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Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Humanities/Arts MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Sociology Class 12 - Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 for Humanities/Arts 2024 is part of Sociology Class 12 preparation. The Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Humanities/Arts exam syllabus.The Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 MCQs are made for Humanities/Arts 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 below.
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Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 1

When did the first census take place in India ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 1

The first census in India took place in 1872. It was conducted by the British colonial administration to gather demographic data and administer their rule more effectively. The census aimed to collect information on population size, religion, caste, occupation, and socio-economic factors. It has since been conducted regularly every ten years and has played a crucial role in monitoring population growth and informing developmental plans and policies in India.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 2

Which year is called the 'Demographic divide' in India ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 2

The year 1921 is referred to as the 'Demographic divide' in India because it marked a significant shift in population trends and demographics in the country. 1921 census shows negative growth rate due to increase in death rate because of influenza epidemic of 1918 - 19.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 3

Which period is referred to as the period of population explosion ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 3

The decades 1951-1981 are referred to as the period of population explosion in India, which was caused by a rapid fall in the mortality rate but a high fertility rate of population in the country.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 4

Which is the state with maximum sex ratio in India ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 4

Kerala has the highest sex ratio of 1084 in all Indian states. Puducherry has the second-highest sex ratio of 1038 in Indian states.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 5

Which is the state with minimum sex ratio in India ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 5

Haryana has the lowest sex ratio (877) in Indian states while in union territory Daman Diu has lowest sex ratio of 618.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 6

The Changing age structure offers a demographic dividend for India. Identify from the following choices, the relevant age range that alllows for demographic dividend.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 6

15 - 64 range is usaually known as WAP (Working Age Population) that allows demographic dividend.
The demographic dividend refers to a period when the working-age population (15-64 years) is larger in proportion to the dependent population (children and elderly), creating a favorable demographic structure for economic growth and development. During this stage, a country can potentially harness the economic benefits of a youthful and productive workforce.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 7

What are the salient demographic feature of India's Population ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 7

All above factors combined forms the features of Indian demography.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 8

Thomas Robert malthus most influential writing was titled ________.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 8

Malthus' most famous work was his Essay on the Principle of Population, first published in 1798 and enlarged in later editions. This work contained his famous argument that human populations tend to grow faster than agricultural output, resulting in famines or crises.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 9

According to Malthus, Population growth occurs_________ which means that the population increases according to its birth rate.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 9

In his 1798 work, An Essay on the Principle of Population, Malthus examined the relationship between population growth and resources. From this, he developed the Malthusian theory of population growth in which he wrote that population growth occurs exponentially in geometric progression, so it increases according to birth rate.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 10

Positive checks on population growth can Include:-

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 10

Positive checks on population growth refer to factors that naturally regulate population growth by increasing mortality rates or decreasing fertility rates. Warfares, famines, earthquakes, floods, diseases etc are all examples of positive checks.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 11

Natural Change and _____ are the two factors that affect population change for a particular area.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 11

Natural Change and Net Migration are the two factors that affect population change for a particular area.

Natural Change: This factor refers to the difference between the number of births and the number of deaths in a population.

Net Migration: Net migration is the difference between the number of people immigrating to an area and the number of people emigrating from that area. Positive net migration occurs when more people are moving into an area than leaving it, leading to population growth. Negative net migration occurs when more people are leaving an area than arriving, resulting in population decline.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 12

India has roughly what Percentage of the world's population ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 12

India has 1.2 billion population which is around 17% of total popuulation of world i.e 6 billion.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 13

The establishment of rule by one country over another is understood as

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 13

Colonialism is defined as “control by one power over a dependent area or people.” It occurs when one nation subjugates another, conquering its population and exploiting it, often while forcing its own language and cultural values upon its people.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 14

Consider the following statements and indentify the right ones -
(i) According to the Malthusian Theory, supply of food grains increase in geometric progression.
(ii) The population grows in arithmetic progression.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 14

As per malthus population grows geometrically whereas food grains grow arithmetically.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 15

Consider the following statement and identify the right ones -
(i) Malthus supported population control ton ensure balance between population and availability of food grains.
(ii) He advocated 'unethical' means to control population.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 15

He advocated ethical means to control Population like self control, marriages etc.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 16

Consider the following satement and Indentify the right ones - 

(i) According to the theory of demographic transition in the first stage, Birth rate is low but death rate is high.
(ii) The difference between them is high.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 16

 In first stage we witness high birth rate and high death rates so differential growth rate is low.
Last stage has low death rate and low birth rate so difference is again low but at a higher stage of social and economic development.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 17

Consider the following & Identify the right ones.
(i) In the second stage of demographic transition death rates declines.
(ii) The difference between birth rate & death rate decreases.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 17

(i) In the second stage of demographic transition, death rates decline.

This statement is correct. The second stage of the demographic transition is characterized by declining death rates. During this stage, improvements in healthcare, sanitation, and nutrition lead to lower mortality rates, particularly among infants and young children. As a result, the overall death rate in the population decreases.

(ii) The difference between birth rate and death rate decreases.

This statement is not true. The second stage is marked by a decline in death rates, but birth rates can remain high or may start to decline gradually. Consequently, the difference between birth rates and death rates can either remain relatively high or decrease, depending on the specific conditions in a given population.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 18

Arrange the birthrates of the states in the highest to lowest order. 

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 19

Which Five year plan stated the objective of stabilizing the population growth to be the central feature of planning ?

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 19

In third five year plan (1661 - 66) family planning was adopted as a measure to stabilise the population growth.

Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 20

The Department of family planning was set - up in __________.

Detailed Solution for Test - Demographic Structure And Indian Society - 1 - Question 20

Full-fledged family planning department was created in 1966.
India is the first country in the world to launch such a programme. A separate department of Family Planning was created in 1966 under the ministry of health.

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