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Languages: Mock Test - 8


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Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 1

Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Thursday dubbed it “unfortunate” that only 17 of 37 women recommended by the Supreme Court collegium were appointed as judges in high courts while the rest still remain pending with the government.

“For the High Courts, we have recommended so far 192 candidates. Out of these, 37, that is 19% were women. This is certainly an improvement over the percentage of incumbent women judges in high courts which stands at 11.8%. Unfortunately, so far only 17 of the 37 women recommended were appointed. Others are still pending with the government,” Chief Justice Ramana said.

The top judge said the appointment of women judges should not be reduced to a mere “symbolic” gesture. Women judges add rich experience and bring to the table a nuanced understanding of the differing impacts that certain laws may have on both men and women.

“Now we have four women judges in the Supreme Court, which is the highest ever in its history. In near future, we shall be witnessing the first ever female Chief Justice of India. But, I think, we are still far away from ensuring at least 50% representation of women in our judiciary. The legal profession still remains male-dominated, with severe under-representation of women,” the CJI noted in his speech on the occasion of the International Day of Women Judges.

Chief Justice Ramana pointed to how [x] with 52%, Assam with 46%, Andhra Pradesh with 45%, Odisha with 42%, Rajasthan with 40% of women among judicial officers have done well with reservation for women. “I strongly feel that the policy of providing reservation to women needs to be replicated at all levels and in all the States,” the CJI said.

Q. State with highest percent of women judges is _______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 1

States such as Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha and Rajasthan have benefited from such reservation as they now have 40-50% women judicial officers. With Telangana having 52% women judges the highest in the country.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 2

Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Thursday dubbed it “unfortunate” that only 17 of 37 women recommended by the Supreme Court collegium were appointed as judges in high courts while the rest still remain pending with the government.

“For the High Courts, we have recommended so far 192 candidates. Out of these, 37, that is 19% were women. This is certainly an improvement over the percentage of incumbent women judges in high courts which stands at 11.8%. Unfortunately, so far only 17 of the 37 women recommended were appointed. Others are still pending with the government,” Chief Justice Ramana said.

The top judge said the appointment of women judges should not be reduced to a mere “symbolic” gesture. Women judges add rich experience and bring to the table a nuanced understanding of the differing impacts that certain laws may have on both men and women.

“Now we have four women judges in the Supreme Court, which is the highest ever in its history. In near future, we shall be witnessing the first ever female Chief Justice of India. But, I think, we are still far away from ensuring at least 50% representation of women in our judiciary. The legal profession still remains male-dominated, with severe under-representation of women,” the CJI noted in his speech on the occasion of the International Day of Women Judges.

Chief Justice Ramana pointed to how [x] with 52%, Assam with 46%, Andhra Pradesh with 45%, Odisha with 42%, Rajasthan with 40% of women among judicial officers have done well with reservation for women. “I strongly feel that the policy of providing reservation to women needs to be replicated at all levels and in all the States,” the CJI said.

Q. International Day of Women Judges is celebrated on ______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 2

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 75/274 designated 10th March the International Day of Women Judges in 2021.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 3

Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Thursday dubbed it “unfortunate” that only 17 of 37 women recommended by the Supreme Court collegium were appointed as judges in high courts while the rest still remain pending with the government.

“For the High Courts, we have recommended so far 192 candidates. Out of these, 37, that is 19% were women. This is certainly an improvement over the percentage of incumbent women judges in high courts which stands at 11.8%. Unfortunately, so far only 17 of the 37 women recommended were appointed. Others are still pending with the government,” Chief Justice Ramana said.

The top judge said the appointment of women judges should not be reduced to a mere “symbolic” gesture. Women judges add rich experience and bring to the table a nuanced understanding of the differing impacts that certain laws may have on both men and women.

“Now we have four women judges in the Supreme Court, which is the highest ever in its history. In near future, we shall be witnessing the first ever female Chief Justice of India. But, I think, we are still far away from ensuring at least 50% representation of women in our judiciary. The legal profession still remains male-dominated, with severe under-representation of women,” the CJI noted in his speech on the occasion of the International Day of Women Judges.

Chief Justice Ramana pointed to how [x] with 52%, Assam with 46%, Andhra Pradesh with 45%, Odisha with 42%, Rajasthan with 40% of women among judicial officers have done well with reservation for women. “I strongly feel that the policy of providing reservation to women needs to be replicated at all levels and in all the States,” the CJI said.

Q. International Day of Women Judges resolution was passed by ____

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 3

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 75/274 designated 10th March the International Day of Women Judges in 2021.

India was among the nations that sponsored the resolution, which was moved by Qatar.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 4

Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Thursday dubbed it “unfortunate” that only 17 of 37 women recommended by the Supreme Court collegium were appointed as judges in high courts while the rest still remain pending with the government.

“For the High Courts, we have recommended so far 192 candidates. Out of these, 37, that is 19% were women. This is certainly an improvement over the percentage of incumbent women judges in high courts which stands at 11.8%. Unfortunately, so far only 17 of the 37 women recommended were appointed. Others are still pending with the government,” Chief Justice Ramana said.

The top judge said the appointment of women judges should not be reduced to a mere “symbolic” gesture. Women judges add rich experience and bring to the table a nuanced understanding of the differing impacts that certain laws may have on both men and women.

“Now we have four women judges in the Supreme Court, which is the highest ever in its history. In near future, we shall be witnessing the first ever female Chief Justice of India. But, I think, we are still far away from ensuring at least 50% representation of women in our judiciary. The legal profession still remains male-dominated, with severe under-representation of women,” the CJI noted in his speech on the occasion of the International Day of Women Judges.

Chief Justice Ramana pointed to how [x] with 52%, Assam with 46%, Andhra Pradesh with 45%, Odisha with 42%, Rajasthan with 40% of women among judicial officers have done well with reservation for women. “I strongly feel that the policy of providing reservation to women needs to be replicated at all levels and in all the States,” the CJI said.

Q. Which of the SDGs works for gender equality?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 4

Combating gender disparity in the judicial services will also help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations.

