Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1


Test Description

25 Questions MCQ Test SBI PO Prelims - Documents, Videos & Tests | Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 for Banking Exams 2022 is part of SBI PO Prelims - Documents, Videos & Tests preparation. The Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Banking Exams exam syllabus.The Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 MCQs are made for Banking Exams 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 below.
Solutions of Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 questions in English are available as part of our SBI PO Prelims - Documents, Videos & Tests for Banking Exams & Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 solutions in Hindi for SBI PO Prelims - Documents, Videos & Tests course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for Banking Exams Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 | 25 questions in 20 minutes | Mock test for Banking Exams preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study SBI PO Prelims - Documents, Videos & Tests for Banking Exams Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you?
Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 1

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank A.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 1

According to the given context, it is about the bad assets issue in banks and the future of the banks regarding this problem. Now, the passage talks about the advice of the former RBI governor, Raghuram Rajan, in this regard and his advice regarding the problem. The given word is not correct since the author does not want the government to only take into consideration the points raised by the former RBI boss but he wants the government to take them seriously so that something is done to address those points.

Among the given options, A, B and D are completely out of context as per the given blank and only C can be placed in the blank in order to imply something meaningful.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 2

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank D.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 2

According to the given context, the loans under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana have been given to the farmers but when we are talking about any loan given by any bank, we generally use the term sanction to denote that a loan has been given to somebody by a bank.

In this sentence, the given word is perfect for the blank and no other word is required to be placed there. This makes the blank not fit for replacement. 

Hence, option E is the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 3

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank C.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 3

According to the given context, we need to find a word that can explain the main function of the Kisan Credit Cards given to the farmers by the government through the banks. We know that the KCC cards are given to the farmers so that farmers can borrow funds from the banks and banks can lend money to them. This makes the given word incorrect for the blank.

Among the given options, A is completely opposite of the meaning intended in the context whereas C and D are not fit for the given context since KCCs may help farmers but they are mainly for the purpose of credit by banks. But lending may be used here since it perfectly denotes that KCCs are used to give funds to the farmers.

This makes option B the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 4

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank I.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 4

According to the given context, it is implied that the government has not
listened properly to the points made by the Former RBI Governor regarding
the impending financial crisis in the country due to the bad assets in the
banking system. The given word deaf perfectly explains that the
government does not listen to the suggestions made regarding the bad
assets in the banking system. So, no replacement is required to be carried
out in this blank.

This makes option E the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 5

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank G.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 5

According to the given context, it is the apprehension of the author that the small loans under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana scheme will be swept under the carpet and this will create problems in the future since the bad assets will keep on mounting day by day. Now, the given word risk perfectly defines that such a problem will be very dangerous for the whole economy of the country if it is not taken care of now itself.

No replacement is required to be carried out in the given blank since the word given is perfect to fill the blank.

It makes option E the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 6

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank B.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 6

According to the given context, the former RBI governor has pointed to three possible areas where the bad loan issue may go worse in the future. These issues should be taken seriously by the government, according to the author. The given word is not correct since it is not about establishing some truth but the former RBI governor has only pointed out the issues.

Among the given options, A is out of context since utilized means using something properly whereas determined in Option B is also not correct since that means being very single-minded about doing something. Guessed could have been the right answer had there been no explanation for the reasons cited by the former RBI boss. Only C can come in place of the blank so that it implies the meaning intended.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 7

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank H.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 7

According to the given context, the apprehensions regarding the crop loans made through the KCC and the Mudra loans sanctioned to the small and medium businesses are the same since there are chances that such borrowers will be defaulters very soon. It will create issues for the whole economy in future since the banks will have to brace themselves for the higher burden of bad assets.

Now, the given word is not correct since it is not about functions of both the loans but we are talking about the same points being applicable in both the cases. Among the given options, A, B and C do not fit in the blank perfectly since they do not imply the same thing as in the passage. Only D can fit in the blank properly since it will imply that the same logic will hold true for both the crop loans and the Mudra loans.

