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Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

Which organisation came into existence in April 1949?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states, of which 28 are in Europe and the other 2 in North America. On 4th April, 1949.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 2

Directions: Read the passage given below and answer the following question.

The Cold War was not simply a matter of power rivalries, military alliances and of balance of power. These were accompanied by a real ideological conflict as well, a difference over the best and most appropriate way of organising political, economic and social life all over the world.

Which of the following military pacts was/were signed by both superpowers (the USA and the USSR) to balance the power rivalries?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 2

The US and the USSR decided to collaborate in limiting or eliminating certain kinds of nuclear and non-nuclear weapons. A stable balance of weapon, they decided, could be maintained through 'arms control'. Starting in the 1960s, the two sides signed significant agreements, namely, Limited Test Ban Treaty, Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, and Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

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Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 3

The island country that received both diplomatic and financial aid from the Soviet Union was

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 3

With Cuba's proximity to the United States, Castro and his regime became an important Cold War ally for the Soviets. The relationship was for the most part economic, with the Soviet Union providing military, economic, and political assistance to Cuba

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

Assertion (A): The Anti-arrack Movement demanded prohibition on the sale of arrack.
Reason (R): The main aim of the Anti-arrack Movement was to unite the Dalits.

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

The Anti-arrack Movement was started in Andhra Pradesh and demanded prohibition on the sale of arrack (alcohol). 'Dalit Panthers' was the organisation with the aim to unite the Dalits and to bring them into their fold.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

When USSR placed nuclear missiles in Cuba?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a one-month, four-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

Which of the following factors contributed to the government's conflict with the Judiciary during the 1974 riots?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

During the 1974 riots, the government had many differences with the judiciary. Three constitutional issues had emerged. Firstly, can the Parliament abridge fundamental rights? The Supreme Court said it cannot. Secondly, can the Parliament curtail the right to property by making an amendment? Again, the Court said that Parliament cannot amend the Constitution in such a manner that rights are curtailed. Thirdly, the Parliament amended the Constitution saying that it can abridge fundamental rights for giving effect to Directive Principles, but the Supreme Court rejected this provision also. This led to a crisis as far as the relations between the government and the judiciary were concerned. This crisis culminated in the famous Kesavananda Bharati Case. In this case, the Court gave a decision that there are some basic features of the Constitution and the Parliament cannot amend these features.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 7

The person that opposed neo-colonialism was

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 7

Kwame Nkrumah was a Ghanaian politician, political theorist, and revolutionary. He was the first Prime Minister and President of Ghana, having led the Gold Coast to independence from Britain in 1957.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

Who agitated against the rule of Maharaja Hari Singh and urged self-rule for Kashmir?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

Before 1947, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) was a princely state. Its Hindu ruler, Hari Singh, did not want to merge with India and tried to negotiate with India and Pakistan to have an independent status for his state. The Pakistani leaders thought the Kashmir region 'belonged' to Pakistan, since majority population of the state was Muslim, but this was not how the people themselves saw it – they thought of themselves as Kashmiris above all. Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah of the National Conference led a popular movement in the state to get rid of the Maharaja. He agitated against the rule of Maharaja Hari Singh and urged self-rule for Kashmir. He became the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir following the 1974 Indira-Sheikh accord and remained in the top slot till his death on 8 September 1982.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

Bolshevik Communist party was founded by

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as the first and founding head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 10

What is the full form of OEEC?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 10

The Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) came into being on 16 April, 1948. The organisation was created to allocate and distribute Marshall Plan aid and to plan for and effect a European Recovery Programme (ERP) for the countries of Western Europe.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

Russia took over the U.S.S.R. seat in the U.N. in:

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

The Russian Federation succeeded the Soviet Union's seat, including its permanent membership on the Security Council in the United Nations after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, which originally co-founded the UN in 1945. 

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 12

Which of the following challenges were faced by India between 1964 and 1966 during the prime ministership of Lal Bahadur Shastri?

A. Economic crisis due to Indo-China War 1962 and Indo-Pak War 1965
B. Growing unemployment and the overall poor economic condition in the country
C. Failed monsoons, drought, and serious food crisis

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 12

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the country's prime minister from 1964 to 1966. During Shastri's brief prime ministership, the country faced two major challenges. While India was still recovering from the economic implications of the war with China, failed monsoons, drought and serious food crisis presented a grave challenge.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 13

Which of the following is not a balkan republic?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 13

The Balkans was a region of great geographical and ethnic variation in Europe.

  • It comprised modern-day Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia, and Montenegro.
  • The natives of the Balkans were known as Slavs. 

