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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 for CUET 2024 is part of CUET Mock Test Series preparation. The Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CUET exam syllabus.The Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 MCQs are made for CUET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 below.
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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 1

Identify the structure of the family where men exercise authority and dominance

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 2

According to Durkheim, ‘profane’ is connected with normal life while ‘sacred’ is related with

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 2

For Durkheim, religion is about the separation of the sacred from the profane. The sacred refers to those collective representations that are set apart from society, or that which transcends the humdrum of everyday life.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 3

‘The undisputed political rule of a state over a given territorial region’ is known as

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 3

Sovereignty is the defining authority within an individual consciousness, social construct or territory. Sovereignty entails hierarchy within the state, as well as external autonomy for states.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 4

Institution of Politics is concerned with the

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 4

Political institutions are concerned with the distribution of power in society. Two concepts, which are critical to the understanding of political institutions, are power and authority.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 5

The economic system in which highly complex division of labour is present is the feature of

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 5

It is based on expansion of education, technology, industry and urban life. It has a complex division of labour. Its base is materialising. Due to diverse social conditions heterogeneous life is found.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 6

How many forms of capital can social resources be divided into?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 6

These social resources can be divided into three forms of capital economic capital: material assets and income; cultural capital such as educational qualifications and status; and social capital in the form of networks of contacts and social associations(Bourdieu 1986). Third, they are systematic and structured; there is a definite social inequalities pattern.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 7

People often harbour what about other social groups?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 7

People often harbour prejudices about other social groups. Each of us grows up as a community member from which we acquire ideas not just about our community, our caste or class, our gender but also about others. Often these ideas reflect prejudices. Prejudices refer to preconceived opinions or attitudes held by members of one group towards another.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 8

Which caste were not supposed to amass wealth?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 8

The ritually highest caste, the brahmins, were not supposed to amass wealth and were subordinated to kings and rulers’ secular power belonging to the Kshatriya castes.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 9

What is the mere presence or shadow of an untouchable person considered to be?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 9

Notions of distance pollution existed in many regions of India (particularly in the south) such that even the mere presence or the shadow of an untouchable person is considered polluting.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 10

When did the first backward classes commission submit its report?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 10

The First Backward Class Commission was set up by a Presidential Order under Article 340 of the Constitution of India on Jan 29th, 1953, under the Chairmanship of Shri Kaka Kalelkar (popularly known as Kaka Kalelkar Commission). It submitted its report on March 30th, 1955.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 11

Who wrote the pioneering work ‘The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism’?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 11

The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is a book written by Max Weber, a German sociologist, economist, and politician. Begun as a series of essays, the original German text was composed in 1904 and 1905, and was translated into English for the first time by American sociologist Talcott Parsons in 1930.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 12

The reason for the sudden decline in sex ratio can be attributed to –

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 12

Female foeticide is the process of finding out the sex of the foetus and undergoing abortion if it is a girl. Although it is illegal, many people continue to practice it. Besides this, there are some communities which practice female infanticide - the practice of killing the girl child once she is born.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 13

The concept of ‘sacred’ is related with

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 13

One of the classical sociologists Emile Durkheim coined the term 'sacred' and 'profane' in sociology. Sacred was used for the things related to the supernatural while profane was coined for the things used in normal life. This discussion on The concept of sacred is related with)everyday life.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 14

The focal point of industrial developments were

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 14

Industrial Developments have taken place in factories post 18th century in Europe from where it spread to the rest of the world within 50 years of time.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 15

The family in which person is married is known as

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 15

The term “family of procreation” is loosely used to refer to a family unit created by two or more people. The concept is juxtaposed to “family of origin,” which refers to the families from which individuals originate. The family of procreation will form unique family values and dynamics.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 16

Who uses the term social stratification to refer to a system by which categories of people in society are ranked in a hierarchy?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 16

Sociologists use the term social stratification to refer to a system by which categories of people in a society are ranked in a hierarchy.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 17

