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Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6


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Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 1

TISCO stands for

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 1

TISCO - Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 2

Which year regarded as Year of great divide

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 2

The year 1921 is taken as the demographic divide for the reason that before this year, the population was not stable, sometimes it increased and at other times it decreased.
The growth rate of population was generally low before 1921. But after this year, there has been considerable and continuous increase in the population.
Between 1901 and 1911, the total increase in population was 5.9% and between 1911 and 1921, there was a decrease of 0.39%. In the decade of 1921-1931, the increase was 11.1%, from 1931 to 1941, it was 14.00% and during 1941-1951, it was 13.5%. It is going increasingly since then. Hence the year 1921 is rightly called the demographic divide.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 3

How much percentage of import and export were restricted to be between India and Britain

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 3

As much as half of the foreign trade was restricted to Britain. Before colonial period, India was exporting manufactured goods which enjoyed worldwide demand. Under the colonial rule, India was reduced to a supplier of raw materials like jute, cotton, indigo, wool, sugar etc.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 4

Census is conducted after every

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 5

Following were the main land tenure system prevailing during British colonial period:

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 5

Under British Rule, there were three main types of land tenure systems in India. They were Zamindars, Mahalwari and Rayatwari.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 6

Jute industries were located in

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 6

Jute Textile Industry is one of the major Industries in the Eastern India, particularly in West Bengal.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 7

Which of the following economist estimated per capita income during colonial period 

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 7

India’s per capita income during colonial period was estimated by some individual. Among the notable estimators — Dadabhai Naoroji, William Digby, Findlay Shirras.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 8

CAGR stands for

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 9

________ was developed by the British Raj as a means to enlarge the size of market for the British goods

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 9

Railways assisted British industries to widen the market for their finished products. 

Post and telegraphs were developed to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the British administration.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 10

10 % _____ while 18% workforce were engaged in ______ sector

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 10

The three-sector is an economic theory which divides economies into three sectors of activity, manufacturing (secondary 10%), and services (tertiary 18%).

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 11

When was the first census data collected during British India

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 11

A systematic and modern population census, in its present form was conducted non synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country. This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labeled as the first population census of India However, the first synchronous census in India was held in 1881.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 12

Life expectancy at the eve of independence was:

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 12

No wonder, the overall mortality rate was very high and in that, particularly, the infant mortality rate was quite alarming—about 218 per thousand in contrast to the present infant mortality rate of 63 per thousand. 
Life expectancy was also very low—44 years in contrast to the present 66 years.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 13

Opening of Suez Canal in ____ significantly reduced the cost f transportation of goods between Britain and India

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 13

The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt the Mediterranean Sea through the Red Sea via the Gulf of Suez. Construction began in September 1859 and was completed in November of 1869, 10 and a half years later. The Suez Canal is around 190 km in length.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 14

Railways were introduced in India in

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 14

The history of Indian Railways dates back to over 160 years ago. On 16 th April 1853, the first passenger train ran between Bori Bunder (Bombay) abd Thane, a distance of 34 km.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 15

The estimate given by Dr Rao regarding per capita output was

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 15

After independence, the Government of India appointed the National Income Committee in August, 1949 with Prof. P.C. Mahalnobis as its chairman and Prof. D.R. Gadgil and Dr. V.K.R.V. Rao as its two members so as to compile a national income estimates rationally on scientific basis. The first report of this committee was prepared in 1951. The estimate given by Dr Rao regarding per capita output was 0.005.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 16

Iron and steel industries began coming up in

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 16

The Bengal Iron Works was founded at Kulti in Bengal in 1870 which began its production in 1874 followed by The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) was established by Dorabji Tata in 1907, as part of his father's conglomerate. By 1939 it operated the largest steel plant in the British Empire. The company launched a major modernization and expansion program in 1951.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, a believer in socialism, decided that the technological revolution in India needed maximization of steel production. He, therefore, formed a government owned company, Hindustan Steel Limited (HSL) and set up three steel plants in the 1950s.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 17

Which statement is false?