​Thus, we can say that Italy is not a part of the 'Balkan region'

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 14

The factors responsible for the common property resources to dwindle in size, quality, and availability to the poor include:

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 14

A combination of factors, including privatisation (transfer of ownership, property or business from the government to the private sector), agricultural intensification (unrestrained farming practices), population growth (both rural and urban), and ecosystem degradation (water and soil pollution) have caused common property to dwindle in size, quality, and availability to the poor in much of the world.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 15

The Chechens are

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 15

The vast majority of Chechens today are Muslims[23] and live in Chechnya, a republic of Russia.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 16

Assertion: The elections of 1967 brought in the phenomenon of coalitions.
Reason: No single party got majority in the elections of 1967.

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 16

The result of the elections of 1967 jolted the Congress at both national and state levels. Many contemporary political observers described the election results as a 'political earthquake'. The elections of 1967 brought into picture the phenomenon of coalitions. Since no single party had got majority, various non-Congress parties came together to form joint legislative parties that supported non-Congress parties.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 17

The US Hegemony began in

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 17

The US hegemony began in 1991 after Soviet power disappeared from the international
scene. The disintegration of the Soviet Union led to the rise of a Unipolar world.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 18

Who among the following led the 'Operation Desert Storm' against the Iraqi forces?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 18

'Operation Desert Storm' was an armed campaign waged by a United States-led coalition of 35 countries against Iraq in response to the Iraqi invasion and annexation of Kuwait. An American general, Norman Schwarzkopf, led the US coalition and nearly 75 per cent of the coalition forces were from the US.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 19

Which one of the following statements related to the Iraq invasion by the US is incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 19

The UN would never give a consent for war instead it warned Iraq for consequences if it invaded Kuwait.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 20

BJP commenced a rath yatra to garner support in the Babri Masjid case. The procession went from

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 20

The Ram Rath Yatra was a political and religious rally that lasted from September to October 1990. It was organised by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its Hindu nationalist affiliates, and led by the then-president of the BJP, L. K. Advani. The purpose of the yatra was to generate public support to erect a temple to the Hindu deity Rama on the site of the Babri Masjid. The BJP announced a rath yatra, or "chariot journey" across the country to Ayodhya. The yatra began in Somnath on 25 September, 1990, and passed through hundreds of villages and cities. The yatra caused an outpouring of both religious and militant sentiments among Hindus, and became one of India's biggest mass movements.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 21

Which two ideologies were involved in a conflict during the Cold War era?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 21

During the Cold War, the United States was based upon capitalism and democracy while the Soviet Union was based upon communism and dictatorship.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

What was the original name of the Dalmiapuram Railway Station, the reinstatement of which was part of DMK's (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) agenda?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

The Kallakudi demonstration was organised by the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) on 15 July, 1953 in Kallakudi in the erstwhile Tiruchirappalli district against naming the place as Dalmiapuram.
Ramakrishna Dalmia, a businessman from Bihar, established a cement factory in Kallakudi and the place was renamed Dalmiapuram on his request. DMK opposed the move as a suppression of South Indians by North India. It was the first notable demonstration by M. Karunanidhi. His protest at Kallakudi, in Trichy, to change the name of the railway station from Dalmiapuram to Kallakudi became a turning point in his political career.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

The Western Alliance was headed by

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

The western alliance, headed by the US, represented the ideology of liberal democracy and capitalism while the eastern alliance, headed by the Soviet Union, was committed to the ideology of socialism and communism.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

Which of the following statements is true with regard to the Anti-ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

Arms control regulates the acquisition or development of weapons. The Anti-ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty in 1972 tried to stop the United States and the Soviet Union from using ballistic missiles as a defensive shield to launch a nuclear attack. While it allowed both countries to deploy a very limited number of defensive systems, it stopped them from large-scale production of those systems.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

The event that took place in 1961 was

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989 as well as encircling and separating West Berlin from East German territory. Construction of the wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic on 13 August 1961.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

Who among the following oversaw the relief operation in Bangladesh undertaken by the United Nations?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

Kurt Waldheim was appointed Secretary-General of the United Nations for a five-year term beginning on 1 January, 1972. In February 1973, during an official trip to the subcontinent, the Secretary-General discussed with the governments of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh the problems created by the war between India and Pakistan and ways and means to overcome its consequences. He also inspected the United Nations Relief Operation in Bangladesh, the largest relief operation ever undertaken under the auspices of the United Nations.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

After the second World War, the world was divided into the blocks of

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

The aftermath of World War II was the beginning of a new era for all countries involved, defined by the decline of all European colonial empires and simultaneous rise of two superpowers; the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US). Allies during World War II, the US and the USSR became competitors on the world stage and engaged in the Cold War, so called because it never resulted in overt, declared total war between the two powers but was instead characterized by espionage, political subversion and proxy wars. 

