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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 for CUET 2024 is part of CUET Mock Test Series preparation. The Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CUET exam syllabus.The Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 MCQs are made for CUET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 below.
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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 1

The land reforms took away rights from the erstwhile claimants, the upper castes who were ________ in the sense that they played no part in the agricultural economy other than claiming their rent.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 1

Absentee landlords were not themselves the cultivators, but were the erstwhile upper caste claimants of lands.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 2

Which of the following are not the changes brought by colonialism to the caste system?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 2

It has been a defining feature of caste. Castes were traditionally linked to occupations.

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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 3

 Sanskritisation' refers to:

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 3

'Sanskritisation refers to a process whereby members of a (usually middle or lower) caste attempt to raise their own social status by adopting the ritual, domestic and social practices of a caste (or castes) of higher status. The patterns for emulation chosen most often were the brahmin or kshatriya castes; practices included adopting vegetarianism, wearing of sacred thread, performance of specific prayers and religious ceremonies, and so on.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 4

"The argument for a tribe-caste distinction was founded on an assumed cultural difference between Hindu castes, with their beliefs in purity and pollution and hierarchical integration, and 'animist' tribals with their more egalitarian and kinship-based modes of social organisation."
Which of the following is not a characteristic of tribal communities?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 4

Tribes lack organised religion.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 5

Which of the following is not a feature of caste system?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 5

The caste system is an integral part of Hindu society and has spread to other non-Hindu communities as well.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 6

Who founded the Satyashodhak Samaj in 1873?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 6

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule denounced the injustice of the caste system and scorned its rules of purity and pollution. In 1873 he founded the Satyashodhak Samaj (Truth Seekers Society), which was devoted to securing human rights and social justice for low-caste people.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 7

Which of the following do not comprise the significant section of the population that is excluded from the four-fold Varna system (also known as the panchamas or fifth category)?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 7

Shudras comprise the fourth category of the Varna system.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 8

The family structure where property is passed from mother to daughter is known as:

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 8

According to the rule of inheritance matrilineal societies pass on property from mother to daughter.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 9

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A): Matriarchy, unlike patriarchy, has been a theoretical rather than an empirical concept.
Reason (R): There is no historical or anthropological evidence of matriarchy - i.e., societies where women exercise dominance.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 9

There do exist matrilineal societies, i.e., societies where women inherit property from their mothers but do not exercise control over it, nor are they the decision makers in public affairs. But matriarchy only exists as conceptual opposition to patriarchy.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 10

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A):A significant yet paradoxical change in the caste system in the contemporary period is that it has tended to become 'invisible' for the upper caste, urban middle and upper classes.
Reason (R): Caste plays no part in their private lives.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 10

For the upper caste, caste plays no part in their public lives, being limited to the personal sphere of religious practice or marriage and kinship.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 11

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A): Family a site of bitter conflicts, injustice and violence.
Reason (R): The family is a space of great warmth and care with stories of compassion, sacrifice and care.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 11

Family is a site of conflict, injustice and violence because female infanticide, violent conflicts between brothers over property and ugly legal disputes are a part of family and kinship as social institutions.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 12

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A): Castes are supposed to be complementary and competing groups.
Reason (R): Each caste has its own place in the system which cannot be taken by any other caste.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 12

Castes are not only unequal to each other in ritual terms, they are also supposed to be complementary and noncompeting groups. Since caste is also linked with occupation, the system functions as the social division of labour, except that, in principle, it allows no mobility.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 13

Which of the following statements is not true about disabilities?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 13

People are not always born with disabilities. Sometimes, they are rendered disabled during the course of their lives. For instance, due to an accident.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 14

Stereotypes fix whole groups into single, ____ categories; they refuse to recognise the ____ across individuals and across contexts or across time.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 14

Stereotypes treat an entire community as though it were a single person with a single all-encompassing trait or characteristic.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 15

Which of the following statements is true about untouchability?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 15

Besides the three dimensions of untouchability, it also involves forced inclusion of such as being compelled to play the drums at a religious event. Statement (C) is incorrect because untouchability is a pan-Indian phenomenon, although its specific forms and intensity vary considerably across regions and socio-historical contexts.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 16

Choose the correct statement about social stratification 

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 16

Social stratification is a characteristic of society. It persists over generations. It is also supported by patterns of belief, or ideology.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 17

The ways in which individuals may become cut off from full involvement in the wider society is known as:

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 17

Social exclusion refers to a broad range of factors that prevent individuals or groups from having opportunities open to the majority of the population.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 18

The can be divided into three forms of capital - economic capital in the form of material assets and income; cultural capital such as educational qualifications and status; and social capital in the form of networks of contacts and social associations (Bourdieu 1986).