It makes option D the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 8

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank J.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 8

According to the given context, the farmers are under the impression that their loans will certainly be waived off by the government and that is why most of their loans turn into bad assets. This is not a good sign for the banking system as a whole. The given word is not correct since it means that the farm loans are waived off deliberately by the government though the context does not imply this.

Among the given options, A is out of context whereas tantalizingly in Option B implies having something that provokes interest but remains beyond the reach of the person ultimately. Option D is also not correct in this blank whereas C can be placed in the blank as it implies certainly, which fits the context correctly.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 9

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank F.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 9

According to the given context, there is a doubt that banks will be able to manage the bad loans arising out of the small loans under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana and also recover the loans from such borrowers with the existing workforce of the banks. The given word explains the same since the author is doubtful whether it will be possible for the banks to take care of the mounting bad assets under such schemes.

Hence, the given word is perfect and no replacement is required to be carried out in the given sentence.

This makes option E the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 10

Direction: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underlined word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan’s note of caution on the next financial crisis that could be building up needs to be taken in all ___A___ consideration. In his note to Parliament’s Estimates Committee on bank non-performing assets (NPAs), Mr. Rajan has ___B___ established three major sources of potential trouble: Mudra credit, which is basically small-ticket loans granted to micro and small enterprises; ___C___ contributing to farmers through Kisan Credit Cards; and contingent liabilities under the Credit Guarantee Scheme for MSMEs, run by the Small Industries Development Bank of India. The disbursement under Mudra loans alone is Rs. 6.37 lakh crore, which is over 7% of the total outstanding bank credit. These loans have been ___D___ sanctioned under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, which aims to ‘fund the unfunded’, and is a ___E___ signature scheme of the NDA government. Given that these are small loans up to Rs10 lakh each, with the borrowers mostly from the informal sector, banks have to monitor them very closely. It is ___F___ debatable whether banks have the resources and manpower to do this when they are chasing the bigger borrowers for business and, increasingly these days, recoveries. The ___G___ risk is that these smallticket loans will drop under the radar and build into a large credit issue in course of time. The same ___H___ function holds true for crop loans made through Kisan Credit Cards. Mr. Rajan’s advice on loan waivers has been made by him and others in the past. But the political class has chosen to turn a ___I___ deaf ear to this advice, vitiating the credit culture and creating a moral hazard where farmer-borrowers assume that their loans will ___J___ intentionally be waived off. The former RBI Governor has strongly defended the RBI against criticism, often unfair, over its policies on NPA recognition and resolution.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank E.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 10

According to the given context, it is implied that the Pradhan Mantru Mudra Yojana is a famous scheme of the NDA government and they have only launched this scheme. This scheme is their brainchild and it is also promoted as a successful scheme of the government. The given word perfectly defines that the PMMY scheme is a successful scheme of the government and it is being run by the government as a main scheme of the government.

So, the given word is perfect for the given blank and no replacement is required in this regard.

It makes option E the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 11

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank A.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 11

The statement talks about how, after years of debating, Pluto was removed from the list of planets. The only option that fits in is arguing. The others talk about speculation, entertainment etc.

Hence, option C is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 12

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank D.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 12

The third criteria talks about the object exercising the maximum gravitational
pull. The correct word here is exerts.

Hence, option A is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 13

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank G.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 13

The statement tries to state that the reasoning behind certain arguments has been found to be faulty between now and then. This is correctly conveyed by the word ‘since’.

Hence, option B is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 14

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank J.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 14

The statement concludes by stating that at the end of the day, Pluto remains a dwarf planet even though it is an exceptional one. The word which conveys the same meaning as the italicized connector is albeit which means even though.

Hence, option A is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 15

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank B.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 15

The statement talks about how the removal of Pluto from the planet list is being questioned by some. Agreeing and bound can be easily eliminated while rejecting does not fit in the context.

Only challenging is correct here.

Hence, option D is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 16

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank F.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 16

The statement tries to convey that the third rule does not always hold good.

