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Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Class 7 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test English An Alien Hand Class 7 - Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2

Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 for Class 7 2024 is part of English An Alien Hand Class 7 preparation. The Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 7 exam syllabus.The Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 MCQs are made for Class 7 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 below.
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Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 1

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 1

The sentence written in active voice is:
A: Janice will present her research at the conference.
Explanation:
Active voice is used when the subject of the sentence performs the action. In the given sentence, "Janice" is the subject and is performing the action of presenting her research at the conference.
Active voice:
- The subject performs the action.
- It is direct and clear.
- It highlights the doer of the action.
Passive voice:
- The subject receives the action.
- It is indirect and less clear.
- It may not mention the doer of the action.
Examples:
- Active: Janice will present her research at the conference.
- Passive: Research will be presented by the conference.
In the active sentence, Janice is clearly identified as the one who will present her research at the conference, making it the correct answer. The passive sentence does not mention who will present the research, making it less clear and not using active voice.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 2

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 2

The sentence written in active voice is:
B: She slammed on the brakes as the car sped downhill.
Here is a detailed explanation:
Active voice is used when the subject of the sentence performs the action. In this case, "she" is the subject and "slammed on the brakes" is the action. The sentence is written in active voice because the subject is performing the action.
On the other hand, passive voice is used when the subject of the sentence receives the action. In the sentence "A: The brakes were slammed on by her as the car sped downhill," the subject is "the brakes" and they are receiving the action of being slammed on.
To determine whether a sentence is in active or passive voice, you can ask yourself the following question: "Who or what is performing the action?" If the answer is the subject of the sentence, then it is in active voice.
In this case, in sentence B, "she" is the subject and she is performing the action of slamming on the brakes. Therefore, sentence B is written in active voice.
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Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 3

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 3

The sentence written in active voice is:
B: We learned a secret about Eddie on Monday.
Explanation:
Active voice is used when the subject of the sentence performs the action. In this case, the subject is "We" and the action is "learned".
Let's break down the options to understand why B is the correct answer:
A: On Monday, a secret about Eddie was learned.
- This sentence is written in passive voice because the subject of the sentence ("a secret about Eddie") is receiving the action ("was learned").
B: We learned a secret about Eddie on Monday.
- This sentence is written in active voice because the subject of the sentence ("We") is performing the action ("learned").
By analyzing the sentence structure and identifying the subject and action, we can determine that option B is written in active voice.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 4

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 4

Explanation:


The active voice is used when the subject performs the action of the verb. In this case, sentence B "Mark annoyed Paige with his violent outbursts" is written in active voice because the subject (Mark) is performing the action (annoyed). Sentence A "Paige was annoyed by Mark's violent outbursts" is written in passive voice because the subject (Paige) is receiving the action (annoyed).


Key points:



  • Sentence B is written in active voice

  • The subject (Mark) is performing the action (annoyed)

Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 5

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 5
Explanation:
The active voice is a grammatical construction in which the subject performs the action expressed by the verb. In active voice sentences, the subject is the one doing the action.
Active Voice Sentence:
The committee is considering action on the bill.
Explanation:
In this sentence, the subject "the committee" is performing the action "considering action on the bill". The sentence is written in active voice because the subject is actively engaged in the action.
Inactive Voice Sentence:
Action on the bill is being considered by the committee.
Explanation:
In this sentence, the subject "action on the bill" is not performing the action but rather receiving the action. The verb "is being considered" is in the passive voice, indicating that the action is being done to the subject. Therefore, the sentence is written in the passive voice.
To summarize, sentence B "The committee is considering action on the bill" is written in active voice because the subject is actively performing the action.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 6

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 6

To determine which sentence is written in active voice, let's analyze the given options:
A: The book is being read by most of the class.
- This sentence is written in passive voice. The subject (most of the class) is receiving the action (reading), and the book is the object of the action.
B: Most of the class is reading the book.
- This sentence is written in active voice. The subject (most of the class) is performing the action (reading), and the book is the object of the action.
Therefore, the sentence written in active voice is option B: "Most of the class is reading the book."
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 7

