Test: Principles Of Management - 2


20 Questions MCQ Test Business Studies (BST) Class 12 | Test: Principles Of Management - 2


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QUESTION: 1

Who is considered as father of ?Scientific Management?

Solution:

F.W Taylor is the father of scientific management. F. W Taylor was born in USA. He was primarily considered about the efficiency of workers and optimum utilisation of resources. Taylor published books and research papers explaining his scientific view on industrial organisation and management. Taylor set out scientific studies and techniques. Taylor was publishing of "shop management", "price rate system ",and" principles of scientific management ".

QUESTION: 2

Who is considered as father of ?General Management??

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

Principles of management cannot be __________

Solution:

It's because like the body of science where every thing has to go through the process of experiment and testing to make it prove that it establish the cause and effect relationship regarding any statement which one is experimenting in laboratory. Unlike the principle used in science,the principle of management couldn't be tested in laboratory because it's a matter of human behaviour and thus also called behavioural science...Any statement can only be given the tag of principle,when it would be tested in the practical life by observing on the humans or any situation as the matter demand so.

QUESTION: 4

Science, not rule of thumb, this principle was given by ____________

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Harmony, Not Discord principle is concerned with ______________

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Which of the following can be tested in the laboratories ?

Solution:

Principles of Management and Principles of Pure Science are different in the following ways:
(i) Principles of management are not as rigid as Principles of pure sciences.
(ii) Principles of management deal with human behaviour and cannot be tested in laboratories like the principles of pure science.
(iii) Principles of management are general guidelines whereas Principles of pure sciences are specific.

QUESTION: 7

Lifetime of Henri Fayol is ______________

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

In management process, the most misinterpreted word is

Solution:

During the organizing process, managers coordinate employees, resources, policies, and procedures to facilitate the goals identified in the plan. Organizing is highly complex and often involves a systematic review of human resources, finances, and priorities.
Organizing is a very broad term, it actually a very complex term and often misinterpreted.

QUESTION: 9

How many principles are given by Henri Fayol?

Solution:

Henri Fayol developed the concept of general theory of administration through 14 principles of management and he was a practitioner explained what must be included as managerial tasks to improve overall administration. Information based on personal experience while working in various managerial positions.

QUESTION: 10

Which of the following is not concerned with the Henry Fayol?

Solution:

Time study is work derived by F.W. Tyler. In this method by using a device to check time, continuous observation is done for the task given. Such observations are then used to either increase or decrease the efficiency the worker.

QUESTION: 11

Unity of direction is concerned with____________

Solution:

Unity of direction and unity of command are quite similar but there is main difference that in unity of command there should be one boss of a employe that can give order to him but in unity of direction there should be one plan that is most important and head can order to that employees that are related to that plan only.

QUESTION: 12

Espirit De Corps means _________________

Solution:

Esprit de Corps This means team spirit. Since "union is strength", the management should create team spirit among the employees. Only when all the personnel pull together as a team, there is scope for realising the objectives of the concern. Harmony and unity among the staff are a great source of strength to the undertaking. To achieve this. Fayol suggested two things. One. the motto of divide and rule should be avoided, and two, verbal communication should be used for removing misunderstandings. Differences grow more bitter when cleared through written communication.

QUESTION: 13

Gang Plank means ____________________

Solution:

Communication through the scalar chain may involve delays when two subordinates or employees at the same level want to exchange ’ information. Thus, Fayol suggested the concept of ‘Gang Plank’ to avoid delays and allow direct communication between two subordinates at the same level. Gang Plank is useful as it helps in making direct contact in case of emergency. This idea of Fayol shows that his principles are flexible and can be modified as per the situation.

QUESTION: 14

Life time of F.W. Taylor is _________________

Solution:

Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency. He was one of the first management consultants. Taylor was one of the intellectual leaders of the Efficiency Movement and his ideas, broadly conceived, were highly influential in the Progressive Era (1890s-1920s). Taylor summed up his efficiency techniques in his 1911 book The Principles of Scientific Management, which in 2001 Fellows of the Academy of Management voted the most influential management book of the twentieth century. His pioneering work in applying engineering principles to the work done on the factory floor was instrumental in the creation and development of the branch of engineering that is now known as industrial engineering. Taylor made his name in, and was most proud of his work in, scientific management; however, he made his fortune patenting steel-process improvements. Taylor was also an athlete who competed nationally in tennis and golf.

QUESTION: 15

Which of the following is not concerned with F.W. Taylor?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Functional foremanship is based on the _______________

Solution:

The technique of scientific management that is the extension of ‘principle of division of work and specialisation’ is ‘Functional Foremanship’. Like Fayols ‘Principle of management and specialisation’, F.W.Taylor felt that it was not possible  to get in one man ‘the combination of brain, education, technical skill and other qualities necessary to handle all the requirements of an operating job’. He advocated functional foremanship to supervise workers. 

QUESTION: 17

Who said, “Management is a multiple purpose organ that manages a business, manages a manager and manages workers and work”?

Solution:

 

QUESTION: 18

Basic aim of Functional Foremanship is _________________

Solution:

Taylor paid importance to division of work in such a way that every person is utilised to hi full potential for this he divided the lower level into two parts
1.The ones who will lay stress on plans prepared by top level...and decide its validity and implementation on ground level
2. The ones who will execute the plans on ground level

QUESTION: 19

The Main objective of motion study is _____________

Solution:

The Managers aims to eliminate unnecessary motions of the workers. Motions refer to sitting bending etc. By identifying those motions which are not required and making a standard set of motions to be performed while completing a task. Therefore motion study refers to refining of motions of labourers.

QUESTION: 20

Which of the following techniques and studies are concerned with F.W.Taylor?

Solution:

The correct option is D.

 FW Taylor conducted a number of experiments in various areas of production.Time study It refers to determining the standard time required to complete a particular activity.

Motion study This is the analysis of physical movements in doing a work.Method study It refers to identify the most suitable way to do a particular activity.Fatigue study Study of the nature of work to determine the standard time for finishing the job and to find out when the workers need rest.

All these techniques and studies are concerned with F.W.Taylor

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