SDG Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 5

Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana on Thursday dubbed it “unfortunate” that only 17 of 37 women recommended by the Supreme Court collegium were appointed as judges in high courts while the rest still remain pending with the government.

“For the High Courts, we have recommended so far 192 candidates. Out of these, 37, that is 19% were women. This is certainly an improvement over the percentage of incumbent women judges in high courts which stands at 11.8%. Unfortunately, so far only 17 of the 37 women recommended were appointed. Others are still pending with the government,” Chief Justice Ramana said.

The top judge said the appointment of women judges should not be reduced to a mere “symbolic” gesture. Women judges add rich experience and bring to the table a nuanced understanding of the differing impacts that certain laws may have on both men and women.

“Now we have four women judges in the Supreme Court, which is the highest ever in its history. In near future, we shall be witnessing the first ever female Chief Justice of India. But, I think, we are still far away from ensuring at least 50% representation of women in our judiciary. The legal profession still remains male-dominated, with severe under-representation of women,” the CJI noted in his speech on the occasion of the International Day of Women Judges.

Chief Justice Ramana pointed to how [x] with 52%, Assam with 46%, Andhra Pradesh with 45%, Odisha with 42%, Rajasthan with 40% of women among judicial officers have done well with reservation for women. “I strongly feel that the policy of providing reservation to women needs to be replicated at all levels and in all the States,” the CJI said.

Q. What percent of 1.7million advocates in India are women?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 5

The situation of women lawyers in the country is not any better. Out of 1.7 million advocates registered, only 15% are women.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 6

The country’s first semiconductor plant is to be established in Mysuru with an investment of ₹22,900 crore ($3 billion). The project is expected to be a gamechanger for the region’s growth and give a fillip to connectivity, which is expected to attract more investment.

Israeli firm ISMC Analog Fab Pvt. Ltd. has signed an MoU with the Government of Karnataka for the project. The firm has sought 150 acres of land at Koochanahalli near Thandya on the Mysuru-Nanjangud road.

Officials involved with the negotiations and signing of the MoU said the project will help expedite connectivity factors as it will play a significant role in luring more such investment. This, in turn, will create more jobs and change the economic profile of Mysuru.

Mysuru MP Pratap Simha expects the ongoing Bengaluru-Mysuru Expressway Corridor, expansion of Mysuru airport and introduction of faster and additional trains to spur industrial development in the region.

Q. The scheme provides ______ percent of fiscal to MSME partners.

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 6

The Scheme provides a fiscal support of 30% of the Capital Expenditure to the eligible applicants for setting up of Compound Semiconductors / Silicon Photonics (SiPh) / Sensors (including MEMS) Fab and Semiconductor ATMP / OSAT(Outsourced Semiconductor Assembly and Test) facilities in India.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 7

The country’s first semiconductor plant is to be established in Mysuru with an investment of ₹22,900 crore ($3 billion). The project is expected to be a gamechanger for the region’s growth and give a fillip to connectivity, which is expected to attract more investment.

Israeli firm ISMC Analog Fab Pvt. Ltd. has signed an MoU with the Government of Karnataka for the project. The firm has sought 150 acres of land at Koochanahalli near Thandya on the Mysuru-Nanjangud road.

Officials involved with the negotiations and signing of the MoU said the project will help expedite connectivity factors as it will play a significant role in luring more such investment. This, in turn, will create more jobs and change the economic profile of Mysuru.

Mysuru MP Pratap Simha expects the ongoing Bengaluru-Mysuru Expressway Corridor, expansion of Mysuru airport and introduction of faster and additional trains to spur industrial development in the region.

Q. Under Electronics Manufacturing Clusters Scheme 2012 how many greenfield clusters are to be established?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 7

Under the scheme, 20 Greenfield EMCs and 3 Common Facility Centres (CFCs) have been approved in 15 states across the country.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 8

The country’s first semiconductor plant is to be established in Mysuru with an investment of ₹22,900 crore ($3 billion). The project is expected to be a gamechanger for the region’s growth and give a fillip to connectivity, which is expected to attract more investment.

Israeli firm ISMC Analog Fab Pvt. Ltd. has signed an MoU with the Government of Karnataka for the project. The firm has sought 150 acres of land at Koochanahalli near Thandya on the Mysuru-Nanjangud road.

Officials involved with the negotiations and signing of the MoU said the project will help expedite connectivity factors as it will play a significant role in luring more such investment. This, in turn, will create more jobs and change the economic profile of Mysuru.

Mysuru MP Pratap Simha expects the ongoing Bengaluru-Mysuru Expressway Corridor, expansion of Mysuru airport and introduction of faster and additional trains to spur industrial development in the region.

Q. Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology has inaugurated the first ever Semicon India 2022 Conference under India Semiconductor Mission in __________

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 8

Recently, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology has inaugurated the first ever Semicon India 2022 Conference under India Semiconductor Mission in Bengaluru.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 9

The country’s first semiconductor plant is to be established in Mysuru with an investment of ₹22,900 crore ($3 billion). The project is expected to be a gamechanger for the region’s growth and give a fillip to connectivity, which is expected to attract more investment.

Israeli firm ISMC Analog Fab Pvt. Ltd. has signed an MoU with the Government of Karnataka for the project. The firm has sought 150 acres of land at Koochanahalli near Thandya on the Mysuru-Nanjangud road.

Officials involved with the negotiations and signing of the MoU said the project will help expedite connectivity factors as it will play a significant role in luring more such investment. This, in turn, will create more jobs and change the economic profile of Mysuru.

Mysuru MP Pratap Simha expects the ongoing Bengaluru-Mysuru Expressway Corridor, expansion of Mysuru airport and introduction of faster and additional trains to spur industrial development in the region.

Q. India’s share in world’s electronics manufacturing is nearly _________

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 10

The country’s first semiconductor plant is to be established in Mysuru with an investment of ₹22,900 crore ($3 billion). The project is expected to be a gamechanger for the region’s growth and give a fillip to connectivity, which is expected to attract more investment.

