20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4
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What did Gandhiji mean when he said that religion and politics can never be separated?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 1
Explanation: Gandhiji believed that religion and politics are intertwined and cannot be separated. Here's what he meant by this statement: 1. Need for moral values in politics: - Gandhiji believed that religion provides a moral compass and ethical framework for individuals. - He argued that politics should be guided by moral values such as truth, non-violence, compassion, and justice. - Without the influence of religion, politics may become corrupted, devoid of ethical considerations, and driven solely by power and self-interest. 2. Religion as a source of inspiration: - Gandhiji believed that religion provides individuals with a sense of purpose and higher ideals. - By integrating religious principles into politics, he aimed to inspire politicians and citizens to work towards the welfare of all, rather than personal gain. - Religion can serve as a source of motivation and guide individuals towards selfless service and social harmony. 3. Religion as a unifying force: - Gandhiji saw religion as a unifying force that transcends divisions and brings people together. - By incorporating religious values into politics, he aimed to bridge communal divides and foster harmony among different religious communities. - Religion can provide a common ground for citizens to come together and work towards the collective good. In summary, Gandhiji believed that religion and politics cannot be separated because religion provides the moral foundation, inspiration, and unifying force necessary for ethical and inclusive politics.
In some places in India, the child sex ratio has fallen to as low as :
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 2
Child Sex Ratio in India Background: The child sex ratio refers to the number of females per 1000 males in the age group of 0-6 years. Unfortunately, in some parts of India, this ratio has significantly decreased, indicating a preference for male children over female children. Lowest Child Sex Ratio: In some places in India, the child sex ratio has fallen to as low as 800. Explanation: The child sex ratio in India is an alarming issue and has been a cause for concern for several years. The preference for male children due to various cultural, social, and economic factors has led to the decline in the child sex ratio. Here is a breakdown of the options provided: - Option A: 927 - Option B: 800 (Correct Answer) - Option C: 820 - Option D: 840 Conclusion: The correct answer is option B, with a child sex ratio as low as 800 in some parts of India. This highlights the urgent need for awareness and measures to address gender inequality and discrimination, promoting gender equality and empowering girls in Indian society.
Partly due to the efforts of reformers and partly due to other ________ changes, caste system in modern India has undergone great changes.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 5
The caste system in modern India has undergone significant changes, partly due to the efforts of reformers and partly due to other socio-economic changes. Here is a detailed explanation: 1. Reformers: - Reformers in India have been working towards eradicating the caste system and promoting social equality. - They have advocated for equal rights and opportunities for individuals irrespective of their caste. - Their efforts have led to awareness and consciousness among people regarding the negative aspects of the caste system. 2. Socio-economic changes: - India has witnessed several socio-economic changes over the years, which have contributed to the transformation of the caste system. - Urbanization and industrialization have led to increased mobility and interaction among people from different castes. - Economic development and education have provided opportunities for social upward mobility, reducing the significance of caste in determining one's social status. - Inter-caste marriages and the growth of a middle class have also played a role in breaking down caste barriers. 3. Other factors: - Globalization and exposure to different cultures and ideas have influenced societal norms and values in India. - Legal reforms and affirmative action policies have been implemented to promote social justice and equality. - The younger generation, influenced by modern ideas and values, is more inclined towards breaking caste barriers. Overall, the caste system in modern India has been significantly impacted by the efforts of reformers and various socio-economic changes. These factors have contributed to the gradual erosion of the rigid caste system and the promotion of social equality in the country.
