20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - NTSE Level Test: Democracy & Diversity
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Black Power was a revolutionary movement that occurred in the 1960s and 1970s. It emphasized racial pride, economic empowerment, and the creation of political and cultural institutions .It emerged in 1966 and lasted till 1975, which was a militant anti-racist movement, advocating even violence, if necessary, to end racism in the US.
Special Features of the 1968 Olympics held at Mexico City:
Protest by African-American athletes against racial discrimination: One of the most significant events during the 1968 Olympics was the protest by African-American athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos. During the medal ceremony for the 200-meter race, they raised their gloved fists in a Black Power salute to protest against racial discrimination and inequality faced by African-Americans in the United States.
Support from Mexico City: The Mexican government and public opinion largely supported the demands and actions of Smith and Carlos. This was a significant departure from the usual response of governments towards athlete activism.
International attention: The protest by Smith and Carlos gained international attention and sparked discussions about race, politics, and human rights. It became a symbol of the civil rights movement and inspired athletes around the world to use their platforms for social and political causes.
Impact on the Olympic movement: The protest by Smith and Carlos had a lasting impact on the Olympic movement. It highlighted the intersection of sports and politics and raised questions about the role of athletes as activists. The incident led to changes in Olympic regulations regarding political demonstrations, with the International Olympic Committee (IOC) implementing stricter rules.
Overall, the 1968 Olympics held at Mexico City were marked by the protest by African-American athletes against racial discrimination and the support they received from the host city. This event had a significant impact on the Olympic movement and continues to be remembered as a powerful moment in the history of sports and activism.
Who led the Civil Rights Movement in USA? The leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the USA was Martin Luther King Jr. Explanation: The Civil Rights Movement in the USA was a social and political movement that aimed to secure equal rights and end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans. Martin Luther King Jr. played a crucial role in leading the movement and advocating for civil rights through nonviolent protests and civil disobedience. Key Points: - Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent African American civil rights activist and Baptist minister. - He was one of the key figures in the Civil Rights Movement during the 1950s and 1960s. - King was the leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), which played a pivotal role in organizing and coordinating civil rights activities. - He is best known for his role in the Montgomery Bus Boycott, where he emerged as a prominent spokesperson and advocate for racial equality. - King's leadership and powerful speeches, such as his famous "I Have a Dream" speech, helped galvanize support for the Civil Rights Movement and inspire millions of Americans. - He was also instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where he delivered his iconic speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial. - King's efforts and activism eventually led to significant legislative achievements, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In conclusion, Martin Luther King Jr. was the leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the USA and made significant contributions to the advancement of civil rights and equality for African Americans.
Tommie Smith and John Carlos were two black American athletes who made a silent protest by their raising black-gloved fists in a black power salute during the award ceremony of 1968 Olympics. They showed the world the injustices and racial discrimination toward blacks. So in their honor the San Jose State University built their same statue.
Answer: The correct sentence is D: All the above. Here's a detailed explanation for each sentence:
A: Every social difference does not lead to social division
- This sentence is incorrect because it uses a double negative ("does not") which creates confusion. It implies that all social differences lead to social division, which is not true.
B: Social differences divide similar people from one another
- This sentence is correct. It states that social differences can create divisions among people who are similar to each other.
C: They also unite very different people
- This sentence is correct. It states that social differences can also bring together people who are very different from each other.
D: All the above
- This sentence is correct. It includes both correct statements from sentences B and C. Social differences can both divide similar people and unite different people. In conclusion, sentence D is the correct answer as it includes the correct statements from sentences B and C.
