Direction: Read the passage and answer the questions given, one mark questions.
Anything that occupies some space, having mass, volume and can be felt by one or more out of five senses is called matter. The purest form of matter is called an element. An element is a substance which cannot be split up into two or more simpler substances by the usual chemical methods of applying heat, light or electric energy.
A pure substance consists of a single type of particles. All the elements and compounds are pure substances because they contain only one kind of particles. eg. Hydrogen, Carbon, Oxygen, Carbon-monoxide, Copper, Gold, Silver. A pure substance has a fixed composition as well as a fixed boiling point and melting point. The presence of impurities generally increases the melting and boiling point of the pure substances
Q. The boiling point of pure water is 100oC. What likely be the effect on the boiling point of water if 150 gm NaCl is added to one litre water.