What is leading to the breakdown of caste hierarchy?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 6
Leading factors contributing to the breakdown of caste hierarchy: 1. Large-scale urbanisation: - Urban areas tend to provide greater opportunities for social mobility and interaction among people from different castes. - Urbanisation leads to increased exposure to diverse cultures and influences, which can challenge traditional caste-based norms and practices. - The anonymity and diversity in urban settings often reduce the significance of caste-based identities. 2. Growth of literacy and education: - Education plays a crucial role in challenging and dismantling caste-based discrimination. - Literacy and education empower individuals to question and challenge traditional beliefs and practices. - Education provides opportunities for social and economic mobility, helping individuals break free from the constraints of their caste. 3. Occupational mobility: - The growth of industries and a more diverse job market has contributed to increased occupational mobility. - As people move away from traditional occupations linked to their caste, they become less bound by the hierarchical constraints of the caste system. - Occupational mobility allows individuals to rise above their caste-based social status and redefine their identity based on their skills and achievements. 4. Inter-caste marriages: - Inter-caste marriages challenge the rigid boundaries of the caste system. - Such marriages promote social integration and blur the distinction between castes. - The children of inter-caste marriages often face less pressure to conform to traditional caste norms and often identify themselves outside the confines of the caste system. 5. Legal and social reforms: - Various legal measures and social initiatives have been implemented to combat caste discrimination and promote equality. - Affirmative action policies, reservation systems, and anti-discrimination laws aim to provide opportunities and protections to historically disadvantaged castes. - These reforms contribute to the breakdown of the caste hierarchy by providing avenues for social and economic upliftment. In conclusion, the breakdown of caste hierarchy is influenced by factors such as large-scale urbanisation, the growth of literacy and education, occupational mobility, inter-caste marriages, and legal and social reforms. These factors challenge the traditional caste-based norms and practices, promoting social mobility, equality, and integration.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 7
Seats reserved for women in India: There are seats reserved for women in various institutions in India, including: Lok Sabha: - Lok Sabha is the lower house of the Parliament of India. - Seats are reserved for women in Lok Sabha under the reservation system. - Currently, there are 543 seats in Lok Sabha, out of which 14 seats are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) and 2 seats are reserved for Scheduled Tribes (ST) candidates. State Legislative Assemblies: - State Legislative Assemblies are the legislative bodies at the state level in India. - Seats are reserved for women in State Legislative Assemblies under the reservation system. - The number of reserved seats varies from state to state, depending on the population and demographics. Cabinets: - Cabinets are the group of ministers who are responsible for decision-making and governance in India. - While there is no direct reservation for women in cabinets, there have been efforts to promote gender equality and increase women's representation in cabinets. Panchayati Raj bodies: - Panchayati Raj bodies are local self-government institutions at the village, intermediate, and district levels in India. - Seats are reserved for women in Panchayati Raj bodies under the reservation system. - The reservation percentage varies from state to state, but generally, it is around 33% of the total seats. Overall, India has implemented various measures to ensure women's representation and participation in decision-making bodies at different levels of governance. These reservations aim to empower women and promote gender equality in the country.
Which of these is true about the ugliest form of communalism?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 8
Ugliest Form of Communalism Communal violence: - Communal violence refers to conflicts between different religious or ethnic groups. - It involves acts of violence, such as physical assault, arson, and destruction of property. - It often leads to loss of lives and displacement of communities. Riots: - Riots are a form of communal violence characterized by widespread and uncontrolled violence. - They usually involve large groups of people engaging in acts of violence, such as looting, arson, and physical attacks. - Riots often result in significant damage to property and loss of lives. Massacre: - Massacres are extreme forms of communal violence involving the intentional killing of a large number of people from a particular community. - They are often premeditated and carried out with the intention of spreading fear and terror among the targeted community. - Massacres leave a long-lasting impact on the affected community and society as a whole. All the above: - The statement "All the above" is correct because communal violence, riots, and massacres are all forms of the ugliest form of communalism. - They involve violence, destruction, and loss of lives, and have severe consequences for the affected communities. In conclusion, the ugliest form of communalism encompasses communal violence, riots, and massacres. These forms of violence lead to widespread destruction, loss of lives, and have long-lasting negative impacts on the affected communities and society as a whole.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 9
The caste system has traditionally had significant influence over people's access to power. The privileged upper caste groups benefit more by gaining substantially more economic and political power, while the lower caste groups have limited access to those powers.
