of officials and leaders started a process of changes in the politics and economy of the Soviet Union. They also tried to improve relationships with Western countries like the US.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 10

The October 1917 Revolution in Russia brought numerous changes. Which one of those are correctly mentioned below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 10
The main changes brought about by the Bolsheviks immediately after the October Revolution were (i)The Bolsheviks were opposed to private property. Therefore most industries and banks were nationalized. (ii) The land was declared social property and peasants were allowed to seize the land of the nobility.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 11

The Bolsheviks party was headed by

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 11
Bolsheviks, member of a wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, led by Lenin, seized control of the government in Russia (October 1917) and became the dominant political power. The group originated at the party's second congress (1903) when Lenin's followers, insisting that party membership be restricted to professional revolutionaries, won a temporary majority on the party's central committee and the editorial board newspaper Iskra. They assumed the name Bolsheviks and dubbed their opponents the Mensheviks ("Those of the Minority").

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 12

What slogan did Lenin use after he arrived in Russia in April 1917?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 12
Lenin used the slogan "All Power to the soviets!" to oppose Kerensky's Provisional Government. Based on the Bolshevik view of the state, the word soviet extended its meaning to any overarching body that obtained a group of soviets' authority.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 13

What per cent of the Russian empire's population earned their living from agriculture in the nineteenth century?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 13
About 85 per cent of the Russian empire's population earned their living from agriculture. This proportion was higher than in most European countries.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 14

When did the most devastating famines occur in Soviet history?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 14

The Soviet famine of 1932–33 killed millions of people in the major grain-producing areas of the Soviet Union, including Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, Volga Region and Kazakhstan, the South Urals, and West Siberia.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 15

Which among the following is/are the main demands of workers during the revolt in St Petersburg?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 15
On January 22, 1905, a group of workers led by the radical priest Georgy Apollonovich Gapon marched to the Czar's Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to make their demands. Their demands were

a. Improve the economy and decentralize decision-making

b. Abandon arms treaties with the United States and Western Europe

c. Tighten government controls over the communication media

d. Suppress the growing nationalist movement in Eastern Europe.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 16

Which among the following was the ruler of Russia during World War I?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 16
Tsar Nicholas II ruled the Russian Empire as an absolute monarch. However, following the loss of the war with Japan in 1905, severe disturbances took place in St. Petersburg and Nicholas was persuaded to accept a reduction in his power.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 17

What were the pro-Tsarists called?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 17
At the start of the 20th century in Russia, all the power was vested in the hands of a hereditary monarch called "Tsar". But when the Tsar regime was under attack, a pro- Tsarists group came into existence during the early years of the 1900s. They were called White' and controlled most of the Russian empire from 1918 to 1919.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 18

The Central powers during the First World War included countries like Germany, Turkey and

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 18
Germany and its allies were known as the Central Powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary, later joined by the Ottoman Empire (Turkey plus the Middle East) and Bulgaria.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 19

The most critical work of the Bolsheviks during the Civil War is

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 19
After forming their party in 1912, the Bolsheviks took power during the October Revolution in the Russian Republic in November 1917, overthrowing the Provisional Government of Alexander Kerensky, and became the only ruling party in subsequent Soviet Russia and its successor state, the Soviet Union.

Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 20

What is the term used when factories are taken away from private owners and run by the state?

Detailed Solution for Test: Socialism In Europe And The Russian Revolution (Medium) - Question 20
Nationalization means when the factories are taken away from private owners and run by the state. The profits then belong to the state. All factories in Russia were nationalized as per the War Communism policies.

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