Exceptions is the correct word and conveys this meaning.

Hence, option C is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 17

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank .

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 17

As per the statement, Neptune’s gravity affects Pluto. The correct preposition is by here.

Hence, option C is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 18

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank H.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 18

The statement tries to convey that a lot of ideas were thought to be incorrect but turned out to be correct later. The only word that fits in is discarded. Leave is incorrect in terms of grammar.

Hence, option D is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 19

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank C.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 19

The statement talks about overcoming sentiment and going by logic. Thus, morale and emotions can be eliminated.

Logical is incorrect grammatically.
Only rationale fits in.

Hence, option B is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 20

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been made underline, each of which is preceded by a letter. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the underline word so as to make the paragraph meaningful.

After years of ___ A ___ disputed over whether Pluto is a planet, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status. Now some researchers are ___ B ___ validating this decision, citing the manner in which scientific tradition has dealt with the taxonomy of planets. The IAU, in 2006, designated Pluto a ‘dwarf planet’ along with Ceres in the asteroid belt and Xena, an object in the Kuiper belt, which is an icy ring of frozen objects that circle the solar system beyond Neptune’s orbit. It was a bid to overcome sentiment and go by scientific ___ C ___ reflection. The meeting defined three conditions for a celestial object to be called a planet: one, it must orbit the Sun; two, it should be massive enough to acquire an approximately spherical shape; three, it has to ‘clear its orbit’, that is, be the object that ___ D ___ excerpts the maximum gravitational pull within its orbit. Owing to this third property, if an object ventures close to a planet’s orbit, it will either collide with it and be accreted, or be ejected out. However, Pluto is affected ___ E ___ at Neptune’s gravity. It also shares its orbit with the frozen objects in the Kuiper belt. Based on this, the IAU deemed that Pluto did not ‘clear its orbit’. Dwarf planets, on the other hand, need only satisfy the first two conditions.

This rationale has been questioned by Philip Metzger, a planetary physicist who has worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and others who have studied the history of classifying planets and come up with several ___ F ___ abnormal to the third rule. In a paper published in the journal Icarus, they point out that the only work in history that used this rule to classify planets was an article by William Herschel in 1802. They also argue that this work was based on reasoning and observations that have ___ G ___ because been disproved. However, the last argument does not build up a strong enough case to give up what is, in fact, a sensible rule. Physics has many examples where an idea was once ___ H ___ jeopardized for being incorrect, and much later emerged in a different form and gained acceptance — the concept of photons, for instance. And then again, if Pluto were to be re-designated a planet, many more complications would ___ I ___ dwell. For one thing, Charon, Pluto’s moon, is much too large to be called a satellite. Judging by this, the Charon-Pluto system should then rightly be called a binary planet system. This would then lead to classifying several other sets of bodies as binary planets. Recent research shows that both the Kuiper Belt and the Oort cloud, a shell of objects that surrounds the entire solar system far beyond the Kuiper belt, contain objects that can then be called planets, thereby complicating the issue. Denying planetary status to Pluto is then nothing less than a sweep of Occam’s razor, and Pluto remains a dwarf planet, ___ J ___ all an exceptional one.

Q. Find the suitable word from the options given below that could replace the Blank I.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 20

The statement tries to say that a lot of complications would come up in case Pluto gets re designated. Although all the words are the same in terms of meaning, arise is correct grammatically.

Hence, option A is correct.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 21

Direction: In the following passage blanks have been given. For each blank, a number of phrases have been suggested, one of which is the correct one for that blank grammatically and contextually. Select the answer for each and mark that as your answer.

