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Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Class 6 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic

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Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 1

____ means unquestioned control over an area in which the royal horse move uninterrupted

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 1
The correct answer is B: Ashvamedha.
Explanation:
The term "Ashvamedha" refers to a ritual in ancient Indian culture where a horse was set free to roam for a specific period of time. During this time, the horse would move uninterrupted throughout a designated area. The purpose of this ritual was to establish and assert the unquestioned control and dominance of a king or ruler over the territory.
Here is a detailed explanation of the term "Ashvamedha":
1. Meaning of Ashvamedha: The term "Ashvamedha" is derived from two Sanskrit words - "ashva" meaning horse and "medha" meaning sacrifice or ritual. Hence, Ashvamedha literally translates to "horse sacrifice" or "ritual of the horse".
2. Significance of Ashvamedha: The Ashvamedha ritual was considered one of the most important and grand rituals in ancient India. It symbolized the power, authority, and dominion of a king over his kingdom. By performing the Ashvamedha, the king aimed to establish his supremacy and unchallenged control over the land.
3. Execution of Ashvamedha: The Ashvamedha ritual involved several steps and ceremonies. A specially chosen and consecrated horse was released to wander freely for a year. The horse was accompanied by a royal entourage, which included soldiers and priests. Any king or ruler who dared to challenge the authority of the performing king had to engage in battle with the entourage and subdue them.
4. Acceptance of Ashvamedha: The success of the Ashvamedha ritual was determined by whether other kings or rulers accepted the challenge and engaged in battle or not. If no one challenged the performing king, it was seen as a validation of his unquestioned control and authority over the territory.
In conclusion, the term "Ashvamedha" represents the unquestioned control and dominance of a king or ruler over a specific area, where the royal horse moves uninterrupted. This ritual played a significant role in establishing the supremacy and power of ancient Indian kings.
Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 2

Which of the following is not a Mahajanapadas

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 2

The Mahājanapadas were sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in ancient India from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE. Two of them were most probably ganatantras and others had forms of monarchy. Inamgaon wasn’t one of them.

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Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 3

They allowed to pass ‘horse’. What did it mean?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 3

Allowing the royal horse to pass without any challenge was a way of acknowledging the strength and power of the king (raja) who sent the horse. It symbolized acceptance of the authority and strength of the ruling king.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 4

Where is Hastinapur located?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 4

Hastinapur is located near Meerut in present-day Uttar Pradesh, India. It is an ancient city that finds mention in the Mahabharata, an ancient Indian epic.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 5

The capital city of the Vajji was

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 5

Vrijji, Pali Vajji, confederacy of the Licchavis and neighbouring peoples in BiharIndia, that existed from the 6th century bce to the 4th century ce. Its capital was at Vaishali (in modern Besarh). It was governed as an aristocratic republic.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 6

Why did the rulers collect regular taxes?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 6

Rulers collected regular taxes to fund various activities, including building forts for defense and maintaining large armies for security.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 7

Who brought gifts for rulers?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 7

Vaishyas, who were merchants and traders, were often engaged in long-distance trade and commerce. They brought gifts and valuable items as offerings to the rulers during ceremonies and events.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 8

Patliputra is present day

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 8

Patliputra is present day Patna. It was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha ruler Udayin in 490 BCE as a small fort (Pāṭaligrāma) near the Ganges river.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 9

About 2,500 years ago where was Kaushambi situated?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 9

Kaushambi was situated near present-day Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, India. It was an important city during ancient times.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 10

Classification of society into four groups on the basis of their occupation is called

