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Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2


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20 Questions MCQ Test GK Olympiad for Class 6 | Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2

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Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 1

The surface of the Qutab Minar is

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 1

The surface of the Qutub Minar is curved and angular.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 2

Which is the largest monastery in India?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 2
  • Tawang Monastery, in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, is the largest monastery in India and second largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet.
  • It is situated in the valley of the Tawang River, near the small town of the same name in the northwestern part of Arunachal Pradesh, in close proximity to the Tibetan and Bhutanese border.
  • Tawang Monastery is known in Tibetan as Galden Namgey Lhatse, which translates to "celestial paradise in a clear night."
Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 3

Ikebana is Japanese art of

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 3

Ikebana is Japanese art of flower arrangement.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 4

It is the most significant reference point of ancient Greek culture, as well as the symbol of the city Athens as it represents the apogee of artistic development in the 5th century BC. Identify the monument.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 4

The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on a rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon. It represents the apogee of artistic development in the 5th Century BC.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 5

These art forms are generally drawn on walls, ceilings and floors of village houses. This is a tribal art form developed by Gond tribes of Central India.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 5

Gond paintings are a form of painting from folk and tribal art that is practiced by one of the largest tribes in India with whom it shares its name. Gond comes from the Dravidian expression, Kond which means 'the green mountain'.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 6

Red fort was the main residence of the emperors in Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years. It was constructed by which Mughal Emperor?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 6

Red fort is the historic fort in the city of Delhi in India. It was the main residence of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty for nearly 200 years, until 1857. It was constructed in 1639 by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 7

The first floor of Qutb Minar was constructed by ____ around 1199.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 7

The first floor was constructed by Qutubuddin Aibak and the rest by lltutmish around 1229. Over the years it was damaged by lightning and earthquakes and repaired by Alauddin Khalji, Muhammad Tughluq, Firoz Shah Tughluq, and Ibrahim Lodi.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 8

It is a type of beautiful metal embroidery once used to emblish the attire of the kings and the royals of India. Its work involves making elaborate design using gold and silver thread. Initially it was done with pure silver wires and real gold leaves. Which type of embroidery is this?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 8
  • Zardozi embroidery is beautiful metal embroidery, which once used to embellish the attire of the Kings and the royals in India. It was also used to adorn walls of the royal tents, scabbards, wall hangings and the paraphernalia of regal elephants and horses.
  • Zardozi embroidery work involves making elaborate designs, using gold and silver threads. Further adding to the magnificence of the work are the studded pearls and precious stones.
Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 9

The big temples of Thanjavur and GangaikondaCholapuram, built by Rajaraja and Rajendra, are architectural and sculptural marvels of rule of ___________.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 9
  • The big temples of Thanjavur and Gangaikondacholapuram were built by Rajaraja I and Rajendra Chola.
  • The Brihadeswara temple at Thanjavur was built about 1000 AD by Chola ruler Rajendra I in honour of Lord Shiva.
  • Rajendra Chola laid the foundation of a new city Gangaikondacholapuram.
  • The temple at Gangaikondacholapuram is built with elaborate stone sculptures. This is also dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 10

The construction of Qutub Minar was completed during the reign of _______.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 10
  • Full name: Shams ud-Din Iltutmish.
  • Iltutmish was famously known as "slave of the slave".
  • The construction of Qutub Minar was completed by Iltutmish.
  • Qutab-ud-din Aibak commenced the construction of the Qutab Minar in 1200 AD while Iltutmish constructed the three more storeys.
  • Qutb Minar is located in Delhi and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 11

‘Madhubani’, a style of folk paintings, is popular in which of the following states in India?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 11

Madhubani, a style of folk painting, is popular in the state of Bihar. Madhubani is named after one of the districts of Bihar. Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments, and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical patterns.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 12

Akbar created _______.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 12

Agra Fort: Built by Mughal emperor Akbar in 1565 AD, Agra Fort is a majestic sandstone built as an ode to the magnificence of the Mughal empire. Encompassing within its 2.5-km-long enclosure walls a stunning imperial city, the fortress is shaped like a crescent, its eastern wall flanked by River Yamuna.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 13

Sun Temple also known as the Black Pagoda at Konark, in Odisha, India was supposedly built by king

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 13

Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century Sun Temple (also known as the Black Pagoda), at Konark, in Odisha. It was supposedly built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty around 1250.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 14

During whose reign Mathura School of Art reached its peak?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 14

Mathura School of Art: This art reached its peak during the Gupta period in the 6th or 7th century. The Mathura school images include those of Buddha, Bodhisattvas, Vishnu, Shiva, Yakshas, Yakshinis, Jinas, etc.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 15

Buland Darwaja is situated in

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 15
  • Buland Darwaza (Door of Victory) is located at Fatehpur Sikri in Agra.
  • It was built in 1602 AD by Mughal Emperor Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat in 1573.
  • It is the main entrance to the Jama Masjid at Fatehpur Sikri.
  • It is the highest gateway in the world.
  • It took around 12 years to build Buland Darwaza.
  • It is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated with white and black marble.
Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 16

It is 7.2 m high and weighs 3 tonnes. It is 1500 years old and is made of rich iron and has still not rusted. It was made in the age of Guptas. Name the monument.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 16

The Iron Pillar at Mehrauli, Delhi was built by Chandragupta Vikramaditya. This pillar is made of iron, 7.2 m high, and weighs over 3 tonnes. This was made about 1500 years ago and still, it has not rusted in all these years.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 17

The temples and mosques were beautifully constructed because

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 17

Between the 8th and the 18th Century, the temples and mosques were beautifully constructed because they were places of worship. They were also meant to demonstrate the power, wealth and devotion of the patron. The largest temples were all constructed by kings. The other, lesser deities in the temple were gods and goddesses of the allies and subordinates of the ruler. The temple was a miniature model of the world ruled by the king and his allies. As they worshipped their deities together in the royal temples, it seemed as if they brought the just rule of the gods on earth.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 18

It is one of the most beautiful basilicas in Goa. It houses the well-preserved body of St. Francis Xavier, a Catholic saint. Identify the basilica.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 18

Located in Old Goa, 10 kilometres east of Panaji, the Bom Jesus Basilica is a World Heritage Monument. The church is called "Bom Jesus" meaning 'good Jesus' or 'infant Jesus' to whom it is dedicated. This magnificent edifice stands as a superb example of Baroque architecture in Goa.

Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 19

Some of the famous places are given in the grid. These places are associated with some fascinating architectural marvels around the world. The place of which of the following monuments is not given in the grid?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 19
  • Tower Bridge is one of London's famous bridges known for its Victorian Gothic style.
  • The Akshardham Temple located in New Delhi is a traditionally-styled complex vibrant with devotional traditions and ancient architecture echoed in its art and architecture.
  • The ancient structure of Parthenon located in Athens is a double Doric temple famous for its unique and innovative architectural features using marbles.
Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 20

The world famous monument located in the city of Dubai, at nearly 830 metres, it is the tallest structure in the world. It was built in six years. Name the monument.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test Level 2: Famous Historical Monuments & Art and Architecture- 2 - Question 20

At over 828 metres (2,716.5 feet) and more than 160 stories, Burj Khalifa holds the following records: Tallest building in the world. Tallest free-standing structure in the world.

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