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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 for CUET 2024 is part of CUET Mock Test Series preparation. The Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CUET exam syllabus.The Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 MCQs are made for CUET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 below.
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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 1

_________ villages develop around lakes and tanks.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 1

Circular villages develop around lakes, tanks and sometimes a village is planned in such a way that the central part remains open and is used for keeping the animals to protect them from wild animals.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 2

Which factor contributes to the dense population of Japan's Kobe-Osaka region?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 2

Industrial belts create jobs and attract a large number of people. These include not only factory workers but also bus drivers, shopkeepers, bank employees, doctors, teachers, and other service providers. The Kobe-Osaka region of Japan is densely populated, because of the presence of several industries such as electronics, pharmaceuticals, machinery, devices, chemicals, food, and construction. After Tokyo, this is Japan's most populous region.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 3

Identify the fort towns that arose from the ruins of ancient cities.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 3

Medieval towns are fort towns which came up on the ruins of ancient towns. Important among them are Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Agra and Nagpur.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 4

Which of the following statements about the significance of the Great Indian Plains is/are correct?

(1) With a population of around 65 crores, these plains produce roughly 60% of India's food.
(2) Delhi, India's national capital, is located in the northern plains.
(3) There is immense concentration of rural and urban population.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 4

The importance of the Great Indian Plains:
1) With a population of approximately 65 crores, these plains cultivate approximately 60% of India's food production.
2) These plains incorporate vast political, cultural, and economic powers.
3) Delhi, India's national capital, is located in the northern plains.
4) There is immense concentration of rural and urban people.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 5

Why are the Ganga plains among the world's most densely populated areas, whereas the Himalayan mountain zones are less populated?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 5

People prefer living on flat plains and gentle slopes. This is because such areas are favourable for the production of crops and to build roads and industries. The mountainous and hilly areas hinder the development of transport network and, hence initially do not favour agricultural and industrial development.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 6

Which of the following statements about human development is/are correct?

1. In 1989, the United National Development Programme (UNDP) published its first Human Development Report.
2. The UNDP publishes the World Human Development Report every year.
3. Only human development is defined in the report.
4. UNDP also uses the derived scores to rank all of the world's countries.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 6

First Human Development Report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) was published in 1990. Since then, this organisation has been bringing out World Human Development Report every year. This report does not only define human development, make amendments and changes its indicators but also ranks all the countries of the world based on the calculated scores.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 7

Most of India's foreign trade is carried through __________ .

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 7

Most of India's foreign trade is carried through sea and air routes. However, a small portion is also carried through land route to neighbouring countries like Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 8

Who builds and maintains National Highways?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 8

The main roads which are constructed and maintained by the Central Government are known as the National Highways. These roads are meant for inter-state transport and movement of defence men and material in strategic areas. These also connect the state capitals, major cities, important ports, railway junctions. The National Highways Authority of India was operationalised in 1995. It is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Surface Transport.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 9

Region X has a land area of 100 square kilometres and a population of 1,50,000 people. What is the population density?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 9

Each parcel of land has a finite capacity to support the people who live on it. As a result, it is critical to comprehend the relationship between the number of people and the size of land. This ratio represents population density. It is usually expressed in terms of people per square kilometre.
Population Density = Population/Area
Region X has a land area of 100 square kilometres and a population of 1,50,000 people.
The population density is calculated as follows:
= 1500 people per square kilometre

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 10

The use of land is not determined through

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 10

The use of land is determined through:
Physical factors such as topography, climate, soil types.
Human factors such as population density, technological capability and culture and traditions etc.
Hence, the use of land is not determined through temperature factors.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 11

Which of the following union territories of India has the highest literacy rate according to the 2011 consensus?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 11

Among the union territories, Lakshadweep has the highest literacy rate of 92.3%. The male literacy rate is 96.1%, whereas the female literacy rate is 88.2%.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 12

Which of the following is/are soil conservation technique(s)?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 12

