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Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties


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30 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties

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Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 1

Who described the Part III of the Constitutionas “most criticized part of the Constitution?”

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 2

The original Constitution classified Fundamental Rights into seven categories, butnow

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 3

The Right to Property in India is a

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 3

Right to Property ceased to be a fundamental right with the 44th Constitution Amendment in 1978. It was made a Constitutional right under Article 300A. Article 300A requires the state to follow due procedure and authority of law to deprive a person of his or her private property.

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 4

The Fundamental rights in India are based on the

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 5

The Fundamental Rights secured to the citizen/individuals are protected against

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 5

The Fundamental Rights, embodied in Part III of the Constitution, guarantee civil rights to all Indians, and prevent the State from encroaching on individual liberty while simultaneously placing upon it an obligation to protect the citizens' rights from encroachment by society.

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 6

The Fundamental Rights are

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 7

Who enjoys the right to impose reasonable restrictions on Fundamental Rights in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 7

The correct answer is B as the parliament  enjoys the right to impose reasonable restrictions on Fundamental Rights in India.

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 8

Is the judiciary a part of the ‘other authority’ in Art. 12 of the Constitution?

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 8

In Rupa Ashok Hurra v Ashok Hurra[8], the Supreme Court reaffirmed and ruled that no judicial proceeding could be said to violate any fundamental right.  It was said to be a settled position of law that superior courts of justice do not fall within the ambit of ‘State’ or other authorities under Article 12. Therefore, it can rightly be said that while courts perform their administrative function, they are within the State’s definition and cannot violate any fundamental rights of the citizen. Still, when they give judicial decisions, they do not come within the meaning of State.

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 9

When an enactment is of such a nature that no separation is possible between inconsistent and consistent parts,

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 10

A law, which abridges Fundamental Rights, is not a nullity but remains inoperative till theshadow of Fundamental Rights falls over suchrights. This is known as the doctrine of

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 11

Under the Constitution, the Doctrine of eclipse applies 

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 12

“Legal equality” under the Constitution of India implies that

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 12

“Equal protection of law” has been given in article 14 of our Indian constitution.

This means that every person, who lives within territory of India, has the equal right before the law. the meaning of this all are equal in same line. No discrimination based on religion ,race, caste, sex,and place of birth. its mean that all will be treated as equality among equal .and there will be no discrimination based on lower or higher class.

Article-14 Of Constitution Of India

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 13

The right to ‘equality before the law’ contained in Article 14 of the Constitution of India is available to

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 14

Who is an exception to equality before law Article 14?

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 14

C is the correct option. governor and president can not be prosecuted during his term of office he can not be prosecuted for any civil and criminal proceedings during his term of office.

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 15

The Indian Constitution permits discrimination on the basis of

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 16

The reservation of seats in educational institutions for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is governed by ______ of the constitution.

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 17

Article 15 prohibits discrimination on grounds only of

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 18

The prohibition against discrimination under Article 15 is for

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 19

For which of the following can special provisions be made under Article 15 of the Constitution?
1. Women and children
2. Scheduled Tribes
3. Economically backward classes
4. Scheduled Castes
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 19

Article 15 Clause (3), (4)and (5) states that the legislature is free to formulate special provisions:

  • For women and children,
  • For the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes,
  • Make provision relating to their admission to educational institutions including private educational institutions, whether aided or unaided by the State, other than the minority educational institutions.
Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 20

Through which of the following does the Constitution prohibit racial discrimination in India?

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 21

Article 16 provides equal opportunity in public employment for

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 22

Under Article 16, the State can reserve posts for

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 22

In Indra Sawhney the nine-judge bench observed that under Article 16(1), appointments and/or posts can be reserved in favour of a class. Thus, reservation in state services in favour of backward classes may be made under Article 16(1) too, as it is based on the premise of equality

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 23

The concept of fundamental duties was borrowed from

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 24

Which of the following is included in Art.19?

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 24

The heart of the Article 19 says: "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers."

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 25

The freedom of speech cannot be used

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 26

Article 22 does not apply to

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 27

The right against exploitation prohibits

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 28

A Preventive Detention law has to satisfy which of these to become a valid law?

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 29

Double jeopardy means

Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 30

A British citizen staying in India cannot claimthe right to

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles And Fundamental Duties - Question 30
A Britsh citizen staying in India cannot claim Right to Freedom of trade and profession because the right which has been provided under Article 19(1) (g) is only to the citizen of India. But other three Right given in the options are available to every person.

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