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Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Class 9 MCQ


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Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 1

What was the Marseillaise?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 1
"La Marseillaise" is the national anthem of France. The song was written in 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg after the declaration of war by France against Austria, and was originally titled "Chant de Guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin".

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 2

Who started the Reign of Terror?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 2
The Reign of Terror refers to the violent period during The French Revolution from 1793-1794 when the Radicals led by Maxi mi lien Robespierre were running the Govt. During this period, thousands of people suspected of being disloyal to the Revolution were arrested and executed.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 3

Which of the following is true about Bastille Storming?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 3
It was used as a state prison by the kings of France. Bastille was a symbol of absolute monarchy, social inequality and injustice.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 4

All of the following describe how Napoleon Bonaparte gained and maintained power in Europe except

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 4
Napoleon returned to France and led a coup d'etat means overthrowing the government, not necessarily through violence. Shortly afterwards, a plebiscite (a direct electorate vote) was held, and Napoleon was Emperor of France. He used force to dominate affairs in France and Europe. He also made his close relatives and friends administer the conquered states like Joseph Bonaparte in Spain and many more.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 5

In which year did the National Assembly vote to declare war against Prussia and Austria?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 5
King Louis XVI was overthrown by the people of France and European countries were eyeing on France as they didn't want war fever to spread to their nation. Meanwhile, the French people wanted to wage war as they believed that the new government would be overthrown by foreign powers, leading to an old regime. Thus they waged war against Prussia and Austria on 20 April 1792.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 6

Political________ became an important rallying point in France for people who wished to

discuss government policies and plan their own form and action.

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 6
Political Clubs were the place people discussed politics and about the government. The two famous clubs in France were Jacobins and Girondins.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 7

Find out the one, which is not related to the French Revolution.

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 7
On May 5, 1789, the meeting of the estate general was called by Louis XVI to pass his proposals to increase taxes. On June 20, the Third Estate met in an indoor tennis court and took the so-called Tennis Court Oath vowing not to disperse until constitutional reform had been achieved. On July 14 a popular insurgency occurred when revolutionaries stormed the Bastille fortress to secure gunpowder and weapons. The glorious revolution took place in England in 1688.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 8

The French society was divided into estates.

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 8

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 9

The members of the third estate declared themselves as

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 9
Louis XVI called the Estates-GeneralGeneral's meeting to pass his proposals to increase taxes on 5th May 1789. The third estate members demanded individual voting right, where each member would have one vote. But their proposal was rejected by the king; therefore, on 20th June, the third estate representatives assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles where they declared themselves a National Assembly.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 10

The two Indians who responded to the ideas of liberty and equality as endorsed by the French Revolution were

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 10
Tipu Sultan and Rammohan Roy responded to the ideas of liberty and equality as endorsed by the French Revolution. These two Indian leaders were inspired by the ideals of nationalism and social equality of the french revolution. They were also inspired by democratic rights and the right to liberty of the french revolution.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 11

____was a former convent in Paris.

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 11


Given information:


A former convent in Paris needs to be identified.


Approach:


We will analyze the given options and determine which one is the correct answer.


Options:


A: None of these


B: St. Paul


C: St. Mary


D: St. Jacob


Analysis:


Since there is no specific information given about the name of the convent, we need to analyze the options and choose the most plausible one.



  • Option A: None of these


    This option suggests that none of the given options is correct. However, we need to analyze the other options before concluding.


  • Option B: St. Paul


    This option suggests that the former convent in Paris could be named St. Paul. However, we cannot conclude this without analyzing the other options.


  • Option C: St. Mary


    This option suggests that the former convent in Paris could be named St. Mary. However, we cannot conclude this without analyzing the other options.


  • Option D: St. Jacob


    This option suggests that the former convent in Paris could be named St. Jacob. We cannot be sure if this is the correct answer without further information.



Conclusion:


Based on the given options, we cannot determine the correct answer for the former convent in Paris. Therefore, the correct answer is None of these (Option A).

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 12

When did the Jacobins storm the Palace of the Tuileries?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 12
The Legislative Assembly and King Louis XVI's official residence were known as Tuileries' Palace. Similar to the attack of Bastilles, the Jacobins stormed the palace on August 10, 1792.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 13

Find out the one, which is not related to the French Revolution.