_______ groups in our country have argued that most of the victims of communal riots in our country are people from religious minorities.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 10
Groups arguing about victims of communal riots: Introduction: In our country, several groups have discussed and debated the victims of communal riots. Among these groups, the Human Rights organizations have argued that most of the victims are people from religious minorities. Let's explore this argument in more detail. 1. Human Rights groups: - These groups advocate for the protection and promotion of human rights. - They argue that communal riots often target religious minorities, leading to a disproportionate number of victims from these communities. - Human Rights groups highlight the need for equal protection and justice for all citizens, regardless of their religious background. 2. Trade Union: - Trade unions primarily focus on labor rights and issues related to the working class. - While they may not directly address communal riots, they generally advocate for equal treatment and protection of all workers, irrespective of their religious affiliation. 3. Feminist groups: - Feminist groups primarily focus on gender equality and women's rights. - While they may not directly address communal riots, they generally advocate for the protection of marginalized groups, including religious minorities, who may face additional discrimination and violence during such events. 4. Students: - Student groups often engage in social and political issues, including communal tensions and riots. - While not all student groups may specifically focus on the religious aspect of communal riots, they generally stand for justice, equality, and protection of all individuals affected by such incidents. Conclusion: Among the groups mentioned, Human Rights organizations have specifically argued that most victims of communal riots in our country are people from religious minorities. However, it is important to note that other groups, such as trade unions, feminist groups, and student organizations, also advocate for equal treatment and protection of all individuals, including religious minorities, in the context of communal riots.
Which of these matters deal with the ‘Family Laws’?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 11
Family Laws Matter Family laws deal with various legal matters related to the family unit. These laws aim to regulate and protect the rights and responsibilities of family members. Some of the matters that fall under family laws include: 1. Marriage and Divorce: - Marriage: Family laws govern the legal requirements, rights, and obligations of individuals entering into a marriage contract. - Divorce: Family laws also cover the legal procedures and regulations related to the dissolution of marriage. 2. Adoption: - Adoption laws define the legal process by which a child becomes a permanent member of a new family. - These laws outline the requirements, procedures, and rights of the adoptive parents and the adopted child. 3. Inheritance: - Family laws also address the distribution of property and assets upon the death of a family member. - These laws determine the legal rights of heirs, beneficiaries, and the process of transferring ownership. 4. Child Custody and Support: - Family laws establish guidelines for child custody and support in cases of separation or divorce. - These laws determine the rights and responsibilities of parents and ensure the best interests of the child are prioritized. 5. Domestic Violence: - Family laws also provide protection and legal remedies for victims of domestic violence within the family unit. - These laws aim to prevent and address instances of abuse, harassment, or violence within households. 6. Surrogacy and Assisted Reproduction: - Family laws may also encompass regulations regarding surrogacy and assisted reproduction techniques. - These laws define the legal rights and responsibilities of all parties involved, including the surrogate mother, intended parents, and the child. Conclusion: Family laws cover a wide range of legal matters that impact individuals and families. They aim to ensure fairness, protection, and stability within the family unit. Matters such as marriage and divorce, adoption, inheritance, child custody and support, domestic violence, and surrogacy fall under the purview of family laws.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 12
Communal politics is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis of social community.
The followers of a particular religion must belong to one community. Their fundamental interests are the same.
It also follows that people who follow different religions cannot belong to the same social community.
Which of these forms can communalism take in politics?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 13
Communalism in Politics: Communalism can manifest in various forms in politics. The forms it can take include: A. Everyday Beliefs: - Religious prejudices: Communalism can be present in the everyday beliefs of individuals, leading to religious prejudices and biases against other communities.