Israeli firm ISMC Analog Fab Pvt. Ltd. has signed an MoU with the Government of Karnataka for the project. The firm has sought 150 acres of land at Koochanahalli near Thandya on the Mysuru-Nanjangud road.

Officials involved with the negotiations and signing of the MoU said the project will help expedite connectivity factors as it will play a significant role in luring more such investment. This, in turn, will create more jobs and change the economic profile of Mysuru.

Mysuru MP Pratap Simha expects the ongoing Bengaluru-Mysuru Expressway Corridor, expansion of Mysuru airport and introduction of faster and additional trains to spur industrial development in the region.

Q. Which of the following is not a leading semiconductor producer?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 10

The industry is dominated by the United States of America, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan and the Netherlands.

Germany is also an emerging producer of ICs.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 11

Owing to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Europe will no longer be attempting this year to send its first rover to Mars.

And if cooperation on the mission with Roscosmos, Russia’s state space corporation, cannot be resumed, then it’s likely to be 2026 or 2028 before the ExoMars rover is blasted off toward the red planet, the European Space Agency said Thursday.

Previous plans to launch the probe with Russia this September are now “practically impossible but also politically impossible,” said the agency’s director, Dr. Josef Aschbacher. “This year, the launch is gone.”

The ESA had previously said that the mission was “very unlikely”. The decision to suspend cooperation with Roscosmos was taken by ESA’s ruling council, at a meeting this week in Paris.

“We deeply deplore the human casualties and tragic consequences of the aggression towards Ukraine,” an ESA statement said. “While recognising the impact on scientific exploration of space, ESA is fully aligned with the sanctions imposed on Russia by its member states.”

Q. Russia took NASA’s place in which year?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 11

ESA and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) were the original ExoMars collaborators, but NASA dropped out in 2012 due to budgeting problems.

Russia took NASA’s place in the project in 2013.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 12

Owing to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Europe will no longer be attempting this year to send its first rover to Mars.

And if cooperation on the mission with Roscosmos, Russia’s state space corporation, cannot be resumed, then it’s likely to be 2026 or 2028 before the ExoMars rover is blasted off toward the red planet, the European Space Agency said Thursday.

Previous plans to launch the probe with Russia this September are now “practically impossible but also politically impossible,” said the agency’s director, Dr. Josef Aschbacher. “This year, the launch is gone.”

The ESA had previously said that the mission was “very unlikely”. The decision to suspend cooperation with Roscosmos was taken by ESA’s ruling council, at a meeting this week in Paris.

“We deeply deplore the human casualties and tragic consequences of the aggression towards Ukraine,” an ESA statement said. “While recognising the impact on scientific exploration of space, ESA is fully aligned with the sanctions imposed on Russia by its member states.”

Q. EXOMARS is a _______ stage mission

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 12

It is a two-stage mission

First Part:

Its first mission launched atop a Proton-M rocket in 2016 and consisted of the European Trace Gas Orbiter and test lander called Schiaparelli.

The orbiter was successful while the test lander failed during its descent to Mars.

Second Part:

It comprises a rover and surface platform:

This second part of the mission was originally planned for July 2020. But it was postponed until this September due to technical issues.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 13

Owing to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Europe will no longer be attempting this year to send its first rover to Mars.

And if cooperation on the mission with Roscosmos, Russia’s state space corporation, cannot be resumed, then it’s likely to be 2026 or 2028 before the ExoMars rover is blasted off toward the red planet, the European Space Agency said Thursday.

Previous plans to launch the probe with Russia this September are now “practically impossible but also politically impossible,” said the agency’s director, Dr. Josef Aschbacher. “This year, the launch is gone.”

The ESA had previously said that the mission was “very unlikely”. The decision to suspend cooperation with Roscosmos was taken by ESA’s ruling council, at a meeting this week in Paris.

“We deeply deplore the human casualties and tragic consequences of the aggression towards Ukraine,” an ESA statement said. “While recognising the impact on scientific exploration of space, ESA is fully aligned with the sanctions imposed on Russia by its member states.”

Q. Hope Mars mission is from which country?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 13

NASA’s Perseverance Rover

UAE’s Hope Mars Mission (UAE’s first-ever interplanetary mission)

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 14

Owing to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Europe will no longer be attempting this year to send its first rover to Mars.

And if cooperation on the mission with Roscosmos, Russia’s state space corporation, cannot be resumed, then it’s likely to be 2026 or 2028 before the ExoMars rover is blasted off toward the red planet, the European Space Agency said Thursday.

Previous plans to launch the probe with Russia this September are now “practically impossible but also politically impossible,” said the agency’s director, Dr. Josef Aschbacher. “This year, the launch is gone.”

The ESA had previously said that the mission was “very unlikely”. The decision to suspend cooperation with Roscosmos was taken by ESA’s ruling council, at a meeting this week in Paris.

“We deeply deplore the human casualties and tragic consequences of the aggression towards Ukraine,” an ESA statement said. “While recognising the impact on scientific exploration of space, ESA is fully aligned with the sanctions imposed on Russia by its member states.”

Q. Which one of the following planets has the largest number of natural satellites or moons?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 14

Jupiter has 53 named moons and another 26 awaiting official names. Combined, scientists now think Jupiter has 79 moons.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 15

Owing to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Europe will no longer be attempting this year to send its first rover to Mars.

And if cooperation on the mission with Roscosmos, Russia’s state space corporation, cannot be resumed, then it’s likely to be 2026 or 2028 before the ExoMars rover is blasted off toward the red planet, the European Space Agency said Thursday.

Previous plans to launch the probe with Russia this September are now “practically impossible but also politically impossible,” said the agency’s director, Dr. Josef Aschbacher. “This year, the launch is gone.”

The ESA had previously said that the mission was “very unlikely”. The decision to suspend cooperation with Roscosmos was taken by ESA’s ruling council, at a meeting this week in Paris.

“We deeply deplore the human casualties and tragic consequences of the aggression towards Ukraine,” an ESA statement said. “While recognising the impact on scientific exploration of space, ESA is fully aligned with the sanctions imposed on Russia by its member states.”

