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General Tests: Mock Test - 9


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60 Questions MCQ Test General Test Preparation for CUET | General Tests: Mock Test - 9

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General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 1

In February 2022, the Ministry of Rural Development launched the Rural Connectivity GIS (Geographic Information System) Data in Public Domain.Under which scheme the implementation was launched?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 1

Giriraj Singh, Union Minister for Rural Development, launched the Rural Connectivity GIS (Geographic Information System) Data in Public Domain in India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, Delhi.

  • As a part of the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), GIS data for more than 8 lakh rural facilities as points, 10 lakh habitations and 25 lakh Km of rural roads have been collected and digitized using the GIS platform developed for the PMGSY.
  • The National Rural Infrastructure Development Agency (NRIDA), the nodal implementing agency of PMGSY has signed a Memorandum of Understanding(MoU) with 3 GIS Firms.
  • NRIDA is also collaborating with Gati Shakti for releasing Rural Connectivity GIS Data in Public Domain.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 2

The Central Government recently (in Feb ’22) approved the continuation of the Central Sector Umbrella Scheme of “Border Infrastructure and Management (BIM)” from 2021-22 to _____ with an outlay of __________.

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 2

The Central Government approved the continuation of the Central Sector Umbrella Scheme of ‘Border
Infrastructure and Management (BIM)’ over the 15th Finance Commission Cycle from 2021-22 to 2025-26 with an outlay of Rs 13,020 crore.

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for the improvement of BIM.
  • This continuation will strengthen the border infrastructure for improving border management, policing and guarding the borders.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 3

In February 2022, who won the Airthings Masters chess tournament and became the 3rd Indian to defeat Magnus Carlsen, World Number 1?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 3

Indian Grandmaster (GM) R Praggnanandhaa defeated World Number 1 Magnus Carlsen (Norway) in the 8th round of the Airthings Masters, an online rapid chess tournament.

  • With this victory, R Praggnanandhaa became the third Indian, after Viswanathan Anand and P Harikrishna, to accomplish the rare feat of defeating Magnus Carlsen.
  • He became India’s youngest and world’s second youngest Grandmaster in 2018.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 4

“A Nation To Protect”, a book about the leadership of Indian Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi during the Covid-19 crisis was authored by ___________.

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 4

Priyam Gandhi-Mody authored “A Nation To Protect”, a book about the leadership of Indian Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi tackling the Covid-19 crisis. The book was launched by Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya in presence of health ministry officials on 18 February, 2022.
About ‘A Nation To Protect’:

  • The book speaks about Mansukh Mandaviya’s role of Fertilizers Minister during the second wave of Covid-19 by ensuring proper supplies of essential medicines and Remedisvir.
  • It also speaks about Modi’s view of India to follow ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ or self-reliance without depending on foreign vaccine manufacturers.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 5

The indigenous underwater submersible vehicle called “Matsya 6000” will be launched in 2024 for the Samudrayaan Mission.The MATSYA 6000 was designed by which organization?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 5

The indigenously developed manned underwater submersible vehicle, Matsya 6000 that is capable of taking 3 humans to a depth of 6,000 metres (m), will be ready for its launch in 2024 for the Samudrayaan Mission.

  • MATSYA 6000 is an undersea submersible vehicle designed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and developed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) under the aegis of Deep Ocean Mission (DOM). The navigation and electronics aspects of the vehicle were designed by the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), MoES.
  • Matsya 6000 is 2.1 m in diameter with a Titanium Alloy Personnel Sphere of 80 mm thickness that uses battery-powered propulsion that can reach a maximum depth of 6,000 metres.
  • It has an operational capacity of 12 hours and during emergencies, it can operate up to 96 hours for deep ocean exploration of non-living resources
  • It will study cobalt crust, hydrothermal sulphides, hydrates and polymetallic manganese nodules in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 6

Which Ministry recently (in Feb’22) launched a campaign named ‘’Bhasha Certificate Selfie’ to promote Bhasha Sangam mobile app.

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 6

The Ministry of Education (MoE) launched a campaign named ‘Bhasha Certificate Selfie’ to promote multilingualism and the spirit of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. It is launched to commemorate International Mother Language Day i.e Feb 21, 2022.

  • This campaign is to promote the Bhasha Sangam mobile app which was developed by MoE and MyGov India.

Bhasha Sangam Initiative:

  • It was launched to commemorate Rashtriya Ekta Diwas which is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel i.e 31st October.
  • It is an initiative of the Ministry of Education (MoE) under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. iii. It is developed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). iv. Objective- To ensure that people acquire basic conversational skills in Indian languages other than their mother tongue.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 7

As per the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, __________ became the Top State in Overall Installed Renewable Capacity by surpassing Karnataka, and __________ is the 1st state in India to cross 10,000 MW of total solar capacity (as of February 2022).

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 7

According to the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MoNRE), Tamil Nadu (TN) has achieved the first position in overall installed renewable energy capacity in India surpassing Karnataka.