Which community in India was in a more or less similar position as that of Blacks in USA? The community in India that was in a more or less similar position as that of Blacks in the USA is the Dalits. Explanation: Here is a detailed explanation of why Dalits can be considered in a similar position as Blacks in the USA: - Dalits: Dalits, also known as Scheduled Castes, are considered to be at the lowest rung of the Indian caste system. They have historically faced social discrimination, oppression, and exploitation. They have been subjected to caste-based discrimination, untouchability, and restricted access to education, employment, and social opportunities. - Blacks in the USA: Historically, African Americans in the USA have faced racial discrimination, segregation, and systemic oppression. They have been denied equal rights, faced violence, and endured social and economic disadvantages. Similarities between Dalits and Blacks in the USA: 1. Social Discrimination: Both Dalits and Blacks have faced social discrimination based on their caste or race, respectively. 2. Systemic Oppression: Both communities have experienced systemic oppression, where they have been denied equal opportunities and faced barriers to social and economic progress. 3. Restrictions in Education and Employment: Both Dalits and Blacks have historically faced limited access to education and employment opportunities, which has hindered their socio-economic development. 4. Violence and Injustice: Both communities have been subjected to violence, injustice, and hate crimes due to their caste or race. It is important to note that while there are similarities, each situation is unique and has its own specific context. The experiences and struggles of Dalits and African Americans may differ in certain aspects, but both communities have fought for equality and social justice.
Prominent religious group in Northern Ireland: - Christianity is the prominent religious group in Northern Ireland. - The majority of the population in Northern Ireland identifies as Christian, with various denominations represented, including Roman Catholic, Protestant, and other Christian groups. - The history of Northern Ireland is deeply intertwined with religious divisions between Catholics and Protestants, which have had significant political and social implications. Prominent religious group in the Netherlands: - Christianity is also the prominent religious group in the Netherlands. - The Netherlands has a diverse religious landscape, with a significant portion of the population identifying as Christian. - Within Christianity, there are different denominations represented, including Roman Catholic, Protestant (such as the Dutch Reformed Church), and other Christian groups. - However, in recent years, there has been a decline in religious affiliation and an increase in secularism in the Netherlands, leading to a more diverse religious landscape with other faiths gaining visibility, such as Islam and Hinduism. Overall, while Christianity is the prominent religious group in both Northern Ireland and the Netherlands, it is important to note that there is religious diversity and a growing secular trend in both regions.
Incorrect Statement: C: Catholics have lived peacefully with Protestants. Explanation: - The statement that Catholics have lived peacefully with Protestants is incorrect. - The history of Northern Ireland has been marked by deep sectarian divisions between Catholics and Protestants. - The conflict, commonly known as "The Troubles," has been characterized by violence, discrimination, and political tensions between the two communities. - Both Catholics and Protestants have been involved in acts of violence and discrimination against each other. - The conflict has resulted in numerous deaths, injuries, and deep divisions within society. - Efforts for peace and reconciliation have been made in recent years, but it would be inaccurate to say that Catholics have always lived peacefully with Protestants in Northern Ireland.
Answer: The society with similar kinds of people is called a homogeneous society. Let's break down the explanation into key points: Definition: - Homogeneous society refers to a society where the majority of its members share similar characteristics, such as culture, language, religion, values, and beliefs. - The term "homogeneous" comes from the Greek words "homo" meaning "same" and "genos" meaning "kind" or "race." Characteristics of a Homogeneous Society: - Limited diversity: In a homogeneous society, there is less diversity in terms of race, ethnicity, and cultural backgrounds. - Shared values and beliefs: Members of a homogeneous society tend to share common values, beliefs, and norms. - Language and culture: Homogeneous societies often have a dominant language and culture that is widely shared and practiced by the majority. - Social cohesion: The similarity among individuals in a homogeneous society can lead to a sense of unity and social cohesion. Examples of Homogeneous Societies: - Countries like Japan, Iceland, and South Korea are often cited as examples of homogeneous societies due to their strong cultural and ethnic homogeneity. - Certain communities or neighborhoods within larger societies can also be considered homogeneous if they share similar characteristics and demographics. In conclusion, a society with similar kinds of people is called a homogeneous society, where the majority of its members share common characteristics, values, and cultural backgrounds.