Ploughing along the contour lines decelerates the flow of water down the slopes. This is called contour ploughing.
Terrace cultivation restricts erosion. This type of agriculture practice is done in Western and Central Himalayas.
When a large field is divided into strips and strips of grass are left to grow between the crops, then this breaks up the force of the wind. This method is known as strip cropping.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 13

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

A human settlement derives from the structured landscape of a territory. It takes into consideration spatial allocation of functions while maintaining equilibrium between the needs of the population, the availability and allocation of resources, economic dynamics, the amelioration of living conditions, the provision of services and enhancing transportation networks, as well as recreational spaces. Settlement refers to the physical spaces and environments in which households are sheltered, and how one shelter relates to others. The term is generally used in the context of displaced populations to describe the temporary or sometimes permanent living arrangements of displaced families. In this context, settlements can range from planned camps to dispersed accommodation in host villages/neighbourhoods, collective centres, spontaneous camps, etc. A rural settlement is where displaced populations settle on land outside of cities and towns. The population is often dependent on agricultural and pastoral practices, and has fewer community infrastructure systems than in urban settlements.

Q. Which among the following is not a type of rural settlement?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 13

The term conurbation was coined by Patrick Geddes in 1915 and applied to a large area of urban development that resulted from the merging of originally separate towns or cities. Greater London, Manchester, Chicago and Tokyo are examples.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 14

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

A human settlement derives from the structured landscape of a territory. It takes into consideration spatial allocation of functions while maintaining equilibrium between the needs of the population, the availability and allocation of resources, economic dynamics, the amelioration of living conditions, the provision of services and enhancing transportation networks, as well as recreational spaces. Settlement refers to the physical spaces and environments in which households are sheltered, and how one shelter relates to others. The term is generally used in the context of displaced populations to describe the temporary or sometimes permanent living arrangements of displaced families. In this context, settlements can range from planned camps to dispersed accommodation in host villages/neighbourhoods, collective centres, spontaneous camps, etc. A rural settlement is where displaced populations settle on land outside of cities and towns. The population is often dependent on agricultural and pastoral practices, and has fewer community infrastructure systems than in urban settlements.

Q. An urban agglomeration may consist of three combinations. Out of the given combinations choose the correct ones.
(i) A town and its adjoining urban outgrowths
(ii) A city and its adjoining rural outgrowths
(iii) Two or more contiguous towns with or without their outgrowths
(iv) A city and one or more adjoining towns with their outgrowths together forming a contiguous spread
(v) A metropolitan city and its adjoining urban outgrowths

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 14

Urban agglomeration is a highly developed spatial form of integrated cities. It occurs when the relationships among cities shift from mainly competition to both competition and cooperation. An urban agglomeration may consist of any one of the following three combinations:
(i) A town and its adjoining urban outgrowths
(iii) Two or more contiguous towns with or without their outgrowths
(iv) A city and one or more adjoining towns with their outgrowths together forming a contiguous spread

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 15

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

A human settlement derives from the structured landscape of a territory. It takes into consideration spatial allocation of functions while maintaining equilibrium between the needs of the population, the availability and allocation of resources, economic dynamics, the amelioration of living conditions, the provision of services and enhancing transportation networks, as well as recreational spaces. Settlement refers to the physical spaces and environments in which households are sheltered, and how one shelter relates to others. The term is generally used in the context of displaced populations to describe the temporary or sometimes permanent living arrangements of displaced families. In this context, settlements can range from planned camps to dispersed accommodation in host villages/neighbourhoods, collective centres, spontaneous camps, etc. A rural settlement is where displaced populations settle on land outside of cities and towns. The population is often dependent on agricultural and pastoral practices, and has fewer community infrastructure systems than in urban settlements.
Q. In ______ rural settlement pattern, settlements extend on both sides of a river where there is a bridge or a ferry.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 15

