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DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern)


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100 Questions MCQ Test Mock Test Series for DU LLB | DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern)

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) for CLAT 2022 is part of Mock Test Series for DU LLB preparation. The DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) questions and answers have been prepared according to the CLAT exam syllabus.The DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) MCQs are made for CLAT 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) below.
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DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 1

Directions: Read the given passage and answer the question that follows.

Efforts to promote green growth as a new source of growth have been escalating in recent years in the face of acute economic and environmental challenges. Building on this momentum can help to expedite progress towards poverty reduction and sustainable development by using natural resources and other energy forms effectively and efficiently. Green technologies like low carbon technologies are being used in an effort to achieve green growth.

Green growth is an outcome of sustainable development policy and it handles two key imperatives: comprehensive financial development needed by developing nations to reduce poverty and enhance prosperity and improved environmental management needed to handle scarcity of resources and unpredictable climate changes. The idea of green growth was taken differently by different governments. Some governments approached it from a short term growth perspective while others approached it from an environmental perspective.

The main objective of growth mindset is to boost jobs and incomes through investment in green technologies and the environmental perspective is aimed at internalising environmental externalities by mainstreaming sustainable development requirements into economic decision making.

Apart from these two imperatives, few developing countries have proposed the idea of equity and inclusion in green growth. According to this notion, green growth should also serve those who are excluded by current economic system. Informal economy is very large in many developing countries, which leads to a growing convergence around the notion that current economic system is unsound in terms of sustainable resource use and distributing costs and benefits equally.

In order to achieve sustainability and to identify and develop particular areas of opportunity and comparative advantage, governments of few developing countries have recently embarked on domestic processes like carbon taxes, green energy funds, renewable energy initiatives, etc. However, there are few holistic green growth policies, strategies and institutional systems in place. Some developing country strategies stand out. For most countries, however, national sustainable development strategies go some way in forming an integrated green growth policy framework, though green growth has rarely been addressed in mainstream economic, budget and fiscal policies.

Q. What is the meaning of the phrase 'internalising environmental externalities' according to the passage?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 1 Internalising environmental externalities means to integrate the environmental costs and other sustainable energy concerns in the initial stage of taking economic decisions. The part ''... internalising environmental externalities by mainstreaming sustainable development requirements into economic decision making'' in the passage gives us the answer.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 2

Directions: Read the given passage and answer the question that follows.

Efforts to promote green growth as a new source of growth have been escalating in recent years in the face of acute economic and environmental challenges. Building on this momentum can help to expedite progress towards poverty reduction and sustainable development by using natural resources and other energy forms effectively and efficiently. Green technologies like low carbon technologies are being used in an effort to achieve green growth.

Green growth is an outcome of sustainable development policy and it handles two key imperatives: comprehensive financial development needed by developing nations to reduce poverty and enhance prosperity and improved environmental management needed to handle scarcity of resources and unpredictable climate changes. The idea of green growth was taken differently by different governments. Some governments approached it from a short term growth perspective while others approached it from an environmental perspective.

The main objective of growth mindset is to boost jobs and incomes through investment in green technologies and the environmental perspective is aimed at internalising environmental externalities by mainstreaming sustainable development requirements into economic decision making.

Apart from these two imperatives, few developing countries have proposed the idea of equity and inclusion in green growth. According to this notion, green growth should also serve those who are excluded by current economic system. Informal economy is very large in many developing countries, which leads to a growing convergence around the notion that current economic system is unsound in terms of sustainable resource use and distributing costs and benefits equally.

In order to achieve sustainability and to identify and develop particular areas of opportunity and comparative advantage, governments of few developing countries have recently embarked on domestic processes like carbon taxes, green energy funds, renewable energy initiatives, etc. However, there are few holistic green growth policies, strategies and institutional systems in place. Some developing country strategies stand out. For most countries, however, national sustainable development strategies go some way in forming an integrated green growth policy framework, though green growth has rarely been addressed in mainstream economic, budget and fiscal policies.

Q. What is the main reason behind advancing green development in the course of recent years?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 2 As mentioned in the first line of the passage, 'Efforts to promote green growth as a new source of growth have been escalating in recent years in the face of acute economic and environmental challenges.' Therefore, option (4) is the correct answer. Rest of the options are too narrow in scope.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 3

Directions: Read the given passage and answer the question that follows.

Efforts to promote green growth as a new source of growth have been escalating in recent years in the face of acute economic and environmental challenges. Building on this momentum can help to expedite progress towards poverty reduction and sustainable development by using natural resources and other energy forms effectively and efficiently. Green technologies like low carbon technologies are being used in an effort to achieve green growth.

Green growth is an outcome of sustainable development policy and it handles two key imperatives: comprehensive financial development needed by developing nations to reduce poverty and enhance prosperity and improved environmental management needed to handle scarcity of resources and unpredictable climate changes. The idea of green growth was taken differently by different governments. Some governments approached it from a short term growth perspective while others approached it from an environmental perspective.

The main objective of growth mindset is to boost jobs and incomes through investment in green technologies and the environmental perspective is aimed at internalising environmental externalities by mainstreaming sustainable development requirements into economic decision making.

Apart from these two imperatives, few developing countries have proposed the idea of equity and inclusion in green growth. According to this notion, green growth should also serve those who are excluded by current economic system. Informal economy is very large in many developing countries, which leads to a growing convergence around the notion that current economic system is unsound in terms of sustainable resource use and distributing costs and benefits equally.

In order to achieve sustainability and to identify and develop particular areas of opportunity and comparative advantage, governments of few developing countries have recently embarked on domestic processes like carbon taxes, green energy funds, renewable energy initiatives, etc. However, there are few holistic green growth policies, strategies and institutional systems in place. Some developing country strategies stand out. For most countries, however, national sustainable development strategies go some way in forming an integrated green growth policy framework, though green growth has rarely been addressed in mainstream economic, budget and fiscal policies.

Q. Which of the following statements is TRUE about the proponents of growth perspective?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 3 It is mentioned in the passage that governments which approached the green growth from growth perspective intended to boost jobs and incomes by investing in green technologies. Low carbon technologies are an example of green technologies.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 4

Directions: Read the given passage and answer the question that follows.

