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Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - UPSC MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Lucent for GK - Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions

Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions for UPSC 2024 is part of Lucent for GK preparation. The Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions below.
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Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 1

Direction: Look at this picture and study the extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

The self-portrait is by Leonardo da Vinci (1450 -1519) who had an amazing range of interest from botany and anatomy to mathematics and art. He painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.

One of his dreams was to be able to fly. He spent years observing birds in flight and designed a flying machine.

He signed his name Leonardo da Vinci disciple of experiment.

Q. What was the area of interest of Leonardo da Vinci?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 1
Da Vinci's interests ranged far beyond fine art. He studied nature, mechanics, anatomy, physics, architecture, weaponry and more, often creating accurate, workable designs for machines like the bicycle, helicopter, submarine and military tank that would not come to fruition for centuries.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 2

Direction: Look at this picture and study the extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

The self-portrait is by Leonardo da Vinci (1450 -1519) who had an amazing range of interest from botany and anatomy to mathematics and art. He painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.

One of his dreams was to be able to fly. He spent years observing birds in flight and designed a flying machine.

He signed his name Leonardo da Vinci disciple of experiment.

Q. What do you know about Leonardo da Vinci?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 2
While Leonardo da Vinci is best known as an artist, his work as a scientist and an inventor make him a true Renaissance man. He serves as a role model applying the scientific method to every aspect of life, including art and music. Although he is best known for his dramatic and expressive artwork, Leonardo also conducted dozens of carefully thought out experiments and created futuristic inventions that were groundbreaking for the time.
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Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 3

Direction: Look at this picture and study the extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

The self-portrait is by Leonardo da Vinci (1450 -1519) who had an amazing range of interest from botany and anatomy to mathematics and art. He painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.

One of his dreams was to be able to fly. He spent years observing birds in flight and designed a flying machine.

He signed his name Leonardo da Vinci disciple of experiment.

Q. What was one of his dreams?

Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 4

Direction: Look at this picture and study the extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

The self-portrait is by Leonardo da Vinci (1450 -1519) who had an amazing range of interest from botany and anatomy to mathematics and art. He painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.

One of his dreams was to be able to fly. He spent years observing birds in flight and designed a flying machine.

He signed his name Leonardo da Vinci disciple of experiment.

Q. Name the world-famous paintings made by Leonardo da Vinci?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 4
Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa and The Last Supper occupy unique positions as the most famous, most reproduced, most parodied portrait and religious painting of all time.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 5

Direction: Read the following extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

In 1517, a young German Monk called Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) launched a campaign against the Catholic Church and argued that a person did not need priests to establish contact with God. He asked his followers to have complete faith in God, for faith alone could guide them to the right life and entry into heaven. This movement - called the Protestant Reformation - led to the churches in Germany and Switzerland breaking their connection with the Pope and the Catholic Church. In Switzerland, Luther’s ideas were popularized by Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) and later by Jean Calvin (1509 – 64). Backed by merchants, the reformers had greater popular appeal in towns, while in rural area the Catholic Church managed to retain its influence. Other German reformers, like the Anabaptists, were even more radical: they blend it the idea of salvation with the end of all forms of social oppression. They said that since God had created all people as equal, they were not expected to pay taxes and had the right to choose their priests. This appealed to peasants oppressed by feudalism.

Q. According to the given information who was Martin Luther?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 5
Martin Luther, often called the father of Protestantism, fundamentally changed the Christian world through his force of will and new ideas.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 6

Direction: Read the following extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

In 1517, a young German Monk called Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) launched a campaign against the Catholic Church and argued that a person did not need priests to establish contact with God. He asked his followers to have complete faith in God, for faith alone could guide them to the right life and entry into heaven. This movement - called the Protestant Reformation - led to the churches in Germany and Switzerland breaking their connection with the Pope and the Catholic Church. In Switzerland, Luther’s ideas were popularized by Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) and later by Jean Calvin (1509 – 64). Backed by merchants, the reformers had greater popular appeal in towns, while in rural area the Catholic Church managed to retain its influence. Other German reformers, like the Anabaptists, were even more radical: they blend it the idea of salvation with the end of all forms of social oppression. They said that since God had created all people as equal, they were not expected to pay taxes and had the right to choose their priests. This appealed to peasants oppressed by feudalism.

Q. Who argued that a person did not need Priests to establish contact with God?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 6
In 1517, a young German monk called Martin Luther (1483-1546) launched a campaign against the Catholic Church and argued that a person did not need priests to establish contact with God. He asked his followers to have complete faith in God, for faith alone could guide them to the right life and entry into heaven. This movement – called the Protestant Reformation – led to the churches in Germany and Switzerland breaking their connection with the Pope and the Catholic Church.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 7

Direction: Read the following extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

In 1517, a young German Monk called Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) launched a campaign against the Catholic Church and argued that a person did not need priests to establish contact with God. He asked his followers to have complete faith in God, for faith alone could guide them to the right life and entry into heaven. This movement - called the Protestant Reformation - led to the churches in Germany and Switzerland breaking their connection with the Pope and the Catholic Church. In Switzerland, Luther’s ideas were popularized by Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) and later by Jean Calvin (1509 – 64). Backed by merchants, the reformers had greater popular appeal in towns, while in rural area the Catholic Church managed to retain its influence. Other German reformers, like the Anabaptists, were even more radical: they blend it the idea of salvation with the end of all forms of social oppression. They said that since God had created all people as equal, they were not expected to pay taxes and had the right to choose their priests. This appealed to peasants oppressed by feudalism.