  • As of 31st January 2022, TN’s total installed renewable capacity stood at 15,914 MegaWatt (MW) as compared to Karnataka’s total clean energy capacity of 15,795 MW.
  • Rajasthan’s overall renewable energy capacity was 14,983 MW and also the 1st state in India to cross 10,000 MW of total solar capacity and stood at 10,507 MW, followed by Karnataka (7,535 MW) and Gujarat (6,310 MW) and Tamil Nadu (4,894 MW).
  • Rajasthan and Gujarat added the highest renewable capacity (4.8 GW and 2.4 GW respectively) in the current fiscal year till 31st January 2022.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 8

Hemananda Biswal recently passed away (in Feb’22). He is a former CM of which of the following states?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 8

 

Former Odisha Chief Minister (CM) Hemananda Biswal passed away in Bhubaneswar, Odisha at the age of 83 years.

  • He was appointed as the CM of Odisha twice (1989-1990, 1999- 2000) and also was the first tribal CM of Odisha.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 9

Who recently (in Feb’22) created a world record by becoming the 1st cricketer to score a triple century on his first-class match debut in the Ranji Trophy 2021–22?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 9

Sakibul Gani, an Indian cricketer hailing from Motihari in Bihar, created a world record by becoming the first cricketer to score a triple century on his debut in a first-class match, 2021–22 Ranji Trophy.

  • He scored 341 runs with 405 balls, (56 fours& 2 sixes) representing Bihar in the plate group 2021–22 Ranji Trophy fixture against Mizoram at the Jadavpur University Campus Ground, Kolkata, West Bengal.
  • Previously, the record of highest score on first-class debut was held by Ajay Rothera of Madhya Pradesh (267 runs in December 2018) and Amol Muzumdar of Mumbai (260 runs in 1993-1994).
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 10

Identify the International Chess Federation masters who were recently (in Feb’22) appointed as the Brand Ambassadors of the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ scheme?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 10

International Chess Player woman FIDE (International Chess Federation or World Chess Federation) Masters, Tanishka Kotia and her sister Riddhika Kotia are appointed as Brand Ambassadors for the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ scheme for the Gurugram District of Haryana State.
About Tanishka Kotia & Riddhika Kotia:

  • Tanishka Kotia won the Limca Book of Records for being the youngest chess player in 2008. They belong to the Haryana state.
  • Tanishka Kotia ranks 2nd in the country in the under-16 category, World Chess Federation rankings released in 2019.
  • She won a Gold medal at the ASEAN Chess Championship in 2013 and silver at the Commonwealth Chess Championship In 2014 in Scotland.
  • Riddhika Kotia represented India at several prestigious international events, including the World Junior Chess Championship 2020.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 11

The bilateral air exercise named ‘Eastern Bridge-VI’ was commenced between India & _____ in Jodhpur Air Force Station in Rajasthan.

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 11

The 6th edition of the 5-day bilateral air exercise between the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) namely ‘Eastern Bridge-VI’ commenced at Jodhpur Air Force Station in Rajasthan.
Objective: This exercise is an opportunity to enhance operational capability and interoperability between the two Air Forces.
Participants:

  • The Indian Air Force(IAF) has deployed a fleet of Sukhoi-30MKIs, Jaguar and Mirage-2000 fighter jets for the sixth edition of the exercise ‘Eastern Bridge’.
  • The Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) has deployed its F-16 jets.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 12

Which organisation recently (in Feb’22) received the “Most Dependable Public Sector in India Award 2022” by the Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry of India (ASSOCHAM)?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 12

Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) awarded ‘Most Dependable Public Sector in India award 2022’ to Coal India Limited (CIL), an organization under Ministry of Coal during Energy Meet & Excellence Awards 2022 ceremony in Kolkata, West Bengal.
About The Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry of India
(ASSOCHAM): Establishment – 1920
Headquarters – New Delhi, Delhi
President – Vineet Agarwal

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 13

In which state the 48th edition of the Khajuraho Dance Festival will be held from 20th to 26th February, 2022?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 13

Madhya Pradesh (MP) Governor Mangubhai Patel Inaugurated the Week long 48th Khajuraho Dance Festival in Khajuraho, located in Chhatarpur district, MP. The 48th edition of Khajuraho Dance Festival will be held from 20th to 26th February, 2022.

The Khajuraho Dance Festival is organised annually by the Government of Madhya Pradesh, Culture’ Department through Ustad Alauddin Khan Sangeet and Kala Academy, Madhya Pradesh Sanskriti Parishad, Bhopal
The festival will be presenting artists with the ‘National Kalidas Award’ for dance for the years 2019-20 and 2020-21 and the ‘MP State Rupankar Kala Award’ at this ceremony.
On the first day, disciples of the late ‘Pandit Birju Maharaj’ will perform which will be the centre of attraction.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 14

In February 2022, Assam became the 1st state to launch “India’s 1st night navigation mobile app” for ferry services on ________ river.