Efforts to promote green growth as a new source of growth have been escalating in recent years in the face of acute economic and environmental challenges. Building on this momentum can help to expedite progress towards poverty reduction and sustainable development by using natural resources and other energy forms effectively and efficiently. Green technologies like low carbon technologies are being used in an effort to achieve green growth.

Green growth is an outcome of sustainable development policy and it handles two key imperatives: comprehensive financial development needed by developing nations to reduce poverty and enhance prosperity and improved environmental management needed to handle scarcity of resources and unpredictable climate changes. The idea of green growth was taken differently by different governments. Some governments approached it from a short term growth perspective while others approached it from an environmental perspective.

The main objective of growth mindset is to boost jobs and incomes through investment in green technologies and the environmental perspective is aimed at internalising environmental externalities by mainstreaming sustainable development requirements into economic decision making.

Apart from these two imperatives, few developing countries have proposed the idea of equity and inclusion in green growth. According to this notion, green growth should also serve those who are excluded by current economic system. Informal economy is very large in many developing countries, which leads to a growing convergence around the notion that current economic system is unsound in terms of sustainable resource use and distributing costs and benefits equally.

In order to achieve sustainability and to identify and develop particular areas of opportunity and comparative advantage, governments of few developing countries have recently embarked on domestic processes like carbon taxes, green energy funds, renewable energy initiatives, etc. However, there are few holistic green growth policies, strategies and institutional systems in place. Some developing country strategies stand out. For most countries, however, national sustainable development strategies go some way in forming an integrated green growth policy framework, though green growth has rarely been addressed in mainstream economic, budget and fiscal policies.

Q. Which of the following is an initiative by governments of some developing countries to ensure sustainable development?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 4 As mentioned in the passage, “governments of few developing countries have recently embarked on domestic processes like carbon taxes, green energy funds, renewable energy initiatives, etc.”, which means that the governments had started imposing tax on carbon emissions and also started providing green energy funds as an initiative to achieve sustainability.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 5

Directions: Read the given passage and answer the question that follows.

Efforts to promote green growth as a new source of growth have been escalating in recent years in the face of acute economic and environmental challenges. Building on this momentum can help to expedite progress towards poverty reduction and sustainable development by using natural resources and other energy forms effectively and efficiently. Green technologies like low carbon technologies are being used in an effort to achieve green growth.

Green growth is an outcome of sustainable development policy and it handles two key imperatives: comprehensive financial development needed by developing nations to reduce poverty and enhance prosperity and improved environmental management needed to handle scarcity of resources and unpredictable climate changes. The idea of green growth was taken differently by different governments. Some governments approached it from a short term growth perspective while others approached it from an environmental perspective.

The main objective of growth mindset is to boost jobs and incomes through investment in green technologies and the environmental perspective is aimed at internalising environmental externalities by mainstreaming sustainable development requirements into economic decision making.

Apart from these two imperatives, few developing countries have proposed the idea of equity and inclusion in green growth. According to this notion, green growth should also serve those who are excluded by current economic system. Informal economy is very large in many developing countries, which leads to a growing convergence around the notion that current economic system is unsound in terms of sustainable resource use and distributing costs and benefits equally.

In order to achieve sustainability and to identify and develop particular areas of opportunity and comparative advantage, governments of few developing countries have recently embarked on domestic processes like carbon taxes, green energy funds, renewable energy initiatives, etc. However, there are few holistic green growth policies, strategies and institutional systems in place. Some developing country strategies stand out. For most countries, however, national sustainable development strategies go some way in forming an integrated green growth policy framework, though green growth has rarely been addressed in mainstream economic, budget and fiscal policies.

Q. Which word is nearly the same in meaning as 'holistic' as used in the passage?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 5 The passage mentions about the green growth policies, strategies and institutional systems, which are not in place. Holistic green growth policies, strategies and systems mean all these parts combined together as a whole and ‘comprehensive’ means the same.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 6

Directions: In the question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words/phrases marked as 'A' and 'B' that are italicised or highlighted. Select the most appropriate word or phrase in each case to form grammatically and syntactically correct sentences. Then, from the options that follow, choose the correct one.

(i) These days children want to lead (A) luxuriant / (B) luxurious life by consuming the hard earned money of their parents.

(ii) Geeta is a (A) sensible / (B) sensitive girl who is likely to bring credit to her family by shining in the final result.

(iii) The (A) high / (B) height of this building is much less as compared to the buildings which surround it.

(iv) A servant has to do all odd jobs (A) weather / (B) whether he likes them or not.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 6 In sentence (i) the correct option is (B) because 'luxurious' refers to 'extremely comfortable' and 'luxuriant' refers to 'abundant or lush in growth'. The keyword in the sentence is 'life'.

In sentence (ii) the correct option is (A) because 'sensible' refers to someone having or demonstrating sound reason and judgment, whereas 'sensitive' refers to someone being easily offended or upset. The keywords are 'bring credit to her family'.

In sentence (iii) the correct option is (B) because 'height' refers to the distance between the lowest and highest point, whereas 'high' refers to something situated in a position above the onlooker. The keyword is 'building'.

In sentence (iv) the correct option is (B) because 'whether' is used to introduce doubt regarding two equal possibilities, whereas 'weather' refers to the state of the atmosphere with regard to temperature etc. The keywords are 'likes them or not'.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 7

Directions: In the question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words/phrases marked as 'A' and 'B' that are italicised or highlighted. Select the most appropriate word or phrase in each case to form grammatically and syntactically correct sentences. Then, from the options that follow, choose the correct one.

(i) Smoking was strictly (A) proscribed / (B) prescribed by the management within the premises.

(ii) Your daughter is very (A) affectionate / (B) passionate as she is known for her hospitality and noble appearance.

(iii) The minister wanted to pacify the union leaders and this was the (A) object / (B) abject with which he invited them to dinner at his official residence.

(iv) "Complete polishing these doors and windows (A) ere / (B) air you go", said the contractor to the workmen.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 7 In sentence (i) the correct option is (A) because 'proscribed' refers to forbiding the use of something, whereas 'prescribed' means to direct or establish a rule or way.

In sentence (ii) the correct option is (A) because 'affectionate' refers to someone feeling or showing affection, whereas 'passionate' refers to having a keen desire for something.

In sentence (iii) the correct option is (A) because 'object' refers to a goal or purpose, whereas 'abject' refers to someone being miserable with no hope of improvement.