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 7

Active Voice: In an active voice sentence, the subject performs the action described by the verb.
Passive Voice: In a passive voice sentence, the subject receives the action described by the verb.
In this case, we need to determine which sentence is written in active voice.
Let's analyze the given options:
A: The researchers will publish their results in the next issue of the journal.
- The subject "researchers" performs the action "publish."
- This sentence is written in active voice.
B: Results will be published in the next issue of the journal.
- The subject "results" receives the action "published."
- This sentence is written in passive voice.
Therefore, the sentence written in active voice is option A: "The researchers will publish their results in the next issue of the journal."
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 8

This ancient Inca site had been constructed on a narrow strip of land between two mountain peaks in Peru.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 8
Passive Voice:
- The given sentence is an example of passive voice.
- Passive voice is used when the subject of the sentence is the receiver of the action, rather than the doer of the action.
- In passive voice, the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence, while the subject of the active sentence is either omitted or introduced with a preposition.
- In this sentence, the construction of the ancient Inca site is the main focus, rather than who constructed it.
- The subject of the sentence is "This ancient Inca site," while the verb is "had been constructed."
- The phrase "on a narrow strip of land between two mountain peaks in Peru" provides additional information about the location of the site.
Active Voice:
- In active voice, the subject of the sentence performs the action.
- If we were to rewrite the sentence in active voice, it would be: "Someone constructed this ancient Inca site on a narrow strip of land between two mountain peaks in Peru."
- The subject "someone" is now the doer of the action, constructing the site.
- The verb "constructed" directly reflects the action of building the site.
- The phrase "on a narrow strip of land between two mountain peaks in Peru" remains the same, providing information about the location.
In conclusion, the given sentence is in passive voice as it emphasizes the construction of the ancient Inca site rather than the doer of the action.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 9

For a long time, Machu Picchu was called ‘‘the lost city of the Incas.’’

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 9
Explanation:
The given statement "For a long time, Machu Picchu was called 'the lost city of the Incas'" is an example of passive voice. Here's a detailed explanation:
1. Passive Voice:
- In passive voice sentences, the subject receives the action of the verb.
- The focus is on the object or the thing that is being acted upon.
- The structure is usually formed using the verb "to be" followed by the past participle of the main verb.
2. Active Voice:
- In active voice sentences, the subject performs the action of the verb.
- The focus is on the subject or the doer of the action.
- The structure is usually formed with the subject, followed by the verb and then the object.
3. Analysis of the given statement:
- The subject of the sentence is "Machu Picchu."
- The verb used is "was called."
- The object or the thing being acted upon is "the lost city of the Incas."
- Here, the focus is on what Machu Picchu was called, rather than who called it.
4. Conclusion:
Based on the analysis of the given statement, we can conclude that the sentence is in passive voice. Therefore, the answer is option B: Passive Voice.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 10

Now, however, archaeologists consider that label inaccurate.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 10
Explanation:
The given sentence is: "Now, however, archaeologists consider that label inaccurate."
The task is to determine whether the sentence is in active voice or passive voice.
Active Voice:
In active voice, the subject performs the action expressed by the verb.
Passive Voice:
In passive voice, the subject receives the action expressed by the verb.
Now, let's analyze the sentence to determine the voice:
- The subject of the sentence is "archaeologists."
- The verb is "consider."
- The object of the verb is "that label."
- The sentence does not clearly indicate who or what is performing the action.
Based on this analysis, we can conclude that the sentence is in passive voice because the subject "archaeologists" is not performing the action. Instead, they are receiving the action of considering the label as inaccurate.
Therefore, the correct answer is B: Passive Voice.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 11

A motorcycle is ridden by Peggy, a proper and well-respected librarian.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 11
Passive Voice: A motorcycle is ridden by Peggy, a proper and well-respected librarian.
Explanation:
The sentence given is an example of a passive voice sentence, which is characterized by the following:
1. Subject placement: In a passive voice sentence, the subject (Peggy) is placed at the end of the sentence, after the verb (ridden) and the object (motorcycle).
2. Verb form: The verb used (ridden) is in the past participle form, indicating the action has been done to the subject rather than performed by the subject.
3. Agent omission: The sentence does not mention who or what performed the action of riding the motorcycle. The focus is on Peggy, the subject of the sentence.
In this case, the sentence emphasizes Peggy as the proper and well-respected librarian who is riding the motorcycle, rather than highlighting the doer of the action.
By using the passive voice, the sentence shifts the focus from the doer of the action (the one who rode the motorcycle) to the receiver of the action (Peggy). It also adds a sense of formality and objectivity to the statement.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 12