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 14

CM of Assam, Himanta Biswa Sarma launched India’s first Night Navigation mobile application (app) for ferry services on the Brahmaputra river in Guwahati, Assam.

  • It was developed by the State Transport Department in association with K Raju, the principal scientist of IIT Madras.
  • The first night journey of the IWT (Inland Water Transport) ferry between Guwahati and North Guwahati was started on 19 February 2022.
  • An MoU was also signed between the Common Service Centres (CSCs) under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and State Transport Department to provide online services at the panchayat level.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 15

In February 2022, _________ bank signed an agreement to acquire a _______ stake for a cash investment of INR 19.99 crore with Verve Financial Services (VFSPL).

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 15

ICICI Bank signed an agreement with Verve Financial Services (VFSPL). The bank has acquired a 9.49% stake for a cash investment of INR 19.99 crore in the equity shares of VFSPL.

  • The investment agreement is expected to be completed by the end of March 2022. Later, ICICI Bank will hold a 9.49% stake (on a fully diluted basis) in VFSPL through the acquisition of 2,29,600 equity shares.

About ICICI Bank:
CEO & MD– Sandeep Bakhshi
Headquarters- Vadodara, Gujarat
Founded-1994

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 16

In February 2022, ___________ became the 1st bank to enter the Metaverse to open a lounge named “Onyx” through blockchain technology in Decentraland.

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 16

JPMorgan Chase & co, the largest financial institution in the United States (US) has become the 1st bank to arrive in the metaverse, a virtual world based on blockchain technology with the opening of a lounge named ‘Onyx’ in blockchain technology-based virtual world Decentraland.
Onyx refers to JPMorgan’s suite of Ethereum-based services and released a report exploring how businesses can find opportunities in the metaverse.
About Metaverse:

  • Metaverse is a virtual reality world where users can do multiple activities like games, shopping, and interaction with others just like they do in the real world.
  • The metaverse uses Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) for interaction and has become an efficiently used technology to enhance user experience.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 17

In February 2022, Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) increased its stake from 4.959% to 5.044% in which company?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 17

Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) has acquired 0.085% additional stakes of Capri Global Capital Ltd (CGCL) through market purchase and increased its stake in CGCL from 4.959% to 5.044%.

  • CGCL is a Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC) listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and National Stock Exchange (NSE).
  • LIC has acquired 150000 shares (0.085%) carrying voting rights.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 18

The 1st batch of 3 MH-60R Multi-Role Helicopters are expected to arrive India in July 2022 in Kochi, Kerala.Which country will deliver the MH-60R Multi-Role Helicopters to India?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 18

The first batch of three MH-60R Multi-Role Helicopters is expected to arrive in India in July 2022 in Kochi, Kerala. These three helicopters were already handed over by the United States (US) in 2021 but Indian pilots were using these helicopters for training purposes in Pensacola, San Diego and Florida of US.

  • The MH-60R Multi-Role helicopters will replace Sea King 42/42A helicopters, which were decommissioned in the 1990s.
  • These helicopters are expected to be deployed on indigenous aircraft carrier INS Vikrant.
  • In 2020, India signed a USD 2.2 billion deal for MH-60R helicopters built by Lockheed Martin during the visit of former U.S. President Donald Trump. All deliveries will be completed by 2025.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 19

Which state/UT is set to launch a 4-year mentorship programme named “Project Arohan” to provide guidance to students and hone their skills?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 19

The government of Assam is set to launch a 4-year mentorship programme – “Project Arohan” – to mentor the students of Assam and to hone their skills.

  • Himanta Biswa Sarma, CM of Assam, met with Anita Rajan, Chief Executive officer CEO) of Tata STRIVE, the skill development initiative of Tata Trusts, to seek cooperation for Project Arohan.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 20

Which Bank recently (in Feb’22) became the 1st multilateral agency to open an office in the Gujarat International Finance Tec (GIFT) City, Gujarat?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 20

New Development Bank (NBD) will become the 1st multilateral agency to open an office in the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT), Gujarat which will start its operation by the mid of May 2022.

  • NDB also expects to partner with the newly launched National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development (NBFID) to support crucial infrastructure projects in India.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 21

Which of the following countries recently (in Feb’22) agreed to form a Joint Hydro Development Committee during 9th meetings of the Joint Working Group & Joint Steering Committee on bilateral power sector cooperation?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 21

Nepal and India have agreed to form a Joint Hydro Development Committee during the 9th meeting of the Joint Working Group (JWG, Joint Secretary level) and the Joint Steering Committee (JSC, Secretary level) on bilateral power sector cooperation in Kathmandu, Nepal on 23rd and 24th February 2022.

