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Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - NEET MCQ


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5 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 11 - Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT)

Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) for NEET 2024 is part of Biology Class 11 preparation. The Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) below.
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Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 1

Which one of the following is the correct statement for respiration in humans?

Detailed Solution for Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 1

Grinding or stone breaking industries produce so mud dust that long exposure to this can give rise to inflammatior of lungs leading to fibrosis (proliferation of fibrous tissues' and thus causing serious lung damage. Inflammation ol the bronchi may also be caused by cigarette smoking. The primary function of pneumotaxic center is to limit inspiration which increase breathing rate.

Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 2

Given below are few respiratory disorders. Identify occupoational respiratory disorders among these.
(i) Coryza
(ii) SARS
(iii) Silicosis
(iv) Asbestosis
(v) Emphysema

Detailed Solution for Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 2

Silicosis and asbestosis are known as occupational disorder as they occur due to one's occuption. Workers working in industries where silica and asbestos are used can suffer from these respiratory disorders.

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Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 3

Read the following four statements carefully.
(i) Asthma is a difficulty in breathing causing wheezing due to inflammation of bronchi and bronchioles.
(ii) The part of the respiratory system starting with the external nostrils up to the terminal bronchioles constitutes the respiratory or exchange part of the respiratory system.
(iii) During swallowing epiglottis can be covered by a thin elastic cartilaginous ilap calied glottis to prevent the entry of food into the larynx.
(iw) Binding of oxygen with haemoglobin is primarily related to partial pressure of O2. Which of the above two statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 3

Both statements (i) and (iv) are correct. Asthma is a difficulty in breathing caused by inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles, and the binding of oxygen to hemoglobin is primarily related to the partial pressure of O2.

Statements (ii) and (iii) are not correct. The respiratory system starts at the external nostrils and extends to the alveoli, not the terminal bronchioles. The epiglottis is a flap of cartilage that covers the glottis to prevent the entry of food into the larynx during swallowing, not the other way around.

Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 4

Emphysema is a condition resulting from

Detailed Solution for Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 4

Emphysema is a respiratory disorder which occurs due to the inflation or abnormal distension of the bronchioles or alveolar sacs resulting in the loss of their elasticity. Cigarette smoking and chronic bronchitis are the causes of this disease.

Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 5

Excessive cigarette smoking leading to damage of alveolar walls is associated with

Detailed Solution for Test: Diseases of Respiratory System (NCERT) - Question 5

Excessive cigarette smoking leading to damage of alveolar walls is associated with emphysema. Emphysema is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that is caused by damage to the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs.

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