Q. ROSCOSMOS will not cooperate with ________

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 15

Earlier, the Russian space agency Roscosmos held that it will not cooperate with Germany on joint experiments in the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS).

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 16

The Centre is working on a national policy on synthetic biology, an emerging science that deals with engineering life forms for a wide range of applications from making designer medicines to foods.

A range of experts from India, who were consulted for a guidance report ahead of the formal drafting of the policy, concluded in their report that “...It is time for India to consolidate its stand on the science of synthetic biology and communicate its interests and aspirations in relevant international fora with clarity and should avoid conflicting stands on science on one hand and policy on the other.“

The 70-page ‘compilation’ document as it is called lays out the state of synthetic biology internationally with respect to research and development and the involvement of private sector, globally, in dealing with synthetic biology.

Q. Cartagena Protocol was signed in ____

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 16

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement on biosafety as a supplement to the Convention on Biological Diversity effective since 2003 was signed at Montreal, Canada.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 17

The Centre is working on a national policy on synthetic biology, an emerging science that deals with engineering life forms for a wide range of applications from making designer medicines to foods.

A range of experts from India, who were consulted for a guidance report ahead of the formal drafting of the policy, concluded in their report that “...It is time for India to consolidate its stand on the science of synthetic biology and communicate its interests and aspirations in relevant international fora with clarity and should avoid conflicting stands on science on one hand and policy on the other.“

The 70-page ‘compilation’ document as it is called lays out the state of synthetic biology internationally with respect to research and development and the involvement of private sector, globally, in dealing with synthetic biology.

Q. Ethanol blending is nearly ____ percent

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 17

The 2018 Biofuel Policy has the objective of reaching 20% ethanol-blending and 5% biodiesel-blending by the year 2030.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 18

The Centre is working on a national policy on synthetic biology, an emerging science that deals with engineering life forms for a wide range of applications from making designer medicines to foods.

A range of experts from India, who were consulted for a guidance report ahead of the formal drafting of the policy, concluded in their report that “...It is time for India to consolidate its stand on the science of synthetic biology and communicate its interests and aspirations in relevant international fora with clarity and should avoid conflicting stands on science on one hand and policy on the other.“

The 70-page ‘compilation’ document as it is called lays out the state of synthetic biology internationally with respect to research and development and the involvement of private sector, globally, in dealing with synthetic biology.

Q. The term ‘synthetic biotechnology’ was 1st coined in ____ year

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 19

The Centre is working on a national policy on synthetic biology, an emerging science that deals with engineering life forms for a wide range of applications from making designer medicines to foods.

A range of experts from India, who were consulted for a guidance report ahead of the formal drafting of the policy, concluded in their report that “...It is time for India to consolidate its stand on the science of synthetic biology and communicate its interests and aspirations in relevant international fora with clarity and should avoid conflicting stands on science on one hand and policy on the other.“

The 70-page ‘compilation’ document as it is called lays out the state of synthetic biology internationally with respect to research and development and the involvement of private sector, globally, in dealing with synthetic biology.

Q. Transesterification is related to ______

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 20

The Centre is working on a national policy on synthetic biology, an emerging science that deals with engineering life forms for a wide range of applications from making designer medicines to foods.

A range of experts from India, who were consulted for a guidance report ahead of the formal drafting of the policy, concluded in their report that “...It is time for India to consolidate its stand on the science of synthetic biology and communicate its interests and aspirations in relevant international fora with clarity and should avoid conflicting stands on science on one hand and policy on the other.“

The 70-page ‘compilation’ document as it is called lays out the state of synthetic biology internationally with respect to research and development and the involvement of private sector, globally, in dealing with synthetic biology.

Q. National Biofuel policy came in _______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 20

The National Biofuels Draft Policy came to light in 2007. A Biofuel Mission focusing specifically on pongamia and jatropha plants was also launched.

In 2009, National Biofuel Policy, launched.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 21

Terming the current price levels for as ‘unsustainable’, the Finance Ministry said on Tuesday that these prices are expected to ease soon while asserting that India is well positioned to cope with escalated import costs thanks to its record forex reserves.

The impact of the recent developments, including the Ukraine-Russia crisis, on India’s growth, inflation, current account and fiscal deficits will depend on the persistence of commodities prices at elevated levels, the ministry noted.

“Given the inherently unsustainable nature of high prices, international commodity prices are expected to level off early with increase in supplies outside the crisis zone,” the ministry projected in its monthly review of the economy for February.

The geopolitical tensions between Russia and Ukraine, the ministry said, has triggered a ‘massive turbulence in the global economy’ with prices of crude oil and other commodities shooting up and ‘escalating the cost of India’s import basket’. However, its impact on India’s activity level this month can only be assessed a month later, it said, noting that forex reserves are adequate to finance over 12 months of imports.

Q. Largest Oil producer of world is ______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 21

Russia is the world’s third-largest oil producer, trailing only Saudi Arabia and the United States.

In January 2022, Russia’s total oil production was 11.3 million barrels per day (mb/d), of which 10 mb/d was crude oil, according to the Paris-based intergovernmental International Energy Agency (IEA).

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 22

Terming the current price levels for as ‘unsustainable’, the Finance Ministry said on Tuesday that these prices are expected to ease soon while asserting that India is well positioned to cope with escalated import costs thanks to its record forex reserves.

The impact of the recent developments, including the Ukraine-Russia crisis, on India’s growth, inflation, current account and fiscal deficits will depend on the persistence of commodities prices at elevated levels, the ministry noted.

“Given the inherently unsustainable nature of high prices, international commodity prices are expected to level off early with increase in supplies outside the crisis zone,” the ministry projected in its monthly review of the economy for February.

The geopolitical tensions between Russia and Ukraine, the ministry said, has triggered a ‘massive turbulence in the global economy’ with prices of crude oil and other commodities shooting up and ‘escalating the cost of India’s import basket’. However, its impact on India’s activity level this month can only be assessed a month later, it said, noting that forex reserves are adequate to finance over 12 months of imports.