In sentence (iv) the correct option is (A) because 'ere' refers to before, whereas 'air' refers to the atmosphere of an open space.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 8

Directions: In the question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words/phrases marked as 'A' and 'B' that are italicised or highlighted. Select the most appropriate word or phrase in each case to form grammatically and syntactically correct sentences. Then, from the options that follow, choose the correct one.

(i) The pandal was divided into two (A) blocs (B) blocks; one for gents and the other for ladies.

(ii) The golfer was ready with the (A) tea (B) tee to play off the ball.

(iii) The dampness of the room began to (A) affect (B) effect his health.

(iv) The (A) sole (B) soul survivor was rescued after six hours by the coastguard.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 8 In sentence (i), the correct option is B because 'blocks' here refers to a section of an area, whereas 'blocs' refers to a group of countries or political parties with a shared aim.

In sentence (ii), the correct option is B because 'tee' refers to a small wooden or plastic peg with one pointed and one cupped end, inserted in the ground to hold a ball, whereas 'tea' refers to a drink made by the infusion of plant leaves or flowers.

In sentence (iii), the correct option is A because 'affect' means to influence, whereas 'effect' means a result. 'Affect' is a verb and 'effect' is a noun. In the sentence a verb is required.

In sentence (iv), the correct option is A because 'sole' means being one only or single. This fits with 'survivor'. 'Soul' means the spiritual part of a person, which does not fit the context.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 9

Directions: In the question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words/phrases marked as 'A' and 'B' that are italicised or highlighted. Select the most appropriate word or phrase in each case to form grammatically and syntactically correct sentences. Then, from the options that follow, choose the correct one.

(i) When the blood pressure of a person becomes low, he is served coffee because it is a (A) stimulant (B) stimulus.

(ii) The condition of your friend is going from bad to (A) worse (B) verse. Why don't you consult another doctor?

(iii) The friendship between the two friends is so close that even on receiving a (A) verbal (B) verbose message, one runs to the other for help.

(iv) The (A) variation (B) variance in the price of domestic goods is due to the fall in the value of rupee.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 9 In sentence (i), the correct option is (A) because 'stimulant' refers to a drug or other agent that produces a temporary increase in the functional activity of a body organ or part whereas 'stimulus' refers to something that rouses or incites to activity.

In sentence (ii), the correct option is (A) because 'worse' refers to more severe or unfavorable condition whereas 'verse' refers to a section of a poem or song consisting of a number of lines arranged together to form a single unit.

In sentence (iii), the correct option is (A) because 'verbal' is something relating to or consisting of spoken words, as opposed to written words whereas 'verbose' is expressing in or using too many words than necessary.

In sentence (iv), the correct option is (A) because 'variation' here refers to the degree to which something differs whereas 'variance' refers to a difference of opinion or attitude.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 10

Directions: In the question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words/phrases marked as ‘A’ and ‘B’ that are italicised or highlighted. Select the most appropriate word or phrase in each case to form grammatically and syntactically correct sentences. Then, from the options that follow, choose the correct one.

(i) The arrival time of the train was 4 o’clock and to the surprise of all, the train did (A) pull in (B) pull down on time.

(ii) Mr. Ludhianawala is a famous lawyer and is a man of high integrity. He (A) loath’s (B) loathes liars.

(iii) Gautam Buddha gave up the (A) momentary (B) momentous pleasures of this world and adopted the life of an ascetic.

(iv) The government has (A) presented (B) proscribed this book because it contains objectionable material.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 10 In sentence (i), the correct option is A because pull in here refers to arrive and stop at a station whereas pull down refers to destroying or demolishing something.

In sentence (ii), the correct option is B because loathes here refers to disliking somebody intensely, liars in this case. Loath refers to being unwilling or reluctant to do something.

In sentence (iii), the correct option is A because momentary refers to something lasting for a very short time, pleasures in this case. Momentous refers to something extremely important or crucial.

In sentence (iv), the correct option is B because proscribed refers to prohibiting something that is considered undesirable, whereas presented refers to give or hand something to somebody.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 11

Directions: Choose the word from the options which is opposite in meaning to the given word.

Dislocate

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 11 Dislocate means to disturb the normal position of something or move from its proper place or position. Among the given words, its antonym would be 'connect' which means to bring together something.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 12

Directions: Directions: Choose the word from the options which is opposite in meaning to the given word.

Droll

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 12 Droll means 'comical'. Hence, opposite is 'serious'.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 13

Directions: Choose the word from the options which is opposite in meaning to the given word.

Ignore

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 13 Ignore is to refuse to recognize. So, ignore and recognize are antonymous.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 14

Directions: Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the below idiom/phrase.

With might and main

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 14 'With might and main' means 'with full force'.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 15

Directions: Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the below idiom/phrase.

Cut short

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 15 The word 'cut short' means 'to end (something) earlier than expected.'
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 16

Directions: Four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase.

Feather in one's cap

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 16 ''Feather in one's cap'' means ''an achievement, a success or an honour which one can be proud of''.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 17

Directions: Four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase.

A pain in the neck

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 17 ''Pain in the neck'' means ''someone or something that is annoying or difficult to deal with''.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 18

Directions: In the question, four alternatives are given for the meaning of the given idiom/phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase.

To cut the crackle

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 18 'To cut the crackle' means to stop talking and focus on something important.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 19

Directions: In this question, four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the given idiom/phrase.

A slap on the wrist

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 19 ''A slap on the wrist'' means ''a mild reprimand or punishment''.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 20

Directions: In this question, four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the given idiom/phrase.

Dead ringer

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 20 ''Dead ringer'' means ''someone or something that looks very similar to someone or something else''.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 21

Directions: In this question, four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the given idiom/phrase.

The burning question

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 21 The idiom 'burning question' means an urgent or crucial issue under heated discussion. Thus, the correct answer is option 4.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 22

Directions: Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the given idiom/phrase.

At loose ends

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 22 At loose ends means 'being in an uncertain situation and not knowing what to do'.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 23

Directions: Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the below idiom/phrase.

A laughing stock

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 23 'A laughing stock' means a person subjected to general mockery or ridicule; an object of laughter.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 24

Directions: Choose the correct meaning of the given idiom/phrase.

