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Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Class 10


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10 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 10 - Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1

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Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 1

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Smaller the size of an atom, greater is the electronegativity.

Reason (R): Electronegativity refers to the tendency of an atom to share electrons with other atoms.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 1
Electronegativity refers to the tendency of an atom to attract bonding electrons.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 2

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Noble gases are highly reactive.

Reason (R): Noble gases have stable closed shell electronic configuration.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 2
Inert gases (noble gases) are very less reactive due to stable closed shell electronic configuration like ns2, np6 or ns2.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 3

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Sixth and seventh periods in the periodic table contain 14 elements.

Reason (R): In the periodic table, 14 elements of sixth and seventh periods are known as lanthanoids and actinoids.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 3
Sixth period contains 32 elements and seventh period is incomplete and like sixth, the period would have 32 elements.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 4

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): The atomic and ionic radii generally decrease towards right in a period.

Reason (R): The ionisation enthalpy increases on moving towards the left in a period.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 4
The ionisation enthalpy increases on moving towards the extreme right element in period and atomic and ionic radii decreases in a period from left to right.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 5

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Be and Al show some similar properties.

Reason (R): The metallic radius of Be is less than the metallic radius of Al.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 5
Be and Al show diagonal relationship because Be resembles in its properties with Al. Metallic radius of the Be (111 pm) is less than the metallic radius of Al (143 pm). Although smaller size is the reason for the anomalous behaviour of Be, it is not a reason for its diagonal relation with Al.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 6

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): In triad, the three elements have the same gaps of atomic masses.

Reason (R): Elements in a triad have similar properties.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 6
In a triad, the atomic mass of the middle element is the mean of the atomic masses of the first and third elements.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 7

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Mendeleev left the gap under aluminium and silicon and called these Eka-aluminium and Eka-silicon, respectively.

Reason (R): Dobereiner arranged elements on the basis of increasing atomic number.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 7
Dobereiner arranged elements on the basis of increasing atomic weights.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 8

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): According to Mendeleev, periodic properties of elements is a function of their atomic number.

Reason (R): Atomic number is equal to the number of protons.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 8
According to Mendeleev, periodic properties of elements is a function of their atomic masses.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 9

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Mendeleev arranged elements in horizontal rows and vertical columns.

Reason (R): Mendeleev ignored the order of atomic weight thinking that the atomic measurements might be incorrect.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 9
Mendeleev arranged elements in horizontal rows and vertical columns. He ignored the order of atomic weight thinking that the atomic measurements might be incorrect and placed the elements with similar properties.
Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 10

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of assertion (A) is followed by a statement of reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion : Mendeleev left the gap under aluminium and silicon and called these Eka-aluminium and Eka- silicon, respectively.

Reason : Dobereiner arranged elements on the basis of increasing atomic number.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Periodic Classification of Elements - 1 - Question 10
Dobereiner arranged elements on the basis of increasing atomic weights.
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