Rural settlements may be classified on the basis of number of geometrical forms and shapes such as linear, rectangular, circular, star-like, T-shaped village, double village, cross-shaped village, etc. Double villages: These villages can be found on both sides of a river where a ferry or bridge connects them.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 16

Which of the following is/are true in the context of the objectives of Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM)?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 16

The Government of India with its flagship programme Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) aims at a pollution-free environment. Its objectives are:

  • Making India open defecation-free and achieving 100 percent scientific management of municipal solid waste, construction of individual household latrines (IHHL), community toilet (CT) seats and public toilet (PT) seats;
  • Making provisions for the supply of clean energy fuel (LPG) to all households in rural India to reduce domestic pollution;
  • Providing potable drinking water to every household to control the spread of water-borne diseases; and
  • Promoting the use of non-convention energy resources, like wind and solar energy.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 17

India lost large ____ growing areas to East Pakistan (Bangladesh) during partition.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 17

Jute is used for making coarse cloth, bags, sacks and decorative items. It is a cash crop in West Bengal and adjoining eastern parts of the country. India lost large jute growing areas to East Pakistan (Bangladesh) during partition. At present, India produces about three-fifths of jute production of the world. West Bengal accounts for about three-fourths of the production in the country. Bihar and Assam are other jute growing areas. Being concentrated only in a few states, this crop accounts for only about 0.5 percent of total cropped area in the country.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 18

Which state has the lowest sex ratio in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 18

Haryana has the lowest sex ratio (877) in Indian states while in union territory Daman Diu has lowest sex ratio of 618. Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1084 in the all Indian states.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 19

Identify the fertile lowland region where commercial grain farming is practised.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 19

Pampas are fertile South American lowlands that cover more than 12,00,000 square kilometres (4,60,000 square miles) and include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, Entre Ríos, and Córdoba; all of Uruguay; and Brazil's southernmost state, Rio Grande do Sul. The region has extremely fertile soil where commercial grain farming is practised.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 20

In which category of cultivation are market gardening and horticulture specialised?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 20

Market gardening and horticulture are specialised in the cultivation of high value crops such as vegetables, fruits and flowers. This type of agriculture is well developed in densely populated industrial areas.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 21

The Ruhr coalfield is located in which country?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 21

The Ruhr Coalfield, Germany 

  • This has been one of the major industrial regions of Europe for a long time.
  • Coal and iron and steel formed the basis of the economy, but as the demand for coal declined, the industry started shrinking.
  • Even after the iron ore was exhausted, the industry remained, using imported ore brought by waterways to the Ruhr.
  • The Ruhr region is responsible for 80 per cent of Germany’s total steel production.
  • This is Germany's most densely populated region.
  • The Ruhr coalfield is one of the world's largest, producing the bulk of Germany's bituminous coal.
  • Hence the correct answer is option C.


 

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 22

The main cause of acid rain is

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 22

The correct answer is- industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels

  • Acid rain means the presence of excessive acids in rainwater.
  • The causes of acid rain are Sulfur and Nitrogen particles which get mixed with the wet components of rain.
  • Sulfur and Nitrogen particles which get mixed with water are found in two ways either man-made as the emissions are given out from industries or by natural causes.
  • Natural causes of acid rain are oxides of sulfur and nitrogen from volcanoes, swamps, and plankton in the oceans.
  • However, most of the acids are produced by human activities like power generation from fossil fuels which produces around 70% of the SO2 produced in the atmosphere. However, this is not a natural source but is an anthropogenic source.

