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Test: Population- 1 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Population- 1

Test: Population- 1 for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Population- 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Population- 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Population- 1 below.
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Test: Population- 1 - Question 1

Basically migration can be classified into

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 1
Migration can be classified into different types based on various factors. Here, we will discuss the classification of migration into four categories:
Type A: 2
- This type of migration refers to the movement of people within the same country or region.
- It can also be called internal migration, as it involves individuals moving from one place to another within their own country.
- Examples of Type A migration include rural-urban migration, where people move from rural areas to cities in search of better job opportunities or a higher standard of living.
Type B: 6
- Type B migration refers to international migration, which involves the movement of people across national borders.
- It can be further categorized into different subtypes, such as labor migration, family reunification, and refugee migration.
- Labor migration involves individuals moving to another country for employment purposes, often in search of better wages or job prospects.
- Family reunification migration occurs when individuals migrate to join their family members who are already residing in another country.
- Refugee migration involves individuals fleeing their home country due to persecution, conflict, or other reasons and seeking asylum in another country.
Type C: 3
- Type C migration is known as forced migration or displacement.
- It occurs when individuals are compelled to leave their homes or countries due to factors beyond their control, such as natural disasters, armed conflicts, or human rights violations.
- This type of migration often results in refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs) seeking safety and protection in other regions or countries.
Type D: 1
- Type D migration refers to voluntary migration, where individuals choose to move from one place to another for various reasons such as employment opportunities, education, or lifestyle preferences.
- Voluntary migration can be both internal (within the same country) or international (across national borders).
In conclusion, migration can be classified into different types based on the location (internal or international) and the circumstances (voluntary or forced) under which individuals move. Understanding these classifications helps in studying and analyzing migration patterns and their impact on societies and economies.
Test: Population- 1 - Question 2

Occupational Structure refers to distribution of workforce
(i) in primary sector activities.
(ii) in secondary sector activities.
(iii) in tertiary sector activities.
(iv) between a male and a female.

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 2

It is the mix of different types of occupations found in a society. It also describes how people are engaged in different sectors of the economy namely, primary, secondary and tertiary the sector that predominates the occupational structure in a country.

Test: Population- 1 - Question 3

Which of the following states is the most populous state of India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 3
Most Populous State of India: Uttar Pradesh
Explanation:
- Among the given options, the most populous state of India is Uttar Pradesh.
- Uttar Pradesh is located in the northern part of India and has a population of over 200 million people.
- It is the most populous state not only in India but also in the world.
- Uttar Pradesh is known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and diverse population.
- It is home to several major cities including Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi, and Allahabad.
- The state has a significant impact on the overall population and demographics of India.
- Uttar Pradesh plays a crucial role in Indian politics and has a substantial representation in the Indian Parliament.
- The state's population growth and density pose various challenges in terms of infrastructure, healthcare, education, and employment.
- Despite these challenges, Uttar Pradesh continues to be a vibrant and important state in India's socio-economic landscape.
Test: Population- 1 - Question 4

The most important attribute of population composition is

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 4
The most important attribute of population composition is Sex composition.
Sex composition refers to the distribution of males and females in a population. It is an essential aspect of population composition as it provides insights into the balance and proportion of the sexes within a given population. Here are some key reasons why sex composition is considered the most important attribute:
1. Social dynamics and relationships: Understanding the sex composition helps in analyzing the social dynamics and relationships within a population. It provides insights into the potential for partnerships, marriages, and reproduction.
2. Policy implications: Sex composition has significant policy implications, especially in areas such as healthcare, education, and social welfare. For example, it helps in planning and allocating resources for reproductive health services, gender-specific education programs, and addressing gender-based violence.
3. Economic implications: Sex composition can have economic implications as well. It affects the labor market, employment opportunities, and productivity. For instance, a skewed sex ratio can lead to labor shortages or imbalances in certain sectors.
4. Demographic analysis: Sex composition is crucial for demographic analysis, including fertility rates, mortality rates, and population projections. It helps in understanding population growth patterns, age-specific trends, and potential challenges related to population aging.
5. Gender equality: Analyzing sex composition is essential for identifying gender disparities and promoting gender equality. It provides insights into issues such as gender-based discrimination, women's empowerment, and access to resources and opportunities.
In conclusion, while factors such as age structure, education, and health are also important attributes of population composition, sex composition holds particular significance due to its influence on social, economic, and policy aspects.
Test: Population- 1 - Question 5

India has __________ of the total world population.

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 5

India's Population Percentage

India's population percentage can be calculated using the following steps:

 

Step 1: Calculate India's population


  • According to the United Nations, the estimated world population is approximately 7.9 billion.

  • India's population is estimated to be around 1.366 billion.