  • The JSC meeting was co-chaired by Alok Kumar, Power Secretary, Government of India and Devendra Karki, Energy Secretary, Ministry of Energy, Water Resources and Irrigation, Government of Nepal.
  • The Committee will explore the development of viable hydropower projects in Nepal with a focus on storage. The task force will have a maximum of three members from both countries.
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 22

Which company signed an agreement with Vodafone to buy a 4.7% equity stake in Indus Towers?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 22

Bharti Airtel Limited, also known as Airtel, has signed an agreement with Vodafone to purchase 4.7% equity interest in Indus Towers. The agreement has been signed on the condition that the amount paid shall be inducted by Vodafone as fresh equity in Vodafone Idea Ltd (VIL) and simultaneously remitted to Indus Towers to clear VIL’s outstanding dues.

  • The deal is expected to be in the range of Rs 3,000 crore.

About Bharti Airtel Limited (Airtel):
MD & CEO (India & South Asia)– Gopal Vittal
Headquarters– New Delhi, Delhi.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 23

Name the country that recently (in Feb ’22) tested the iron dome based naval defence system named “C-Dome or Protective Dome” by Maven Naval Warship.

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 23

Israel successfully test-fired its “C-Dome or Protective Dome” naval defence system based on Iron Dome which was tested against rockets, cruise missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV). The C-Dome was successfully tested for the first time from Saar-6 Corvette INS Magen, Israel’s Naval Warship.
About The “C-Dome or Protective Dome” Missiles:

  • The C-Dome is a multilayer missile defence system, alongside the Arrow and David’s Sling systems which is capable of intercepting everything from long-range missiles to short-range rockets.
  • Rafael developed the Iron Dome, a mobile all-weather air defence system.
  • The C-Dome has a speed of Mach 2.2 (2716.56 kmph).
General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 24

Consider the following statements regarding ‘Production Linked Incentive Scheme for Textiles’

  1. It is applicable for both man-made fibres and technical textiles
  2. Only manufacturing company registered in India will be eligible to participate under the scheme
  3. It has a budgetary outlay of 1,00,000 crores over five years

Select the correct statement/s

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 24

Statement Analysis:
Statement 1
Correct

Government has recently approved the PLI Scheme for Textiles for man-made fibre (MMF) Apparel, MMF Fabrics and Technical Textiles

Statement 2
Correct

Only manufacturing company registered in India will be eligible to participate under the scheme.

Statement 3
Incorrect

The scheme has a budgetary outlay of 10,683 crores with a duration of 5 years i.e. during FY 2025- 26 to FY 2029-30.

Context – Government has approved the PLI Scheme for Textiles

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 25

‘Overground workers’ a term seen in news is used in the context of 

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 25

Over ground workers (OGWs) are people who help militants, or terrorists, with logistical support, cash, shelter, and other infrastructure with which armed groups and insurgency movements such as Hizbul Mujaheddin and Jaish-e-Muhammad in Jammu and Kashmir can operate.
Context – Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) police recently arrested three overground workers (OGWs) for a grenade attack on a Central Reserve Police Forces (CRPF) camp.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 26

With reference to ‘Pusa Decomposer’, consider the following statements

  1. It is a bio-enzyme developed by Indian Agricultural Research Institute in association with Punjab University
  2. It decomposes the stubble within a span of 10 days and turns it into manure

Which of the statement/s given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 26

Statement Analysis:
Statement 1
Incorrect

The Pusa decomposer, is a bio-enzyme developed by the Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) to decompose crop residue.

Statement 2
Incorrect

It can turn crop residue into organic manure in just 15-20 days.

Context- Delhi Government employed this bio decomposer to discourage stubble burning.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 27

With reference to the Account Aggregator framework, seen recently in news, consider the following statements: 

  1. An Account Aggregator provides the service of retrieving or collecting financial information pertaining to its customer. 
  2. The licence for Account Aggregator is issued by the RBI. 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 27

Statement Analysis:
Statement 1
Correct

According to the Reserve Bank of India, an Account Aggregator is a non-banking financial company engaged in the business of providing, under a contract, the service of retrieving or collecting financial information pertaining to its customer. It is also engaged in consolidating, organising and presenting such information to the customer or any other financial information user as may be specified by the bank

Statement 2
Correct

The AA framework was created through an inter-regulatory decision by RBI and other regulators including Securities and Exchange Board of India, Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority, and Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) through and initiative of the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC)

Context – A new framework was launched for Account Aggregators

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 28

Consider the following statements regarding ‘Nipah Virus’

  1. It is a type of RNA virus in the genus Henipavirus
  2. There are currently no drugs or specific vaccine that directly target the  virus
  3. It is also caused by indirect contact 

Choose the correct statement/s using the code given below

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 28

Statement Analysis:
Statement 1
Correct

The Nipah virus (NiV) is a type of RNA virus in the genus Henipavirus. The virus normally circulates among some fruit bats. It can both spread between people and from other animals to people.

Statement 2
Correct
There are currently no drugs or vaccines that specifically target Nipah virus infection. WHO has identified Nipah as a priority disease for the WHO Research and Development Blueprint. Intensive supportive care is recommended to treat severe respiratory and neurologic complications.

