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Test: Organism & Its Environment - NEET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 12 - Test: Organism & Its Environment

Test: Organism & Its Environment for NEET 2024 is part of Biology Class 12 preparation. The Test: Organism & Its Environment questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Organism & Its Environment MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Organism & Its Environment below.
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Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 1

Refer the given flowchart.

Identify X and select the correct option.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 1

A natural association of interdependent populations of different species inhabiting a common environment of habitat as a viable, self-contained unit is called a biotic community of biocoenosis.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 2

Basic unit of ecological hierarchy is

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 2

An organism (or an individual is a living unit of nature and is the most basic unit of ecological hierarchy.

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Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 3

The branch of science which studies the interaction among organisms and between organisms and physical environment is called as

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 3

Ecology is the study of inter-relationship between organisms and their natural environment, both living and non-living. The study of ecological interactions provides important information about the nature and mechanisms of evolutionary change.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 4

For what is the interaction among organisms is necessary?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 4

The interaction among organisms is necessary for survival within their environment. Survival is the state of being alive. Organisms are inter-depending on one another of their well-being.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 5

Different biomes are formed due to annual variations in _____  over the earth's surface.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 5

The revolution of our planet around the sun and the tilt of its axis cause annual variations in the intensity and duration of temperature, resulting in distinct seasons. These variations together with annual variation in precipitation account for the formation of major biomes such as deserts, rain forest and tundra.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 6

Deserts, rainforests, tundra, etc. are examples of

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 6

A biome is a large regional unit caracterized by a major vegetation type and associated fauna found in a specific climatic zone. Some examples of terrestrial biomes are desert, temperate deciduous forest, tropical rain forest, etc.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 7

The key elements that determine differences in environmental conditions of different habitats include

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 7

Environment is the sum of all biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living)  factors that surround and practically influence the organism. All components are inter-linked and inter-dependent. Biotic factors include organisms. Abiotic factors are non-living factors, substances and conditions of the environment which infuence survival, form, function, behaviour and reproduction of organism. There are manu abiotic factors. The four major abiotic factors are temperature, water light and soil.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 8

Temperature is considered as the most ecologically relevant environmental factor because it affects ______ of organisms.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 8

Temperature is the most relevant environmental factor. The everage temperature varies seasonally. The physiological functions and the geographical distribution of many plants and animals is governed by temperature.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 9

Which type of components are proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 9

Proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates are the abiotic components. They are the non-living factors present or used in an environment. Some other examples of abiotic factors are sunlight, water, air, etc.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 10

What kind of interaction does an ecosystem involve?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 10

An ecosystem involves interaction among communities and their physical environment. It is the functional unit of nature. It involves biotic and abiotic components. This ecosystem may be natural or artificial (man-made).

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 11

Mangoes do not and cannot grow in temperate regions. The most important environmental factor responsible for it is

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 11

Temperature has a direct effect on working of enzymes. Through enzymes, it influences basal metabolism, activity and other physiological functions of the organisms. Hence, mango trees cannot grow in temperate countries like Canada and Germany.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 12

Water is the second most important factor influencing life of organisms because

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 12

Water makes the major part of an organism's life next to temperature. It is an important factor which influences the life of organisms. The productivity and distribution of land plant are dependent upon availability of water. Water is required for growth and development of plants.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 13

Life is sutainable with water only because 

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 13

Protoplasm is the material comprising the living contents of a cell. It consists of 90% water alongwith the minerals, sugars, amino acids, proteins, enzymes, etc. The translocation of nutrients inside the body occurs via blood which also, majorly consists of water. In an environment with excesive heat, water loss in the form of sweating and transpiration keeps the body cool. Thus, water maintains body temperature.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 14

A place has very scanty rainfall, the dominant plants there may be

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 14

The plants which grow in dry or xeric conditions or where availability of water is negligible, are known as xerophytes. Opuntia and Asparagus are succulents which store water in their stem and root respectively.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 15

A freshwater organism cannot survive in a water body that has greater ______ then its original habitat.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 15

For aquatic organisms the quality (chemical composition pH) of water is very important. The salt concentration (measured as salinity in parts per thousand), is less than 5 per thousand parts in inland waters, 30-35 per thousand parts in the sea and more than 100 per thousand parts in some hypersaline lagoons. Many fresh water animals cannot live for long in sea water and vice versa because of the osmotic problems they would face.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 16

Which of the following is not a part of an organism's physical environment?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 16

An organism's physical environment includes temperature, light, humidity, etc. whereas its biological environment includes other organisms and its relationship with them.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 17

Organisms that can tolerate a wide range of salt concentration are termed as

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 17

Euryhaline organisms are able to tolerate a wide range of salt concentration (or salinities) e.g. Poecilia sphenops is a fish that can live in fresh water, brackish water of salt water.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 18

