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Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - NEET MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 11 - Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 for NEET 2024 is part of Biology Class 11 preparation. The Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 below.
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Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 1

Monstera has

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 1

In some plants, like grass,Monsteraand the banyan tree, roots arisefrom parts of the plant other than theradicle and are called adventitious roots

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 2

1200 phyllotaxy occurs in

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 2

Phyllotaxy is the arrangement of leaves on a plant stem. 1200  phyllotaxy occurs in Tristichousarrangementin which three leaves are arranged at each node.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 3

 Testa of seed develops from

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 3

The outer seed coat (testa) of a seed is produced from outer integument of ovule. The inner integument forms tegmen (inner seed coat). Ovary wall forms pericarp (fruit wall).

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 4

The parietal placentation is seen in

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 4

In parietal placentation, the ovules develop on the inner wall of the ovary or on peripheral part. Ovary is one-chambered but it becomes two chambered due to the formation of the false septum, e.g., mustard and Argemone.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 5

Largest bud is found in

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 5

Cabbage is bud of thecabbage plant. Cabbage bud is considered as largest bud present in angiospermic plants. Successive layer of leaves cover the buds to form round structure on condensed stem.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 6

What is samara?

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 6

Samara is a winged achene, a type of fruit which a flattened wing of fibrous, papery tissue develops form the ovary wall.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 7

The root is covered at the apex by a thimble-like structure called

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 7

The root is covered at the apex by a thimble-like structure called the root cap.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 8

The morphological nature of edible part of coconut is

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 8
Answer:
Morphological nature of the edible part of coconut:
- The edible part of coconut is known as the endosperm.
- The endosperm is the innermost part of the coconut fruit and it serves as a source of nourishment for the developing embryo.
- It is the white, fleshy part of the coconut that we commonly eat or use in cooking.
- The endosperm is rich in nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and minerals, making it a valuable food source.
- It provides energy and essential nutrients to humans and animals.
- The endosperm is surrounded by a hard, woody shell called the pericarp, which protects it from external factors.
- The pericarp is not edible and needs to be removed in order to access the endosperm.
- The cotyledon, perisperm, and pericarp are other parts of the coconut fruit but they are not the edible part.
Therefore, the correct answer is D: Endosperm.
Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 9

Roots developing from plant parts other than radicle are ​

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 9

Tap roots :-From primary root developing from radical.

Fibrous roots :-As a replacement of primary root.

Adventitious roots:-Through parts other than radical.

Hence (C) is the correct answer.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 10

The form of thalamus in which ovary is at top and stamens, petals and sepals are borne below is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 10

Hypogynous: Flowers in which the sepals, petals, and stamens are attached below the ovary are called hypogynous, and the ovaries of such flowers are said to be superior. 

Eg: Tomato, Tulip, and Snapdragon.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 11

The white, translucent, fleshy and edible structure present between seed and pericarp is

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 11

The white. Translucent, fleshy and edible structure presentbetween seed and pericarp is called aril. It is found in mace of the nutmeg seed.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 12

Unipinnate compound leaves are present in

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 12

A pinnately compound leaves is one which the midrib bears laterally a number of leaflets. Unipinnatecompound leaves is present in neem plant.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 13

The part that develops from the plumule of the embryo of a germinating seed is

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 13

The stem develops from the plumule of the embryo of a germinating seed.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 14

Which is not a function of leaves?

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 14

Leaves perform the function of photosynthesis, exchange of gases and transpiration to loose excess of water. Formation of new buds is not a function of leaves.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 15

The stem modified into flat, green organs performing the function of leaves

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 15

Phylloclades is a flattened, photosynthetic branch or stem that resembles or performs the function of a leaf.

So, option C is correct.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 16

Which plant shows valvate aestivation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 16

When sepals or petals in a whorl just touch one another at the margin, without overlapping, as in Calotropis, it is said to be valvate.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 17

Study of seed is called as

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 17

Carpology is the study of seeds and fruit (pits and stones), grains, aromatic plants and pulses recovered during an archaeological excavation. These remains may be found in privies, storage places, ovens and refuse sites and, more rarely, stuck by charring to ceramic vessels. Archaeologists call these finds plant macro-remains.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 18

Placentation in a syncarpous, unilocular ovary bearing two or more placentae longitudinally along the wall is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 18

Placentation in a syncarpous, unilocular ovary bearing two or more placentae longitudinallyalong the wall is called parietal placentation.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 19

Rhizophora possess

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 19

Pneumatophores grow vertically upwards and are seen in Rhizophora. Rhizophora grow in marshy areas where they are rooted in swampy and anaerobic mud. Hence, pneumatophores grow to receive oxygen for respiration.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 20

In Ocimum sanctum(tulsi), stem is

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 20

The stem of Oscimum sanctum or tulsi is quadrangular in shape. The stem is covered with hairy projection.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 21

The limbless amphibian is

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 21

Ichthyophis is an amphibian which is limbless. Sometimes called as Asian caecilians. They are found in southeast Asiaand the southern Philippines

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 22

When the stamens in a flower remain free, it is said to be

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 22

The stamens in a flower may either remain free (polyandrous) or may be united in varying degrees.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 23

Edible part of apple is

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 23

The edible part of apple is fleshy thalamus. Apple is an example of false fruit as it contain thalamus along with ovary.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 24

Dry indehiscent single seeded fruit formed by bicarpellarysyncarpous inferior ovary is

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 24

Cypsela is a single-seeded dry indehiscent fruit that develops froma a one part of inferior ovary which is bicarpellary and syncarpous.

Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 25

Which type of root is developed from parts of the plant other than radicle?

Detailed Solution for Test: Morphology of Flowering Plants - 2 - Question 25

Roots developed from parts of the plant other than radicle are called adventitious roots.

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