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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 for CUET 2024 is part of CUET Mock Test Series preparation. The Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CUET exam syllabus.The Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 MCQs are made for CUET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 below.
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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 1

Arun is interested in that aspect of human geography which studies each unit of Earth thoroughly to understand the entire planet.

Q. Which stage of the evolution of human geography is this?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 1

Arun is interested in that aspect of human geography which studies each unit of Earth thoroughly to understand the entire planet.
It was followed in Later Colonial period. Elaborate description of all aspects of a region were undertaken. The idea was that all the regions were part of a whole, i.e. Earth; so, understanding the parts in totality would lead to an understanding of the whole.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 2

Which of the following are the example(s) of human resource development?

P. Education loans
Q. Home loans
R. Computer training workshops
S. Cooking classes

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 2

Human resource development is the integrated use of training, organisation, and career development efforts to improve individual, group, and organisational effectiveness. 'R' and 'S' are the activities aimed at improving the skill level of an individual, such that the individual will be able to perform better at the workplace as a result of this training and these workshops. 'P' is incorrect as it itself is not a human development activity. Although the purpose for education loan is obtaining education, only education would be regarded as a human development activity. 'Q' is not a human resource development activity.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 3

Order the following states in ascending order of their population.

Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Assam

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 3

According to latest population based ranking of the states, Haryana had the lowest population of 2.77 crore among all of the other states mentioned, followed by Punjab with a population of 2.8 crore. Kerala is ranked third with a population of 3.48 crore people. With a population of 3.65 crore people, Assam is ranked fourth and Uttar Pradesh with a population of 23.50 crore is the most populous of the five states and hence, ranks fifth.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 4

Which of the following tribes practices 'Transhumance'?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 4

The Bakarwal community was listed as a 'Scheduled Tribe' along with the Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir in 1991. As sheep and goat rearing transhumants, the Bakarwals alternate between high and low altitudes, based on the seasons, in the hills of the Himalayas. This is why the Bakarwals, as a singular tribe, are stretched from the hills of the Hindu Kush in Nuristan to the hills of the Himalayas in Uttarakhand.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 5

There are two statements given below, marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option.

Assertion (A): India's Green Revolution is an example of how the productivity of scarce land resources can be increased with improved production technology.
Reason (R): Because of the Green Revolution, farmers produced far larger quantities of food grains than was possible earlier, on the same piece of land.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 5

The Green Revolution in the late 1960s introduced the Indian farmer to cultivation of wheat and rice using high yielding varieties (HYVs) of seeds, mechanised farm tools, irrigation facilities, pesticides and fertilisers. Compared to the traditional seeds, the HYV seeds promised to produce much greater amounts of grain on a single plant. As a result, the same piece of land would now produce far larger quantities of foodgrains than was possible earlier.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 6

Which of the following companies can be categorized under the 'electronics' industry?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 6

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Hyderabad, is an Indian government owned engineering and manufacturing enterprise based in New Delhi, India. It is under the ownership of Ministry of Heavy Industries, Government of India. Established in 1956, BHEL is India's largest power generation equipment manufacturer.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 7

Traditional ________ in rural areas is done by using surface storage bodies like lakes, ponds and irrigation tanks.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 7

Rainwater harvesting has been practised through various methods by different communities in the country for a long time. Traditional rainwater harvesting in rural areas is done by using surface storage bodies, like lakes, ponds, irrigation tanks, etc.
In Rajasthan, rainwater harvesting structures locally known as kunds or tankas (covered underground tanks) are constructed near or in the house or a village to store harvested rainwater.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 8

Which legume crop(s) increase(s) the natural fertility of soils through nitrogen fixation?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 8

Pulses are a very important ingredient of vegetarian food as these are rich sources of proteins. Pulses are legume crops which increase the natural fertility of soils through nitrogen fixation. India is a leading producer of pulses in the world. The cultivation of pulses in the country is largely concentrated in the dry lands of Deccan and central plateaus and north-western parts of the country.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 9

Why do we need to use our resources carefully?

