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Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - NEET MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 12 - Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT)

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) for NEET 2024 is part of Biology Class 12 preparation. The Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) below.
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Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 1

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) strains have been used for designing novel

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 1

Bioinsecticides are those biological agents that are used to control harmful insects. Because of development of methods of genetic enginerring, B-Thuringiensis toxic genes are introduced into plants. Such plants are resistant to attack by insect pests. Bt cotton is one such example.

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 2

Which of the following is not used as a biopesticide?

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 2

Xanthomonas campestris is not used as a biopesticide. Bacillus thuringiensis is used as a microbial biocontrol agent. Trichoderma harzianum is a free-living fungi, common in soil and root ecosystems. It is an effective biocontrol agent of several plant pathogens. viruses of the family Baculoviruses are pathogens that attack insecs and other arthropods. The majority of baculoviruses used as biological control agents belong to genus Nucleopolyhedrovirus.

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Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 3

Which of the following statements regarding baculoviruses as biocontrol agents is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 3

Baculoviruses are pathogens that attack insects and other arthropods. The majority of them used as a biological control agents are in the genus Nucleopolyhedrovirus.These viruses are excellent candidates for species-specific, narrow spectrum insecticidal applications. Infection with baculoviruses occurs when susceptible hosts eat virus particle present on foliage and dies. These are important in organic farming because of their specific action on harmful insects without causing any damage to beneficial insects as well as to the environment.

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 4

A microbial biocontrol agent that can be used to control butterfly caterpillars is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 4

An example of microbial biocontrol agent is bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt).
It can be introduced in order to control butterfly caterpillars.
These are available in sachets as dried spores that are mixed with water and sprayed onto vulnerable plants such as Brassica and fruit trees, where these are eaten by the insect larvae. In the gut of larvae, the toxin is released and the larvae get killed. The bacterial disease will kill the caterpillars, but leaves other insect uharmed. 

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 5

Baculoviruses (Nucleopolyhedrovirus) do not show

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 5

Nucleopolyhedrovirus are excellent candidates for species-specific, narrow spectrum insecticidal applications. They have been shown to have no negative impacts on plants, mammals, birds, fish or even on non-target insects. This is especially desirable when beneficial insects are being conserved to aid in an overall integrated pest management (IPM) programme, or when an ecologically sensitive area is being treated.

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 6

Match column I with column II and select the correct answer from the codes given below.
 

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 6
  • Tricoderma is a biocontrol agent.
  • Streptomyces is the source of antibiotic streptomycin.
  • Azospirillum is a free-living nitrogen fixing bacteria.
  • Lactobacillus produces lactic acid.
Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 7

Which of the following statements is correct with regard to biocontrol agents?

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 7

Ladybird and dragonflies are used to get rid of aphids and mosquitoes respectively. Bacillus thuringiensis bacteria are used to control utterfly caterpillars. Trichoderma species are used to control several plant pathogen.. 

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 8

Biopesticides are

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 8

Biopesticides are those biological agents or their products that are used for control of weeds and insects (pathogens). Most important example is the soil bacterium. Bacillus thurinniansis (Bt)

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 9

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) discourages the excessive use of

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 9

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is an effective and environmental sensitive approach for pest management. IPM programs use current, comprehensive information on the life cycles of pest and their interaction with the environment. This information in combination with available pest control methods, is used to manage pest damage by the most economical means, and with the least possible hazard to people, property and the environment.

Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 10

When a natural predator (living organism) is applied on the other pathogen organisms to control them, this process is called as

Detailed Solution for Test: Microbes as Biocontrol Agents (NCERT) - Question 10

Indiscriminate eradication of pests is undesirable because without them the beneficial predatory and parasitic organisms which depend upon them for food would also be eliminated. The biocontrol method of pest and pathogen control involves use of viruses, bacteria and other insects (with are their natural predators and pests).

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