  •  

Step 2: Calculate India's population percentage

  • To find India's population percentage, divide India's population by the world population and multiply by 100.
  • Population Percentage = (India's population / World population) * 100
  • Population Percentage = (1.366 billion / 7.9 billion) * 100
  • Population Percentage ≈ 17.27%

Answer: The correct answer is B: 17.5%.

 

India represents approximately 17.5% of the total world population.

 

Test: Population- 1 - Question 6

When was the first complete census taken in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 6
First Complete Census in India
The first complete census in India was conducted in 1881.
Explanation:
- The census is a systematic process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting demographic data of a population.
- In India, the first attempt to conduct a complete census was made in 1872. However, it was not considered a complete census because it only covered certain areas and communities.
- The first official and complete census of India was conducted in 1881.
- The 1881 census was carried out under the supervision of Lord Ripon, the then Viceroy of India.
- It covered the entire territory of British India, including present-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
- The 1881 census provided valuable information about the population, religion, caste, occupation, and other demographic characteristics of the people living in British India.
- The census was conducted every ten years thereafter, with subsequent censuses being held in 1891, 1901, and so on.
- The census continues to be conducted in India at regular intervals to provide updated demographic data for planning and policy-making purposes.
Therefore, the correct answer is B: 1881.
Test: Population- 1 - Question 7

An example of pull factor is ___________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 7
Pull Factors: Employment
- Pull factors are factors that attract individuals to move from one place to another.
- One example of a pull factor is employment opportunities.
- Employment opportunities can be a major draw for individuals looking to improve their economic situation and provide for themselves and their families.
- Here are some key points to consider regarding employment as a pull factor:
1. Economic Prosperity:
- Areas with thriving job markets and a strong economy can attract people who are seeking better job opportunities and higher wages.
- The promise of economic prosperity can motivate individuals to move to a new location in search of employment.
2. Job Security:
- Regions that offer stable employment and job security can entice individuals to relocate.
- People often seek job security to ensure a stable income and a better quality of life.
3. Career Advancement:
- Locations that provide opportunities for career growth and advancement can attract individuals who are looking to further their professional goals.
- The prospect of improving one's career prospects can serve as a strong pull factor.
4. Better Working Conditions:
- Areas that offer better working conditions, such as safer workplaces, reasonable working hours, and employee benefits, can be appealing to individuals seeking an improved work-life balance.
5. Industry-specific Opportunities:
- Certain regions may specialize in particular industries, such as technology, finance, or healthcare.
- Individuals with skills and qualifications in these industries may be drawn to areas that offer a high concentration of job opportunities in their field.
Overall, employment opportunities play a significant role as a pull factor, attracting individuals to move to areas that offer better job prospects, economic stability, and career advancement opportunities.
Test: Population- 1 - Question 8

What is the rank of India among the population of different countries of the world?

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 8

Rank of India among the population of different countries of the world:

  • The current population of India is 1,434,554,876 as of Thursday, December 14, 2023, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • India 2023 population is estimated at 1,428,627,663 people at mid year.
  • India population is equivalent to 17.76% of the total world population.
  • India ranks number 1 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in India is 481 per Km2 (1,244 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. miles)
  • 36.3 % of the population is urban (518,239,122 people in 2023)
  • The median age in India is 28.2 years.
Test: Population- 1 - Question 9

Which of the following age group is that of the working-age group?

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 9

The working age population is defined as those aged 15 to 59. The basic indicator for employment is the proportion of the working age population aged 15-59 who are employed. The age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents (people younger than 15 or older than 59) to the working-age population.

Test: Population- 1 - Question 10

NPP stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 10
NPP stands for National Population Policy.
The National Population Policy (NPP) refers to a government's strategy or plan aimed at managing and controlling the population growth and distribution within a country. It is an important policy tool used by governments to address various issues related to population, including fertility rates, mortality rates, migration, and urbanization. The NPP typically includes a set of guidelines, principles, and programs that focus on promoting reproductive health, family planning, gender equality, and sustainable development.
Key features of the National Population Policy:
- Objective: The NPP aims to achieve a balance between population growth and resources, promote social and economic development, and improve the quality of life for the population.
- Family planning: The policy emphasizes the importance of family planning programs to enable individuals and couples to make informed choices about the number and spacing of their children.
- Reproductive health: The NPP focuses on providing access to comprehensive reproductive healthcare services, including maternal and child health, safe childbirth, and prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.
- Gender equality: The policy recognizes the importance of gender equality and empowerment of women in controlling population growth and promoting sustainable development.
- Education and awareness: The NPP emphasizes the need for education and awareness programs to disseminate information about population issues, family planning methods, and reproductive health.
- Sustainable development: The policy emphasizes the integration of population concerns into development plans and policies to ensure the sustainable use of resources and protection of the environment.
Conclusion:
The National Population Policy (NPP) plays a crucial role in shaping a country's population dynamics and addressing various social, economic, and environmental challenges. It serves as a guiding framework for governments to promote sustainable development, reproductive health, and gender equality.
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