15 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Constitutional Design - 2
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It is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system of government. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.
Jaipal Singh Munda, born in a tribal Munda family present day jharkhand. He captained the hockey team to clinch gold in the 1928 summer olympics in Amsterdam. As a member of the Constituent Assembly of India, he campaigned for the rights of the whole tribal community.
The Constitution of India is neither wholly rigid nor wholly flexible. It is partly rigid and partly flexible. It is because of the fact that for the purpose of amendment, our constitution has been divided into three parts:
(i) Certain provisions of the constitution can be amended by a simple majority in Parliament. (Flexible)
(ii) Certain provisions can be amended by a two-third majority in Parliament and ratified by at least fifty percent of the states. (Rigid)
(iii) The remaining provisions can be amended by Parliament by two-third majority. (Rigid)
Republic Day is celebrated annually as it is the anniversary of the day India became an independent republic. Though India's declaration of Independence was signed on 15th August 1947, the constitution which was written for independent India came into the effect on January 26, 1950.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In the parliamentary system the head of state is the de jure leader of the nation, because the leader de facto is the prime minister (the head of government). In the semi-parliamentary system both heads of state and government are the leaders de facto of the nation (in practice the two divide the leadership of the nation among themselves).
Explanation: The correct answer is C: Double citizenship. Here is a detailed explanation of each option: A: Parliamentary form of government: - The Indian Constitution establishes a parliamentary form of government. - The President of India is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. - The Parliament consists of two houses: the Lok Sabha (Lower House) and the Rajya Sabha (Upper House). - The government is formed based on the majority party or coalition in the Lok Sabha. B: Federal form of government: - The Indian Constitution provides for a federal form of government. - It establishes a dual polity, with powers divided between the central government and the state governments. - There are three lists of subjects: Union List, State List, and Concurrent List, which allocate powers to each level of government. - The Constitution also provides for the appointment of Governors in each state to represent the President. C: Double citizenship: - This is not a feature of the Indian Constitution. - Indian citizens do not have dual citizenship. - The Constitution recognizes a single citizenship for all Indian citizens, regardless of their place of birth or residence. D: A written constitution: - The Indian Constitution is a written constitution. - It is one of the lengthiest and most comprehensive constitutions in the world. - It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, and came into effect on January 26, 1950. - The Constitution is the supreme law of the land and provides the framework for the governance of India. In conclusion, the correct option is C: Double citizenship as it is not a feature of the Indian Constitution.
The drafting of the document called the constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. Elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July 1946. Its first meeting was held in December 1946. Soon after, the country was divided into India and Pakistan.
The coloured people in South Africa are a mixed race of people usually half Khoisan and half European. These people were minority and Blacks in South Africa were majority. There was a conflict between these two groups and this led to establishment of democratic government in South Africa.
The Nehru Committee Report of 10 August 1928 was a memorandum outlining a proposed new dominion status for the constitution for India. It was prepared by a committee of the All Parties Conference chaired by Motilal Nehru with his son Jawaharlal Nehru acting as secretary.
The preamble to the Constitution declares India to be a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and a welfare state committed to secure justice, liberty and equality for the people and for promoting fraternity, dignity of the individual and unity and integrity of the nation.
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