One day, Cinderella met Prince Charming.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 12

Explanation:
The sentence "One day, Cinderella met Prince Charming" is in the active voice because:
- The subject (Cinderella) performs the action (met) on the object (Prince Charming).
- The sentence follows the subject-verb-object word order typical of active voice sentences.
Active Voice:
- In active voice sentences, the subject performs the action directly.
- The subject is the doer of the action.
- The word order in active voice sentences is subject-verb-object.
Passive Voice:
- In passive voice sentences, the subject receives the action.
- The subject is the receiver of the action.
- The word order in passive voice sentences is object-verb-subject.
Example:
To illustrate the difference between active and passive voice, let's rewrite the sentence in passive voice:
- "Prince Charming was met by Cinderella one day."
Conclusion:
The sentence "One day, Cinderella met Prince Charming" is in the active voice, as Cinderella (the subject) performs the action of meeting Prince Charming (the object).
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 13

Police are being notified that three prisoners have escaped.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 13

The given statement is in the form of a simple sentence. To determine whether it is in active voice or passive voice, we need to identify the subject, verb, and object in the sentence.
Subject: Police
Verb: are being notified
Object: three prisoners
Since the subject (Police) is the one performing the action (notifying), the sentence is in passive voice.
Reasoning:
In the active voice, the subject performs the action, while in the passive voice, the subject receives the action. In this case, the sentence is in passive voice because the prisoners are the ones who have escaped, and the police are being notified about it.
Explanation:
To further understand the concept of active and passive voice, let's break down the sentence and explain it in detail:
Active Voice:
- In active voice, the subject performs the action.
- Example: The police notified that three prisoners have escaped.
- In this case, the police are actively performing the action of notifying.
Passive Voice:
- In passive voice, the subject receives the action.
- Example: Police are being notified that three prisoners have escaped.
- In this case, the police are the ones receiving the action of being notified.
Therefore, the sentence "Police are being notified that three prisoners have escaped" is in passive voice.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 14

Change the following sentences from passive voice to active voice.

The committee’s recommendation was vetoed by the presiding officer.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 14

To change the sentence from passive voice to active voice, we need to make the subject of the passive sentence the doer of the action in the active sentence.
Passive Voice: The committee's recommendation was vetoed by the presiding officer.
Active Voice: The presiding officer vetoed the committee's recommendation.
Here's a breakdown of the solution:
- The subject in the passive sentence is "The committee's recommendation."
- The doer of the action is "the presiding officer."
- In the active voice sentence, we make the presiding officer the subject and move the committee's recommendation to the object of the sentence.
- The verb "was vetoed" changes to "vetoed" in the active voice.
Therefore, the correct answer is A: The presiding officer vetoed the committee's recommendation.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 15

Change the following sentences from passive voice to active voice.

Traces of ice have been discovered on the surface of Mars by scientists.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 15
Active Voice: Traces of ice have been discovered on the surface of Mars by scientists.
To change the sentence from passive voice to active voice, we need to rewrite it in a way that the subject performs the action. In this case, the subject is "scientists" and the action is "discovered."
- Subject: Scientists
- Action: Discovered
- Object: Traces of ice
- Prepositional Phrase: on the surface of Mars
Rewritten sentence: Scientists have discovered traces of ice on the surface of Mars.
Explanation:
- Subject: The subject of the sentence is the one performing the action. In the original sentence, the subject is "traces of ice." In the active voice, we change the subject to "scientists" who are the ones doing the action of discovering.
- Action: The action in the original sentence is "have been discovered." In the active voice, we change it to "have discovered" to show that the scientists are the ones actively making the discovery.
- Object: The object of the sentence is what is being acted upon. In the original sentence, the object is "traces of ice." In the active voice, the object remains the same.
- Prepositional Phrase: The prepositional phrase "on the surface of Mars" indicates the location of the discovery. It remains unchanged in the active voice.
In conclusion, by rewriting the sentence in the active voice, we emphasize the scientists as the ones who actively discovered traces of ice on the surface of Mars.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 16

Change the following sentences from passive voice to active voice.