Q. World’s largest exporter of crude oil is ______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 22

Russia is the world's largest exporter of crude and oil products, having shipped 7.8 mb/d in December 2021, and the second largest supplier of crude to the world with only Saudi Arabia exporting more crude than it

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 23

Terming the current price levels for as ‘unsustainable’, the Finance Ministry said on Tuesday that these prices are expected to ease soon while asserting that India is well positioned to cope with escalated import costs thanks to its record forex reserves.

The impact of the recent developments, including the Ukraine-Russia crisis, on India’s growth, inflation, current account and fiscal deficits will depend on the persistence of commodities prices at elevated levels, the ministry noted.

“Given the inherently unsustainable nature of high prices, international commodity prices are expected to level off early with increase in supplies outside the crisis zone,” the ministry projected in its monthly review of the economy for February.

The geopolitical tensions between Russia and Ukraine, the ministry said, has triggered a ‘massive turbulence in the global economy’ with prices of crude oil and other commodities shooting up and ‘escalating the cost of India’s import basket’. However, its impact on India’s activity level this month can only be assessed a month later, it said, noting that forex reserves are adequate to finance over 12 months of imports.

Q. World’s largest importer of Crude oil is _______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 23

Still, without the rest of Europe and China joining the import ban on Russian oil and gas, the impact would not be as severe on Russia's economy.

China, which is the world's largest importer of crude oil, is Russia's single-biggest buyer.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 24

 

Terming the current price levels for as ‘unsustainable’, the Finance Ministry said on Tuesday that these prices are expected to ease soon while asserting that India is well positioned to cope with escalated import costs thanks to its record forex reserves.

The impact of the recent developments, including the Ukraine-Russia crisis, on India’s growth, inflation, current account and fiscal deficits will depend on the persistence of commodities prices at elevated levels, the ministry noted.

“Given the inherently unsustainable nature of high prices, international commodity prices are expected to level off early with increase in supplies outside the crisis zone,” the ministry projected in its monthly review of the economy for February.

The geopolitical tensions between Russia and Ukraine, the ministry said, has triggered a ‘massive turbulence in the global economy’ with prices of crude oil and other commodities shooting up and ‘escalating the cost of India’s import basket’. However, its impact on India’s activity level this month can only be assessed a month later, it said, noting that forex reserves are adequate to finance over 12 months of imports.

Q. How much is one barrel of oil approximately equal to?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 24

1 Barrel of crude oil has 159 litres approximately

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 25

Terming the current price levels for as ‘unsustainable’, the Finance Ministry said on Tuesday that these prices are expected to ease soon while asserting that India is well positioned to cope with escalated import costs thanks to its record forex reserves.

The impact of the recent developments, including the Ukraine-Russia crisis, on India’s growth, inflation, current account and fiscal deficits will depend on the persistence of commodities prices at elevated levels, the ministry noted.

“Given the inherently unsustainable nature of high prices, international commodity prices are expected to level off early with increase in supplies outside the crisis zone,” the ministry projected in its monthly review of the economy for February.

The geopolitical tensions between Russia and Ukraine, the ministry said, has triggered a ‘massive turbulence in the global economy’ with prices of crude oil and other commodities shooting up and ‘escalating the cost of India’s import basket’. However, its impact on India’s activity level this month can only be assessed a month later, it said, noting that forex reserves are adequate to finance over 12 months of imports.

Q. What percent of its oil is imported by India?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 25

India imports 85% of its oil from about 40 countries, the bulk coming from the Middle East and the US.

From Russia, India imports 2% of its supplies, including oil which it converts to petroleum products after refining. So, it’s not Russian oil but oil in general and its rising prices that have India worried.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 26

United States National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan on March 16 warned the Secretary of Russia's Security Council, Nikolay Patrushev, of the consequences if the country decides to use chemical or biological weapons in Ukraine.

Last week, U.S. President Joe Biden vowed that Russia would pay a "severe price" if it used chemical weapons in Ukraine. Besides, brushing off Moscow’s claims about the U.S. having chemical and biological weapons labs in Ukraine as “preposterous”, the White House had also warned that Russia might engage in “false flag” chemical and biological attacks in Ukraine.

In 2017, Syrian President Bashar-al-Assad’s regime was condemned for allegedly having its air force drop bombs of the highly-toxic Sarin nerve agent, along with chlorine bombs on civilian areas which resulted in multiple deaths. However, both the Syrian government and its military-ally Russia, maintained that no chemical weapons were used.

Q. CWC has ____ many state parties in it

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 26

It has 192 state parties and 165 signatories. India is a signatory of the convention.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 27

United States National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan on March 16 warned the Secretary of Russia's Security Council, Nikolay Patrushev, of the consequences if the country decides to use chemical or biological weapons in Ukraine.

Last week, U.S. President Joe Biden vowed that Russia would pay a "severe price" if it used chemical weapons in Ukraine. Besides, brushing off Moscow’s claims about the U.S. having chemical and biological weapons labs in Ukraine as “preposterous”, the White House had also warned that Russia might engage in “false flag” chemical and biological attacks in Ukraine.

In 2017, Syrian President Bashar-al-Assad’s regime was condemned for allegedly having its air force drop bombs of the highly-toxic Sarin nerve agent, along with chlorine bombs on civilian areas which resulted in multiple deaths. However, both the Syrian government and its military-ally Russia, maintained that no chemical weapons were used.

Q. BTWC entered into force in ______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 27

Subsequently, the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), which entered into force in 1975 prohibited the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition and retention of biological weapons.

India ratified this in 1974

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 28

United States National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan on March 16 warned the Secretary of Russia's Security Council, Nikolay Patrushev, of the consequences if the country decides to use chemical or biological weapons in Ukraine.

Last week, U.S. President Joe Biden vowed that Russia would pay a "severe price" if it used chemical weapons in Ukraine. Besides, brushing off Moscow’s claims about the U.S. having chemical and biological weapons labs in Ukraine as “preposterous”, the White House had also warned that Russia might engage in “false flag” chemical and biological attacks in Ukraine.