Q. Which of the following is the correct statement?

Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 8

Direction: Read the following extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

In 1517, a young German Monk called Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) launched a campaign against the Catholic Church and argued that a person did not need priests to establish contact with God. He asked his followers to have complete faith in God, for faith alone could guide them to the right life and entry into heaven. This movement - called the Protestant Reformation - led to the churches in Germany and Switzerland breaking their connection with the Pope and the Catholic Church. In Switzerland, Luther’s ideas were popularized by Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) and later by Jean Calvin (1509 – 64). Backed by merchants, the reformers had greater popular appeal in towns, while in rural area the Catholic Church managed to retain its influence. Other German reformers, like the Anabaptists, were even more radical: they blend it the idea of salvation with the end of all forms of social oppression. They said that since God had created all people as equal, they were not expected to pay taxes and had the right to choose their priests. This appealed to peasants oppressed by feudalism.

Name the person who was responsible for / behind the popular rise of Martin Luther’s ideas:

Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 9

Direction: Study the given picture from Changing Cultural Traditions carefully and answer ANY THREE questions from the below-mentioned questions with correct options:

Q. Name the famous person shown in the picture:

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 9
Nicolaus Copernicus was a Renaissance polymath, active as a mathematician, astronomer, and Catholic canon, who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than Earth at its center.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 10

Direction: Study the given picture from Changing Cultural Traditions carefully and answer ANY THREE questions from the below-mentioned questions with correct options:

Q. Copernicus was a devout Christian.

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 10
Copernicus was a devout man, anxious to serve both the world of natural philosophy and the church and hesitated to publish findings that contradicted the church. However, his theories eventually became public and they were accepted by many scientists of the day.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 11

Direction: Study the given picture from Changing Cultural Traditions carefully and answer ANY THREE questions from the below-mentioned questions with correct options:

Q. Copernicus asserted that the planets including earth revolve around Sun.

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 11
Copernicus was not the first to propose a model of the solar system in which the Earth and planets revolved around the sun, his model of a heliocentric universe was both novel and timely. For one, it came at a time when European astronomers were struggling to resolve the mathematical and observational problems that arose out of the then-accepted Ptolemaic model of the universe, a geocentric model proposed in the 2nd century CE.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 12

Direction: Study the given picture from Changing Cultural Traditions carefully and answer ANY THREE questions from the below-mentioned questions with correct options:

Q. Joachim Rheticus was a follower of Copernicus. He handed over:

Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 13

Direction: Read the following extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

Formal education was not the only way through which humanist shaped the mind of their age. Art, architecture and books were wonderfully effective in transmitting humanist ideas.

Artists were inspired by studying works of the past. The material remains of Roman culture were sought with as much excitement as ancient text: a thousand years after the fall of Rome, fragments of art were discovered in the ruins of ancient Rome and other deserted cities. Their admiration for the figures of perfectly proportioned men and women sculpted so many centuries ago, made Italian sculptors want to continue that tradition. In 1416, Donatello (1386-1456) broke new ground with his life-like statues.

Q. After studying the extract, what do you think what are the main factors which effectively transmit humanist ideas?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 13
Formal education was not the only way through which humanists shaped the minds of their age. Art, architecture and books were wonderfully effective in transmitting humanist ideas.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 14

Direction: Read the following extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

Formal education was not the only way through which humanist shaped the mind of their age. Art, architecture and books were wonderfully effective in transmitting humanist ideas.

Artists were inspired by studying works of the past. The material remains of Roman culture were sought with as much excitement as ancient text: a thousand years after the fall of Rome, fragments of art were discovered in the ruins of ancient Rome and other deserted cities. Their admiration for the figures of perfectly proportioned men and women sculpted so many centuries ago, made Italian sculptors want to continue that tradition. In 1416, Donatello (1386-1456) broke new ground with his life-like statues.

Q. Which of the following was perfectly related to the thoughts of Humanism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 14
Humanism is a philosophical stance that emphasizes the individual and social potential and agency of human beings. It considers human beings as the starting point for serious moral and philosophical inquiry.
Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 15

Direction: Read the following extract carefully and answer ANY THREE of the following questions by choosing the correct option:

Formal education was not the only way through which humanist shaped the mind of their age. Art, architecture and books were wonderfully effective in transmitting humanist ideas.

Artists were inspired by studying works of the past. The material remains of Roman culture were sought with as much excitement as ancient text: a thousand years after the fall of Rome, fragments of art were discovered in the ruins of ancient Rome and other deserted cities. Their admiration for the figures of perfectly proportioned men and women sculpted so many centuries ago, made Italian sculptors want to continue that tradition. In 1416, Donatello (1386-1456) broke new ground with his life-like statues.

Q. Who was Donatello?

Detailed Solution for Test: Changing Cultural Traditions- Source Based Type Questions - Question 15
Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, better known as Donatello, was an Italian sculptor of the Renaissance.
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