Premed college classes are taken by her.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 16
Passive voice: Premed college classes are taken by her.
Active voice: She takes premed college classes.
Explanation:
In the given sentence, the subject "Premed college classes" is being acted upon by the verb "are taken". This is an example of a passive voice sentence. To change it into active voice, we need to make the subject the doer of the action.
- Identify the subject and the verb:
- Subject: Premed college classes
- Verb: are taken
- Identify the doer of the action:
- Doer: her
- Rearrange the sentence:
- Rearrange the sentence to make the doer the subject and the verb active.
- Active voice: She takes premed college classes.
By changing the sentence from passive voice to active voice, we have made the subject the active doer of the action. Now the sentence clearly states that she (the subject) takes premed college classes.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 17

Whom or what is doing the action? Type in the correct noun.

If you are unable to determine who or what is the performer (agent) of the action, type “unknown.” Experiments were conducted in order to test the hypothesis.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 17

The noun that is doing the action in the given sentence is "Experiments".
Detailed Explanation:
- The sentence states that "Experiments were conducted in order to test the hypothesis."
- Here, the word "Experiments" is the subject of the sentence and is performing the action of conducting.
- The experiments are the ones that are being done or carried out.
- The purpose of conducting these experiments is to test the hypothesis.
- The experiments are the performer or agent of the action in this sentence.
In conclusion, the correct noun that is doing the action in the given sentence is "Experiments".
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 18

Whom or what is doing the action? Type in the correct noun.

If you are unable to determine who or what is the performer (agent) of the action, type “unknown.” Louis is a singing waiter at a beach-front restaurant.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 18
Whom or what is doing the action?
The correct noun that is doing the action is Louis.
Detailed
Louis is a singing waiter at a beach-front restaurant, and he is the performer (agent) of the action. Here's a breakdown of the solution in bullet points:
- The question asks for the noun that is doing the action.
- The action in this case is being a singing waiter at a beach-front restaurant.
- The noun that fits this description is Louis.
- Louis is identified as the performer (agent) of the action.
- Therefore, the answer is "Louis."
Remember, when determining the performer of an action, it is important to consider the context and information provided. In this case, the sentence clearly states that Louis is the singing waiter at the beach-front restaurant, indicating that he is the one doing the action.
Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 19

Whom or what is doing the action? Type in the correct noun.

If you are unable to determine who or what is the performer (agent) of the action, type “unknown.” To the executive’s surprise, many mistakes were made.

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 19
Answer:

Whom or what is doing the action? Type in the correct noun.


In this sentence, the performer or agent of the action is not explicitly mentioned. However, we can determine the performer of the action by analyzing the context and the information given in the sentence.


Detailed



  • The sentence states, "To the executive's surprise, many mistakes were made."

  • The verb in the sentence is "were made," indicating that some mistakes were made.

  • The phrase "To the executive's surprise" suggests that the mistakes were made by someone or something other than the executive.

  • Based on this information, we can infer that someone or something other than the executive made the mistakes.

  • However, the sentence does not provide specific information about the performer of the action.

  • Therefore, the performer of the action in this sentence is unknown.


Hence, the correct answer is Unknown.

Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 20

Which sentence is written in active voice?

Detailed Solution for Test: Active And Passive Voice - 2 - Question 20
Active Voice
- Active voice is used when the subject of the sentence performs the action.
- It is direct and concise, making the sentence more engaging and clear.
The dog bit the boy.
- This sentence is written in active voice.
- The subject "dog" is performing the action "bit" on the object "boy."
- The sentence is straightforward and emphasizes the dog's action.
Passive Voice
- Passive voice is used when the subject of the sentence receives the action.
- It can be wordy and less engaging, often obscuring the doer of the action.
The boy was bitten by the dog.
- This sentence is written in passive voice.
- The subject "boy" is receiving the action "bitten" from the doer, which is the dog.
- The sentence focuses more on the boy being bitten rather than the dog's action.
Summary:
- Sentence A, "The dog bit the boy," is written in active voice.
- It clearly states the subject, action, and object, making it more direct and engaging.
- Sentence B, "The boy was bitten by the dog," is written in passive voice.
- It emphasizes the boy being bitten rather than the dog's action, making it less clear and concise.
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