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Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Class 10


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12 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy

Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy for Class 10 2023 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy MCQs are made for Class 10 2023 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy below.
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Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 1

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

In a democracy, we are most concerned with ensuring that people will have the right to choose their rulers and people will have control over the rulers. Whenever possible and necessary, citizens should be able to participate in decision making, that affects them all. Therefore, the most basic outcome of democracy should be that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens, and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens. Some people think that democracy produces less effective government. It is, of course, true that non- democratic rulers are very quick and efficient in decision making and implementation, whereas, democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation. So, some delay is bound to take place. But, because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective. Moreover, when citizens want to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures, they can find this out. They have the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency. This factor is often missing from a non- democratic government. There is another aspect in which democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives: democratic government is legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive, or clean. But a democratic government is people’s own government.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. People’s right to choose their own rulers is called as the:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 1
Suffrage, political franchise, or simply franchise is the right to vote in public, political elections (although the term is sometimes used for any right to vote). Suffrage is often conceived in terms of elections for representatives. However, suffrage applies equally to referendums.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 2

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

In a democracy, we are most concerned with ensuring that people will have the right to choose their rulers and people will have control over the rulers. Whenever possible and necessary, citizens should be able to participate in decision making, that affects them all. Therefore, the most basic outcome of democracy should be that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens, and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens. Some people think that democracy produces less effective government. It is, of course, true that non- democratic rulers are very quick and efficient in decision making and implementation, whereas, democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation. So, some delay is bound to take place. But, because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective. Moreover, when citizens want to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures, they can find this out. They have the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency. This factor is often missing from a non- democratic government. There is another aspect in which democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives: democratic government is legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive, or clean. But a democratic government is people’s own government.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. _________ make/s the government legitimate.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 2
A legitimate government is the one which is elected by the people of the country during elections which are held in free and fair manner.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 3

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

In a democracy, we are most concerned with ensuring that people will have the right to choose their rulers and people will have control over the rulers. Whenever possible and necessary, citizens should be able to participate in decision making, that affects them all. Therefore, the most basic outcome of democracy should be that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens, and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens. Some people think that democracy produces less effective government. It is, of course, true that non- democratic rulers are very quick and efficient in decision making and implementation, whereas, democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation. So, some delay is bound to take place. But, because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective. Moreover, when citizens want to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures, they can find this out. They have the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency. This factor is often missing from a non- democratic government. There is another aspect in which democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives: democratic government is legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive, or clean. But a democratic government is people’s own government.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. Decisions in a democracy are more acceptable to the people because they are:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 3
In a democracy, only those people should have the power to make decisions that are elected by the people. One of the essential features of a Democratic form of government is that the people elect their representatives who have shall have the final decision-making powers.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 4

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

In a democracy, we are most concerned with ensuring that people will have the right to choose their rulers and people will have control over the rulers. Whenever possible and necessary, citizens should be able to participate in decision making, that affects them all. Therefore, the most basic outcome of democracy should be that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens, and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens. Some people think that democracy produces less effective government. It is, of course, true that non- democratic rulers are very quick and efficient in decision making and implementation, whereas, democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation. So, some delay is bound to take place. But, because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective. Moreover, when citizens want to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures, they can find this out. They have the right and the means to examine the process of decision making. This is known as transparency. This factor is often missing from a non- democratic government. There is another aspect in which democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives: democratic government is legitimate government. It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive, or clean. But a democratic government is people’s own government.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. Which of the following options helps in promoting transparency in the governance?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 4
Right to information has been seen as the key to strengthening participatory democracy and ushering in people centred governance. Access to information can empower the poor and the weaker sections of society to demand and get information about public policies and actions, thereby leading to their welfare.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 5

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

If democracies are expected to produce good governments, then is it not fair to expect that they would also produce development? Evidence shows that in practice many democracies did not fulfil this expectation. If you consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth. The inability of democracy to achieve higher economic development worries us. But this alone cannot be the reason to reject democracy. As you have already studied in economics, economic development depends on several factors: country’s population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc. However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible. Overall, we cannot say that democracy is a guarantee of economic development. But we can expect democracy not to lag behind dictatorship in this respect. When we find such significant difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. Between Democracies and Dictatorships, who had slightly higher rate of economic growth?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 5
Democracy is a system of government which is chosen by the entire population or other eligible members of the state through elected representatives. A dictatorship is a form of government where a single individual or group of people wield power without any limitations to constitutional authority.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 6

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

If democracies are expected to produce good governments, then is it not fair to expect that they would also produce development? Evidence shows that in practice many democracies did not fulfil this expectation. If you consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth. The inability of democracy to achieve higher economic development worries us. But this alone cannot be the reason to reject democracy. As you have already studied in economics, economic development depends on several factors: country’s population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc. However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible. Overall, we cannot say that democracy is a guarantee of economic development. But we can expect democracy not to lag behind dictatorship in this respect. When we find such significant difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. What is meant by economic inequality?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 6
Economic inequality is the unequal distribution of income and opportunity between different groups in society. It is a concern in almost all countries around the world and often people are trapped in poverty with little chance to climb up the social ladder.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 7