Statement 3
Correct

Fruit bats are the main reservoir for Nipah and they can transmit the virus to humans through direct and indirect contact with their urine, feces, or saliva. Contact with fruit bats or their urine, feces or saliva should thus be strictly avoided in Nipah-affected areas.

Context – There was an outbreak of Nipah Virus in Kerala.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 29

With reference to Anti-Defection Law in India, consider the following statements

  1. It was enacted as per the suggestions of the Thungon Committee
  2. There is a timeframe within which the presiding officer of the house has to decide on the disqualification
  3. The decision of the presiding officer is subject to judicial review

Choose the correct answer using the code given below

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 29

Statement Analysis:
Statement 1
Incorrect

Thungon Committee is related to Panchayat Raj Institutions. The Anti-Defection law was enacted by Rajiv Gandhi Government in the absence of recommendations by any committee regarding Anti-Defection Law.

Statement 2
Incorrect

The Anti-Defection Law does not specify a timeframe within which the presiding officer has to decide on a disqualification plea.

Statement 3
Correct

The decision of the presiding officer of the house is subject to Judicial Review. The law initially stated that the decision of the Presiding Officer is not subject to judicial review. This condition was struck down by the Supreme Court in Kihoto holohan Case, 1992, thereby allowing appeal against the Presiding Officer’s decision in the High Court and Supreme Court

Context – The Calcutta High Court gave West Bengal Assembly Speaker a deadline to pass an order in the defection case

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 30

Consider the following statements 

  1. Furlough is granted to the prisoner to meet a specific exigency whereas Parole may be granted without any reason.
  2. Period of furlough granted to a prisoner is treated as remission of his sentence whereas parole is a system of releasing a prisoner with suspension of the sentence.
  3. Prisoner does not have an absolute legal right to claim parole unlike furlough

Select the correct answer using the code given below

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 30

Statement Analysis:
Statement 1
Incorrect

While parole is granted to the prisoner to meet a specific exigency, furlough may be granted (after a stipulated number of years have been served) without any reason.

Statement 2
Correct

Period of furlough granted to a prisoner is treated as remission of his sentence. Whereas parole is a system of releasing a prisoner with suspension of the sentence

Statement 3
Incorrect

Supreme Court stated that although furlough can be claimed without a reason, prisoner does not have an absolute legal right to claim furlough

Context – Supreme Court discussed differences between ‘furlough’ and ‘parole’ and the principles relating to grant of them.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 31

Krishna Narayan has been transferred recently to handle a new task. There were initial problems with the productivity of the new team. But, with his skill of interpersonal engagements, Krishna Narayan has brought about observable increase in the performance of the team. He is successfully making all members aware of their roles and standards. What should Krishna Narayan do to keep increasing the productivity?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 31

It is clear that Krishna Narayan is a good leader, but leadership is a continuous requirement of any team, hence (a) is ruled out. As he has been successful in increasing the performance, he should now try to make his team members identify with their roles. Once it is done then the individual is intrinsically motivated to perform their role in better ways. Their involvement will follow then. And deadlines can be easily emphasized. Hence (d) is the best option

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 32

You are the administrative head of an area and your primary responsibility includes maintaining law and order and ensuring development of the area. A big car manufacturing company is setting up its car-manufacturing unit in the area and there is a group of people that opposes the setting up to the plant. This group feels that they didn't get a fair deal when their land was transferred to the car manufacturing company. They are demanding that either more compensation be paid or their land be returned to them. A regional political party has also supported their demand and they are protesting against the company. The situation is on the brink of explosion and can turn ugly any moment. In a situation like this you will

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 32

When both the parties are involved in working out the compensation, there are more chances of achieving a win- win situation, hence (b) is the best option, (c) is against democratic principles, so ruled out. (d) is least preferred as there is no demand for the employment.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 33

Mrs. Pathak is a successful and able worker. She carries hope and positive energy. But she has an opponent in Mr. Naynar who cannot see eye-to-eye with her in the office. Mr. Ramgoswamy (Mrs. Pathak's Boss) is very fond of Mrs. Pathak because of her past record of successes and sense of optimism. Mrs. Pathak came up with a proposal having complete confidence in its success. But, as usual Mr. Naynar opposed it. What should Mr. Ramgoswamy do?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 33

Option (a) shows a prejudiced approach to relate every criticism by Mr Naynarha having a personal reason, therefore it is ruled out as most inappropriate. As this is Mrs Pathak's proposal, she should be given chance to answer before you take the final decision. When you are already taking the criticisms positively, there is no need for (c), even though it is not totally inappropriate.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 34

Many political activists have decided to stage a demonstration to protest against the steep price rise in essential commodities. Traffic is expected to be disrupted. What should be done?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 34

Options (a) and (d) are over reactions, (a) being the extreme and not acceptable in a democracy, (b) and (c) are the rational choices, (b) being more effective and direct in solving the problem.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 35

You have promoted a woman in your department because she is good at her work, has the right qualifications, and has shown potential for decisive action, which is a requirement in the new post. The post is one coveted by many others in the department. The woman promoted happens to be your boss's daughter, and three of those not promoted are complaining about favouritism, and are threatening to report the matter to higher authorities. What would you do?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 35

(a) It is best to nip rumours in the bud and tackle the complaining group without changing your decision if that decision has been based on principles. And it is best to talk to all the members of the disgruntled group together. It is necessary to convey the message that you are not likely to be cowed by their behaviour, even as they get an opportunity to get an explanation for your action.