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 18

 Social resources refer to the valued resources - money, property, education, health, and power - that people in a society have. Some people have more social resources than the others in the society.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 19

Directions: In the following questions, A statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as
Assertion (A): Gender inequality is natural.
Reason (R): There are no biological reasons that can explain why so few women are found in positions of public power.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 19

Because of the obvious biological and physical differences between men and women, gender inequality is often treated as natural. However, despite appearances, scholars have shown that the inequalities between men and women are social rather than natural.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 20

Directions: In the following questions, A statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as
Assertion (A): In modern times, and particularly since the nineteenth century, the link between caste and occupation has become much less rigid.
Reason (R): The caste-class correlation is still remarkably stable at the macro level.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 20

The reason for the assertion is that ritual-religious prohibitions on occupational change are not easily imposed today, and it is easier than before to change one's occupation.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 21

Directions: In the following questions, A statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as
Assertion (A): Social exclusion is voluntary.
Reason (R): Exclusion is practiced regardless of the wishes of those who are excluded.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 21

Since it is practiced regardless of  the wishes of those who are excluded, social exclusion is involuntary.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 22

Directions: In the following questions, A statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as
Assertion (A): Gender identities can be chosen willingly.
Reason (R): By using surgical procedures male body can be converted into female body or female body into male body.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 22

In general, 'male body' and female body' as social unit are unchanging identity but due to so many researches in the field of physiology, the notion of the body is now liked with 'choice structure'. Transgender as concept, thus, refers to conversions of gender status of body into opposite gender by using choice or certain compulsions.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 23

"When we say that India is a nation of great cultural diversity, we mean that there are many different types of social groups and communities living here." The term diversity stands for

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 23

Cultural diversity means that there are different types of social groups and communities that may not necessarily be unequal.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 24

"A nation is a peculiar community that is easy to describe but hard to define"
Which of the following is a correct statement about nation?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 24

A nation derives its legitimacy from the people who constitute it. The other three options are characteristics of state.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 25

hoose the correct statement.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 25

Language coupled with regional and tribal identity - and not religion - has provided the most powerful instrument for the formation of ethno-national identity in India.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 26

Which of the following does not stand for secularism?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 26

Religious identity overriding every other identity is feature of communalism and not secularism.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 27

Which of the following is NOT true about cultural diversity?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 27

Cultural diversity is found in other parts of the world as well.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 28

What are the laws that allow citizens of a particular state to also - simultaneously - be citizens of another state called?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 28

These laws are known as 'dual-citizenship' laws. For instance, Jewish Americans may be citizens of Israel as well as the USA; they can even serve in the armed forces of one country without losing their citizenship in the other country.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 29

Which of the following constitute religion-related issue or debate in the Indian context?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 29

These issues or debates around religious identity may be broadly divided into two related groups - the secularism- communalism set and the minority-majority set. Questions of secularism and communalism are about the state's relationship to religion and to political groupings that invoke religion as their primary identity. Questions about minorities and majorities involve decisions on how the state is to treat different religious communities that are unequal in terms of numbers and/or power.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 30

Which of the following statements is not true about communalism in India?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 30

India has a history of communal riots from pre-Independence times, often as a result of the divide-and-rule policy adopted by the colonial rulers.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 31

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A): There is a tension between the Indian state's simultaneous commitment to secularism as well as the protection of minorities.
Reason (R): Providing protection to them immediately invites the accusation of favouritism or 'appeasement' of minorities.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 31

Opponents argue that secularism of this sort is only an excuse to favour the minorities in return for their votes or other kinds of support.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 32

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A): In Indian nationalism, the dominant trend was marked by an inclusive and democratic vision.
Reason (R): It was democratic because it recognised diversity and plurality