Hence, The main cause of acid rain is industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels​

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 23

Industries which are independent of any specific raw material are called __________?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 23

Footloose industries 

  • Footloose industries can be located in a wide variety of places.
  • They are not dependent on any specific raw material, weight loss or otherwise.
  • Hence the correct answer is option B.
  • They largely depend on component parts which can be obtained anywhere.
  • They produce in small quantities and also employ a small labour force.
  • These are generally not polluting industries.
  • The important factor in their location is accessibility by road network.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 24

What is farming along with animal husbandry called?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 24

The correct answer is Mixed farming

  • Rearing of animals and cultivation of crops together are the chief characteristics of mixed farming and in India, animal rearing is considered an associate business with agricultural activities in rural India.
  • Animal husbandry is an integral component of Indian agriculture, supporting the livelihood of almost 55% of the rural population as India is the highest livestock owner in the world.
  • Cultivation of crops in India is the primary activity, which produces food grains and raw materials for industries as two-thirds of India’s population is engaged in agricultural activities.
  • Mixed farming is a type of farming that involves both the growing of crops and the raising of livestock together.
  • Alternatively, Mixed farming is one of the agricultural methods in which more than one agricultural practices take place on the same agricultural field.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 25

The profitability of mining operations depends on which main factors?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 25

Factors Affecting Mining Activity

  • The profitability of mining operations thus depends on two main factors -
  • Physical factors include the size, grade and mode of occurrence of the deposits.
  • Economic factors such as the demand for the mineral, technology available and used, capital to develop infrastructure and labour and transport costs.
  • Hence the correct answer is option C.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 26

ITDP refers to which one of the following?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 26

The correct answer is Option C.

  • The Integrated Tribal Development Programme was formally launched in 1974 with the Fifth Five Year Plan.
  • The Integrated Tribal Development Projects (ITDP) under Tribal Sub-Plan (TSP) is being implemented since the Fifth Five Year Plan.
  • Objectives: To reduce poverty, improve the educational status and eliminate exploitation of the tribal families.
  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs releases grants to the State Governments for the implementation of the schemes/ programmes for Scheduled Tribes meant for their socio-economic development and protection against exploitation. 
  • This plan laid the highest priority on the development of transport and communications, agriculture and allied activities, and social and community services.
  • The social benefits derived from ITDP include a tremendous increase in literacy rate, improvement in sex ratio and decline in child marriage.
  • The administrative arrangements to execute this program exists in all states like the Integrated Tribal Development Authority and the system of decentralised planning, implementation and monitoring is being implemented.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 27

Land pollution in which land is unsuitable for farming due to high salt content is known as:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 27

The correct answer is Salinization.

  • Salinization is an increase in the total dissolved solids (TDS) as the salt of the aquifer caused by natural or anthropogenic factors.
  • Salinization is a global problem.
    • It tends to be concentrated in the world’s arid and semi-arid regions.
  • Gypsum (calcium sulfate) or lime can be used to help leach salt from the soil.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 28

Which one of the following is not a land-use category?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 28

The correct answer is Marginal land.

Marginal land is land with little to no agricultural or commercial value.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 29

Rural to urban migration brings about the negative impact on urban areas

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 29

Negative impact on urban areas:

  • Automobile exhausts increase pollution and lead level in the air.
  • Intensive urban growth can lead to greater poverty with local governments unable to provide services for all their people.
  • Too much dumping of waste creates multiple health hazards, that increase the rate of illness in that area.
  • Here conditions are unhygienic with poor sanitation, leading to water accumulation and breeding grounds for mosquitoes, houseflies etc in nearby areas.
  • Urban areas' poor drainage system leads to flooding in the lower urban are.
  • Overpopulation leads to a high demand for water which causes water scarcity.
  • Physical barriers to tree growth-promoting loss of urban tree cover.
  • Overpopulation in urban areas leads to the loss of habitat and food sources.
  • In urban areas lack of safety and high crime rate sometimes comes as a negative thing in the environment.
  • Competition for a limited number of jobs (unskilled) occurs between locals and urban migrants.
  • Since most cities in developing countries are unplanned, it creates severe congestion.
  • In urban areas, an increasing proportion of the population lives in substandard housing, e.g. slums and squatter settlements that low the standard of living in those areas.