I. Because our needs are increasing
II. Because all resources are not unlimited
III. Because the human population is increasing rapidly
IV. Because we need to make these resources last for use by future generations

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 9

We need to use our resources carefully so that they cannot be get wasted by us and can be saved for use in our future. We must not forget that we borrowed resources from future generations and not inherited from past generation. Natural resources which are present in a limited amount in nature are called non-renewable sources. Also, population is increasing; hence, consumption of resources is also increasing.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 10

Who among the following wrote the collection of essays known as 'Small Is Beautiful'?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 10

"Small Is Beautiful: A Study of Economics As If People Mattered" is a collection of essays published in 1973 by E. F. Schumacher.
Ernst Friedrich Schumacher CBE was a German-British statistician and economist who was best known for his proposals for human-scale, decentralised and appropriate technologies.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 11

What was the United States' estimated population during the Great Depression in 1930?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 11

Between 1929 and 1939, the Great Depression was a devastating global economic depression that began with a large drop in stock values in the United States. The economic contagion began on September 4, 1929, and was widely publicised on Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929, when the stock market crashed. The population of the United States was estimated to be 12,27,75,046 according to the 1930 United States Census. Around 40% of the population was under the age of 20. Suicide rates rose, although life expectancy rose from 57 years in 1929 to 63 years in 1933.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 12

In which year was the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre established?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 12

The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre is India's premier nuclear research facility, headquartered in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra. It was founded by Homi Jehangir Bhabha Atomic Energy Establishment, Trombay in January 1954 as a multidisciplinary research programme essential for India's nuclear programme.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 13

According to whom, among the following, is human geography the study of changing relationship between the unresting man and the unstable earth?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 13

Human geography studies the inter-relationship between the physical environment and socio-cultural environment created by the human beings through mutual interaction with each other. According to Ellen Churchill Semple, 'Human Geography' is a study of changing relationship between the unresting man and the unstable earth. Ellen Churchill Semple was an American geographer and the first female President of the Association of American Geographers.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 14

Which of the following coarse cereals yields the most in the south and the least in the centre?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 14

Maize is a food as well as fodder crop grown under semi-arid climatic conditions and over inferior soils. Yield level of maize is higher than other coarse cereals. It is high in southern states and declines towards central parts. It is sown all over India except Punjab and eastern and north-eastern regions. The leading producers of maize are the states of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 15

Which of the following is not true regarding the 'iron and steel' industry in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 15

Finished steel imports during 2021-22 fell by 2 percent, to 4.7 mt, with highest volume coming from South Korea at 2 mt, followed by China and Japan at 832,600 tonnes and 664,200 tonnes respectively. This shows that India does import's steel.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 16

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 16

The Gas Authority of India Limited was set up in 1984 as a public sector undertaking to transport and market natural gas. Natural gas is obtained along with oil in all the oilfields. The Natural Gas Commission was set up in 1956. Till then, Digboi in Assam was the only oil producing region, but the scenario changed after 1956.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 17

Which of the following is/are considered cultural town(s)?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 17

Places of pilgrimage, such as Jerusalem, Mecca, Jagannath Puri, etc. are considered cultural towns. These urban centres are of great religious importance. They are called art towns which are recognised for having art as a central feature to their cultural identity. Arts towns generate a good portion of their economy, their existence, and their tourism from establishing a culture of the arts.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 18

Which of the following explains 'conurbation'?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 18

The term 'conurbation' was coined by Patrick Geddes in 1915 and applied to a large area of urban development that resulted from the merging of originally separate towns or cities. Greater London, Manchester, Chicago, and Tokyo are the examples. Some Indian examples of conurbations are Mumbai Metropolitan Region; it comprises seven corporations and 15 municipal councils. Delhi NCR region comprises Delhi with the surrounding districts of Haryana, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 19

Directions: Answer the following question based on the passage given below:

There are four major sources of surface water. These are rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc. Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers specially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low.

Q. The water available in lagoons and lakes in states like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal is generally used for:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 19

India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 20

Directions: Answer the following question based on the passage given below:

There are four major sources of surface water. These are rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc. Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers specially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low.