A gift of the gab

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 24 If someone has the gift of the gab, they have the ability to speak easily, confidently, and to persuade people. For example: She's got the gift of the gab - she should work in sales and marketing. Thus, option 1 is correct.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 25

Directions: Four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/phrase.

Be in somebody’s shoes

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 25 Be in somebody's shoes means to be in the same situation as someone else, especially an unpleasant situation.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 26

Directions: In the following question, a letter series is given with one or more terms missing. Choose the correct alternative that will continue the same pattern in the given series.

E, G, J, L, O, Q, ?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 26 In this series, there is a pattern of + 2 and + 3 for alternate terms.

E + 2 = G; G + 3 = J

J + 2 = L; L + 3 = O

O + 2 = Q; Q + 3 = T

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 27

1x3y6 is a 5-digit number, where x and y are digits, such that y exceeds x by 6. If this number is divisible by 18, then the value of y/x is

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 27 A number is divisible by 18 if it is divisible by both 2 and 9.

Now, N = 1x3y6 has an even units digit.

Therefore, it will be divisible by 2.

N will be divisible by 9 if the sum of its digits is divisible by 9, i.e. 1 + x + 3 + y + 6 = 10 + x + y must be divisible by 9.

Also, it is given that y = x + 6.

So, 10 + x + y = 10 + x + (x + 6) = 16 + 2x

x can take values from 0 to 9 such that (16 + 2x) becomes divisible by 9.

It will be so if x = 1.

Accordingly, y = x + 6 = 1 + 6 = 7

So, y/x = 7/1 = 7

Hence, option (1) is the correct answer.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 28

Six students A, B, C, D, E and F are in a class. A and B are from town and C, D, E and F are from village. D and F are studious while others are casual. A, C, D are girls and B, E, F are boys. Who is the studious girl from village?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 28

D is the students girl from village.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 29

If P + Q means P is the brother of Q; P × Q means P is the mother of Q; and P ÷ Q means P is the sister of Q, then which of the following would mean R is the uncle of S?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 29

Of the given options, R + P × S shows the required relationship.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 30

Heena and Fahim were standing facing each other. Then they interchanged their positions. If Heena's shadow was exactly to the left of Fahim after interchanging the positions at the time of morning, which direction was Fahim facing before changing the positions?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 30 At the time of morning, the sun would be in east direction and the shadow would form in west direction.

After interchanging the positions, Fahim was facing north direction, only then would west direction be to his left.

Hence, before changing the positions, Fahim would be facing south.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 31

Directions: Read the following information to answer the question that follows.

(i) A, B, C, D, E, F and G are playing cards while sitting in a circle facing the centre.

(ii) E is the immediate neighbour of both A and D.

(iii) G is the immediate neighbour of D and C.

(iv) F is sitting to the immediate right of A.

Q. Who among the following are the immediate neighbours of B?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 31 E is the immediate neighbour of A and D. G is the immediate neighbour of D and C.

F is sitting to the immediate right of A. So, possibility 2 is eliminated.

F and C are the immediate neighbours of B.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 32

Directions: The following question consists of a pair of words, which have a certain relationship with each other. Select one alternative from the given four, which bears the same relationship as the original pair of words does.

Confine : Prisoner

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 32 A prisoner is confined for punishment. Similarly, a suspect is detained for inquiry.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 33

A card is drawn at random from a well-shuffled deck of 52 cards. Find the probability of drawing a 2 of spades or a 9 of spades.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 33 Total number of cards in the deck = 52

Number of favourable cases (a 2 of spades or a 9 of spades) = 2

Required probability = 2/52 = 1/26

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 34

Seema walks to her office. She is facing south when she reaches her office. After starting from home, she turned left twice and then right before reaching her office. Which direction was Seema facing when she started from her home?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 34 According to the instructions, the path which Seema would have followed is

According to this path, she was facing west when she started from home.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 35

Directions: In the following question, there is a certain relationship between two given terms on one side of (: :) and one term is given on the other side of (: :), while another term is to be found from the given alternatives having the same relationship with this term as the terms of the given pair bear. Choose the best alternative.

Q. Sponge : Porous : : Rubber : ?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 35 Sponge is a porous material. Rubber is an elastic material. Option 1 is incorrect because tyre is an object made of rubber and not a characteristic property of the material. Option 2 is incorrect because even though rubber is a solid, its most noticeable characteristic is its elasticity. Option 4 is incorrect because rubber is flexible.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 36

Directions: In the following question, some groups of letters are given, all of which, except one, share a common similarity. Choose the odd one out.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 36 All the options, except option 2, have two consecutive vowels, when arranged in alphabetical order.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 37

If A means +, B means -, C means × and D means ÷, then what will be the result of 18 D 3 A 19 B 6 C 2?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 37 After writing proper notations, we get

18 ÷ 3 + 19 - 6 × 2

= 6 + 19 - 12

= 25 - 12

= 13

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 38

If B means ÷, M means +, D means - and S means ×, then what will be the value of 56D16M4S98B4?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 38 According to question, B = ÷, M = +, D = - and S = ×

Putting these values,

56 - 16 + 4 × 98 ÷ 4

Using BODMAS,

56 - 16 + 98

= 138

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 39

If the given interchanges are made in signs and numbers, which of the four equations would be correct?

Given interchanges: signs + and - ; numbers 5 and 8

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 39 On interchanging, the equation in option 1 becomes 52 + 38 - 88 = 2.

LHS = 52 + 38 - 88 = 2 = RHS

Thus, option 1 is correct.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 40

If + means ÷, × means +, - means × and means -, then what is the value of 46 ÷ 24 + 4 × 8 - 3?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 40 After interchanging the signs, we get

⇒ 46 - 24 4 + 8 x 3

= 46 - 6 + 24 = 64

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 41

Directions: Correct the equation given below by interchanging any two signs from the options given below.

16 - 21 ÷ 7 × 6 + 3 = 31

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 41 After interchanging + and ×, we get

16 - 21 ÷ 7 + 6 × 3

= 16 - 3 + 18

= 31.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 42

If U means ÷, X means +, W means × and V means -, then what will be the result of 45U5V3W4X6?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 42 According to given conditions,

45 ÷ 5 - 3 × 4 + 6

= 9 - 12 + 6

= -3 + 6

= 3

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 43

Which of the following four interchanges in signs would make the given equation correct?