In 2017, Syrian President Bashar-al-Assad’s regime was condemned for allegedly having its air force drop bombs of the highly-toxic Sarin nerve agent, along with chlorine bombs on civilian areas which resulted in multiple deaths. However, both the Syrian government and its military-ally Russia, maintained that no chemical weapons were used.

Q. Chemical Weapons Convention Act in India was Passed in ______

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 28

The Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000 was passed to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 29

United States National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan on March 16 warned the Secretary of Russia's Security Council, Nikolay Patrushev, of the consequences if the country decides to use chemical or biological weapons in Ukraine.

Last week, U.S. President Joe Biden vowed that Russia would pay a "severe price" if it used chemical weapons in Ukraine. Besides, brushing off Moscow’s claims about the U.S. having chemical and biological weapons labs in Ukraine as “preposterous”, the White House had also warned that Russia might engage in “false flag” chemical and biological attacks in Ukraine.

In 2017, Syrian President Bashar-al-Assad’s regime was condemned for allegedly having its air force drop bombs of the highly-toxic Sarin nerve agent, along with chlorine bombs on civilian areas which resulted in multiple deaths. However, both the Syrian government and its military-ally Russia, maintained that no chemical weapons were used.

Q. 1st multilateral disarmament treaty banning an entire category of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) was ________

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 30

United States National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan on March 16 warned the Secretary of Russia's Security Council, Nikolay Patrushev, of the consequences if the country decides to use chemical or biological weapons in Ukraine.

Last week, U.S. President Joe Biden vowed that Russia would pay a "severe price" if it used chemical weapons in Ukraine. Besides, brushing off Moscow’s claims about the U.S. having chemical and biological weapons labs in Ukraine as “preposterous”, the White House had also warned that Russia might engage in “false flag” chemical and biological attacks in Ukraine.

In 2017, Syrian President Bashar-al-Assad’s regime was condemned for allegedly having its air force drop bombs of the highly-toxic Sarin nerve agent, along with chlorine bombs on civilian areas which resulted in multiple deaths. However, both the Syrian government and its military-ally Russia, maintained that no chemical weapons were used.

Q. India Ratified Geneva convention in ______

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 31

After the Parliament approval, President of India, gave his assent for the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019 (POCSO Act). The said Act has been enacted to protect children i.e. any person below 18 years of age, from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography and provide for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

In the recent past incidences of child sexual abuse cases demonstrating the inhumane mind-set of the abusers, who have been barbaric in their approach towards young victims, is rising in the country. Children are becoming easy prey because of their tender age, physical vulnerabilities and inexperience of life and society.

The Act defines "child pornography" as any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child which include photograph, video, digital or computergenerated image indistinguishable from an actual child, and image created, adapted, or modified, but appear to depict a child. The Act also penalizes storage of certain material. Section 15 of the Act reads, "any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child, but fails to delete or destroy or report the same to the designated authority, which is the police unless otherwise stated, with an intention to share or transmit child pornography, shall be liable to fine." The section goes further and makes any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child for transmitting or propagating or displaying or distributing in any manner at any time except for the purpose of reporting, or for use as evidence in court, liable for imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

There is a strong need to take stringent measures to deter the rising trend of child sex abuse in the country, the proposed amendments to the said Act make provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences so as to deter the perpetrators and ensure safety, security and dignified childhood for a child. It also empowers the Central Government to make rules for the manner of deleting or destroying or reporting about pornographic material in any form involving a child to the designated authority.

Q. What, according to the passage, is the reason for a special law and on protection of children from sexual offences?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 31

Correct Answer is (a)

Children are immature and may take a decision thinking it to be correct when in reality it is not so.

All options may be correct but note we have to always answer based on the passage. In the 2nd paragraph, the author mentions the reasons for special protection for children (…Children are becoming easy prey because of their tender age, physical vulnerabilities and inexperience of life and society).

Incorrect Answers

None of the other options sets out views that are consistent with those of the author in the passage above.Other options are therefore incorrect as they cannot be derived from the passage.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 32

After the Parliament approval, President of India, gave his assent for the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019 (POCSO Act). The said Act has been enacted to protect children i.e. any person below 18 years of age, from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography and provide for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

In the recent past incidences of child sexual abuse cases demonstrating the inhumane mind-set of the abusers, who have been barbaric in their approach towards young victims, is rising in the country. Children are becoming easy prey because of their tender age, physical vulnerabilities and inexperience of life and society.

The Act defines "child pornography" as any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child which include photograph, video, digital or computergenerated image indistinguishable from an actual child, and image created, adapted, or modified, but appear to depict a child. The Act also penalizes storage of certain material. Section 15 of the Act reads, "any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child, but fails to delete or destroy or report the same to the designated authority, which is the police unless otherwise stated, with an intention to share or transmit child pornography, shall be liable to fine." The section goes further and makes any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child for transmitting or propagating or displaying or distributing in any manner at any time except for the purpose of reporting, or for use as evidence in court, liable for imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

There is a strong need to take stringent measures to deter the rising trend of child sex abuse in the country, the proposed amendments to the said Act make provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences so as to deter the perpetrators and ensure safety, security and dignified childhood for a child. It also empowers the Central Government to make rules for the manner of deleting or destroying or reporting about pornographic material in any form involving a child to the designated authority.

Q. Sudipta, aged 16 years sends some nude pics of herself to her boyfriend Abhilash through WhatsApp.
Abhilash, without telling Supidta uploads it on a porn website. Decide.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 33

After the Parliament approval, President of India, gave his assent for the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019 (POCSO Act). The said Act has been enacted to protect children i.e. any person below 18 years of age, from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography and provide for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

In the recent past incidences of child sexual abuse cases demonstrating the inhumane mind-set of the abusers, who have been barbaric in their approach towards young victims, is rising in the country. Children are becoming easy prey because of their tender age, physical vulnerabilities and inexperience of life and society.