Q. What is the reason behind the high concentration of pollutants in rivers?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 20

The waste water which is discharged from the sewage treatment plants has a higher temperature than the temperature of the river. In summers, the surrounding temperature is already higher and the release of this hot water further accelerates the pollution of water bodies. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when the flow of water is low.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 21

Which age structure is important for demographic dividend?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 21

The correct answer is 'option D'

  • Demographic dividend, iss defined by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
  • It is "the economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older)".
  • Therefore, as per the definition the age group 0-14 and 60+ will help in the calculation of the demographic dividend.
  • Once we know these two numbers, it is easy to calculate the remaining population digits and hence the demographic dividend. 

Therefore, the correct answer is '0-14 and 60 and above'

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 22

The concept of sustainable development is related to

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 22

Sustainable Development (SD) is “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”.

  • The concept of “sustainable development” came into general usage after the Brundtland Commission Report (1987), formally called the Report of the World Commission on Environment aid Development (WCED).
  • This concept of sustainable development aims to maintain economic advancement and progress while protecting the long-term value of the environment.
  • The United Nations 2005 World Summit outcome document refers to economic development, social development, and environmental protection as the 'interdependent and mutually reinforcing pillars of sustainable development.
  • SD enables the present generation to use natural resources judiciously so that their availability is ensured for future generations too.
  • This involves the conservation of biodiversity resources, attaining atmospheric balance, the productivity of soil as well as other systems of the natural environment.
  • Development can be socially sustainable when it achieves social justice via equitable resource allocation, eradicates poverty, and provides social services such as education, health, etc., to all members of the society, especially the neediest ones.
  • Sustainability is a broad term that describes managing resources without depleting them for future generations.
  • Sustainable development describes the processes for improving long-term economic well-being and quality of life without compromising future generations' ability to meet their needs.

Hence, from the above-mentioned points, it becomes clear that the concept of sustainable development is related to the conservation of resources.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 23

Which one of the following continents has the highest growth of population?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 23
  • Africa has the highest population growth rate as all three subregions growing over 2% are in Africa.
  • Middle Africa is the only subregion growing over 3% followed by Western Africa and Eastern Africa growing over 2%.
  • The population growth rate of Africa (2.49%) is almost double of the growth rate of second fastest growing continent Oceania (1.31%).
  • Except for Africa and Oceania, the remaining four continents have growth rates below 1%.
  • The Populations of Asia (0.86%), South America (0.83%) and North America (0.77%) are increasing at a similar rate.
  • Eleven subregions have growth rates above 1%. Europe is the only continent with a modest growth rate of 0.06% as the lowest three ranked subregions are located in Europe. Southern Europe and Eastern Europe have negative growth rates.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 24

Regur soil is most widespread in

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 24

The correct answer is Maharashtra.

The parent material for most of the black soil is the volcanic rocks that were formed in the Deccan Plateau. Due to extrusive volcanic topography, in most of the areas, the soil is black coloured and hard. 

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 25

Which of the following statement is/are correct points about the nature of human geography ?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 25

Nature of Human Geography

  • The people begin to understand their environment and the forces of nature with the passage of time.
  • With social and cultural development, humans develop better and more efficient technology. 
  • They create possibilities with the resources obtained from the environment. Human activities create a cultural landscape.
  • The imprints of human activities are created everywhere; health resorts on highlands, huge urban sprawls, fields, orchards, and pastures in plains and rolling hills, ports on the coasts, oceanic routes on the oceanic surface, and satellites in the space.
  • The earlier scholars termed this as possibilism. Nature provides opportunities and human beings make use of these and slowly nature gets humanized and starts bearing the imprints of human endeavor.
  • Human geography studies the inter relationship between the physical environment and socio-cultural environment created by man. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Elements of physical environment are land, water, soil, climate, vegetation, fauna. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Elements of cultural environment are transport and communication, settlements, crops. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 26

Which of the following type of farming is very useful for export business?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 26

The Correct Answer is Plantation Farming. 