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 10
Classification of society into four groups on the basis of their occupation is called Varna.
The concept of Varna is an important aspect of ancient Indian society. It is a system of social classification that categorizes individuals into four main groups based on their occupation and social status. Here is a detailed explanation of the Varna system:
1. Brahmins:
- The Brahmins are the highest varna in the social hierarchy.
- They are considered to be the intellectuals and scholars of society.
- Their primary occupation is to study and teach the Vedas (sacred scriptures) and perform religious rituals.
- They are expected to possess knowledge and wisdom and guide society in matters of spirituality and morality.
2. Kshatriyas:
- The Kshatriyas are the second varna in the social hierarchy.
- They are considered to be the warriors and rulers of society.
- Their primary occupation is to protect society, maintain law and order, and engage in warfare if necessary.
- They hold political power and are responsible for the governance of the kingdom.
3. Vaishyas:
- The Vaishyas are the third varna in the social hierarchy.
- They are considered to be the merchants, businessmen, and farmers of society.
- Their primary occupation is to engage in trade, commerce, and agricultural activities.
- They are responsible for the economic development and prosperity of society.
4. Shudras:
- The Shudras are the lowest varna in the social hierarchy.
- They are considered to be the laborers and servants of society.
- Their primary occupation is to provide services to the other varnas.
- They work in fields, serve in households, and perform menial tasks.
It is important to note that the Varna system was initially based on the division of labor and the idea of social harmony. However, over time, it became rigid and hereditary, leading to the oppression and discrimination of certain groups.
Overall, the Varna system provided a framework for social organization in ancient Indian society, with each varna having its own rights, responsibilities, and privileges.
Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 11

Which of the following is not among the four varnas

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 11

The Varna system in Dharma-shastras divides society into four varnas (Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishya and Shudras). Those who fall out of this system because of their grievous sins are ostracised as outcastes (untouchables) and considered outside the varna system.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 12

Which among the following is not capital of big cities of that period

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 12

The correct option is Option D.
As per Pali Tripitak, Pawa was the second capital of the Mallas, the first being Kushinara. Pawa is now being identified with present day 'Fazilnagar', a place 16 kms south – east of Kushinagar. The district of Kushinagar had been witness to the glorious ancient history and culture.
Champa, also spelled Campa, city of ancient India, the capital of the kingdom of Anga (a region corresponding with the eastern part of present-day Bihar state). It is identified with two villages of that name on the south bank of the Ganges (Ganga) River east of Munger.
The core of the kingdom was the area of Bihar south of the Ganges; its first capital was Rajagriha (modern day Rajgir), then Pataliputra (modern Patna).
 

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 13

How did herders pay taxes?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 13

Herders paid taxes in the form of animals and animal products. This was a common practice in agrarian societies.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 14

____ and its tributaries flows through the kingdom of Magadha

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 14

D is the correct option. We know that the Magadha kingdom was located in North East region of India (not in the region of 7 sister states but the area of bihar). History says that it covered most of the parts from Bihar and orissa. Since river ganga flows In that region, we can conclude that Magadha empire was in the area of tributaries of Ganga.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 15

Where is Purana Qila situated?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 15

Purana Qila is situated in Delhi, the capital city of India. It is one of the oldest forts in Delhi and has historical significance.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 16

____ began to be used on a much larger scale

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 16

Chhota Nagpur plateau is a store house of mineral resources such as mica, bauxite, copper, limestone, iron ore and coal. The Damodar valley is rich in coal and it is considered as the prime centre of coking coal in the country.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 17

The small tribes of the earlier period that gave way to large kingdoms were called

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 17

This freed up more land for agriculture and eventually the smaller, fragmented tribes made way for larger and coherent kingdomsknown as Janapadas.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 18

Why was the river Ganga important for people?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 18

The river Ganga was important for various reasons. It served as a means of transport, provided water for daily needs, and its fertile plains supported agriculture.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 19

Who could not participate in the assemblies?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 19

Women, Dasas (slaves or servants), and Kammakaras (laborers) were often excluded from participating in the assemblies during ancient times. It was a characteristic of the social structure of that period.

Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 20

In what mode were the payments made?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Kingdoms, Kings & an Early Republic - Question 20

Payments were made using punch-marked coins during ancient times. These coins had symbols or marks punched on them to indicate their value.

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