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Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Humanities/Arts MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Sociology Class 11 - Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 for Humanities/Arts 2024 is part of Sociology Class 11 preparation. The Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Humanities/Arts exam syllabus.The Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 MCQs are made for Humanities/Arts 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 below.
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Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 1

The study of the interrelationships among people in their spatial setting and physical environment is known as

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 2

A society that moves from having high birth and death rates to having low birth and death rates has experienced ________ transition.

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 3

According to whom, our ancestors became capable of tool use when they came down from the trees and began living on level ground?

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 4

Researchers have found that married people are less likely to commit suicide than divorced people. In this example, suicide is a(n)

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 5

Emily, age 8, is able to grasp her own social position as well as that of the people around her.
She begins to consider several tasks and relationships simultaneously. According to George Herbert Mead's theory, Emily is at the ________ stage.

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 6

People who work at a specific task are more likely to become highly skilled and perform the job with maximum efficiency. This is the rationale for which of the following characteristics of a bureaucracy?

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 7

Joe and Brynn are in the same Spanish class. During the final exam, Joe gets a perfect score by copying Brynn's answers. According to Merton's anomie theory of deviance, Joe is a(n)

Detailed Solution for Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 7

According to Robert K. Merton's anomie theory of deviance, individuals in society adapt to the pressures of societal norms and goals in different ways. Merton identified five modes of individual adaptation:

  1. Conformity: Accepting the cultural goals and the conventional means of achieving them.
  2. Innovation: Accepting cultural goals but rejecting the conventional means of achieving them, often leading to deviant behavior to reach those goals.
  3. Ritualism: Rejecting cultural goals but continuing to adhere to the conventional means of achieving them, often leading to a strict adherence to rules and rituals.
  4. Retreatism: Rejecting both the cultural goals and the means of achieving them, often leading to withdrawal from society.
  5. Rebellion: Rejecting both existing cultural goals and means and advocating for a new set of goals and means.

In the scenario with Joe copying Brynn's answers to get a perfect score, Joe is adapting by accepting the cultural goals (achieving success in the exam) but rejecting the conventional means of achieving them (studying, learning, and working hard). Instead, he resorts to deviant behavior (cheating) to reach those goals.

Therefore, according to Merton's anomie theory of deviance, Joe is an Innovator.

The correct answer is:

3. Innovator

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 8

According to world systems analysis, where are poor and developing nations found?

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 9

Juana, a Latina engineer, mentors Daniel, a young White engineer. According to the contact hypothesis, what might be the result of this scenario?

Test: Introducing Western Sociologists - 2 - Question 10

According to George Polya, how many types of objectives in mathematics are there for school education?

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