B. Quest for Political Dominance: - Political dominance: Communalism can be seen in the pursuit of political power and dominance by a particular religious community. This involves seeking to establish one's own religious community as the dominant force in political decision-making. C. Political Mobilisation: - Mobilization on religious lines: Communalism can also be expressed through political mobilization on religious lines, where political parties or groups rally support based on religious identity. This can lead to the polarization of society along religious lines. D. All of the above: - Communalism in politics can encompass all the above forms, i.e., everyday beliefs, quest for political dominance, and political mobilization on religious lines. These different manifestations may coexist and reinforce each other, creating an environment of division and religious tension in the political sphere. In conclusion, communalism can take various forms in politics, including religious prejudices in everyday beliefs, the pursuit of political dominance by a particular religious community, and political mobilization based on religious identity. It is essential to address and mitigate communalism in politics to promote inclusivity and harmony in society.
Which of these countries has an official state religion?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 14
Answer: The correct answer is D: All of these countries have an official state religion. Here is a detailed explanation for each country: Sri Lanka: - Sri Lanka has Buddhism as its official state religion. - Buddhism is practiced by the majority of the population in Sri Lanka. Pakistan: - Pakistan has Islam as its official state religion. - Islam is the religion followed by the majority of the population in Pakistan. England: - England does not have an official state religion. - However, the Church of England is the established church in England, which means it holds a special constitutional status. All of these: - Both Sri Lanka and Pakistan have an official state religion. - England, although it does not have an official state religion, has the Church of England as its established church. - Therefore, all of these countries have some form of official state religion. It is important to note that while these countries have official state religions, they also guarantee religious freedom and protection for minority religions.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 15
Official Religion of the State in India India is a diverse country with various religions and beliefs. However, when it comes to the official religion of the state, there is no specific religion that is designated as the official religion of India. The Indian Constitution grants religious freedom to all its citizens and does not favor any particular religion. Here are the key points to understand: - Hinduism: Hinduism is the majority religion in India, with a significant percentage of the population practicing it. However, it is important to note that Hinduism is not the official religion of the state. - Islam: Islam is the second-largest religion in India, with a considerable number of followers. However, like Hinduism, Islam is not the official religion of the state. - Christianity: Christianity is practiced by a minority of the Indian population. While there are Christians in various parts of India, Christianity is not the official religion of the state. - None: The Indian Constitution enshrines secularism, which means that the state does not promote or favor any specific religion. India is a secular country where people are free to practice and follow any religion of their choice. In conclusion, India does not have an official state religion. The Indian Constitution guarantees religious freedom and ensures that all citizens have the right to practice their religion without discrimination.
Laws concerning family matters such as marriage, divorce, adoption etc. are known as:
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 16
Laws concerning family matters such as marriage, divorce, adoption etc. are known as: The correct answer is Family laws. Explanation: Family laws are a set of legal rules and regulations that govern various aspects of family life. These laws are designed to protect the rights, responsibilities, and relationships of individuals within a family unit. Here is a detailed explanation of each option: A. Family laws: - Family laws encompass a wide range of legal issues related to family matters, including marriage, divorce, child custody, adoption, domestic violence, and inheritance. - These laws provide guidelines and procedures for resolving disputes and ensuring the well-being of individuals within a family. B. Constitutional laws: - Constitutional laws refer to the fundamental principles and rules outlined in a country's constitution. - These laws define the structure of government, individual rights and freedoms, and the relationship between the government and its citizens. - While constitutional laws may indirectly impact family matters, they do not specifically govern them. C. Criminal laws: - Criminal laws deal with offenses that are considered harmful to society and are punishable by the state. - These laws define crimes, establish penalties, and outline procedures for investigation, prosecution, and punishment. - Family matters such as marriage and divorce are not typically considered criminal offenses. D. Civil laws: - Civil laws govern disputes between individuals or entities, including matters of personal injury, property, contracts, and family issues. - Family laws are a subset of civil laws that focus specifically on family-related matters. - Civil laws provide a framework for resolving conflicts and enforcing legal rights in family disputes. In conclusion, family laws are the specific branch of civil laws that govern family matters such as marriage, divorce, adoption, and child custody.
