Direction: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:
More specifically, a price ceiling (in other words, a maximum price) is put into effect when the government believes the price is too high and sets a maximum price that producers can charge; this price must lie below the equilibrium price in order for the price ceiling to have an effect.
The price ceiling is usually instituted via law and is typically applied to necessary goods like food, rent, and energy sources in order to ensure that everyone has access to them.
Benefits and Downsides:
Price ceilings are beneficial to society, and are often necessary, in that they make sure that essential goods are financially accessible to the average person, at least in the short run. By lowering costs, price ceilings also have the beneficial effect of helping to stimulate demand, which can contribute to the health of an economy.
However, there can also be downsides to price ceilings. While they stimulate demand, price ceilings can also cause shortages. Where the ceiling is set, there is more demand than at the equilibrium price. This means that the amount of the good or service supplied is less than the quantity demanded.
For example, in agriculture, medicine, and education, many governments set maximum prices to make the needed goods or services more affordable. Producers may respond to such an economic situation by rationing supplies, decreasing production levels or lowering the quality of production, making the consumer pay extra for otherwise free elements of the good (features, options, etc.), and more.
Q. How do the producers respond to the situation of price ceiling?