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

How many international development goals were part of the UN's Millennium Development Goals?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were eight international development goals for the year 2015 that had been established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. These were based on the OECD DAC International Development Goals agreed by Development Ministers in the "Shaping the 21st Century Strategy". The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) succeeded the MDGs in 2016.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

Which was the first Soviet Republic to declare its independence from Soviet Russia?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

Lithuania was the first republic to declare independence from the Soviet Union by the Act of March 11, 1990 with its Baltic neighbours and the Southern Caucasus republic of Georgia joining it in a course of two months.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

Which of the following statements regarding the Akali Dal during the 1960s and 1970s is/are true?

Statement I: The Akalis formed a coalition government in Punjab twice.
Statement II: The Sikh community was unified under the Akali rule.

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

After the reorganisation, the Akalis came to power in 1967 and then in 1977. On both the occasions it was a coalition government. The Akalis discovered that despite the redrawing of the boundaries, their political position remained precarious. Firstly, their government was dismissed by the Centre mid-way through its term. Secondly, they did not enjoy strong support among the Hindus. Thirdly, the Sikh community, like all other religious communities, was internally differentiated on caste and class lines. The Congress got more support among the dalits, whether Hindu or Sikh, than the Akalis.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 31

In which year Gorbachev became General Secretary of the Communist Party of U.S.S.R.?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 31

Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev is a Russian and former Soviet politician. The eighth and final leader of the Soviet Union, he was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 32

Which of the following statements regarding the criteria for membership of the UN is/are true?

A. The standards, against which various characteristics (such as militaristic power) of a nation were to be measured, were not defined.
B. Certain aspects of the UN's criterion could pose challenges instead of being beneficial, in terms of partaking in global affairs.
C. Certain parameters (such as the capability to uphold human rights) based on which the nations were to be judged came under scrutiny.

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 32

Governments saw advantages in some criteria presented by the UNSC and disadvantages in others depending on their interests and aspirations. Even if they had no desire to be members themselves, countries could see that the criteria were problematic. They were not sure about how big an economic or military power did they have to be able to qualify for Security Council membership, what level of budget contribution would enable a state to buy its way into the Council, and whether a big population would be an asset or a liability for a country trying to play a bigger role in the world. Another issue was that if respect for democracy and human rights was the criterion, countries with excellent records would be in line to be members; they might not be effective as the UN Council members.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

Who became First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1953?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964 and chairman of that country's Council of Ministers from 1958 to 1964.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 34

Which of the following is an example of flow of services across the borders?

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 34

Option 1 is vague, as it does not talk about the services originating from one nation and their delivery towards another nation. Internet service provider may be a local one catering only to local customers.
Option 2 does not talk about flow of services across the borders; rather, it concerns the migration of people across the border.
Option 3 comes under the flow of ideas rather than flow of services.
Option 4 is correct as working in a call centre pertains to the globalisation of services. A call centre employee would schedule his timing according to his foreign employer company. He would acquire a new accent and speak a different language to communicate with his clients who are living thousands of miles away.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

The Russian Revolution in 1917 was led by

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

By September the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, had achieved majorities in the Petrograd and Moscow soviets and won increasing support among the hungry urban workers and soldiers. In October they staged a nearly bloodless coup (the “October Revolution”), occupying government buildings and strategic points.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 36

Assertion (A): The Second Five-Year Plan was responsible for the ruin of agriculture as it did not have enough funding to support it.
Reason (R): The Second Five-Year Plan stressed on heavy industries.

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 36

The Second Five-Year Plan emphasised industry development over agricultural development. With growing investment, the bulk of industries like electricity, communication, and railways could be developed in the private sectors. However, as these industries attracted more investment than agriculture, the possibility of food shortages loomed large.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 37

The root of the word ‘hegemony’ lies in the

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 37

Hegemony is the political, economic, and military predominance of one state over other states. In Ancient Greece, hegemony denoted the politico-military dominance of the hegemon city-state over other city-states.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 38

The anti-Sikh riots took place in the year:

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 38

The 1984 anti-Sikh riots, also known as the 1984 Sikh Massacre, were a series of organised pogroms against Sikhs in India following the assassination of Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 39

The first business school in the world is

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 39

The Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania is 1st the business school of the world in the University of Pennsylvania.

Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 40

Which of the following is/are the economic aspect(s) of globalisation?

A. It defines the roles of international institutions like the IMF and the WTO.
B. It determines the distribution of economic gains among the nations involved.
C. It may lead to incapacitation of state in terms of participating in global affairs.

Detailed Solution for Political Science: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 40

Economic aspect of globalisation determines the roles of international institutions like the IMF and the WTO in regard to determining the economic policies across the world. A much broader way of understanding of economic globalisation requires us to look at the distribution of economic gains among states involved, that is, who gets the most from globalisation and who gets less, indeed who loses from it. Incapacitation of state would be a political consequence.

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