Option (b) is underhand behaviour and puts you in a dubious position, besides being likely to prove harmful to the organisation in the long run.

Option (d) shows a proactive but not a mature approach to the problem at hand. If your decision is based on right principles, a complaint against you is not going to work, so there is not much justification for being so cautious.

Option (c) is also less preferable because the rumours cast aspersion on your work ethics, and letting them continue till they die a natural death may, instead, boomerang on you.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 36

The school dropout rate in many parts of the district has risen sharply during the last few years as the parents of these children make them work in the fields owned by rich farmers to earn enough to get at least one meal a day. What would you suggest be done in the circumstances?
1. To treat child labour and the deprivation of the right of education of a child as a crime and arrest the defaulting parents
2. Get the government to create a mechanism for the provision of free food grains to the poor in the district so that parents need not send their children to work
3. Make arrangements for the schools to provide free mid-day meals for children so that they are encouraged to come to school and also get the nutrition they require
4. Put in place a food-for-work programme for the adults from among the poor that could supplement their income and they would not be forced to send their children to work

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 36

I is not only authoritarian, it reflects an insensitivity to and a lack of understanding of the real situation. II appears to be a solution, but it is not long-term arrangement. As soon as the scheme is withdrawn, as it simply cannot be permanent, the situation will be back to square one. Ill and IV, on the other hand, seem feasible and possible ways to solve the problem.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 37

Between I960 and 1970, ivory poachers in the African nation of Zinbaku killed over 6500 elephants. During that period, the total elephant population in Zinbaku fell from about 35000 to just under 30000. In 1970, new antipoaching measures were implemented in Zinbaku, and between 1970 and 1980 over 800 poachers were arrested and expelled from the country. Nevertheless, by 1980, the elephant population in Zinbaku had fallen to about 21000. Which of the following, if true, would best help to explain the apparent paradox presented above?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 37

The other options simply contradict the facts given in the passage.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 38

Companies that advertise on television complain that digital television recording (DTR) services make it possible for consumers to watch television programs without viewing the commercials that these advertisers have paid the television networks to broadcast.The DTR service providers respond that their services may actually help the advertisers, because without their service, many consumers would not have been able to watch the programs or the commercials in them—in the first place.Which of the following, if true, offers the most support to the advertisers' claims that the DTR services are currently hurting their businesses?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 38

Suggests that the defense stated by the DTR services providers works only in theory, not in practice. If most subscribers to these services are automatically avoiding all commercials, the companies that have paid to broadcast advertising messages to these viewers are going to get less of a return from their advertising investment, which will hurt their businesses.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 39

Partly because of bad weather, but also partly because some major pepper growers have switched to high- priced cocoa, world production of pepper has been running well below worldwide sales for three years. Pepper is consequently in relatively short supply. The price of pepper has soared in response; it now equals that of cocoa. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 39

A naturally drawn inference.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 40

You have been given a certain target for achieving but you have not been given adequate resources. There is lack of finances, lack of manpower, lack of government cooperation, etc. What do you do in such a situation?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 40

Option (b) is the best approach in the given situation. Option a would not be the correct choice as a proper civil servant would try to finish any work he is given.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 41

You have been instrumental in getting a project of getting potable water in a village successful. The villagers are grateful and the community leader expresses their appreciation by meeting you at the office with a box of sweets and an envelope of cash. How would you respond?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 41

(c) is the best option. Option (a) and (b) may not be really 'wrong' but it does not seem entirely 'right' either to accept gifts - cash or otherwise - for doing one's official duty. Option (d) is unnecessarily self-righteous: the act of the villager does not quite accord with the act of offering of a bribe.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 42

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. It was 10% more than the boxes sold on the earlier day i.e. Sunday.

II. Every third visitor to the shop purchased the box and 1500 visitors were there on Sunday

Q.How many gift boxes were sold on Monday?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 42

From II, we can conclude that (1500 *3) = 500 boxes were sold on Sunday.

Thus, from I, we find that number of boxes sold on Monday = 500 + 10% of 500 = 550.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 43

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. Anuj missed his usual train of 10.25 a.m. A train comes in every 5 minutes.
II. Anuj did not catch the 10.40 a.m. train or any train after that time.