With the decades-old minimum support price (MSP) system __________ A __________ the crisis at the farm gate, the three schemes that are a part of AASHA – the Price Support Scheme (PSS) itself, the Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and the Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS) – point to an innovative, MSP-plus approach to the problem of non-remunerative prices. Under the PDPS, the Centre __________ B __________ to pay oilseed farmers the difference between the MSP and market price. The advantage of this scheme is that the Centre can keep the farmer satisfied without having to go through the hassle of physical procurement, storage and disposal. Freed of these logistical hassles, the geographical reach and coverage of PDPS is likely __________ C __________. The PSS, or expanded MSP, will allow the FCI to procure pulses, oilseeds and copra from States that display interest. The PPPS is a new idea. __________ D __________, the Centre will persuade States to bring in private players to procure at MSP. It promises a maximum of 15 per cent of MSP as a service charge to the private player to compensate for the loss. In all these schemes however, the key will be the implementation; failure to create a system of checks and balances can derail them. For instance, the experience of Madhya Pradesh which implemented the PDPS under the Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana last year, shows that it __________ E __________. Ground level checks reveal that traders connive with each other and depress prices at mandis. They force farmers to sell at lower prices and pocket the compensation from the government. Many small and marginal farmers __________ F __________ to sell their produce under the Bhavantar scheme, face a double whammy of lowered price and no compensation. The PSS would be easier to implement, with nodal agencies doing the procurement. However, the Centre __________ G __________to provide funds. With the additional Rs.16,550 crore guarantee for raising working capital from banks now being made available, the total credit guarantee given to institutions under PSS is already Rs.45,550 crore. But if all States apply to NAFED/FCI for procurement of oilseeds or pulses, the agencies will fall short of funds.

Q. Select the Correct Phrase for Blank A.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 21

From the given context, it is clear that the age-old Minimum Support Prices scheme was not enough to address the problems of the farmers in the country. That is why, the government has decided to announced the new schemes so that they can address the issues faced by the farmers in the country.

Coming to the given options, option A is not correct since it is not relevant to the given context and the same can be commented about the options C and D, which are also out of context for the given blank. Hence, these options can be eliminated easily. Option B correctly explains the perception regarding the MSP scheme of the government.

This makes option B the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 22

Direction: In the following passage blanks have been given. For each blank, a number of phrases have been suggested, one of which is the correct one for that blank grammatically and contextually. Select the answer for each and mark that as your answer.

With the decades-old minimum support price (MSP) system __________ A __________ the crisis at the farm gate, the three schemes that are a part of AASHA – the Price Support Scheme (PSS) itself, the Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and the Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS) – point to an innovative, MSP-plus approach to the problem of non-remunerative prices. Under the PDPS, the Centre __________ B __________ to pay oilseed farmers the difference between the MSP and market price. The advantage of this scheme is that the Centre can keep the farmer satisfied without having to go through the hassle of physical procurement, storage and disposal. Freed of these logistical hassles, the geographical reach and coverage of PDPS is likely __________ C __________. The PSS, or expanded MSP, will allow the FCI to procure pulses, oilseeds and copra from States that display interest. The PPPS is a new idea. __________ D __________, the Centre will persuade States to bring in private players to procure at MSP. It promises a maximum of 15 per cent of MSP as a service charge to the private player to compensate for the loss. In all these schemes however, the key will be the implementation; failure to create a system of checks and balances can derail them. For instance, the experience of Madhya Pradesh which implemented the PDPS under the Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana last year, shows that it __________ E __________. Ground level checks reveal that traders connive with each other and depress prices at mandis. They force farmers to sell at lower prices and pocket the compensation from the government. Many small and marginal farmers __________ F __________ to sell their produce under the Bhavantar scheme, face a double whammy of lowered price and no compensation. The PSS would be easier to implement, with nodal agencies doing the procurement. However, the Centre __________ G __________to provide funds. With the additional Rs.16,550 crore guarantee for raising working capital from banks now being made available, the total credit guarantee given to institutions under PSS is already Rs.45,550 crore. But if all States apply to NAFED/FCI for procurement of oilseeds or pulses, the agencies will fall short of funds.

Q. Select the Correct Phrase for Blank D.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 22

It is clear from the given context that the government is going to use the new scheme to bring private players in the farming sector and also in giving the MSP to the farmers.