  • Plantation farming is tree or bush farming which had been introduced by the British around the 19th century.
  • It mostly refers to single crop orchards or crops such as tea, rubber, spice crops, coconut, coffee, lime, oranges, apples, etc.
  • Plantation farming is very useful for export business.
  • Plantation agriculture is mostly confined to the tropical climate.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 27

Which one of the following methods is used to take out minerals lying near the surface of the earth?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 27
  • ​Quarrying is the process of removing rock, sand, gravel, or minerals from the ground in order to use them to produce materials for construction or other uses.
  • Minerals that lie near the surface are simply dugout, by the process known as quarrying

The correct answer is Quarrying.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 28

Which one of the following states receives maximum number of immigrants?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 28

The correct answer is Maharashtra.

  • Maharashtra with 2.3 Million (23 lakh) net in-migrants receives the maximum number of immigrants followed by Delhi, Gujarat, and Haryana. Hence, Option 2 is correct.
  • Uttar Pradesh and Bihar were the states, which had the largest number of net out-migrants among all the states.
  • According to the 2011 Census, the number of internal migrants rose to 453.6 million.
  • According to the International Migrant Stock 2019 report (released by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs), India with 5 million international migrants has emerged as the top source of international migrants, constituting 6.4% of the world’s total migrant population.
  • The cities of Mumbai, Delhi, and Kolkata are the largest destinations for internal migrants in India.
  • Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are the biggest source states, followed closely by Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, and Rajasthan.
  • The major destination states are Maharashtra, UP, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala.
  • The number of internal migrants in India was 450 million as per the most recent 2011 census. This is an increase of 45% over the 309 million recorded in 2001. 
  • Internal migrants as a percentage of the population increased from 30% in 2001 to 37% in 2011.
  • When a person is enumerated in the census at a different place than his / her place of birth, she/he is considered a migrant.
  • Female Migration: Out of the total internal migrants, 7 percent are women (Census of India 2001) and marriage is one of the major reasons for female migration in both the rural and urban areas.
  • Male Migration: Migration for employment-related reasons is one of the prominent reasons for male migration in both rural and urban areas.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 29

What is the child sex ratio?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 29

The correct answer is Number of females per thousand males in the age group 0-6.

The child sex ratio is the number of females per thousand males in the age group 0-6.

  • The age-specific sex ratios in India started to be computed in 1961.
  • The child sex ratio in 2011 is decreased by 13 points.
  • The child sex ratio of India is 919 in the census 2011.
  • Haryana is the worst state with an incredibly low child sex ratio of 793.
  • The highest child sex ratio of 972 is found in Arunachal Pradesh.

The sex ratio is an important indicator of gender balance in the population.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 30

The Trans continental Stuart Highway runs between

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 30

The correct answer is Darwin and Melbourne.

  • Trans continental stuart highway connects Darwin (North Coast) and Melbourne via Tennant creak and Alice springs in Australia.
  • It is longest national highway in the world with total length of 14,500 km.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 31

In the 19th century, which of the tribal groups mainly herded goats?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 31

Tribal society is a society with the social organisation of a tribe. its types: hunting and gathering society, hunting and gathering tribe. group that supports itself by hunting and fishing and by gathering wild fruits and vegetables; usually nomadic. type of: society.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 32

Which of the following states of India has the largest share of Wastelands in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 32

The correct answer is Rajasthan.

  • Rajasthan has the largest share of wastelands in India.
  • Wastelands are defined as a barren land that is not suitable for agricultural purposes.
  • Other states with a high percentage of wastelands are Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 33

The ground water of arid region is generally ______ in nature.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 33

The correct answer is saline.

  • Salinity in arid zones is a consequence of the dry climate and the extensive irrigation practices in agriculture.
  • Salts, accumulated in the soil profile after evaporation of the water phase, are leached down by fresh irrigation water applied on the soil surface.
  • This results in a continuous increase in groundwater salinity and deterioration of its quality.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 34

Maize crop is grown during

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 34

The correct answer is Kharif Season.