78 + 60 ÷ 15 - 3 × 14 = 76

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 43 Checking out the various options, we find that on executing the sign swap as given in option (2), the LHS of the equation becomes

78 + 60 ÷ 15 × 3 - 14 = 76

Using BODMAS,

78 + 4 × 3 - 14 = 76

= 78 + 12 - 14 = 76

= 90 - 14 = 76

= 76 = 76

LHS = RHS

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 44

If ÷ means ×, + means ÷ , - means + and × means -, then what is the value of 72 + 24 × 16 - 7 ÷ 2?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 44 After interchanging the signs, we get

72 ÷ 24 - 16 + 7 × 2

= 3 - 16 + 14

= 17 - 16

= 1

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 45

Abhishek is facing North. He turns right and walks 30 m. Then, he turns left again and walks 15 m. He turns left again and walks 40 m. Then he finally turns left and walks 30 m. In which direction is he from the starting point?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 45

The diagram for the same is as shown. In the diagram, S denotes the starting position and F denotes the final position. From the diagram, it is clear that answer option 2 is correct.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 46

A man is facing west. He turns 45 degrees in the clockwise direction and then another 180 degrees in the same direction and then 270 degrees in the anticlockwise direction. Which direction is he facing now?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 46

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 47

Aman goes 10 kilometres towards north then turns left and goes straight for 4 kilometres. He then turns right again and goes straight for 8 kilometres. Then he finally turns left and goes 5 km. In which direction is he with respect to the starting point?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 47

S is the starting point and F is the final point.

Aman is facing north west with respect to the initial position.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 48

Anil is facing south. He then turns to his right and walks 20 m. Once again, he turns to his right and walks 10 m. Finally, he makes one last turn to his right and walks 60 m. In which direction is he with respect to the starting point?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 48

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 49

One morning, Kavya was doing yoga in a park. Her shadow fell to the left of a person who stood in front of her facing her. Which direction was Kavya facing?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 49 In the morning, the sun is located in the east and hence, the shadow will fall towards west.

So, the person standing in front of her was facing north, which means Kavya was facing south.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 50

Jasmine started moving towards Southwest and then took a right turn. After that, she took a 45° clockwise turn and started walking. In which direction is she moving?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 50

According to the directions given, Jasmine is walking towards North.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 51

The Supreme Court would take an "in-chamber" decision on listing of a petition challenging the constitutional validity of an Article, which provides special rights and privileges to permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir. Which is that Article?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 51 The Supreme Court said it would take an "in-chamber" decision on listing of a petition challenging the constitutional validity of Article 35-A, which provides special rights and privileges to permanent residents of Jammu and Kashmir. Advocate Bimal Roy had mentioned the matter before the bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and also comprising Justices L Nageswara Rao and Sanjiv Khanna.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 52

Which Indian State came under President's rule for maximum duration?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 52 In terms of the absolute number of days, Punjab was under President's rule for 3510 days, which is about 10 years.

so, option (3) is correct.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 53

The concept of joint sitting of both the Houses of Parliament has been borrowed under the Constitution of India from the Constitution of

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 53 The Parliament of India is bicameral. The joint sitting of the Parliament is called by the President (Article 108) and is presided over by the Speaker or, in his absence, by the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha or, in his absence, the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

The concept of joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament has been borrowed from Australia.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 54

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as PRINCIPLE and other as FACTS. You are to examine the principle and apply it to the given facts carefully and select the best option.

PRINCIPLE: Negligence is the breach of a duty caused by an omission to do something which a reasonable person would do or an act which a prudent and reasonable person would not do. An action for negligence proceeds upon the principle that the person has an obligation or duty on the part of the defendant, which he/she breaches, leading to damage.

FACTS: A, a surgeon, operated on B. Subsequent to the operation, B complained of pain in his abdomen. On examination, it was discovered that A had left a mop in B’s stomach while operating.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 54 This is a clear cut case of surgeon's negligence. The surgeon is duty bound to perform the operation carefully. Leaving a mop in B's stomach is purely an act of negligence. Therefore, the surgeon must be held liable because there is a breach of the duty of care.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 55

Sarkaria Commission is related to

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 55 Sarkaria Commission was set up in 1983 by the central government of India. The Sarkaria Commission was set up to examine the central-state relationship on various portfolios and suggest changes within the framework of Constitution of India.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 56

Which Article of the Constitution of India was formed against child labour?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 56 The Constitution of India in the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles of State Policy prohibits child labour below the age of 14 years in any factory or mine or castle or engaged in any other hazardous employment (Article 24).
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 57

A law which violates Fundamental Rights is not null or void-ab-initio but becomes only unenforceable. This doctrine is called:

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 57 The prospective nature of Article 13(1) gives rise to the Doctrine of Eclipse. The Doctrine of Eclipse deals with pre-Constitution laws or existing laws.

The law which has been valid at its inception but has become invalid on the coming into force of the Constitution of India by reason of being inconsistent with Fundamental Rights guaranteed in Part-III of the Constitution is treated to be dormant but not dead; therefore, by the subsequent amendment of the Constitution, the inconsistency which has made it unconstitutional is removed. The law will become free from infirmity and will become enforceable. That is why it called Doctrine of Eclipse.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 58

'Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment' is mentioned in

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 58 Article 16 of the Constitution deals with 'equality of opportunity in matters of public employment'.

Article 16 simply says that there shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointment to any office under the State and no citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence or any of them, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect or, any employment or office under the State.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 59

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Legal Principle and the other as Facts. You are to examine the Principle carefully and apply it to the given Facts and then select the best option.

Legal Principle: Marrying once again during the subsistence of an earlier marriage is an offence punishable under law.

Facts: Mr. Kumar and Ms. Anita are married for last 4 years. Ms. Anita met with an accident and was admitted to the hospital in an unconscious condition. Now 50 days have lapsed and her unconscious condition continues. The doctors say that her survival would be difficult. Mr. Kumar and Ms. Anita have a young kid aged 8 months, whom they love very much. As there is no body to take care of the child, Mr. Kumar asked his friend Ms. Urmila to take care of the kid. She imposed a condition that she would take care of the kid only if he marries her. Under these circumstances, Mr. Kumar married Ms. Urmila.