By increasing the risk of illness and diseases - Negative Impact

Increase in crime rate in urban areas - Negative Impact

Unemployment leads to decrease standards in urban areas - Negative Impact

Thus, All the options are correct.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 30

Consider the following:

1. Poor Infrastructure
2. Inadequate Health and Education
3. Unmetalled Roads
4. Absence of Irrigation

Which of the above are problems faced by Rural Settlements?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 30

Problems of Rural Settlements

  • Rural settlements in the developing countries are large in number and poorly equipped with infrastructure. 
  • They represent a great challenge and opportunity for planners. 
  • Supply of water to rural settlements in developing countries is not adequate. 
  • People in villages, particularly in mountainous and arid areas have to walk long distances to fetch drinking water. 
  • Water borne diseases such as cholera and jaundice tend to be a common problem. 
  • The countries of South Asia face conditions of drought and flood very often. 
  • Crop cultivation sequences, in the absence of irrigation, also suffer. 
  • The general absence of toilet and garbage disposal facilities cause health related problems. 
  • The design and use of building materials of houses vary from one ecological region to another. 
  • The houses made up of mud, wood and thatch, remain susceptible to damage during heavy rains and floods, and require proper maintenance every year. 
  • Most house designs are typically deficient in proper ventilation. 
  • Besides, the design of a house includes the animal shed along with its fodder store within it. 
  • This is purposely done to keep the domestic animals and their food properly protected from wild animals. 
  • Unmetalled roads and lack of modern communication networks creates a unique problem. 
  • During the rainy season, the settlements remain cut off and pose serious difficulties in providing emergency services. 
  • It is also difficult to provide adequate health and educational infrastructure for their large rural population. 
  • The problem is particularly serious where proper villagization has not taken place and houses are scattered over a large area.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 31

An engineered facility for the disposal of municipal solid waste is called:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 31

Sanitary landfills:

  • This is a method of disposal of municipal solid waste.
  • In this method disposal of refuse is being carried out over the low lying area in the layers of approximately 1.5 m thick.
  • Each layer after being disposed is properly compacted and left for at least 7 days before the application of another layer over it.
  • This entire process is biological in approach.
  • For optimum decomposition moisture content of the refuse must be greater than 60%.
  • This entire process completed within 2-12 months after which the height of the landfill is reduced by 25-40%.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 32

Which one of the following is not the part of the definition of a town as per the census of India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 32

The correct answer is the More than 75% of the population engaged in the primary sector.

  • A Census Town is an area with urban characteristics like
    • A minimum population of 5,000
    • At least 75% of the male main working force engaged in non-agricultural activities
    • Population density of at least 400 persons per km2
  • As per the 2011 Census, there are 3,784 Census Towns against 1,362 in 2001.
  • A Statutory Town is one with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board, or notified town area committee.
  • As per the 2011 Census, there are 4,041 such towns as against 3,799 in 2001.
  • Conversion of Census towns into statutory ULBs entitles states to Central assistance as per the guidelines of the 14th Finance Commission.
  • Under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), 50% weightage is given to the number of statutory towns in any State/UT in the allocation of funds among States/UTs.
  • The state with the highest number of census towns in West Bengal with 780 towns.
  • Mizoram has no census towns.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 33

What is known as Hariyali guidelines ?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 33

The correct answer is Entrusting entire responsibility for the implementation of watershed projects to Panchayats.

  • The Hariyali Guidelines (HGs) aimed at empowering panchayats, especially the gram panchayats.
  • Under this new initiative, all watershed development activities would be implemented through the panchayats by providing them with necessary.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 34

______ causes extensive soil erosion.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 34

The correct answer is excessive grazing.

  • Excessive grazing causes extensive soil erosion.
  • Soil Erosion is the process that erodes, breaks or gradually diminishes things down.
  • The process of erosion usually takes place on the surface of soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth’s crust and with the help of the wind or water flow, it gets to settle down at another location.
  • Flowing water, rainwater, and wind are the prime agents which cause a significant amount of soil loss each year.
  • Too much soil erosion causes serious loss of topsoil and also reduces crop production potential, lower surface water quality, and damaged drainage networks.
     
