10 Questions MCQ Test General Knowledge for Class 9 - Quiz: General Knowledge- 4
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In which of the following years was Bangladesh formed as a separate country?
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 1
Formation of Bangladesh as a Separate Country To determine the year in which Bangladesh was formed as a separate country, we need to analyze the given options and provide a detailed solution. Option A: 1970 - This option is incorrect as Bangladesh was not formed as a separate country in 1970. Option B: 1971 - This option is correct. Bangladesh was formed as a separate country in 1971 after a nine-month-long war of independence from Pakistan. The country was previously known as East Pakistan. Option C: 1972 - This option is incorrect. Bangladesh had already been formed as a separate country in 1971, so it was not formed in 1972. Option D: 1973 - This option is incorrect. Bangladesh had already been formed as a separate country in 1971, so it was not formed in 1973. Therefore, the correct answer is Option B: 1971 as Bangladesh was formed as a separate country in that year.
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 2
Who was the father of the Great Ashoka? The father of the Great Ashoka was Bindusara. Detailed Here is a detailed explanation of the answer: 1. Background: Ashoka, also known as Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor who ruled the Maurya dynasty from 268 to 232 BCE. He is widely regarded as one of India's greatest emperors due to his contributions to Buddhism and the spread of his empire.
2. Bindusara: Bindusara was the second Mauryan emperor and the father of Ashoka. He succeeded his father, Chandragupta Maurya, as the ruler of the Mauryan Empire. 3. Chandragupta: Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Mauryan Empire and Ashoka's grandfather. He established the empire by overthrowing the Nanda dynasty. 4. Chanakya: Chanakya, also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was a scholar and advisor to Chandragupta Maurya. He played a crucial role in the establishment of the Mauryan Empire but was not directly related to Ashoka's fatherhood. 5. Conclusion: Based on historical records, it is confirmed that Bindusara was the father of Ashoka, making option A, "Bindusara," the correct answer.
Who gave this slogan “Tum Mujhe Khoon do Main tumhe azadi dunga”?
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 3
Who gave this slogan "Tum Mujhe Khoon do Main tumhe azadi dunga"? The slogan "Tum Mujhe Khoon do Main tumhe azadi dunga" was given by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Explanation: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement against British rule. He played a crucial role in inspiring and mobilizing the masses to fight for freedom. The slogan "Tum Mujhe Khoon do Main tumhe azadi dunga" became synonymous with his ideology and determination to achieve independence for India. Key Points: - Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose gave the slogan "Tum Mujhe Khoon do Main tumhe azadi dunga". - The slogan translates to "You give me blood, I will give you freedom". - It symbolized Netaji's commitment to sacrifice and his belief in the power of the people to achieve independence. - This slogan inspired and motivated countless Indians to join the struggle for freedom. - Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's leadership and revolutionary ideas continue to inspire generations even today.
Which of the following rivers is known as the "father of African rivers"?
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 4
Answer: The correct answer is B: Nile. The Nile River is known as the "father of African rivers" for several reasons, including its length, historical significance, and the fact that it is the primary water source for several African countries. Here is a detailed explanation: Length: - The Nile River is the longest river in Africa and one of the longest rivers in the world, stretching approximately 6,650 kilometers (4,130 miles). - Its length and the vast area it covers make it a significant river in Africa, earning it the title "father of African rivers." Historical Significance: - The Nile River has played a crucial role throughout history, particularly in ancient Egyptian civilization. - It was the lifeblood of the ancient Egyptian empire, providing water for agriculture, transportation, and trade. - The river's annual flooding brought rich and fertile soil to the surrounding areas, allowing for prosperous agricultural practices. Water Source: - The Nile River is the primary water source for several African countries, including Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Tanzania. - These countries heavily rely on the Nile for irrigation, drinking water, and hydroelectric power generation. - The river serves as a vital resource for both human and ecological needs in these regions. In conclusion, the Nile River is rightfully known as the "father of African rivers" due to its impressive length, historical significance, and its role as a primary water source for multiple African countries.
