25 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 9 - HOTS Questions: Motion
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Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 1
Accelerating objects are objects which are changing their velocity - either the speed (i.e., magnitude of the velocity vector) or the direction. An object undergoing uniform circular motion is moving with a constant speed. Nonetheless, it is accelerating due to its change in direction.
Speed of a body in particular direction can be called
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 3
Distance covered by a body in per unit time is called Speed & Distance covered by a body in a given direction is known as Velocity ....... It can also be written as speed of a body in a particular direction is called Velocity .
Statement A: Uniform circular motion is a case of accelerated motion
Statement B: In third equation of motion we do not have the time.
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 4
Uniform circular motion is always accelerated because the direction of velocity is continuously changing hence velocity is changing which causes change in acceleration. Hence the given statement is true.
There are 3 equations of motion,
v = u+ at
s = ut + 1 /2 at2
v2 = u2 + 2as
As, we can see there , we don't have the time in the third equation of motion.
Which of the following is correct about uniform circular motion?
A. Direction of motion is continuously changed
B. Direction of motion is not changed
C. Speed and direction both remain constant
D. Speed is constant, but direction is changing
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 5
Uniform circular motion is accelerated because the velocity changes due to continuous change in the direction of motion. So, even when the body moves ta a constant speed, its velocity is not constant. Thus, for a body moving in a circular path at a constant speed, its velocity changes continuously. The change in velocity gives rise to an acceleration in the moving body. Therefore circular motion is an acceleration motion even when the speed remains constant.
Which of the quantities – speed, time, velocity and acceleration have the same SI unit?
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 6
The SI unit is the International System of Units, which is a system of measurement used in science and engineering. In this question, we need to determine which quantities have the same SI unit. To answer this question, let's analyze each quantity one by one: Speed: Speed is the rate at which an object covers a distance. It is defined as the distance traveled divided by the time taken. The SI unit of speed is meters per second (m/s). Time: Time is a scalar quantity that measures the duration between two events. The SI unit of time is seconds (s). Velocity: Velocity is a vector quantity that measures the rate at which an object changes its position with respect to time. It includes both magnitude (speed) and direction. The SI unit of velocity is also meters per second (m/s). Acceleration: Acceleration is the rate at which an object changes its velocity. It is defined as the change in velocity divided by the time taken. The SI unit of acceleration is meters per second squared (m/s^2). Now, let's compare the SI units of each quantity: - Speed and velocity both have the same SI unit, which is meters per second (m/s). Therefore, option A is correct. - Time has the SI unit of seconds (s), which is different from the SI units of speed, velocity, and acceleration. - Acceleration has the SI unit of meters per second squared (m/s^2), which is different from the SI units of speed, velocity, and time. Therefore, the correct answer is option A: speed and velocity have the same SI unit.
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 8
If philosophically speaking one could be physically at rest but mentally in motion for example when one is taking a nap, except one is dead, one's internal system is constantly in motion as breathing occurs, dreams, digestion etc. Rest is a state in physics that refers to an object being stationary relative to a particular frame of reference or another object; when the position of a body with respect to its surroundings does not change with time it is said to be "at rest".
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 10
When a body moves with constant speed its acceleration is zero . The body is said to be accelerating if it moves in a uniform circular motion. The slope of the velocity- time graph gives Instantaneous acceleration . All the given statements are correct. Therefore , option ( d) is correct answer.
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 13
Vector- A physical quantity having a magnitude as well as direction is known as vector quantity.
Odometer - an instrument for measuring the distance travelled by a wheeled vehicle.
Acceleration of a body is defined as the rate of change of its velocity with time.
Scalar - A physical quantity having only magnitude is known as a scalar quantity.
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 15
A body can have a constant speed but a changing velocity because the direction can change while the speed is constant. (A car goes 50 mph around a roundabout). However, a body can not have a constant velocity with a changing speed.
Which of the following situations are not possible?
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 17
Yes, a body can have a constant speed and still be accelerating.
Acceleration can be either due to change in speed or due to direction of motion or both.
Consider an example of a uniform circular motion. In a uniform circular motion, the body moves with a constant speed but we still say that it is accelerating due to the change in direction
This acceleration is called centripetal acceleration and is given as
ac = −v2/r
where v= constant speed
and r= radius of circle
If we get a curve line in displacement – time graph then the velocity is
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 18
If we get a curve line in the displacement – time graph, it means that the velocity of the object is changing over time. The velocity is not constant but varies at different points on the curve.
A curve in the displacement – time graph indicates that the object is undergoing acceleration, which in turn means that the velocity is changing. The shape of the curve can provide information about the nature of the change in velocity.
There are different cases when we can have a curve in the displacement – time graph:
Increasing velocity: If the curve is upward sloping, it means that the velocity is increasing with time.
Decreasing velocity: If the curve is downward sloping, it means that the velocity is decreasing with time.
Changing acceleration: If the curve has varying slopes, it means that the acceleration is changing, and therefore, the velocity is also changing.
Therefore, if we get a curve line in the displacement – time graph, the velocity is non-uniform, as it is changing over time. Option B is the correct answer.
The slope of distance – time graph gives instantaneous.
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 22
The gradient of a distance-time graph represents the speed of an object. The velocity of an object is its speed in a particular direction. The slope on a velocity-time graph represents the acceleration of an object. The distance travelled is equal to the area under a velocity-time graph.
Detailed Solution for HOTS Questions: Motion - Question 24
The correct answer is B because this applies in the case of inertia. if you are travelling on a vehicle you are not doing and movement but the vehicle is moving then at that time you are at rest as well as at motion.
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