In which system of elected bodies about one-third seats are reserved for women?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 17
The system of elected bodies where about one-third of seats are reserved for women is Panchayats and Municipals. Explanation: The reservation of seats for women in elected bodies is aimed at promoting gender equality and women's participation in the decision-making process. In India, the system of reservation for women is implemented in Panchayats and Municipals, which are local self-government institutions. Here is a detailed explanation of the system of reserved seats for women in Panchayats and Municipals: 1. Panchayats: - Panchayats are rural local self-government institutions that exist at the village, intermediate, and district levels. - In Panchayats, about one-third of the total seats are reserved for women. - The reservation is rotational in nature, meaning it changes from one election to another, ensuring that different women get the opportunity to participate in the decision-making process. 2. Municipals: - Municipals are urban local self-government institutions that exist at the city, town, and district levels. - Similar to Panchayats, about one-third of the total seats in Municipals are reserved for women. - The reservation is also rotational in nature, ensuring equal opportunities for women to participate in urban governance. The reservation of seats for women in Panchayats and Municipals has been a significant step towards empowering women and promoting their representation in local governance. It allows them to actively contribute to the development and decision-making processes at the grassroots level. Therefore, the correct answer is option A: Panchayats and Municipals.
A system that values men more and gives them power over women is called?
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 18
Patriarchy: - A system that values men more and gives them power over women is called patriarchy. - Patriarchy is a social system in which men hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege, and control of property. - It is characterized by male dominance and the oppression of women. - Patriarchy perpetuates gender inequality by enforcing traditional gender roles and norms, which often restrict women's opportunities and limit their agency. - It manifests in various forms, such as gender-based violence, discrimination, and unequal access to resources and opportunities. - Patriarchy is deeply ingrained in many societies and can impact various aspects of life, including family dynamics, education, employment, and politics. - Feminist movements aim to challenge and dismantle patriarchy, advocating for gender equality and empowering women. - It is important to recognize and address the harmful effects of patriarchy in order to create a more equitable and just society.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender Religion & Caste - 4 - Question 19
Caste Hierarchy Definition: Caste hierarchy refers to the social stratification or ranking of different caste groups within a society, based on their perceived social status and traditional occupation. Explanation: Caste hierarchy is a prevalent feature in traditional Indian society, where individuals are born into specific castes and their social status is determined by their caste affiliation. Here is a detailed explanation of caste hierarchy: 1. Ladder-like Formation: Caste hierarchy is characterized by a ladder-like formation, where different caste groups are placed in a hierarchical order from the highest to the lowest. 2. Placement of Caste Groups: Each caste group is assigned a position in the hierarchy based on their perceived purity or pollution, as well as their traditional occupation. The highest castes are considered pure and occupy the top positions, while the lowest castes are deemed impure and occupy the bottom positions. 3. Birth-based System: Caste hierarchy is primarily based on the principle of birth, meaning individuals inherit their caste status from their parents. It is a rigid system where mobility between castes is limited. 4. Social Privileges and Restrictions: The placement within the caste hierarchy determines the social privileges and restrictions that individuals and communities have. Higher caste groups enjoy more privileges and social prestige, while lower caste groups face discrimination and limited opportunities. 5. Endogamy and Occupation: Caste hierarchy also influences marriage patterns and occupational choices. Endogamy, the practice of marrying within one's own caste, is prevalent, and individuals are expected to pursue the traditional occupation associated with their caste. 6. Impact on Social Relationships: Caste hierarchy plays a significant role in shaping social relationships, as interactions between different caste groups are often governed by strict rules of purity and pollution. 7. Challenges and Reforms: Caste hierarchy has been a subject of debate and criticism due to its discriminatory nature. Efforts have been made to promote social equality and uplift lower caste groups through affirmative action policies and social reform movements. In conclusion, caste hierarchy refers to the hierarchical placement of different caste groups within a society, based on their social status and traditional occupation. It is a birth-based system that influences social privileges, restrictions, and relationships, and has been a subject of ongoing social reform efforts.
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