10 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC CSE - Test: Nationalism in India - 1
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Assertion: Mahatma Gandhi used a novel method of mass agitation known as Satyagraha. Reason: He believed in dharma of non-violence.
Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 2
The assertion is true because Mahatma Gandhi did indeed use Satyagraha as a novel method of mass agitation. Satyagraha involved nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience to bring about social and political change.
The reason provided is also true, as Gandhi did believe in the principle of non-violence (Ahimsa) and made it a central tenet of his philosophy. However, the reason alone does not provide a direct or specific explanation for why he used Satyagraha. While his belief in non-violence influenced his choice of method, it does not directly explain the novelty or uniqueness of Satyagraha as a form of mass agitation.
Therefore, the correct answer is 2. Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.
Why did Gandhiji organise Satyagraha in 1917 in Kheda district of Gujarat?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 3
In 1917 Gandhiji led the movement in Kheda district of Gujarat, demanding relaxation of the revenue tax owing to the poverty experienced by the farmers because of the outbreak of plague and crop failure.
What was the effect of the Non-cooperation movement on the plantation workers in Assam?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 7
For plantation worker, in assam, freedom means to move freely. When workers heard of the non-cooperation movement, thousands of workers defied the authorities, left the plantation, and started moving towards their homes.
Assertion: During the Non-Cooperation movement people began discarding imported clothes and started wearing khadi. Reason: Khadi was often more expensive.
Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 8
Here both statements are true.
But reason is not appropriate because the reason should be related to why we started wearing khadi so the correct reason should be that khaadi is cloth material which was made in india only, we were not wearing the British cloth material so as not to cooperate with them.
Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 9
Simon Commission was a group appointed in November 1927 by the British government under Stanley Baldwin to report on the working of the Indian constitution established by the Government of India Act of 1919 and suggest reforms.
The commission was boycotted by the Indian National Congress and most other Indian political parties as there was no Indian member in the Commission.
What was the main problem with the Simon Commission?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 10
The Simon Commission was opposed primarily because it did not have any Indian representation in the assemblage. The government of Britain had appointed this Commission in 1927. The goal of the Simon Commission was to give an account of how the Indian constitution was working.
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