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 32

Inclusive because it recognised diversity and plurality. Democratic because it sought to do away with discrimination and exclusion and bring forth a just and equitable society.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 33

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A): States generally tend to favour a single, homogenous national identity.
Reason (R): Community identities can act as the basis for nation-formation, already existing states see all forms of community identity as dangerous rivals.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 33

There is no necessary relationship between any specific form of community and the modern form of the state. But, in the hope of being able to control or manage the nation, states tend to favour a single, homogenous identity.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 34

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as.
Assertion (A): Policies promoting integration are different in style but not in overall objective.
Reason (R): They insist that the public culture be restricted to a common national pattern, while all 'non-national' cultures are to be relegated to the private sphere.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 34

Assimilationist policies also require non-dominant or subordinated groups in society to give up their own cultural values and adopt the prescribed ones.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 35

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nationbuilding strategies. They sought to secure ... the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, m addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community - ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation an prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threa to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. There is no historically fixed or logically necessary relationship between a ___________ and the varied forms of__________that it could be based on.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 35

Today it is hard to define a nation in any way other than to say that it is a community that has succeeded in acquiring a statfe of its own. Interestingly, the opposite has also become increasingly true. Just as would- be or aspiring nationalities are now more and more likely to work towards forming a state, existing states are also finding it more and more necessary to claim that they represent a nation. The relationship between the nation-state and community is relatively a new one.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 36

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nationbuilding strategies. They sought to secure ... the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, m addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community - ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation an prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threa to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. In the case of integrationist policies too, there is the danger of the dominant group's culture being treated as '________' culture.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 36

Policies of integration insist that the public culture be restricted to a common national pattern, while all non-national cultures are to be relegated to the private sphere.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 37

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nationbuilding strategies. They sought to secure ... the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, m addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community - ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation an prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threa to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. However, there are many successful examples - including India - which show that it is perfectly possible to have a strong nation-state without having to  _______ different types of community identities into one standard type.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 37

To homogenise is to make uniform or similar.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 38

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
Historically, states have tried to establish and enhance their political legitimacy through nationbuilding strategies. They sought to secure ... the loyalty and obedience of their citizens through policies of assimilation or integration. Attaining these objectives was not easy, especially in a context of cultural diversity where citizens, m addition to their identifications with their country, might also feel a strong sense of identity with their community - ethnic, religious, linguistic and so on. Most states feared that the recognition of such difference would lead to social fragmentation an prevent the creation of a harmonious society. In short, such identity politics was considered a threa to state unity. In addition, accommodating these differences is politically challenging, so many states have resorted to either suppressing these diverse identities or ignoring them on the political domain.

Q. Policies that promote __________are aimed at persuading, encouraging or forcing all citizens to adopt a uniform set of cultural values and norms.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 38

Policies that promote values and norms that are usually entirely or largely those of the dominant social group. Other, nondominant or subordinated groups in society are expected or required to give up their own cultural values and adopt the prescribed ones.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 39

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
To be effective, the ideas of inclusive nationalism had to be built into the Constitution...[T] here is a very strong tendency for the dominant group to assume that their culture or language or religion is synonymous with the nation state. However, for a strong and democratic nation, special constitutional provisions are required to ensure the rights of all groups and those of minority groups in particular... The notion of minority groups is widely used in sociology and is more than a merely numerical distinction.

Q. _______ such as extremely wealthy people are not usually referred to as minorities.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 39

The term 'privileged minorities' is self-explanatory. All the other kinds of minorities may or may not be economically powerful.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 40

Read the following text and answer the following questions on the basis of the same:
To be effective, the ideas of inclusive nationalism had to be built into the Constitution...[T] here is a very strong tendency for the dominant group to assume that their culture or language or religion is synonymous with the nation state. However, for a strong and democratic nation, special constitutional provisions are required to ensure the rights of all groups and those of minority groups in particular... The notion of minority groups is widely used in sociology and is more than a merely numerical distinction.

Q. Statistical minorities are not minorities in the sociological sense because they do not form a ____.

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 5 - Question 40

The sociological sense of minority also implies that the members of the minority form a collectivity - that is, they have a strong sense of group solidarity, a feeling of togetherness and belonging.

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