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

If democracies are expected to produce good governments, then is it not fair to expect that they would also produce development? Evidence shows that in practice many democracies did not fulfil this expectation. If you consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth. The inability of democracy to achieve higher economic development worries us. But this alone cannot be the reason to reject democracy. As you have already studied in economics, economic development depends on several factors: country’s population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc. However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible. Overall, we cannot say that democracy is a guarantee of economic development. But we can expect democracy not to lag behind dictatorship in this respect. When we find such significant difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. Which development depends on country's population, size, global situation and co-operation from other countries?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 7
Economic development depends on several factors: country's population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc. However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 8

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

If democracies are expected to produce good governments, then is it not fair to expect that they would also produce development? Evidence shows that in practice many democracies did not fulfil this expectation. If you consider all democracies and all dictatorships for the fifty years between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth. The inability of democracy to achieve higher economic development worries us. But this alone cannot be the reason to reject democracy. As you have already studied in economics, economic development depends on several factors: country’s population size, global situation, cooperation from other countries, economic priorities adopted by the country, etc. However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible. Overall, we cannot say that democracy is a guarantee of economic development. But we can expect democracy not to lag behind dictatorship in this respect. When we find such significant difference in the rates of economic growth between countries under dictatorship and democracy, it is better to prefer democracy as it has several other positive outcomes.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. The difference in the rates of economic development between less development countries with dictatorships and democracies is:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 8

The passage states that "the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible."

Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 9

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

Democracies are based on political equality. All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives. Parallel to the process of bringing individuals into the political arena on an equal footing, we find growing economic inequalities. A small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes. Not only that, their share in the total income of the country has been increasing. Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining. Sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, house, education and health. In actual life, democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities. The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party will like to lose their votes. The situation is much worse in some other countries. In Bangladesh, more than half of its population lives in poverty. People in several poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries even for food supplies.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. Democracies are based on political _______.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 9
Democracy is a political system based on:
  • representative government;

  • citizen participation in the political process;

  • freedom (in the wide sense; basic freedoms of citizens);

  • transparency of political acts and process in general.

Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 10

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

Democracies are based on political equality. All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives. Parallel to the process of bringing individuals into the political arena on an equal footing, we find growing economic inequalities. A small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes. Not only that, their share in the total income of the country has been increasing. Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining. Sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, house, education and health. In actual life, democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities. The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party will like to lose their votes. The situation is much worse in some other countries. In Bangladesh, more than half of its population lives in poverty. People in several poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries even for food supplies.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. How the share of poor people affects the total income of a democratic country?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 10
Poverty affects a country's economy in ways such as weakening the economy, which occurs when people spend less money, and harming the education of children in poverty, which further hurts the economy by making it difficult for those children to eventually find good jobs.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 11

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

Democracies are based on political equality. All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives. Parallel to the process of bringing individuals into the political arena on an equal footing, we find growing economic inequalities. A small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes. Not only that, their share in the total income of the country has been increasing. Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining. Sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, house, education and health. In actual life, democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities. The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party will like to lose their votes. The situation is much worse in some other countries. In Bangladesh, more than half of its population lives in poverty. People in several poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries even for food supplies.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. People in poor countries are dependent on the rich countries for ___________.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 11
Although the striving for egalitarian society is a primary goal of all the nations within their respective territories. Egalitarian global order still remains the huge task yet to be accomplished. There are several nations which are poor and so impoverished in the economy that they largely depend upon other countries for the resources such as food and raw materials etc.
Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 12

Read the given extract and answer the questions that follows:

Democracies are based on political equality. All individuals have equal weight in electing representatives. Parallel to the process of bringing individuals into the political arena on an equal footing, we find growing economic inequalities. A small number of ultra-rich enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and incomes. Not only that, their share in the total income of the country has been increasing. Those at the bottom of the society have very little to depend upon. Their incomes have been declining. Sometimes they find it difficult to meet their basic needs of life, such as food, clothing, house, education and health. In actual life, democracies do not appear to be very successful in reducing economic inequalities. The poor constitute a large proportion of our voters and no party will like to lose their votes. The situation is much worse in some other countries. In Bangladesh, more than half of its population lives in poverty. People in several poor countries are now dependent on the rich countries even for food supplies.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate options:

Q. Which country’s more than 50% population lives in poverty?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: Outcomes of Democracy - Question 12
The number of people in extreme poverty has fallen from nearly 1.9 billion in 1990 to about 650 million in 2018. This was possible as economic growth reached more and more parts of the world. In Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Ghana, and China more than half the population lived in extreme poverty a generation ago.
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