Decide.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 59 According to the given principle, marrying once again during the subsistence of an earlier marriage is an offence punishable under law. Even though Mr. Kumar was helpless, he married Mrs. Urmila during the subsistence of his earlier marriage; therefore, he has committed an offence according to the given principle.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 60

What is the effect of misrepresentation on the validity of the contract?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 60 A misrepresentation is a false statement of fact made by one party to another, which, whilst not being a term of the contract, induces the other party to enter the contract. The effect of an actionable misrepresentation is to make the contract voidable, giving the innocent party the right to rescind the contract and/or claim damages.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 61

If the Finance Minister fails to get the Annual Budget passed in the Lok Sabha, the Prime Minister is expected to

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 61 If Lok Sabha refuses to pass annual budget, then it will mean the government of the day has lost the faith of Lok Sabha i.e. it does not have majority of Lok Sabha. It will force the PM to resign and request Lok Sabha to pass vote on accounts to take care of finances till the new arrangement is found.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 62

Both Union and State legislatures can legislate on

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 62 Union and State legislatures can legislate on those all subjects which are contained in Concurrent List.

Entries 1 and 2 - criminal law and criminal procedure

Entry 5 - marriage and divorce

Entry 20 - economic and social planning

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 63

Tort is a violation of

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 63 Tort means a breach of some duty independent of contract giving rise to a civil cause of action for which compensation is recoverable. A civil injury for which an action for damages will not lie is not a tort. Tort law is there to make the people adhere to the reasonable and appropriate behaviour that is expected of them. It is there to make people respect the rights of other people around them. Hence, a tort is a violation of a right in rem, i.e. of a right vested in some determinate person, either personally or as a member of the community, and available against the world at large.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 64

A instigates B to instigate C to murder Z. B accordingly instigates C to murder Z and C commits that offence in consequence of B's instigation. A is

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 64 In this situation, B is liable to be punished for his offence with the punishment for murder; and, as A instigated B to commit the offence, A is also liable to the same punishment. It is not necessary to the commission of the offence of abetment by conspiracy that the abettor should concert the offence with the person who commits it. It is sufficient if he engages in the conspiracy in pursuance of which the offence is committed.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 65

An application for registration of a trademark may be made in:

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 65 Form TM-A: Application for registration of a trademark/collective mark/certification mark/series of trademark for specification of goods or services included in one or more than one classes.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 66

Directions: The question consists of one or more than one principle and some facts. You are to examine the principle(s) and apply it/them to the given facts, and select the best option.

Principle: A Hindu marriage may be solemnised in accordance with the customary rites and ceremonies of the party thereto.

Facts: Raj was married to Meena by a Hindu priest. Meena was from a tribal community named booda; the tribal community believed that marriage is solemnised only after the wife has conceived a child from her husband. Raj was impotent, and therefore, he could not father a child. Meena was found having an extra-marital affair with Jeetu, Raj was rankled to know this and filed a petition for divorce.

Decide.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 66 The principle clearly states that 'a Hindu marriage may be solemnised in accordance with the customary rites and ceremonies of the party thereto'. The customary rights of Meena made it mandatory that for a marriage to be considered solemnised, the female has to conceive a child from her husband. Raj's impotency is a valid ground to prevent the solemnisation of marriage, and therefore, the marriage will be considered to have never happened in the eyes of the law.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 67

According to which of the following rules, if the act subsequently becomes impossible after formation of contract, the contract is rendered void?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 67 If the act subsequently becomes impossible after formation of contract, the contract is rendered void, this is because of the rule of 'Supervening impossibility' or by the impossibility of performance. Law does not recognise the impossible. If the act is impossible in itself, then the parties to the contract are discharged.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 68

Tenders advertised by Government or by PSU’s are an example of

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 68 Tenders advertised by Government or by PSU’s are an example of invitation to offer. An invitation to offer only invites the party to make an offer and it is not intended to be binding. Other examples are client advertising a job on internet or newspaper, display of articles in the showroom indicating the prices.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 69

A agrees to pay ‘B’ a sum of money if the house is burnt by forest fire. This is an example of

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 69 A contingent contract is a contract to do or not to do something, if some event, collateral to such contract, does or does not happen. A agrees to pay B a sum of money if the house is burnt by forest fire. This is an example of contingent contract as it is based upon the happening of an uncertain event.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 70

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R). You are to examine the two statements carefully and select the best option.

Assertion (A): The communication of offer is complete when it comes to the knowledge of the person to whom it is made.

Reason (R): An offer need not be spoken or written.

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 70 An offer may be written or spoken or it may be inferred from the conduct of the parties. Therefore, an offer need not be spoken or written and communication of offer is complete when it comes to the knowledge of offeree. Thus, both (A) and (R) are true.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 71

Raman having found a key of Raju's house which Raju had lost, commits house trespass by entering Raju's house after opening the door with that key. Raman has committed the offence of

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 71 Raman has committed the offence of 'House breaking' according to the provisions embedded under section 445 of the Indian Penal Code. Section 445 describes six ways in which the offence of house-breaking may be committed. Clauses 1 to 3 deal with entry which is effected by means of a passage which is not ordinary. Clauses 4 to 6 deal with entry which is effected by force.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 72

The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005:

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 72 The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, allows daughters of the deceased equal rights with sons. Each heir is entitled to one part of the property, which means that as a daughter you have a right to a share in your father's property. Before 2005, the Hindu Succession Act considered daughters only as members of the Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), not coparceners.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 73

Directions: The question consists of two statements, one labelled as Legal Principle and the other as Facts. You are to examine the Principle carefully and apply it to the given Facts and then select the best option.

Legal Principle: When one person signifies to another his willingness to do or to abstain from doing anything, with a view to obtaining the assent of that other to such act or abstinence, he is said to make a proposal. The expression of willingness/desire results in a valid proposal only when it is made/addressed to some person(s).

Facts: X makes the following statement: ''I wish to sell my mobile phone for Rs. 1,000.''

Q. Which of the following derivations is correct?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 73 According to the principle, when one person signifies to another his willingness to do or to abstain from doing anything, with a view to obtaining the assent of that other to such act or abstinence, he is said to make a proposal. The expression of willingness/desire results in a valid proposal only when it is made/addressed to some person(s).