Many freshwater organisms cannot live for long in seawater because the surrounding water will be _____ to body cells and _____ may occur.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 18

In sea water, the surrounding water is salty and hence is hypertonic to body cells. Thus, water will move from its higher concentration (in body) to its lower concentration (sea water) leading to exosmosis.Therefore, many fresh water animals can not live for long in sea water and vice varsa.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 19

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 19

Topography means the physical features of a place, such as hills, plains, slopes, rocks, valley, etc. The topography affects the distribution of organisms directly or indirectly by influencing other factors, such as light intensity, wind velocity, nature of soil, rainfall, water currents or wave action.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 20

Which of the following algae are found  in deepest ocean waters?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 20

The red colour of red algae is due to abundant formation of phycoerythrin which is able to absorb blue green wavelengths of light. Being shorter, these wavelengths are able to reach the maimum depth in water. Therefore, red algae can be found in deepest ocean waters.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 21

Water holding capacity of the soil depends upon

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 21

The quantity of water that soil can retain after flowing down of the gravitational water is called its field capacity or water holding capacity. It depends on chemical composition of the soil which means types of ions present and hence pH of the soil. Size of soil particles and their aggregation form pores in soil. Large pores take part in percolation of water in the soil but small pores hold water by capillarity.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 22

_____ biomes are abundant in regions of hot and wet climate, while _____ biomes are found in hot and dry climate.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 22

In tropical biome, the climate is warm with alternate wet dry periods. Rainfall is 90-160 cm. The climate in desert biome is hot and dry. The air, having little water vapour, is a poor insulator. The temperature rises considerably during the day and falls greatly at night because the ground radiates heat rapidly.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 23

Organisms that can maintain a constant internal temperature are called as

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 23

Animals with constant body temperature are called homoiotherms. They have insulating coat to check the loss of body heat. This coat consists of hair in most mammals, blubber(subcutaneous fat) in whales and seals, and feathers in birds. Shivering warms up the body and perspiration cools down the body of these animals when required. These are also termed endotherms as they regulate their body temperature by physiological means and maintain more or less constant internal temperature. Poikilotherms are cold-blooded animals which are unable to regulate their body temperature which changes with change in temperature of environment e.g., fish, frog, lizards. They are also called as ectottherms.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 24

The given graph represents how three different living organisms (X, Y and Z) cope with the internal environmental conditions. Study the graph and select the correct option regarding X, Y and Z.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 24

X-Conformers - These are the animals and plants in which the osmotic eoncentration and temperature of body changes according to ambient conditions of external environment e.g., Asterias.
Y-Regulators- These are able to maintain a constant body temperature and constant osmotic concentration despite changes in the external environment e.g. birds and mammals.
Z-Partial regulators- They have the ability to regulate body functions to a limited extent beyound which they become conformers.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 25

Many animals use the diurnal and seasonal variators in light intensity and photoperiod to time their 

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 25

Animals use seasonal variations in light intensity and photoperiod to time various activities. Birds of colder areas of northern hemisphere begin their southward migration as the day lengths begin to shorten. Reverse journey is undertaken with the increase in day length. Turkeys, ferrets and starlings breed in response to lengthening of days while goat, sheep and deer breed in response to shortening of days. Rabbits and guinea pigs are day neutral. In temperate and subtropical areas, cold blooded or ectothermic animals undertake hibernation as the day length begins to shorten.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 26

When organisms change their location to escape from harsh environment, it is called as 

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 26

The seasonal movement of complete populations of animals to a more favourable environment is called migration. It is usually in response to uneven precipitation and lower temperaturesresulting in a reduced food supply and is often triggered by a change in day length. Migration is common in mammals (e.g. porpoises), fish (e.g., eels and salmon) and some insects but is most marked in birds.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 27

Read the following statements and select the incorrect ones.
(i) Homeostasis ensures constant osmotic concentration of cells.
(ii) The famous Keolado National Park (Bharatput) in Rajasthan hosts thousands of migratory birds coming from Siberia, in every winter.
(iii) 99% of animals and nearly all plants are regulators. 
(iv) The conformers are able to maintain their body temperature inspite of changes in ambient temperature.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 27

About 99 percent of animals and nearly all plants do not have a mechanism to maintain a constant internal body environment. Their body temperature changes with the surrounding temperature. They are called conformers. They change their body temperature according to the ambient temperature.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 28

Which of the following options exemplifies a behavioural means of homeostasis?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 28

Some organisms show behavioural adaptations to cope with variations in their environment. A rhino covering itself in mud to keep cool and desert lizard basking in sun to keep warm are examples of behavioural means of homeostasis. Desert lizards lack the physiological ability to deal with the high temperature, fairly constant by behavioural means. They enjoy in the sun and absorb heat when their body temperature drops below the comfort zone, but move into shade when the surrounding temperature starts increasing. Some species are capable of burrowing into the soil to hide and escape from too much heat.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 29

It can be said that some animals in their evolutionary development preferred to be conformers than regulators. Which of the following can be the best suited reason for it?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 29

Maintainig homeostasis, especially thermoregulation is energetically expensive for many organisms. During the course of evolution, the costs and benefits of maintaining a constant internal environment were taken into consideration and thus some species preferred to be conformers.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 30

Organisms may avoid stressful conditions by suspending their activities for sometime. If they do it to avoid high temperature it is called____ and if they do it to avoid low temperature then it is called_____ .

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 30

Various organisms, if unable to migrate, might avoid the unfavourable environment by escaping in time. Polar bears go into hibernation during winter season to escape extreme cold. Some snails and fish undergo aestivation to avoid summer-related problems like heat and desiccation, etc.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 31

Very small animals are rarely found in polar regions because

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 31

Temperature affects the absolute size of an animal and the relative proportions of various body parts. Birds and mammals attain greater body size in cold regions than in warm areas. But poikilotherms are smaller in cold region. This is Bergman's rule. This is true because small animals have little volume but larger surface area, so if they are in cold, they lose their body heat very fast. In cold climate, reduced surface area to volume ratio is ideal.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 32

_____ is an attribute of the organism (morphological, physiological, behavioural) to survive and reproduce in its habitat.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 32

Adaptation is a quality of the organism (morphological physiological, behavioural) that enables it to survive and reproduce in its habitat. Adaptations allow organisms to live in different types of habitats. They develop due to natural selection of suitable variations appearing in living beings through mutations and recombinations.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 33

Kangaroo and desert rat that live in conditions of water scarcity are capable of meeting all their water requirements by

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 33

Kangaroo and desert rat seldom drink water It has a thick coat to minimise evaporative desiccation. The animal seldom comes out of its comparatively humid and cool burrow during the day time 90% of its water requirement is met from metabolic water which is produced by respiratory breakdown of fats 10% is obtained from food. Loss of water is minimized by producing nearly solid urine and faeces.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 34

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 34

Osmoconformers are the organisms that change the osmotic concentration of their body with the change in ambient conditions Their body fluids are inosmotic balance with the environment. For many marine invertebrates the osmolarrty and ionic concentrations of their body fluids are similar to those of the sea water in which they live.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 35

Which of the following an abiotic component?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 35

Among the following light is the odd one out since it is an abiotic factor. It is one of the limiting factors important for plant growth and development. It is an essential component required for photosynthesis and plant life.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 36

Read the following statements about adaptations in desert plants and select the correct ones.
(i) They have a thick cuticle on their leaf surfaces.
(ii) They have stomata present in deep sunken pits.
(iii) They use CAM pathway for photosynthesis.
(iv) They have flattened stems and large sized leaves.
(v) Their stomata remain closed during the day.

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 36

Xerophytes can withstand a prolonged period of drought, for this purpose they have certain peculiar adaptations. Thick cuticle is present in these plants. Stomata are generally sunken (deep seated) and open during night only. They have CAM pathway for photosynthesis. Leaves are generally small and scaly. Sometimes leaves are modified into spines to reduce water loss through transpiration. They generally have an extensive root system and a smaller shoot system. Stems may be modified to phyllodades or dadodes to carry out the function of photosynthesis.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 37

An inhabitant of Varanasi goes to Rohtang and experiences nausea, fatigue and heart palpitations. It is because

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 37

When we go to high altitude places (>3500m) we experience altitude sickness. Its symptoms include nausea, fatigue and heart palpitations. It is due to the low atmospheric pressure of high altitudes due to which body does not get enough oxygen. The body compensates low oxygen availability by increasing red blood cell production, decreasing the binding capacity of haemoglobin and by increasing breathing rate.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 38

Which of the following problems does the frequent deep sea diver organisms like whales may face?

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 38

Diving to depth can result in mechanical distortion and tissue compression, especially in gas-filled spaces of the body. Absorption of nitrogen into blood can cause high blood nitrogen levels which can exert a narcotic effect. Lungs of the deep-diver cannot serve as a source of oxygen during the dive.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 39

A behavioural strategy of adaptation called echolocation is found in

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 39

Bats are nocturnal flying mammals which do not employ eyesight for location of thir path, food, place of rest, etc. They produce high-frequency sound which produces echoes after striking various objects on the principle of sonar. Echoes are then analysed by the bats to know their path.

Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 40

If an organism's body pattern resembles its environment making it difficult to spot, it is called as

Detailed Solution for Test: Organism & Its Environment - Question 40

Camouflage (cryptic appearance) is the fallibility to blend wiith the surrounding or background. It is the most common type of adaptation by animals to remain unnoticed for protection or aggression, e.g. many insects, reptiles and mammals.  

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