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 18

Largest share of work force which was 72% was engaged in

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 19

Jute industries were dominated by

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 19

The cotton textile mills, mainly dominated by Indians, were located in the western parts of the country, namely, Maharashtra and Gujarat, while the jute mills dominated by the foreigners were mainly concentrated in Bengal.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 20

What is the value of GNP

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 20

GNP means gross national product. it is clear that it is on national level and a nation's resident should be included only. A another word is GDP it is gross domestic product. It includes every Product that has been made in our country it does not matter that who has made it resident or non resident.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 21

What was the rate of growth of real output in our country during the first half of the twentieth century

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 21

The growth of the aggregate real output (GDP) was less than 2% during the first half of the 20th century and growth of per capita income was just 0.5%.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 22

Reason for low productivity in agriculture sector

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 22

Low productivity in agriculture is due to low level of technology. In India farm farmers are still using poor and old agriculture technology of farming. in some areas farmer still do agriculture for survival

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 23

GDP stands for

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 23

The gross domestic product (GDP) is one of the primary indicators used to gauge the health of a country's economy. It represents the total dollar value of all goods and services produced over a specific time period, often referred to as the size of the economy.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 24

TISCO was incorporated in

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 24

Tata Iron and Steel Company was founded  and established on 26 August 1907.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 25

Which of the following contributed to the dismal level of agricultural productivity during the colonial times?

i) Low levels of technology,

ii) Lack of irrigation facilities

iii) Abundant use of fertilisers

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 25

The use of fertilizers was negligible. It also added up to aggravate the plight of the farmers.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 26

Which of the following economist estimated per capita income during colonial period

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 26

Dadabhai Naoroji, William Digby, Findlay Shirras, V.K.R.V. Rao and R.C. Desai are the economists who estimated India’s national income and per capita income during the colonial period. Among these estimations, Rao’s estimates were considered more significant.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 27

What was the percentage of population dependent directly or indirectly on agriculture

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 27

India's economy under British rule remained primarily agrarian - around 85% country's population lived in villages and derived livelihood directly or indirectly through agriculture.

Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihoods in India. 70 percent of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood, with 82 percent of farmers being small and marginal. In 2017-18, total food grain production was estimated at 275 million tonnes (MT).

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 28

Capital goods industries are those

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 28

Capital goods industry means industries which can produce machine, tools etc. which are, in turn, used for producing articles for current consumption.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 29

What is GDP

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 29

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the broadest quantitative measure of a nation's total economic activity. More specifically, GDP represents the monetary value of all goods and services produced within a nation's geographic borders over a specified period of time.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 30

Identify the industries which were under the public sector during the colonial period

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 30

Railways industries which were under the public sector during the colonial period.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 31

The main reason for the decline of handicraft industry

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 31

Through discriminatory tariff policy, the British Government successfully destroyed the demand of handicraft goods. Under this policy there was no duty on the export of goods from India and Import of British finish goods to India. But heavy-duty was placed on the export of handicraft so Indian handicraft decline.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 32

Which of the following describes infant mortality rate?

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 32

Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths per 1000 live births of children under 1 Year of Age. The rate for a given region is the number of children dying under 1 Year of age, divided by the number of live births during the year, multiplied by 1000.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 33

The main interest of the Zamindars was

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 33

The Main interest of the Zamindars was to collect rent regardless of the economic conditions of the cultivators. The profit accruing out of the agriculture sector went to the Zamindars instead of the cultivators. The system was not even proposed for benefiting the Cultivators.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 34

Which year is regarded as year of great Divide?

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 34

The year 1921 is called a Great Divide in demographic history of India because it is the only census year when there was as decline in growth population. After 1921, there has been a trend of continuous rise in population.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 35

TISCO was established in the year

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 35

TISCO (TATA IRON AND STEEL COMPANY) was established by Jameshji Tata on 26th August 1907. It has grown to the world 7th largest steel company. The name of the town was TISCO was found by Jameshji was given by lord Chelmsford in 1907.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 36

Economic infrastructure includes

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 36

Economic infrastructure means the basic amenities and services and services that directly influence and benefits the production process. Few examples are power, transportation, communication, banking, irrigation, etc.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 37

The export surplus used by Britishers

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 37

Indian wealth was badly affected during the British rules. Foreign trade of India during the colonial period generated of surplus exports due to excess exports.However,this surplus export did not flow any silver or Gold in to India. Rather- this surplus export was used to make payment of official setup by colonial government.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 38

Colonial refers to 

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 38

Colonialism implies domination of people’s life and culture. It results in control over life of natives in political, economic, cultural, social spheres. It is a more subtle whereas imperialism in more formal and aggressive.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 39

Which service remained throughout inadequate under the colonial regime?

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 39

With the development of Railways and roads, the colonial regulation also tooks steps for improvement of the sea lanes and inland trade. However for the postal services ,though it was useful assistants for the society ,it remains in sufficient.

Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 40

Decay of the handicrafts was caused by

Detailed Solution for Economics: CUET Mock Test - 6 - Question 40

British tariff policy, competitions from manmade machines, new demand patterns this are the main reasons for Decay of Indian handicrafts. Indian Industries mostly produce man maid products due to lack of technology. Even sudden change in demand of products as per western cultures resulted in to Decay.

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