Here, X has only made a simple statement that he wishes to sell his mobile phone for Rs. 1000; this statement expresses only X's desire and it is not made for any person. Thus, X's statement did not result into any valid proposal.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 74

Which of the following fundamental rights was considered to be the heart and soul of the Constitution of India?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 74 B. R. Ambedkar called 'Article 32' of the Indian Constitution, i.e. Right to Constitutional remedies as 'the heart and soul of the Constitution'. It was acknowledged because mere declaration of the fundamental right without an effective machinery for enforcement of the fundamental rights would have been meaningless.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 75

The Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act came into force in

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 75 The Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act came into force in 1981. The purpose of the Act is to implement the decisions of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environments; they relate to the protection and improvement of the human environment and the prevention of hazards to human beings, other living creatures, plants and property.

The Environmental Protection Act came into force in 1986 and the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act in 1974.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 76

A state of emergency can be declared in India by the

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 76 A state of emergency in India refers to a period of governance that can be proclaimed by the President of India during certain crisis situations. Under the advice of the cabinet of ministers, the President can overrule many provisions of the Constitution, which guarantees Fundamental Rights to the citizens of India. The emergency provisions are contained in Part XVIII of the Constitution of India, from Article 352 to 360.
  • Under Article 352, the president can declare a national emergency when the security of India or a part of it is threatened by war or external aggression or armed rebellion.

  • Article 356 empowers the President to issue a proclamation if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the government of a state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the constitution.

  • Article 360 empowers the president to proclaim a Financial Emergency if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen due to which the financial stability or credit of India or any part of its territory is threatened.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 77

Which of the following is/are the objective(s) of Human Rights Watch?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 77 Human Rights Watch is an international NGO involved in research and advocacy on human rights. It is the largest international human rights organisation in the US. It draws the global media's attention to human rights abuses. It helped in building international coalitions like the campaigns to ban landmines, to stop the use of child soldiers and to establish the International Criminal Court.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 78

What is 'Little Boy'?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 78 'Little Boy' was the codename for the type of atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 during World War II. It was the first nuclear weapon used in warfare. The bomb was dropped by the Boeing B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay piloted by Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., commander of the 509th Composite Group of the United States Army Air Forces, and Captain Robert A. Lewis. It exploded with an energy of approximately 15 kilotonnes of TNT (63 TJ) and caused widespread death and destruction throughout the city.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 79

Who, in May 2022, set the new world record for climbing Mount Everest for 26th time?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 79 In May 2022, Nepal's legendary climber Kami Rita Sherpa climbed the Mount Everest, the tallest peak in the world for the 26th time to set a new world record. Leading an 11-member rope fixing team, Kami Rita and his team reached the summit, breaking his own previous world record.

Born in 1970 in Solukhumbu district, he first climbed the Everest in May 1994. His father was among the first professional Sherpa guides after Everest was opened for foreign mountaineers in 1950. His brother, also a guide, scaled Everest 17 times.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 80

Which of the following indicates the tropical savanna climate?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 80 "Aw" indicates the tropical savanna climate. Savanna climate is also known as Sudan climate. It has distinct wet and dry seasons. It is a transitional type of climate that can be found in the region between equatorial rainforests and hot deserts of the subtropics.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 81

Who among the following was named as a recipient of the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award in April 2022 for acting to protect democracy?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 81 In April 2022, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy was among five people named as recipients of the John F. Kennedy Profile in Courage Award for acting to protect democracy. The John F. Kennedy Library Foundation said that he was chosen because of the way he had marshaled the spirit, patriotism and untiring sacrifice of the Ukrainian people in a life-or-death fight for their country.

Four U.S. officials were also chosen for standing up for free and fair elections.

The awards were presented on May 22 at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library in Boston.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 82

Since 2014-15, India has consistently run trade surplus with which of the following countries?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 82 Trade surplus refers to a situation when the value of exports is greater than imports. On the other hand, trade deficit refers to a situation when the amount of imports exceeds exports. Since 2014-2015, India has consistently run a trade surplus with the USA and UAE. India has a trade deficit continuously since 2014-15 concerning other major trading partners, i.e. China, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Germany, Korea RP, Indonesia, and Switzerland. Hence, option 3 is the answer.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 83

Who, in May 2022, was officially announced as the new CEO of Amazon?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 83 Jeff Bezos, who established Amazon exactly 27 years ago on July 5, 1994, has stepped down as CEO, and Andy Jassy, a longtime AWS executive, has taken over as the company's new CEO. Jassy is currently identified as President and CEO of Amazon.com, as well as a member of the Board of Directors, on the Amazon investor relations website.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 84

Which snow leopard conservationist won the prestigious Whitley Gold Award in April 2022?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 84 In April 2022, noted snow leopard expert and wildlife conservationist Charudutt Mishra won the prestigious Whitley Gold Award for his contribution to involving indigenous communities in the conservation and recovery of big cat species in Asia's high mountain ecosystems.

Mishra was given the award for his work in 12 snow leopard range countries including Afghanistan, China and Russia. In 2017, Mishra wrote a paper on eight approaches to community-based conservation that helped involve local communities in snow leopard protection in the upper reaches of the Himalayas, leading to a reduction in retribution killings of the big cats.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 85

Gucchi mushroom, which recently got the GI tag in India, is from

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 85 The correct answer is Jammu and Kashmir. The Jammu and Kashmir government recently got the GI tag for Gucchi mushroom. Gucchi mushrooms are highly expensive and are full of health benefits. They are locally called 'Thuntoo'; 500 gm of the mushrooms cost Rs. 18,000.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 86

After August 2018, RBI hiked repo rate by 40 basis points in May 2022. What does 'repo rate' mean?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 86 The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meeting, in May 2022, decided to increase the policy repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility (LAF) by 40 basis points (bps) to 4.40 percent. The interest charged by the RBI when commercial banks borrow from it is called repo rate. The RBI also hiked the cash reserve ratio (CRR) by 50 basis points to 4.5%, which would require banks to park more money with the Central bank and leave them with less to loan to consumers.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 87

Timber vegetation is generally not found in which of the following regions?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 87 Any wood capable of yielding a minimum dimensional size can be termed as timber or lumber. Timber is used for structural purposes. It is used for building houses and making furniture. Finished timber is supplied in standard sizes for the industry. Timber vegetation is generally found in subtropical, temperate and Alpine regions.