Q. Which train did Anuj catch to go to office?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 43

From I and II, we conclude that Anuj went to office by either 10.30 a.m. or 10.35 a.m. train.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 44

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. He visited Accounts department in the second week of September after having visited Sales department on the earlier occasion.
II. He had visited Sales department immediately after visiting Stores department but before visiting Accounts department

Q. The Chairman of a big company visits one department on Monday of every week except for the Monday of third week of every month. When did he visit the Sales department?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 44

From I, we can conclude that the Chairman visited Sales department on Monday of the first week of September. The time of visit of no department is mentioned in II, which is, therefore, insufficient.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 45

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. Jeetu did not visit zoo either on Tuesday or on Thursday.
II. Jeetu visited zoo two days before his mother reached his house which was day after Monday.

Q. On which day of the week did Jeetu visit the zoo?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 45

 

According to I, Jeetu visited the zoo on any of the week days exceptTuesday and Thursday.

According to II, Jeetu's mother reached his house day after Monday i.e. on Tuesday.
Thus, Jeetu visited zoo two days before Tuesday i.e. on Sunday.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 46

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. Sachin gets 15% more than Rakesh while Rakesh gets 10% less than Lokesh.
II. Lokesh's monthly salary is Rs 2500.

Q. What is the monthly salary of Sachin?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 46

From both I and II, we find that:
Sachin's salary = 115% of (90% of Rs 2500) = Rs 2587.50.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 47

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other

B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question

C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and

D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. The train normally leaves on time.
II. The scheduled departure is at 18: 30.

Q.What time did the train leave today?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 47

Even both I and II together do not reveal the exact time of departure of the train today, as "normally" word is used. So it is not necessary that train left at time today.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 48

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other

B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question

C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and

D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. P, who has only two kids, M and N, is the mother-in-law of Q, who is sister-in-law of N.
II. R, the sister-in-law of M, is the daughter-in-law of S, who has only two kids, M and N.

Q. How is M related to N?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 48

From I, we conclude that P is the mother of M and N, while Q is the daughter-in-law of P and sister-in-law of N. Thus, Q is M's wife and hence, M is N's brother.
From II, we conclude that M and N are the children of S. Also, R is the daughter-in-law of S and sister-in-law of M. So, R is N's wife and thus, N is M's brother. Hence, M is either brother or sister of N.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 49

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other

B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question

C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and

D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. There are 47 students in the class.
II. Shyam who ranks 10th in the same class, ranks 38th from the last.

Q. Siddhu ranks eighteenth from the top in a class. What is his rank from the last?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 49

From I, we conclude that in a class of 47 students, Siddhu ranks 18th from the top and hence 30th from the last.

From II, we conclude that there are 9 students above and 37 students below Shyam in rank. Thus, there are (9 + 1 + 37) = 47 students in the class.
So, Siddhu, who ranks 18th from the top, is 30th from the last.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 50

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other

B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question

C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and

D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. Buildings S and Q are at the two extreme ends of the row.
II. Building T is to the right of building R.

Q. In a row offive buildings P, Q, R, S and T, which building is in the middle?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 50

From I, we have the order: S, -, -, -, Q. From II, we have the order: R, T. Combining the above two, we get two possible orders: S, R, T, P, Q or S, P, R, T, Q. Thus, either TorRis in the middle.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 51

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other

B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question

C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and

D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. M is third from the top and there are five students between M and P.
II. The rank of K is fourth from the bottom and there are 37 students between K and P.

Q. What is the rank of P from the bottom in a class of 50 students?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 51

From I, we conclude that P is 9th from the top. Thus, in a class of 50 students, P ranks 42nd from the bottom.

From II, we conclude that P is 42nd from the bottom.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 52

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other

B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question

C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and

D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. Distaller than A and C.
II. B is shorter than E but taller than D.

Q. Among five friends, who is the tallest?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 52

From I, we have: D>A,D>C.
From II, we have: E>B>D.
Combining the above two, we get: E>B>D>A>CorE>B>D>C>A.
Thus, E is the tallest.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 53

Each of the item below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other

B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question

C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and

D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. 18 speakers were invited to give at least one speech (maximum of two speeches), out of which one-sixth of the speakers could not come.
II. One-third of the speakers gave two speeches each.

Q. How many speeches were delivered in the 4 days' program?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 53

From I, we find that number of speakers who attended program =18 - (l/6) of 18 = 15.
From II, we find that one-third of 15 i.e. 5 speakers gave 2 speeches each, while each of the remaining 10 speakers delivered only one speech.
So, total number of speeches delivered = (5 x 2 + 10xl) = 20.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 54

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. D is to the immediate right of E and B is to the immediate left of E.
II. B is at the extreme left of the, row.

Q. In a row of five children A, B, C, D and E, who is standing in the middle?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 54

From I, we have the order: B, E, D.
From II, B is at the extreme left of the row.
Thus, considering both I and II, we conclude that among the five children, D is the third and hence the middle child in the row.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 55

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. N earns more than M and P but less than only D.
II. M earns more than P who earns less than K.