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 5
Who was the mother of the Great Ashoka? The correct answer is B: Subhadrangi. Explanation: Ashoka, also known as Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty. His mother's name was Subhadrangi. Reasoning: - Ashoka was born in 304 BCE in Pataliputra, which is present-day Patna in Bihar, India. - His father was Emperor Bindusara, the third Mauryan emperor. - Ashoka's mother, Subhadrangi, was a royal consort of Emperor Bindusara. - Subhadrangi was also known as Queen Dharma or Maharani Dharma. - Ashoka had several siblings, including his half-brother, Susima, who was also a contender for the throne. - After the death of Bindusara, Ashoka ascended to the throne in 268 BCE and became one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. In conclusion, the mother of the Great Ashoka was Subhadrangi, also known as Queen Dharma or Maharani Dharma.
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 6
Simon Commission in India:
The Simon Commission, also known as the Indian Statutory Commission, was a group of seven British members who were appointed in 1927 to review and suggest constitutional reforms for British India. Here is a detailed solution explaining the timeline of the Simon Commission: 1. Formation of the Simon Commission: - The Simon Commission was formed in 1927. - It was named after its chairman, Sir John Simon, a British politician. 2. Purpose of the Simon Commission: - The main aim of the Simon Commission was to assess the functioning of the Indian constitutional system and propose reforms. - The commission was tasked with reviewing the Government of India Act 1919 and making recommendations for future constitutional developments. 3. Composition of the Simon Commission: - The commission consisted of seven members, all of whom were British: - Sir John Simon (Chairman) - Clement Attlee - Harry Levy-Lawson - Edward Cadogan - Vernon Hartshorn - George Lane-Fox - Wedgwood Benn 4. Arrival of the Simon Commission in India: - The Simon Commission arrived in India in February 1928. - Their arrival was met with widespread protests and opposition from Indian political parties and leaders. 5. Response and Boycott: - The Indian National Congress and other political organizations boycotted the Simon Commission. - The boycott was initiated to protest the absence of Indian members in the commission and demand complete independence for India. 6. Submission of the Simon Report: - After an extensive tour of India, the Simon Commission submitted its report in May 1930. - The report proposed limited constitutional reforms but fell short of meeting Indian demands for self-rule. 7. Impact and Significance: - The Simon Commission and its report played a crucial role in shaping the political landscape of India. - It further fueled the demand for complete independence and united various political forces against British rule. In conclusion, the Simon Commission arrived in India in February 1928 and submitted its report in May 1930. Its formation, purpose, composition, and impact are key aspects to understand the significance of this commission in India's struggle for independence.
Which of the following battles were fought by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj?