The Act defines "child pornography" as any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child which include photograph, video, digital or computergenerated image indistinguishable from an actual child, and image created, adapted, or modified, but appear to depict a child. The Act also penalizes storage of certain material. Section 15 of the Act reads, "any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child, but fails to delete or destroy or report the same to the designated authority, which is the police unless otherwise stated, with an intention to share or transmit child pornography, shall be liable to fine." The section goes further and makes any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child for transmitting or propagating or displaying or distributing in any manner at any time except for the purpose of reporting, or for use as evidence in court, liable for imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

There is a strong need to take stringent measures to deter the rising trend of child sex abuse in the country, the proposed amendments to the said Act make provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences so as to deter the perpetrators and ensure safety, security and dignified childhood for a child. It also empowers the Central Government to make rules for the manner of deleting or destroying or reporting about pornographic material in any form involving a child to the designated authority.

Q. Anees shows a porn clip to his friend Gautam on his phone. The clip involves a 24 year old infamous porn star. Who all are liable under the POCSO Act?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 33

Correct Answer is (d)

Neither Anees nor Gautam. Please note that we are concerned only with POCSO Act which deals with children i.e. persons below 18 years of age, as mentioned in the 1st paragraph (…The said Act has been enacted to protect children i.e. any person below 18 years of age, from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography…).

Since the concerned person in the porn clip is above 18 years of age, POCSO Act is not attracted.

Though they may be liable under other laws but that is not mentioned in the passage and therefore not a concern for us. Hence, options (a), (b) and (c) are incorrect.

Incorrect Answers

None of the other options sets out views that are consistent with those of the author in the passage above

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 34

After the Parliament approval, President of India, gave his assent for the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019 (POCSO Act). The said Act has been enacted to protect children i.e. any person below 18 years of age, from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography and provide for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

In the recent past incidences of child sexual abuse cases demonstrating the inhumane mind-set of the abusers, who have been barbaric in their approach towards young victims, is rising in the country. Children are becoming easy prey because of their tender age, physical vulnerabilities and inexperience of life and society.

The Act defines "child pornography" as any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child which include photograph, video, digital or computergenerated image indistinguishable from an actual child, and image created, adapted, or modified, but appear to depict a child. The Act also penalizes storage of certain material. Section 15 of the Act reads, "any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child, but fails to delete or destroy or report the same to the designated authority, which is the police unless otherwise stated, with an intention to share or transmit child pornography, shall be liable to fine." The section goes further and makes any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child for transmitting or propagating or displaying or distributing in any manner at any time except for the purpose of reporting, or for use as evidence in court, liable for imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

There is a strong need to take stringent measures to deter the rising trend of child sex abuse in the country, the proposed amendments to the said Act make provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences so as to deter the perpetrators and ensure safety, security and dignified childhood for a child. It also empowers the Central Government to make rules for the manner of deleting or destroying or reporting about pornographic material in any form involving a child to the designated authority.

Q. What assumption has been made behind the imposition of harsher penalties under the amended POCSO Act?

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 35

After the Parliament approval, President of India, gave his assent for the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, 2019 (POCSO Act). The said Act has been enacted to protect children i.e. any person below 18 years of age, from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography and provide for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of such offences and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

In the recent past incidences of child sexual abuse cases demonstrating the inhumane mind-set of the abusers, who have been barbaric in their approach towards young victims, is rising in the country. Children are becoming easy prey because of their tender age, physical vulnerabilities and inexperience of life and society.

The Act defines "child pornography" as any visual depiction of sexually explicit conduct involving a child which include photograph, video, digital or computergenerated image indistinguishable from an actual child, and image created, adapted, or modified, but appear to depict a child. The Act also penalizes storage of certain material. Section 15 of the Act reads, "any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child, but fails to delete or destroy or report the same to the designated authority, which is the police unless otherwise stated, with an intention to share or transmit child pornography, shall be liable to fine." The section goes further and makes any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child for transmitting or propagating or displaying or distributing in any manner at any time except for the purpose of reporting, or for use as evidence in court, liable for imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.

There is a strong need to take stringent measures to deter the rising trend of child sex abuse in the country, the proposed amendments to the said Act make provisions for enhancement of punishments for various offences so as to deter the perpetrators and ensure safety, security and dignified childhood for a child. It also empowers the Central Government to make rules for the manner of deleting or destroying or reporting about pornographic material in any form involving a child to the designated authority.

Q. Ojaswee is in a WhatsApp group which consist of, besides himself, Gourav and Divyang. Divyang sends a child porn clip on the group. Ojaswee instantly deletes it and leaves the group. Gourav forwards it to another friend of his. Who all are liable ?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 35

Correct Answer is (b)

Only Divyang and Gourav. In the 3rd paragraph, transmission of child pornography is punishable (…The section goes further and makes any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child for transmitting or propagating or displaying or distributing in any manner at any time except for the purpose of reporting, or for use as evidence in court, liable for imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.). Divyang transmitted child porn clip to the group. Gourav transmitted it to another friend. Ojaswee is not liable as he deleted the clip and left the group. Refer exception to liability in the 3rd paragraph (…any person, who stores or possesses pornographic material in any form involving a child, but fails to delete or destroy…).

Ojaswee destroyed it by deleting it from his mobile.

Incorrect Answers

None of the other options sets out views that are consistent with those of the author in the passage above.Options (a), (c) and (d) are therefore, incorrect.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 36

Excavations carried out by the Tamil Nadu Department of Archaeology at Mayiladumparai in Krishnagiri district have placed the beginning of the Iron Age in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years Before Present (BP) or 2200 BCE (Before Common Era), Chief Minister M.K. Stalin said in a suo motu statement in the Assembly on Monday.

Separately, the Department released a report, ‘[X] - Beginning of Agrarian Society; 4,200-year-old Iron Age Culture in Tamil Nadu’, detailing the findings.

In his foreword to the report, the Chief Minister said the time of the introduction of iron technology in Tamil Nadu had been eluding archaeologists and scientists. “Now, the answer is achieved in concrete terms with the evidence found at the site. The amalgamation of evidence unearthed at Mangadu and Thelungaur in the Mettur taluk of Salem district and today’s scientific date obtained for the samples at the site clearly placed the introduction of iron in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years ago,” he said.

