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Test: Citizenship - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Citizenship

Test: Citizenship for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Citizenship questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Citizenship MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Citizenship below.
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Test: Citizenship - Question 1

Consider the following statements regarding citizenship in India:

1. The Indian Constitution provides for both single and dual citizenship.

2. Article 6 of the Constitution deals with the rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan.

3. Article 9 states that no person shall be a citizen of India if they have voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign State.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 1

Let's analyze each statement to determine its accuracy:

1. The Indian Constitution provides for both single and dual citizenship.

- This statement is incorrect. The Indian Constitution provides for single citizenship only. Unlike federal countries such as the USA and Switzerland, India does not have a provision for dual citizenship. Hence, this statement is false.

2. Article 6 of the Constitution deals with the rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan.

- This statement is correct. Article 6 specifically addresses the rights of citizenship for individuals who migrated to India from Pakistan, detailing the conditions under which they would be considered citizens of India at the commencement of the Constitution.

3. Article 9 states that no person shall be a citizen of India if they have voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign State.

- This statement is correct. Article 9 explicitly mentions that a person will not be deemed a citizen of India if they have voluntarily acquired the citizenship of a foreign state.

Given the analysis, Statements 2 and 3 are correct, while Statement 1 is incorrect.

Thus, the correct answer is Option C.

Test: Citizenship - Question 2

Consider the following statements:

Statement-I:
The Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) scheme was introduced in August 2005 through an amendment to the Citizenship Act, 1955.
Statement-II:
The purpose of the OCI scheme was to address the demand for dual citizenship among the Indian diaspora, especially in developed countries.
Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 2

Both statements are accurate. Statement-I correctly mentions the introduction of the OCI scheme in August 2005 through an amendment to the Citizenship Act, 1955. Statement-II is also correct as it explains the purpose of the OCI scheme, which was to cater to the demand for dual citizenship among the Indian diaspora, particularly in developed nations. Hence, option (a) is the correct choice.

Test: Citizenship - Question 3

Who is eligible to become an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) cardholder?

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 3

To be eligible for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) cardholder, individuals must be citizens of another country but were eligible to become citizens of India at the time of, or at any time after, the commencement of the Constitution. This provision allows for individuals with specific connections to India to obtain OCI status, providing them with certain benefits and privileges.

Test: Citizenship - Question 4

Consider the following statements about the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955:

1. Citizenship by naturalization can be acquired by any person of full age and capacity who has resided in India for a continuous period of at least 5 years immediately before making an application.

2. Citizenship by incorporation of territory is granted automatically to all residents of the new territory upon its incorporation into India.

3. A person born outside India on or after January 26, 1950, is a citizen of India by descent if either of their parents is a citizen of India at the time of their birth.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 4

1. Statement 1 is correct. According to the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955, one of the qualifications for acquiring citizenship by naturalization is that the applicant must have resided in India or been in Government service for a continuous period of 12 months immediately before making the application, or during 7 years prior to these 12 months, the applicant must have resided or been in Government service for not less than four years.

2. Statement 2 is incorrect. Citizenship by incorporation of territory is not automatically granted to all residents of the new territory. The Government of India specifies which persons of the incorporated territory shall be citizens of India.

3. Statement 3 is correct. A person born outside India on or after January 26, 1950, is a citizen of India by descent if either of their parents is a citizen of India at the time of their birth.

Thus, the correct statements are 1 and 3 only. Therefore, the correct answer is Option C.

Test: Citizenship - Question 5

Consider the following pairs regarding the modes of acquiring Indian citizenship:

1. By Birth - A person born in India on or after January 26, 1950, with at least one parent being an Indian citizen.

2. By Descent - A person born outside India on or after January 26, 1950, with at least one grandparent being an Indian citizen.

3. By Registration - A person of Indian origin who has been ordinarily resident in India for 5 years before applying.

4. By Naturalization - A person who has resided in India for at least 12 months before applying for citizenship.

How many pairs given above are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 5

1. By Birth - Correct. A person born in India on or after January 26, 1950, with at least one parent being an Indian citizen is correctly matched.

2. By Descent - Incorrect. According to the Indian Citizenship Act, a person born outside India on or after January 26, 1950, is a citizen by descent if either of the parents is an Indian citizen at the time of that person's birth, not the grandparent.

3. By Registration - Correct. This is correctly matched as a person of Indian origin who has been ordinarily resident in India for 5 years before applying can acquire citizenship through registration.

4. By Naturalization - Incorrect. While it is true that one of the conditions for naturalization includes residing in India for at least 12 months before applying, the complete requirement for naturalization involves additional qualifications such as renouncing previous citizenship, good character, and knowledge of an Indian language.

Hence, only pairs 1 and 3 are correctly matched, making the correct answer Option B: Only two pairs.

Test: Citizenship - Question 6

In 1958, India gave refuge to persecuted people from

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 6

In 1958, an armed uprising took place in Tibet against China’s occupation. This was suppressed by the Chinese forces. Sensing that the situation had become worse, in 1959, the Dalai Lama crossed over into the Indian border and sought asylum which was granted. A large number of Tibetans also sought refuge in India.

Test: Citizenship - Question 7

The 1951 Geneva Convention deals with

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 7

The 1951 Geneva Convention was the main international instrument on refugee laws and provides for the rights of refugees and duties of states towards refugees.

Test: Citizenship - Question 8

Consider the following pairs regarding the Articles of the Indian Constitution related to citizenship:

1. Article 5: Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan.

2. Article 6: Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.

3. Article 7: Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan.

4. Article 8: Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India.

How many pairs given above are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 8

1. Article 5: Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution. This statement is incorrectly matched. Article 5 deals with citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution, not the rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan.

2. Article 6: Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan. This statement is incorrectly matched. Article 6 deals with the rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan, not citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.

3. Article 7: Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan. This statement is correctly matched. Article 7 deals with the rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan.

4. Article 8: Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India. This statement is correctly matched. Article 8 deals with the rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India.

Thus, three pairs (Article 7 and Article 8) are correctly matched.

Test: Citizenship - Question 9

Identify the year when Black people got equal citizenship rights in the South Africa.

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 9

In 1990s, the Black people got equal citizenship rights after a long struggle.

Test: Citizenship - Question 10

Consider the following statements:

Statement-I:
An overseas citizen of India cardholder is entitled to various rights specified by the Central Government.

Statement-II:
OCI (Overseas Citizenship of India) grants political rights similar to those enjoyed by Indian citizens.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Citizenship - Question 10


Statement-I is accurate as per the provisions mentioned regarding the rights entitled to an overseas citizen of India cardholder. However, Statement-II is incorrect as OCI does not grant political rights similar to those enjoyed by Indian citizens. In fact, one of the significant distinctions of OCI is that it does not confer political rights, such as the right to vote, hold public office, or participate in political activities, which are exclusive to Indian citizens. Thus, while Statement-I aligns with the provisions of OCI rights, Statement-II misrepresents the political nature of OCI status.

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