The sentence that is not true is B: "Their competition tends to unite the country if they compete in terms of existing social divisions." Explanation: 1. Statement A: Democracy involves competition among various political parties. - This statement is true. In a democracy, multiple political parties compete for power through elections. 2. Statement B: Their competition tends to unite the country if they compete in terms of existing social divisions. - This statement is not true. Competition based on existing social divisions can often lead to polarization and further division within the country. 3. Statement C: Social divisions change into political divisions and lead to conflict, violence, etc. - This statement is true. Social divisions can translate into political divisions and create conflicts and violence. 4. Statement D: It can even lead to the disintegration of the country. - This statement is true. If social and political divisions intensify, it can potentially lead to the disintegration or fragmentation of a country. In summary, statement B is the one that is not true because competition based on existing social divisions does not tend to unite the country. Instead, it can further divide the society.
Protestantism is a Christian minority on the island of Ireland. In the 2011 census of Northern Ireland, 48% (883,768) described themselves as Protestant, which was a decline of approximately 5% from the 2001 census.
The correct sentence is D: All the above. Explanation: - Sentence A: The sentence is grammatically correct and conveys the information that the Catholics in Northern Ireland were represented by Nationalist parties. - Sentence B: The sentence is grammatically correct and states that they demanded Northern Ireland to be unified with the Republic of Ireland. - Sentence C: The sentence is grammatically correct and describes the Republic of Ireland as a predominantly Catholic country. Therefore, all the given sentences are correct, and option D is the correct answer.
Background: The question is asking about the agreement reached between the Nationalists and the UK government.
To answer the question, we need to determine when the Nationalists and the UK government reached an agreement. Here is a detailed solution: 1. Background on the conflict: - The conflict between the Nationalists and the UK government refers to the Troubles, a period of political and sectarian violence in Northern Ireland. - The Nationalists, primarily Catholic, sought a united Ireland, while the UK government, primarily Protestant, wanted Northern Ireland to remain part of the United Kingdom. 2. Negotiations and peace process: - Negotiations between the Nationalists and the UK government began in the early 1990s. - The peace process aimed to find a political solution to the conflict and end the violence. - The key milestones in the peace process include the Downing Street Declaration in 1993 and the IRA ceasefire in 1994. 3. Good Friday Agreement: - The Good Friday Agreement, also known as the Belfast Agreement, was the final agreement reached between the Nationalists and the UK government. - It was signed on April 10, 1998. - The agreement established a power-sharing government in Northern Ireland and outlined the principles for future political and constitutional changes. 4. Conclusion: - Based on the information provided, the Nationalists and the UK government arrived at an agreement in 1998. - Therefore, the correct answer is C: 1998.
Explanation: The statement implies that a majority of Belgians feel a strong sense of belonging to their country, Belgium, as much as they do to neighboring countries like the Netherlands and Germany. This sentiment has several implications: 1. Strong National Identity: - Belgians consider themselves primarily as Belgians, highlighting their strong national identity. - They do not prioritize their Dutch or German-speaking identities over their Belgian identity. 2. Unity and Cohesion: - Feeling equally connected to multiple cultural and linguistic backgrounds helps Belgians to stay together as a unified nation. - It promotes a sense of solidarity and cooperation among Belgians, transcending linguistic and cultural differences. 3. Cultural Diversity: - The sentiment suggests that Belgians embrace their multicultural society and celebrate their linguistic diversity. - They value and appreciate the contributions of their Dutch-speaking and German-speaking fellow citizens. 4. Contentment and Acceptance: - The statement does not indicate any dissatisfaction or unhappiness with this arrangement. - On the contrary, it implies that Belgians are comfortable with their multiple identities and the coexistence of different linguistic communities within their country. Therefore, option B is the correct answer: "This helps them to stay together."
Tamilian community felt that the constitution and government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated them in matters of getting jobs and other opportunities and also ignored their interests.
This strained the relations between the Sinhala and Tamil communities, which finally culminated into a civil war. Yugoslavia split due to the differences on gender lines.
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