Among the given options, option A is not correct since we are talking about the details of the scheme and not about the perception regarding the scheme and same can be said regarding option C. Option D is completely out of context since it cannot be placed in the blank by any stretch of imagination. Only option B fits the context and it implies that the government is going to utilize the scheme to bring in the private players.

This makes option B the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 23

Direction: In the following passage blanks have been given. For each blank, a number of phrases have been suggested, one of which is the correct one for that blank grammatically and contextually. Select the answer for each and mark that as your answer.

With the decades-old minimum support price (MSP) system __________ A __________ the crisis at the farm gate, the three schemes that are a part of AASHA – the Price Support Scheme (PSS) itself, the Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and the Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS) – point to an innovative, MSP-plus approach to the problem of non-remunerative prices. Under the PDPS, the Centre __________ B __________ to pay oilseed farmers the difference between the MSP and market price. The advantage of this scheme is that the Centre can keep the farmer satisfied without having to go through the hassle of physical procurement, storage and disposal. Freed of these logistical hassles, the geographical reach and coverage of PDPS is likely __________ C __________. The PSS, or expanded MSP, will allow the FCI to procure pulses, oilseeds and copra from States that display interest. The PPPS is a new idea. __________ D __________, the Centre will persuade States to bring in private players to procure at MSP. It promises a maximum of 15 per cent of MSP as a service charge to the private player to compensate for the loss. In all these schemes however, the key will be the implementation; failure to create a system of checks and balances can derail them. For instance, the experience of Madhya Pradesh which implemented the PDPS under the Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana last year, shows that it __________ E __________. Ground level checks reveal that traders connive with each other and depress prices at mandis. They force farmers to sell at lower prices and pocket the compensation from the government. Many small and marginal farmers __________ F __________ to sell their produce under the Bhavantar scheme, face a double whammy of lowered price and no compensation. The PSS would be easier to implement, with nodal agencies doing the procurement. However, the Centre __________ G __________to provide funds. With the additional Rs.16,550 crore guarantee for raising working capital from banks now being made available, the total credit guarantee given to institutions under PSS is already Rs.45,550 crore. But if all States apply to NAFED/FCI for procurement of oilseeds or pulses, the agencies will fall short of funds.

Q. Select the Correct Phrase for Blank B.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 23

If we go through the context of this blank, it is clear that the government wants to keep the farmers happy and that is why, it has decided to pay the farmers under the Price Deficiency Payment Scheme.

Among the given options, option B is not correct since it is not a way-out for the government to pay the farmers under the PDPS scheme announced by it. Option C is not relevant since there is no reference in the passage regarding the weather-based yield scheme of the farmers. Option D and E are also out of context as per the given blank. Only option A is correct in the context of the given blank as it implies that the government is going to ensure that the oilseed farmers will be given the price difference by it.

This makes option A the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 24

Direction: In the following passage blanks have been given. For each blank, a number of phrases have been suggested, one of which is the correct one for that blank grammatically and contextually. Select the answer for each and mark that as your answer.

With the decades-old minimum support price (MSP) system __________ A __________ the crisis at the farm gate, the three schemes that are a part of AASHA – the Price Support Scheme (PSS) itself, the Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and the Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS) – point to an innovative, MSP-plus approach to the problem of non-remunerative prices. Under the PDPS, the Centre __________ B __________ to pay oilseed farmers the difference between the MSP and market price. The advantage of this scheme is that the Centre can keep the farmer satisfied without having to go through the hassle of physical procurement, storage and disposal. Freed of these logistical hassles, the geographical reach and coverage of PDPS is likely __________ C __________. The PSS, or expanded MSP, will allow the FCI to procure pulses, oilseeds and copra from States that display interest. The PPPS is a new idea. __________ D __________, the Centre will persuade States to bring in private players to procure at MSP. It promises a maximum of 15 per cent of MSP as a service charge to the private player to compensate for the loss. In all these schemes however, the key will be the implementation; failure to create a system of checks and balances can derail them. For instance, the experience of Madhya Pradesh which implemented the PDPS under the Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana last year, shows that it __________ E __________. Ground level checks reveal that traders connive with each other and depress prices at mandis. They force farmers to sell at lower prices and pocket the compensation from the government. Many small and marginal farmers __________ F __________ to sell their produce under the Bhavantar scheme, face a double whammy of lowered price and no compensation. The PSS would be easier to implement, with nodal agencies doing the procurement. However, the Centre __________ G __________to provide funds. With the additional Rs.16,550 crore guarantee for raising working capital from banks now being made available, the total credit guarantee given to institutions under PSS is already Rs.45,550 crore. But if all States apply to NAFED/FCI for procurement of oilseeds or pulses, the agencies will fall short of funds.