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 35

Which of the following is/are the benefits of Contour Bunding?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 35

All the statements mentioned in given options are the benefits of Contour Bunding.

  • It maintains soil fertility and reduces soil erosion.
  • It is used in both cultivated and uncultivated land.
  • It conserves the upper layer of soil and improves crop production.
  • It promotes the absorption of water by soil and prevents soil from erosion.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 36

The Channel Tunnel is the name of an undersea tunnel connecting ________.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 36

The correct answer is option A, i.e. France and England.

  • The Channel Tunnel is an undersea tunnel linking southern England and northern France.
  • It is operated by the company Eurotunnel, who also runs a railway shuttle between Folkestone and Calais, carrying passengers in cars, vans and other vehicles.
  • The Channel is actually comprised of three tunnels: two rail tunnels, used for freight and passenger trains, and a service tunnel.
  • The idea of a tunnel under the Channel was first proposed in 1802 but construction wasn't started until 1988. It was completed in 1993.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 37

What are the difficulties faced by people living in slums?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 37

Concept:

  • A slum is a part of a city or a town where many poor people live.
  • It is a place where people may not have basic needs. 
  • There are slums in most of the big cities of the world. 

Explanation:

  • Shelter is a major problem in big cities like Delhi.
  • People from villages and towns come to big cities like Delhi in search of work.
  • These people often settle in the city.
  • There are a large number of people living here and the space is less.
  • Many people do not have houses at all.
  • They have to live in slums – and many people do not have that either.
  • People sleep wherever they find a place – on the road, on the footpath, at the station.
  • Characteristics of a Slum are:
    • overcrowded homes
    • limited or no access to basic services
    • poor house condition 
    • lack of privacy

Thus, the difficulties faced by people living in slums is lack of space, people don't get the essential facility and lack of privacy.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 38

What is a carbon footprint?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 38

The correct answer is Option C.

  • Carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere as a result of the activities of a particular individual, organization, or community.
  • It is usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 39

The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) project covers how many states/UT?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 39

The correct answer is option 2 i.e Six

  • The Delhi–Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project (DMIC) is a planned industrial development project between India's capital, Delhi, and its financial hub, Mumbai.
  • An MOU was signed in December 2006 between Vice Minister, Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI) of Government of Japan and Secretary, Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP).
  • DCIM passing through the SIX States -
    • NCR of Delhi,
    • Haryana
    • Rajasthan 
    • Gujarat 
    • Maharashtra
    • Madhya Pradesh
  • DCIM end terminals at Dadri in the National Capital Region of Delhi and Jawaharlal Nehru Port near Mumbai.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 40

Geothermal energy is :

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 40

Geothermal energy is the heat that comes from the sub-surface of the earth. It is contained in the rocks and fluids beneath the earth’s crust and can be found as far down to the earth’s hot molten rock, magma.

  • To produce power from geothermal energy, wells are dug a mile deep into underground reservoirs to access the steam and hot water there, which can then be used to drive turbines connected to electricity generators.

Advantages and Disadvantages

  • There are many advantages of geothermal energy. It can be extracted without burning a fossil fuel such as coal, gas, or oil. Geothermal fields produce only about one-sixth of the carbon dioxide that a relatively clean natural-gas-fueled power plant produces.
  • Unlike solar and wind energy, geothermal energy is always available, 365 days a year. It’s also relatively inexpensive; savings from direct use can be as much as 80 per cent over fossil fuels.
  • But it has some environmental problems. The main concern is the release of hydrogen sulfide, a gas that smells like rotten egg at low concentrations. Another concern is the disposal of some geothermal fluids, which may contain low levels of toxic materials. Although geothermal sites are capable of providing heat for many decades, eventually specific locations may cool down.
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