The cultural items unearthed during the excavations revealed that the site had survived since the Neolithic period till the historical period. Microlithic, Neolithic, Iron Age, Early Historic and Historic are the five cultural sequences identified based on ceramics, iron objects, rock art, memorial stones and inscriptions, the report said.

Q. Which of the eras is the earliest of them all?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 36

Mesolithic is also known as middle stone age period and is between Paleolithic phase and Neolithic phase of the ancient history. It began around 8000 BC in Indian Subcontinent

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 37

Excavations carried out by the Tamil Nadu Department of Archaeology at Mayiladumparai in Krishnagiri district have placed the beginning of the Iron Age in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years Before Present (BP) or 2200 BCE (Before Common Era), Chief Minister M.K. Stalin said in a suo motu statement in the Assembly on Monday.

Separately, the Department released a report, ‘[X] - Beginning of Agrarian Society; 4,200-year-old Iron Age Culture in Tamil Nadu’, detailing the findings.

In his foreword to the report, the Chief Minister said the time of the introduction of iron technology in Tamil Nadu had been eluding archaeologists and scientists. “Now, the answer is achieved in concrete terms with the evidence found at the site. The amalgamation of evidence unearthed at Mangadu and Thelungaur in the Mettur taluk of Salem district and today’s scientific date obtained for the samples at the site clearly placed the introduction of iron in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years ago,” he said.

The cultural items unearthed during the excavations revealed that the site had survived since the Neolithic period till the historical period. Microlithic, Neolithic, Iron Age, Early Historic and Historic are the five cultural sequences identified based on ceramics, iron objects, rock art, memorial stones and inscriptions, the report said.

Q. Which of the following sites has no megaliths?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 37

Chirand is located in Bihar where there existed no Megalithic culture. Rest all options are megalithic sites located to the south of River Godavari.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 38

Excavations carried out by the Tamil Nadu Department of Archaeology at Mayiladumparai in Krishnagiri district have placed the beginning of the Iron Age in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years Before Present (BP) or 2200 BCE (Before Common Era), Chief Minister M.K. Stalin said in a suo motu statement in the Assembly on Monday.

Separately, the Department released a report, ‘[X] - Beginning of Agrarian Society; 4,200-year-old Iron Age Culture in Tamil Nadu’, detailing the findings.

In his foreword to the report, the Chief Minister said the time of the introduction of iron technology in Tamil Nadu had been eluding archaeologists and scientists. “Now, the answer is achieved in concrete terms with the evidence found at the site. The amalgamation of evidence unearthed at Mangadu and Thelungaur in the Mettur taluk of Salem district and today’s scientific date obtained for the samples at the site clearly placed the introduction of iron in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years ago,” he said.

The cultural items unearthed during the excavations revealed that the site had survived since the Neolithic period till the historical period. Microlithic, Neolithic, Iron Age, Early Historic and Historic are the five cultural sequences identified based on ceramics, iron objects, rock art, memorial stones and inscriptions, the report said.

Q. Excavations have been found at [X] which is ?

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 38

The excavations are from Mayiladumparai near Krishnagiri in Tamil Nadu.

Mayiladumparai is an important site with cultural material dating back between the Microlithic (30,000 BCE) and Early Historic (600 BCE) ages.

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 39

Excavations carried out by the Tamil Nadu Department of Archaeology at Mayiladumparai in Krishnagiri district have placed the beginning of the Iron Age in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years Before Present (BP) or 2200 BCE (Before Common Era), Chief Minister M.K. Stalin said in a suo motu statement in the Assembly on Monday.

Separately, the Department released a report, ‘[X] - Beginning of Agrarian Society; 4,200-year-old Iron Age Culture in Tamil Nadu’, detailing the findings.

In his foreword to the report, the Chief Minister said the time of the introduction of iron technology in Tamil Nadu had been eluding archaeologists and scientists. “Now, the answer is achieved in concrete terms with the evidence found at the site. The amalgamation of evidence unearthed at Mangadu and Thelungaur in the Mettur taluk of Salem district and today’s scientific date obtained for the samples at the site clearly placed the introduction of iron in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years ago,” he said.

The cultural items unearthed during the excavations revealed that the site had survived since the Neolithic period till the historical period. Microlithic, Neolithic, Iron Age, Early Historic and Historic are the five cultural sequences identified based on ceramics, iron objects, rock art, memorial stones and inscriptions, the report said.

Q. Which of the following is a Neolithic Site?

Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 40

Excavations carried out by the Tamil Nadu Department of Archaeology at Mayiladumparai in Krishnagiri district have placed the beginning of the Iron Age in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years Before Present (BP) or 2200 BCE (Before Common Era), Chief Minister M.K. Stalin said in a suo motu statement in the Assembly on Monday.

Separately, the Department released a report, ‘[X] - Beginning of Agrarian Society; 4,200-year-old Iron Age Culture in Tamil Nadu’, detailing the findings.

In his foreword to the report, the Chief Minister said the time of the introduction of iron technology in Tamil Nadu had been eluding archaeologists and scientists. “Now, the answer is achieved in concrete terms with the evidence found at the site. The amalgamation of evidence unearthed at Mangadu and Thelungaur in the Mettur taluk of Salem district and today’s scientific date obtained for the samples at the site clearly placed the introduction of iron in Tamil Nadu 4,200 years ago,” he said.

The cultural items unearthed during the excavations revealed that the site had survived since the Neolithic period till the historical period. Microlithic, Neolithic, Iron Age, Early Historic and Historic are the five cultural sequences identified based on ceramics, iron objects, rock art, memorial stones and inscriptions, the report said.

Q. Tamil brahmi originated around _________

Detailed Solution for Languages: Mock Test - 8 - Question 40

Around 600 BCE, iron technology led to massive production triggered by socio-economic changes - the Tamil Brahmi script.

The Tamil Brahmi scripts were once believed to have originated around 300 BCE, until a landmark finding in 2019 pushed the date back to 600 BCE.

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