Q. Select the Correct Phrase for Blank E.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 24

If we go through the context, it is very much evident that the author is talking about the possibility of the PDPS scheme being exploited by the dishonest elements. It has also been observed that a similar scheme in Madhya Pradesh has been subjected to manipulations.

Among the given options, option A is not correct because it is in contravention to the essence of the context whereas option B is not logical if placed in the blank. Option D is also out of context whereas option C correctly explains the intended meaning of the given statement.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.

Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 25

Direction: In the following passage blanks have been given. For each blank, a number of phrases have been suggested, one of which is the correct one for that blank grammatically and contextually. Select the answer for each and mark that as your answer.

With the decades-old minimum support price (MSP) system __________ A __________ the crisis at the farm gate, the three schemes that are a part of AASHA – the Price Support Scheme (PSS) itself, the Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and the Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS) – point to an innovative, MSP-plus approach to the problem of non-remunerative prices. Under the PDPS, the Centre __________ B __________ to pay oilseed farmers the difference between the MSP and market price. The advantage of this scheme is that the Centre can keep the farmer satisfied without having to go through the hassle of physical procurement, storage and disposal. Freed of these logistical hassles, the geographical reach and coverage of PDPS is likely __________ C __________. The PSS, or expanded MSP, will allow the FCI to procure pulses, oilseeds and copra from States that display interest. The PPPS is a new idea. __________ D __________, the Centre will persuade States to bring in private players to procure at MSP. It promises a maximum of 15 per cent of MSP as a service charge to the private player to compensate for the loss. In all these schemes however, the key will be the implementation; failure to create a system of checks and balances can derail them. For instance, the experience of Madhya Pradesh which implemented the PDPS under the Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana last year, shows that it __________ E __________. Ground level checks reveal that traders connive with each other and depress prices at mandis. They force farmers to sell at lower prices and pocket the compensation from the government. Many small and marginal farmers __________ F __________ to sell their produce under the Bhavantar scheme, face a double whammy of lowered price and no compensation. The PSS would be easier to implement, with nodal agencies doing the procurement. However, the Centre __________ G __________to provide funds. With the additional Rs.16,550 crore guarantee for raising working capital from banks now being made available, the total credit guarantee given to institutions under PSS is already Rs.45,550 crore. But if all States apply to NAFED/FCI for procurement of oilseeds or pulses, the agencies will fall short of funds.

Q. Select the Correct Phrase for Blank C.

Detailed Solution for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 - Question 25

According to the given context, the PDPS scheme is not concerned with physical storage and procurement of crops from the farmers. That is why it will be easier for the government to ensure that the coverage of the new scheme will be more as compared to the previous schemes.

Among the given options, option A is not correct since it is not possible that the coverage will be the same, as is evident from the tone of the sentence also. Option B is not correct since we are talking about the coverage of the new scheme and not regarding its objectives. Option D is also not true since it is again regarding the advantage of the new scheme whereas option E can be easily eliminated on the ground that there is no reference to irrigation in the passage. Only option C can be used in the given blank since it implies that the coverage of the PDPS scheme is going to be more, as is intended.

This makes option C the correct choice among the given options.

Use Code STAYHOME200 and get INR 200 additional OFF
Use Coupon Code
Information about Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1 solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Test: Cloze Test MCQ - 1, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice