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Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - NEET MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Chemistry Class 12 - Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT)

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) for NEET 2024 is part of Chemistry Class 12 preparation. The Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) below.
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Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 1

Antihistamines are not helpful

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 1

Antihistamines are vascodialators and antiallergics.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 2

The drugs which are given to the patients suffering from anxiety and mental tension are known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 2

Tranquilizers is a neurologically active drug. This affects the message transfer mechanism from nerve to receptor. Tranquilizers are a class of chemical compounds used for the treatment of stress, and mild or even severe mental diseases. These relieve anxiety, stress, irritability or excitement by inducing a sense of well-being. They form an essential component of sleeping pills.

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Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 3

Which of the following will not act as a tranquilizer?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 3

Analgin is an antipyretic 

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 4

Which of the following is scientific explanation of depression?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 4

Noradrenaline is a neurotransmitter that plays a role in mood swings. Low levels of noradrenaline lower the signal-sending activity and make the person suffers from depression.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 5

Which of the following is not antidepressants?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 5

Salvarsan is an Antibiotic.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 6

Barbituric acid and its derivatives are well known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 6

The drugs which act on the central nervous system (CNS) and help in reducing stress and fatigue by inducing a sense of well being are called tranquilizers. They are psychotherapeutic drugs. The most commonly used tranquilizers are barbituric acid and its 5,5-disubstituted derivatives such as veronal, luminal and seconal.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 7

Which of the following compounds represents an analgesic?
 

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 7

2-Acetoxybenzoic acid, commonly known as 'aspirin' acts as an analgesic.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 8

Which of the following can be used as an analgesic without causing addiction?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 8

Except aspirin, all other drugs are habit forming.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 9

The chemical substances used to bring down body temperature in high fever are known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 9

Antipyretics lower the body temperature in fever.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 10

Which of the following defines the term opiates?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 10

Morphine narcotics are sometimes referred to as opiates, since they are obtained from the opium poppy

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 11

Antimicrobial drugs include
(i) antiseptics
(ii) antibiotics
(iii) disinfectants

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 11

Antimicrobials destroy or prevent the pathogenic action of microorganisms. Antibiotics, antiseptics and disinfectants are antimicrobial drugs.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 12

Which of the following is not an antibiotic?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 12

Prontosil is an antibacterial agent containing sulphur.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 13

The antibiotic which is effective against certain strains of cancer cells

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 13

Dysidazirine is supposed to be toxic against certain strains of cancer cells.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 14

Which of the following is not an antibiotic

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 14

Oxytocin is a hormone, which is released from posterior pituitary gland. It controls the contraction of uterus after child birth and releases milk from the mammary glands.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 15

A drug which is effective in curing malaria is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 15

Chloroquine is an effective antimalarial drug.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 16

An ester which is used as a medicine

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 16

Methyl salicylate is commonly known as 'aspirin' and used as an analgesic.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 17

Which of the following antibiotics is bactericidal?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 17

Penicillin is a bactericidal antibiotic.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 18

Which of the following statements is not correct about penicillin?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 18

Penicillin has bactericidal effect.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 19

Which one of the following statements is not correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 19

Norethindrone is an antifertility drug.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 20

Which of the following statements is not correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 20

Disinfectants are harmful to the living tissues hence they are not applied to the skin.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 21

Which of the following statements is incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 21

Ampicillin is synthetic modification of penicillin.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 22

What is tincture of iodine?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 22

2-3% solution of iodine in alcohol-water mixture is known as tincture of iodine. It is a powerful antiseptic.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 23

The main constituents of dettol are

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 23

Antiseptics are applied to the living tissues such as wounds, cuts, ulcers and diseased skin surfaces. Examples are furacine, soframicine etc. These are not ingested like antibiotics. Commonly used antiseptic, dettol is a mixture of chloroxylenol and terpineol.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 24

Which of the following is not true about antifertility drugs?

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 24

Estrogen and progesterone are hormones.

Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 25

Match the column I with column II and mark the appropriate choice.

Detailed Solution for Test: Therapeutic Action of different Classes of Drugs (Old NCERT) - Question 25

Antibiotics have either cidal (killing) effect or a static (inhibitory) effect on microbes.
Bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria whereas bacteriostatic antibiotics slow their growth or reproduction.
The range of bacteria or other microorganisms that are affected by a certain antibiotic is expressed as its spectrum of action.
Those effective mainly against Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacteria are narrow spectrum antibiotics. 
Receptors are proteins that are crucial to body’s communication process.
Here, option B matches the appropriate answers and hence is the correct option.

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