Prejudices are often grounded in what?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 17

A person may be prejudiced in favour of members of his/her own caste or group. Without any evidence, they believe them to be superior to members of other castes or groups. Prejudices are often grounded in stereotypes, fixed and inflexible characterisations of a group of people.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 18

What are untouchable castes considered to be?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 18

Strictly speaking, the untouchable castes are outside the caste hierarchy. They are considered to be so impure that their mere touch severely pollutes members of all other castes, bringing terrible punishment for the former and forcing the latter to perform elaborate purification rituals.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 19

Who appointed a commission to look into measures for the welfare of the OBCs?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 19

The first government of independent India under Jawaharlal Nehru appointed a commission to look into measures for the welfare of the OBCs.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 20

When did the OBC issue become a regional affair pursued at the state rather than the central level?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 20

The OBC issue became a regional affair pursued at the state rather than the central level from the mid-fifties. The southern states had a long history of backward caste political agitation that had started in the early twentieth century.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 21

The Jana were believed to be people of what?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 21

The Jana or tribes were believed to be people of the forest whose distinctive habitat in the hill and forest areas shaped their economic, social, and political attributes.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 22

What campaign did Raja Ram Mohan Roy lead in Bengal?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 22

Raja Ram Mohan Roy led the anti-sati campaign in Bengal. The widow remarriage movement in the Bombay presidency where Ranade was one of the leading reformers, from Jyotiba Phule’s simultaneous attack on caste and gender oppression, and from the social reform movement in Islam led by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan. Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s attempts to reform society, religion, and women’s status can be taken as the starting point of the nineteenth-century social reform in Bengal.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 23

Who did Jyotirao Phule want to be educated?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 23

Jyotirao Phule wanted girls to be educated but within the precincts of their homes.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 24

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:
Assertion (A): States generally tend to favour a single, homogenous national identity.
Reason (R): Community identities can act as the basis for nation-formation, already existing states see all forms of community identity as dangerous rivals.
 

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 24

There is no necessary relationship between any specific form of community and the modern form of the state. But, in the hope of being able to control or manage the nation, states tend to favour a single, homogeneous identity.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 25

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same: Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nation building strategies. They sought to secure … the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, in addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community – ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation and prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threat to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. Policies that promote __________are aimed at persuading, encouraging or forcing all citizens to adopt a uniform set of cultural values and norms.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 25

Policies that promote values and norms that are usually entirely or largely those of the dominant social group. Other, nondominant or subordinated groups in society are expected or required to give up their own cultural values and adopt the prescribed ones.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 26

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same: Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nation building strategies. They sought to secure … the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, in addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community – ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation and prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threat to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. In the case of integrationist policies too, there is the danger of the dominant group’s culture being treated as ‘________’ culture.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 26

Policies of integration insist that the public culture be restricted to a common national pattern, while all ‘non-national’ cultures are to be relegated to the private sphere.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 27

What dam was built on the river Godavari in Andhra Pradesh?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 27

The Polavaram dam on the river Godavari in Andhra Pradesh will displace hundreds of thousands of Adivasis, driving them to greater destitution.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 28

Whose writings dominated the moral philosophy syllabus of Bombay university in the 1860s?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 28

Ranade used the writings of scholars such as bishop joseph butler, whose analogy of religion and three sermons on human nature dominated the moral philosophy syllabus of Bombay university in the 1860s.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 29

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:
Assertion (A): In Indian nationalism, the dominant trend was marked by an inclusive and democratic vision.
Reason (R): It was democratic because it recognised diversity and plurality.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 29

The Indian nationalist movement aimed to include all sections of society, irrespective of their religion, caste, region, or language. This inclusiveness promoted unity and a sense of common belonging among the diverse population. The democratic vision of Indian nationalism was reflected in its recognition of diversity and plurality, ensuring that every group's rights and interests were respected and represented. This approach allowed for a harmonious coexistence of different groups and fostered national unity.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 30