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 7
The battles fought by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj are: - Battle of Kolhapur: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj fought the Battle of Kolhapur against the Adil Shahi dynasty in 1659. It was a significant battle in which Shivaji's forces successfully defeated the Adil Shahi forces. - Battle of Pratapgad: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj fought the Battle of Pratapgad in 1659 against the forces of the Bijapur Sultanate. This battle took place near the Pratapgad Fort in Maharashtra. Shivaji's army emerged victorious, and the battle is known for the legendary encounter between Shivaji and the Bijapuri general, Afzal Khan. - Battle of Sinhagad: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj fought the Battle of Sinhagad (also known as the Battle of Kondhana) in 1670. This battle was fought against the Mughal forces led by the commander-in-chief, Mirza Raja Jai Singh. Shivaji's Maratha forces defended the Sinhagad Fort and successfully repelled the Mughal attack. - All the above: Therefore, the correct answer is "All the above" as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj fought all the mentioned battles. By following these guidelines, you can create visually appealing and organized content to explain the battles fought by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 8
Birthplace of Chandragupta Maurya Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya Empire, was born in Pataliputra, which is present-day Patna in Bihar, India. Pataliputra was the capital of the Maurya Empire and an important political and economic center during that time. Here are some key points about the birthplace of Chandragupta Maurya: - Pataliputra: - Pataliputra, also known as Patna, was situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges. - It was strategically located at the junction of two rivers, the Ganges and the Son. - Pataliputra served as the capital of several dynasties, including the Mauryas, Guptas, and Pala. - The city was known for its grandeur, with magnificent palaces, temples, and other architectural marvels. - Pataliputra was a center of trade, commerce, and culture, attracting merchants, scholars, and artists from different parts of the world. - Importance of Pataliputra: - Pataliputra was not only the birthplace of Chandragupta Maurya but also the seat of power for the Maurya Empire. - It played a crucial role in the expansion and administration of the empire. - Pataliputra was a hub of political, economic, and cultural activities, making it a significant city in ancient India. In conclusion, the birthplace of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya Empire, was Pataliputra (present-day Patna) in Bihar, India. Pataliputra served as the capital of the Maurya Empire and was an important center of political, economic, and cultural activities during that time.
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 9
The largest continent is Asia. Here is a detailed explanation: Continents: 1. Africa 2. Antarctica 3. Asia 4. Australia 5. Europe 6. North America 7. South America Largest continent: - Asia is the largest continent in terms of land area and population. - It covers about 30% of the Earth's total land area. - Asia is home to the world's highest peak, Mount Everest, and the largest desert, the Gobi Desert. - It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and Europe to the west. - Asia consists of various countries, including China, India, Russia, Japan, and Indonesia. - It has a diverse range of cultures, languages, and religions. Other continents: - Africa is the second-largest continent. - Antarctica is the fifth-largest continent and is primarily covered in ice. - Australia is the smallest continent and is also a country. - Europe is the second-smallest continent. Conclusion: - Among the given options, Asia is the largest continent, covering a significant portion of the Earth's land area and hosting a diverse range of countries and cultures.
Detailed Solution for Quiz: General Knowledge- 4 - Question 10
Champaran Satyagraha Introduction: Champaran Satyagraha was a significant event in the Indian independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. It was a nonviolent protest against the oppressive indigo plantation system in Champaran district, Bihar, India. Start of Champaran Satyagraha: The Champaran Satyagraha began in the year 1917. It was initiated after Mahatma Gandhi was invited by Raj Kumar Shukla, a farmer from Champaran, to investigate the issues faced by the farmers due to the indigo cultivation. Key Events: The Champaran Satyagraha involved several key events, including: 1. Arrival of Mahatma Gandhi: Mahatma Gandhi arrived in Champaran on April 10, 1917, to assess the situation and understand the grievances of the farmers. 2. Investigative Survey: Gandhi conducted a detailed survey of the region to gather information about the forced cultivation of indigo and the exploitation of the farmers by British landlords. 3. Public Meetings and Awareness: Mahatma Gandhi organized public meetings and spread awareness among the farmers about their rights and the unjust indigo system. 4. Satyagraha Campaign: Gandhi led a peaceful resistance campaign, encouraging the farmers to refuse to cultivate indigo and resist the oppressive practices. 5. Negotiations and Settlement: After facing initial resistance from the British authorities, negotiations took place between Gandhi and the British officials. Eventually, an agreement was reached, and the farmers' demands were met. Impact: The Champaran Satyagraha was a significant success for the Indian independence movement, as it marked the beginning of Gandhi's experiments with nonviolent resistance. The campaign not only brought relief to the farmers in Champaran but also established Gandhi as a leader and strategist in the fight against British colonial rule. In conclusion, the Champaran Satyagraha started in the year 1917 and played a crucial role in shaping the course of the Indian independence movement. Mahatma Gandhi's leadership and the nonviolent resistance methods employed during this movement became a foundation for future struggles against British rule in India.
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