Q. Among M, N, D, P and K, who is the 2nd highest earner among them?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 55

From I, we have: N>M,N>P,D>N. Thus, we have: D>N>M>Por D>N> P>M.
But, from II, M earns more than P i.e. D > N > M > P. Also, since P earns less than K and N earns less than only D, so we have: D>N>K>M>P or D>N>M> K>P.
Hence, N is the 2nd highest earner.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 56

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. 18% of the 950 officer cadre employees and 6% of the 1100 other cadre employees opted for VRS.
II. 28% of the employees in the age-group of 51 to 56 and 17% of the employees in all other age-groups opted for VRS.

Q. How many employees of Bank A opted for VRS?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 56

From I, we have: number of employees who opted for VRS = 18% of 950 + 6% of 1100 = 171 + 66 = 237.
From II, we cannot get the required answer until and unless the number of employees in age-group 51 to 56 and other age-groups is known.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 57

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. Buses for Bokaro leave after every 30 minutes, till 10 p.m.
II. Fifteen minutes ago, one bus has left for Bokaro.

Q. It is 6:00 pm, when can Hemu get next bus for Bokaro from Ranchi?
 

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 57

II reveals that the previous bus had left at 5:45 pm. As given in I, the next bus would leave after 30 minutes i.e. at 6:15 pm.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 58

Each of the items below consists of a question and two statements. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Give answer as:
A: If the question can be answered by data in one of the statements only, but not the other
B: If the data either in statement I or in statement II is sufficient to answer the question
C: If the data given in both statements I and II together are not sufficient to answer the question and
D: If the data in both statements I and II together are necessary to answer the question.

Statements:
I. S ranks three ranks above A, who ranks 18th from the bottom.
II. S's rank from the top is two ranks below D who ranks 23rd from the bottom.
Q. What is S's rank from the top in a class of 35 students?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 58

From I, We know that in a class of 35 students, A ranks 18th from the bottom and 18th from the top.
S is three ranks above A and so, S ranks 15th from the top.
From II, D ranks 23rd from the bottom and hence she is 13th from the top. S, being 2 ranks below D, is thus 15th from the top.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 59

Government deregulation of the long-distance telephone business has resulted in increased competition among telephone carriers, thus resulting in lower prices for consumers. This process, however, will ultimately result in lower-quality service for consumers, because as the telephone carriers drop their prices to compete with one another for customers, they will be forced to cut corners on nonessential items like customer service.Which of the following, if true, casts the most doubt on the argument that government deregulation of the telephone business will result in lower-quality customer service?

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 59

Directly challenges the assumption made in the passage that market forces will drive telephone companies to cut corners on customer service in order to cut costs, because (c) implies that market forces will give these companies at least as much of an incentive to improve customer service as to cut costs. None of the other answers challenge this assumption. The cost savings mentioned in (a) and (d) do not actually give the companies any incentive to devote more resources to customer service.

General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 60

Physician: The hormone melatonin has shown promise as a medication for sleep disorders when taken in synthesized form. Because the long-term side effects of synthetic melatonin are unknown, however, I cannot recommend itsuseatthis time.
Patient: Your position is inconsistent with your usual practice. You prescribe many medications that you know have serious side effects, so concern about side effects cannot be the real reason you will not prescribe melatonin.

The patient's argument is flawed because it fails to consider that

Detailed Solution for General Tests: Mock Test - 9 - Question 60

Argument Evaluation
Situation
: The physician refuses to prescribe synthetic melatonin to treat sleep disorders despite this medication's promise. The reason the physician offers for this refusal is that the long-term side effects of synthetic melatonin are unknown. The patient responds that because the physician prescribes other medications that are known to have serious side effects, it cannot be a concern for synthetic melatonin's side effects that is prompting the physician's refusal to prescribe that medication.

Reasoning: What does the patient's argument fail to consider? The patient says that the inconsistency in the physician's position lies in the physician's unwillingness to prescribe synthetic melatonin coupled with a willingness to prescribe other medications that are known to have serious side effects. But notice that the physician does not say that synthetic melatonin has serious side effects; rather, the physician points out that the long-term side effects of synthetic melatonin are unknown. The physician most likely prescribes medications that have serious side effects because the medications' benefits outweigh the risks posed by their side effects. In the case of synthetic melatonin, however, this kind of decision cannot be made.
(a) The patient's argument has to do with whether the physician's refusal to prescribe synthetic melatonin is consistent with the physician's usual prescription practices. The question of whether naturally produced melatonin has different side effects than synthetic melatonin has no bearing on that argument.
(b) It is quite reasonable for the patient's argument not to mention this possibility, especially since the physician expresses a belief that synthetic melatonin may be effective—but expresses no belief about whether or not it has been conclusively shown to be effective.

(c) The patient makes clear that the physician prescribes medications that have serious side effects; the time those side effects take to manifest themselves is not relevant to the argument.
(d) Correct. The patient's argument is flawed in failing to consider this key difference between known risks and unknown risks. If the patient had considered this key difference, the patient would have realized that the physician's position is not at all inconsistent, and that the physician's refusal to prescribe is genuinely based on a concern about an unknown risk.

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