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:
Assertion (A): Policies promoting integration are different in style but not in overall objective.
Reason (R): They insist that the public culture be restricted to a common national pattern, while all ‘non-national’ cultures are to be relegated to the private sphere.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 30

Assimilationist policies also require non-dominant or subordinated groups in society to give up their own cultural values and adopt the prescribed ones.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 31

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same: Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nation building strategies. They sought to secure … the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, in addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community – ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation and prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threat to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. However, there are many successful examples - including India – which show that it is perfectly possible to have a strong nation-state without having to ___________ different types of community identities into one standard type.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 31

To homogenise is to make uniform or similar. If something is homogenised, it is changed so that all its parts are similar or the same, especially in a way that is undesirable. They no longer worry about the homogenization of culture.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 32

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same: Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nation building strategies. They sought to secure … the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, in addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community – ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation and prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threat to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. There is no historically fixed or logically necessary relationship between a ___________and the varied forms of __________ that it could be based on.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 32

Today it is hard to define a nation in any way other than to say that it is a community that has succeeded in acquiring a state of its own. Interestingly, the opposite has also become increasingly true. Just as would be or aspiring nationalities are now more and more likely to work towards forming a state, existing states are also finding it more and more necessary to claim that they represent a nation. The relationship between the nation-state and community is relatively new one.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 33

"The theory of Demographic Transition suggests that population growth is linked to overall le~els of economic development and that every society follows a typical pattern of development related population growth."
Choose the incorrect statement about Demographic Transition Theory.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 33

Option (A) is an incorrect statement (and the correct option) because both the phases have low population growth rate. The first phase is a characteristic of underdeveloped society, where growth rates are low because both the death rate and the birth rate are very high because the society is technologically backward. The third (and last) stage is a characteristic of a developed socrety where both death rate and birth rate have been reduced.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 34

"Famines were also a major and recurring source of increased mortality" .
Which of the following is not a cause of famines ?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 34

The increase in the birth rate is not a cause of famines while the other three options are.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 35

Which policy was introduced by the Government of India that could increase the child-sex ratio in the country? 

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 35

The 'Beti-Bachao, Beti-Padhao' initiative was launched with a focus on multi- sectoral action in 100 selected districts low in child-sex ratio. It aims to prevent gender biased sex selective elimination, ensure survival and protection of the girl child and ensure education and participation of the girl child.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 36

Even though the fertility and population growth rates are declining, India's population is projected to increase from 1.2 billion today to an estimated 1.6 billion by 2050 due to _____.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 36

Population momentum refers to a situation, where a large cohort of women of reproductive age will fuel population growth over the next generation, even if each woman has fewer children than previous generations
did.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 37

This changes the age structure: relatively smaller proportions of the population are found in the younger age groups and larger proportions in the older age groups. This is also referred to as the ____.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 37

Age structure refers the proportion of people in different age groupsrelative to the total population. Demographic dividend is the opposite of the phenomenon mentioned above. Population momentum is an unrelated concept in this case.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 38

According to the Census of India data (2011), which state in India has the highest child sex ratio?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 38

The highest child sex ratio of 972 is found in Arunachal Pradesh. Even Kerala, the state with the better overall sex ratio does not do too well at 964.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 39

The population policy (of 1952) took the concrete form of the _______

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 39

The population policy took the concrete form of the National Family Planning Programme. In the early days, the most important objective was to slow down the rate of population growth through the promotion of various birth control methods, improve public health standards, and increase public awareness about population and health issues. The programme suffered a setback during Emergency.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 40

"The pyramid for 2026 shows the estimated future size of the relevant age groups based on data on the past rates of growth of each age group. Such estimates are also called '_____'.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 40

A population projection gives a picture of what the future size and structure of the population by sex and age might look like. The age structure pyramid for the year 2026 is a kind of population projection.

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