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 13
On May 5, 1789, the meeting of the estate general was called by Louis XVI to pass his proposals to increase taxes. On June 20, the Third Estate met in an indoor tennis court and took the so-called Tennis Court Oath vowing not to disperse until constitutional reform had been achieved. On July 14 a popular insurgency occurred when revolutionaries stormed the Bastille fortress to secure gunpowder and weapons. The glorious revolution took place in England in 1688.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 14

Which of the following was a factor in the rise of Napoleon?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 14
Soon after the French Revolution, France was politically unstable. There were a series of events which made Napoleon become the Emperor of France.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 15

Which leader was convicted by the court in July 1794, arrested and sent to the guillotine (beheaded)?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 15
Robespierre, the leader of the Jacobin club, followed a policy of strict control and punishment. He arrested, imprisoned and then tried all the people he saw as enemies of the republic. Robespierre implemented his policies so strictly that even his supporters wanted him to relax the policies. Finally, he was convicted by a court in July 1794, arrested and sent to the guillotine.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 16

Whose name is associated with the reign of terror?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 16
The period from 1793 to 1794 is referred to as the Reign of Terror. Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 17

Who started the Reign of Terror?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 17
The Reign of Terror refers to the violent period during The French Revolution from 1793-1794 when the Radicals led by Maxi mi lien Robespierre were running the Govt. During this period, thousands of people suspected of being disloyal to the Revolution were arrested and executed.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 18

The National Assembly of France voted in April 1792, to declare war against

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 18
The National Assembly of France voted in April 1792, to declare war against Prussia and Austria. Thousands of volunteers thronged from the provinces to join the army. They saw this as a war of the people against kings and aristocracies all over Europe. The revolutionary wars brought losses and economic difficulties to the people. Large sections of the population were convinced that the revolution had to be carried further, as the Constitution of 1791 gave political rights only to society's richer sections.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 19

Why did the Jacobins call themselves 'Sans-Culottes?

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 19
The Jacobins call themselves 'Sans-Culottes' because they wanted to distinguish themselves from the aristocracy. The sans-culottes were the working-class people of Paris and other cities who participated in the French Revolution's great movement.

Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 20

What was the tax on salt that was paid by the French people called?

In France, the gabelle was originally an indirect tax applied to agricultural and industrial commodities, such as bedsheets, wheat, spices, and wine. However, from the 14th century onward, the gabelle was limited and solely referred to the French crown's salt taxation.

Detailed Solution for Test: The French Revolution (Hard) - Question 20
The Tax on Salt in France - Gabelle

The tax on salt that was paid by the French people was called the Gabelle. Here is a detailed explanation of the Gabelle:


What is the Gabelle?

  • The Gabelle was a tax on salt imposed by the French crown.

  • It was initially an indirect tax applied to various agricultural and industrial commodities.

  • However, from the 14th century onwards, it became limited and solely referred to the salt taxation.


Origins and Purpose

  • The Gabelle was introduced during the 13th century and was initially meant to generate revenue for the French monarchy.

  • It was also used as a means to regulate the consumption and distribution of salt.

  • Salt was considered a valuable commodity during that time and was essential for preserving food.


Administration and Collection

  • The collection of the Gabelle was carried out by salt officials known as "gabelous".

  • These officials were responsible for enforcing the tax, ensuring compliance, and collecting the revenue.

  • The Gabelle was collected at various points of sale, such as saltworks, markets, and even households.

  • Individuals were required to purchase a certain amount of salt based on their family size and pay the corresponding tax.


Impact on the French People

  • The Gabelle was a highly unpopular tax among the French people.

  • It disproportionately affected the lower classes, who had to spend a significant portion of their income on salt.

  • Smuggling and illegal salt trading became prevalent as people sought to evade the high taxes.

  • The burden of the Gabelle contributed to public dissatisfaction and played a role in the lead-up to the French Revolution.


In conclusion, the tax on salt that was paid by the French people was known as the Gabelle. It was a significant source of revenue for the French monarchy but was highly unpopular among the population due to its impact on their daily lives and finances.

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