Hence, option 4 is the answer.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 88

Which company launched 'Pay as you Drive' program in May 2022?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 88 In May 2022, HDFC ERGO General Insurance Company launched its 'Pay as you Drive' program; an insurance solution that offers distance-based insurance to reduce upfront costs of premium. This policy would be best suited for those customers who prefer to drive less or have multiple cars with some of those driven less than the others.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 89

Normally, there will not be a shift in the demand curve when

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 89 The demand curve is a curve that is used in microeconomics to determine the quantity of any particular commodity that people are willing to purchase with corresponding changes in its price. A demand curve graph depicts the relationship between the price of a commodity (the y-axis) and the quantity of that commodity that is demanded at that price (the x-axis). The demand curve will shift to left or right as a result of the change in any non-price determinant of demand. Thus, normally, there is no shift in the demand curve when the price of a commodity falls. Several factors like rising income, change in population, changes in expectations and changes in tastes and preferences affect individual and market demand.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 90

Who among the following wrote "The Philosophy of Bomb"?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 90 Bhagwati Charan Vohra was the author of the famous article titled "The Philosophy of Bomb". Born on July 4, 1904 to Rai Bahadur Shiv Charan Vohra and his wife, Bhagwati Charan was a brilliant and articulate man whose contribution to the Indian freedom struggle is forgotten by most Indians. Revolutionary freedom fighter Bhagwati Charan Vohra died on May 28, 1930, as a result of an explosion while testing a bomb.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 91

As per the use-based classification of the Index of Industrial Production (lIP), maximum weight has been assigned to

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 91 The new series of Index of Industrial Production (lIP) has a total of 809 items occurring in the manufacturing sector in the item basket (405 item groups). In this, primary goods have the highest weight of 34% and capital goods have the least weight, i.e. 8.22%. Hence, option 1 is correct. The essence of the article is that the IIP is like the thermometer of an economy. It shows the real picture of all the main sectors of the economy. If the performance of the eight core sectors of the economy is good, then the overall development of the country is inevitable.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 92

The membership of UNSC was increased to 15 in the year

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 92 United Nations Security Council is a United Nations (UN) organ whose primary responsibility is the maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council originally consisted of 11 members - five permanent members and six non-permanent members elected by the UN General Assembly for two-year terms. An amendment to the UN Charter in 1965 increased the Council membership to 15, including the original five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members, but there was no change in the number of permanent members. Since then, the size of the Council has remained stationary.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 93

Who among the following played the role of Shakuntala Devi in the biopic movie based on the life of the famous mathematician?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 93 Actress Vidya Balan portrayed the role of Shakuntala Devi in the biopic movie based on the life of the noted mathematician.

Shakuntala Devi (1929-2013), also known as 'Human Computer' due to her quick calculation, was a famous mathematician and writer.

She multiplied two 13-digit numbers in only 28 seconds at the Imperial College, London in 1980 and earned a place in the 1982 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 94

Which Indian athlete broke 30-year-old men's 5,000 m steeplechase national record in May 2022?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 94 Ace Indian athlete Avinash Sable smashed the 30-year-old men's 5,000 m national record at the Sound Running Track Meet at San Juan Capistrano, California in May 2022.

Sable, who also holds the national record in the 3,000 m steeplechase, clocked 13 minutes and 25.65 seconds to finish 12th at the meet. Norway's Tokyo Olympics 1,500 m gold medallist Jakob Ingebrigtsen won the race with a timing of 13:02.03s.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 95

In May 2022, where was the first International Research Conference on Insolvency and Bankruptcy held?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 95 The first two-day International Research Conference on Insolvency and Bankruptcy was organised by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) at the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIMA).

The Minister of State for Statistics and Programme Implementation, Planning and Corporate Affairs, Rao Inderjit Singh, highlighted the journey of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016, and praised the significant contribution it made by establishing a framework and an effective ecosystem for insolvency resolution in the economy.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 96

Which of the following Indian places receives the lowest rainfall in a year?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 96 The place in India receiving the lowest rainfall is Leh. The average annual precipitation in this region is less than 50 cms. Cities like Jaisalmer in Rajasthan and Leh in Ladakh receive the least rainfall. India mainly receives rainfall from the monsoons which lasts from June to September. Overall, India receives an average of 200-300 mm of rainfall over the country as a whole with the largest values observed during the monsoon season. Hence, option 2 is the answer.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 97

Where was COP-15 meeting of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) held in May 2022?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 97 Bhupender Yadav led an Indian delegation at the 15th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP-15) of the UNCCD at Abidjan in Cote d'Ivoire in May 2022. Mr. Yadav addressed the high-level segment, including a Heads of States Summit.

The event was held from 9th to 20th May, 2022.

India had hosted the fourteenth session of Conference of Parties of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in 2019 at New Delhi and is the current President of the same.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 98

Which one among the following is not a coral reef island?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 98 Kyushu Island, Japan, is not a coral reef island.

A coral island is a type of island formed from coral detritus and associated organic material. It occurs in tropical and subtropical areas, typically as part of coral reefs which have grown to cover a far larger area under the sea.

Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,300 km over an area of approximately 3,44,400 km2. The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia.

Rainbow Reef is a reef in the Somosomo Strait between the Fijian islands of Taveuni and Vanua Levu.

Swaraj Island is a part of Ritchie's Archipelago, in India's Andaman Islands. It is known for its dive sites and beaches, like Elephant Beach, with its coral reefs.

DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 99

India became a member of the United Nations in the year

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 99 India is a founding member of the United Nations. On June 26, 1945, India was among 50 countries to sign the UN charter. India joined the United Nations after ratifying the UN Charter on October 30, 1945.
DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 100

Who in May 2022 scripted history becoming the first-ever Indian to win Gold medal at the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) Junior World Championships?

Detailed Solution for DU LLB Mock Test - 12 (New Pattern) - Question 100 In weightlifting, Harshada Sharad Garud scripted history becoming the first-ever Indian to win a gold medal at the IWF Junior World Championships at Heraklion in Greece in May 2022. She lifted 153 kilograms in the 45-kilogram weight category, which included 70 kilograms in Snatch and 83 kilograms in Clean and Jerk to finish on top of the podium.

Before Harshada, there were only two Indians to win a medal in IWF Junior World Championships. Mirabai Chanu won a Bronze medal in 2013 and Achinta Sheuli won a Silver medal in 2021.

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