Seasonally we can classify the crops into three broad types, Rabi, Kharif, and Zaid.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 35

What is the Golden Quadrilateral?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 35

There are several highway projects initiated in India. The Golden Quadrilateral project is the most important of them.

Golden Quadrilateral:

  • In 1999, then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee laid the foundation stone for the GoldenQuadrilateral (GQ) Highway project.
  • The Golden Quadrilateral is the longest road project in India and the fifth-longest highway in the world.
  • It connects four major cities: Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata.
  • The GQ project is managed by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) under the Ministry of Road, Transport, and Highways.
  • The Golden Quadrilateral constitutes only the national highways of the country and not state highways and rural-urban roadways. 
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 36

Which one of the following is the first urban settlement in the world to reach a population size of one million (million-plus city)?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 36

The correct answer is London.

  • Rapid urban growth is a recent phenomenon.
  • Until recent times, few settlements reached the population size of more than a few thousand inhabitants.
  • The first urban settlement to reach a population of one million was the city of London by around. A.D. 1810 By 1982 approximately 175 cities in the world had crossed the one million population mark. Hence, Option 1 is correct.
  • Presently 48 percent of the world’s population lives in urban settlements compared to only 3 percent in the year 1800.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 37

Which among the following is the largest mechanized mine in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 37

The correct answer is Bailadila mine.

Bailadila mine:

  • Bailadila-14 mine is the first large-scale open cast mechanized iron ore mine in India for which a detailed project report was prepared by National Mineral Development Corporation(NMDC).
  • The mine has the distinction of having a unique down-the-hill conveyor system passing through a tunnel to transport iron ore from the crushing plant to the processing plant.
  • Longest conveyor system in mining in India with a single downhill conveyor of 2.5 km length passing through a 2.2 km long tunnel with a gradient of 50 which is driven from both ends through difficult terrain and strata.
  • The new mines are initially targeting 15 Million Tonnes Per Annum(Mtpa), Run-of-mine(ROM).
  • National Mineral Development Corporation(NMDC) is in the process of getting regulatory approvals for operating these mines.
  • NMDC's mining lease for Bailadila was recently auctioned and NMDC was successful in retaining their right to mine with deposits so we do not expect any disruption to Bailadila's production in 2020.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 38

Which of the following is an example of Human Resources?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 38

The term human resources refer to the size of the population of a country along with its efficiency, educational qualities, productivity, organizational abilities, and farsightedness.

  • It is the ultimate resource, but not distributed equally, over the world.
  • Human Resources differ in their educational levels, age, and sex.
  • Their numbers and characteristics also keep changing. 
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 39

The most densely populated region in India is :

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 39

Distribution of Population

  • India has a highly uneven pattern of population distribution. The percentage shares of population of the states and Union Territories in the country show that Uttar Pradesh has the highest population followed by Maharashtra, Bihar and West Bengal.
  • U.P., Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh along with Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Gujarat, together account for about 76 per cent of the total population of the country.
  • On the other hand, share of population is very small in the states like Jammu & Kashmir (1.04%), Arunachal Pradesh (0.11%) and Uttarakhand (0.84%) inspite of theses states having fairly large geographical area.
  • Another reason is landform structure. Northern Region are, generally, not more than 200 metres above mean sea level.
  • Most of the plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries. The rivers flow down the slopes of mountains and erode them. T
  • Generally, plains are very fertile. Construction of transport network is easy. Thus, these plains are very thickly-populated regions of the world.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 40

Which of the following sector helps to develop other sectors?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 7 - Question 40

The correct answer is the Tertiary sector.

The tertiary sector activities help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors.

  • These activities, by themselves, do not produce good but they are an aid or support for the production process.
  • For example, goods that are produced in the primary or secondary sector would need to be transported by trucks or trains and then sold in wholesale and retail shops.
  • At times, it may be necessary to store these in godowns. We also may need to talk to others over the telephone or send letters (communication) or borrow money from banks (banking) to help production and trade.
  • Transport, storage, communication, banking, trade are some examples of tertiary activities.
  • Since these activities generate services rather than goods, the tertiary sector is also called the service sector. 
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